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tumulo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to bury, inter CR463/8

tumulus, -i n m in CL a burial mound, hence a tomb or tomb-shrine within a church building H200/13, etc

tunctemporis see tempus

tunica, -e n f 1. tabard, coat C189/23; CH160/32; EK312/17, etc; IC45/9; OX57/17, etc; SH202/16; tunica curta short coat EK106/12, etc; 2. as a costume for a character in a play or game SM241/34, etc; 3. tunicle, a vestment for a boy-bishop C32/32; OX1093/2 (possibly also an occurrence of sense 1)

turnum see tornus

turpiloquium, -ii n nt rude, shameful, or crude speech, bad language H57/8; OX11/2, etc; turpeloquium OX163/18

tur(r)ibulum, -i n nt thurible, censer EK25/14, etc; LI28/13, etc

turris, -is n f tower; turrus: see constabularia, constabularius

tutelaris, -e adj of or pertaining to a guardian, tutelary OX315/25

Τυχερος, -ου n m the surname Tucker, rendered into Greek as part of a pun based on the resemblance in sound between it and τυχηρός, fortunate, lucky OX347/20

tybicen see tibicen

tympanista, -ae n m one who plays on a drum or other percussion instrument, percussionist, drummer OX79/26, etc; timpanista LI581/24, etc; OX82/28, etc

tympanistrius, -ii n m drummer OX76/16

tympanum, -i n nt small drum or possibly bell C619/41

Tyna, -e n f the river Tyne; see castrum

typus, -i n m type, strictly, an OT figure or event that prefigures a NT figure or event, often used more loosely of any person or symbol (here a boy bishop) that can stand as a figure of Christ EL17/4

tyro, -onis n m literally a (military) recruit, hence by extension Christi tyrones Christ's recruits, that is, monks WL60/7


uacatio, -onis n f 1. vacation OX259/1; 2. specifically the vacations between the law-terms at the Inns of Court; lectures, called readings, were given during the so-called Learning Vacations in Lent and the summer; students were required to attend during a certain number of vacations but those not intending to qualify as a practising barrister might seek to be excused IC21/37, etc

uaco, -are, -aui, -atum v intr 1. literally to be empty, void, hence:

  1. to be free EK912/10;

  2. to be without effect EL211/16;

  3. (of offices or positions) to be vacant EK946/9; LI127/8;

  4. either (of rent) to be unpaid or (of rental property) to be untenanted BR42/24m, etc;

  5. (of expenses) either to be unpaid or to be disallowed, void EK706/11m;

  6. (of statutes, etc, or legal or financial records) to be void L36/15m; LI72/36m; SH198/3m, etc; SM200/37m; SX260/10, etc; W424/12m;

2. to give one's time to, devote oneself to, spend time on (with dat) EK81/25; LI6/3, etc; W395/24 3. treated as synonymous with uagor, wander as a vagrant, roam WL158/6 [see OEDO vagrant n. and a.]

uacuus, -a, -um adj 1. empty OX60/10; 2. (of an election) void EL211/16; see also possessio

uadiatus, -a, -um pfp pass waged, pledged (of judicial combat) IC447/25

uadium, -ii n nt wages EK320/10m, etc; IC28/3, etc; SH353/13; uadia (1st decl) LI208/20

uado, -ere, -- v tr to wage; see lex

uagabundia, -e n f state of being a vagabond or vagrant, vagrancy WL237/18

uagabundus, -i n m vagabond, vagrant, wanderer L21/28; SM145/23; WL158/6 [Black's Vagabond]

uagarans, -ntis prp wandering, being vagrant CH781/25; SM145/23 [either a spelling var of vagans (see OLD uagor1) or a back-formation from ME vagaraunt (see OEDO vagrant n. and a.)]

uago, -are, -aui v intr 1. wander as a vagrant, roam CH694/17; LI342/37; WL158/7, etc; 2. m prp as sbst a vagrant WL129/22 [see OEDO vagrant n. and a.]

ualencia, -e n f value, price, worth (+ gen of price or value) EK967/35; L149/28; OX8/29, etc; WL238/25

Valenscia, -e n f Valence, a surname element EK35/5

Valerius Maximus, Valerii Maximi n m Valerius Maximus, first-century Roman historian and rhetorician SM194/7m [OCD]; see also memorabilis

ualettus, -i n m yeoman, servant in a royal or noble household EK62/38, etc; LI584/29; SH161/32; ualectus garde yeoman of the guard, member of the royal bodyguard EK203/23; ualettus auene avener, a household servant charged with provision of oats for fodder EK63/26; ualettus equorum yeoman of the horses EK63/24, etc; ualettus panetrie yeoman of the pantry EK63/22

ualitudinarii var of ualetudinarii [OLD ualetudinarius]

ualitudo var of ualetudo [OLD]

ualor, -oris n m value, worth (found with gen of price or value) BR27/9m, etc; C505/22; OX74/2; SH168/8, etc; WL215/35, etc; in idiom ad ualorem to, or at, the value (of) LI316/22

ualua, -e n f door, especially one of a pair of doors EK877/19, etc; OX894/27

uapulo, -are, -aui, -atum in CL v intr to be beaten or thrashed but in AL v tr to bait (eg, bulls or bears, as an entertainment) SM143/37 [from confusion between E beat and bait (see OEDO bait v.1 and beat v.1))]

Varuicensis, -is n f Warwick, name of an earldom EK204/20

uasconicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Gascony; see uinum

uastum, -i n nt 1. waste, consumption EK78/23; 2. waste, any action taken by a tenant of freehold property which tends to reduce its value for the owner or the owner's heirs IC471/19; W404/22

uaticinalis, -e adj of or pertaining to a prophesy, prophesied WL223/7

ueluetum, -i n nt velvet, a fabric with a smooth, soft piled surface LI583/21

uenaticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to hunting; see canis

uenator, -oris n m huntsman C264/36

uendico var of uindico [OLD]

uendidus, -a, -um pfp pass sold OX22/6, etc [var of uenditus from OLD uendo]

uenella, -e n f lane, side road CH153/20, etc; L77/30; OX8/20

Uenetus, -a, -um Venetian, of or pertaining to Venice; see aurum

uentilo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to play a wind instrument OX267/10 [see OLD uentilo]

Venus, -eris n f Venus, Roman goddess of sexual love and generation, whose name was also given to the second planet CH716/17, etc; OX140/7, etc; with 'dies' understood Veneris Friday CH14/13m, etc; EL207/28m; OX84/20, etc; phanum Veneris temple of Venus C190/27 (probably a stage property for a production of Plautus' Rudens); see also dies

Venutius, -ii n m Venutius (fl. AD 51--c 71), a British king who revolted against Roman rule, here used as a name element for a mock-jury member IC463/30

uera, -e sbst f true bill, the decision of an inquest jury that an allegation is sufficient for a valid indictment (shortened from billa uera) SH240/34, etc; SM145/32; see also billa

uerberacio, -onis n f in CL beating, flogging, in AL baiting (eg, of bulls or bears, as an entertainment) SM189/13

uerbero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr in CL to beat or flog, in AL to bait (eg, bulls or bears, as an entertainment) SM375/14, etc [from confusion between E beat and bait (see OEDO bait v.1 and beat v.1))]

uerberum, -i n nt a blow OX56/3

uerbositas, -atis n f wordiness OX60/9

uerbum, -i n nt 1. literally word (usually spoken) CH57/32, etc; EL21/6, etc; SM159/34; WL80/17, etc, hence ~ Domini the word of the Lord, that is, the Bible SM211/11; WL247/11 (also in this sense ~ Dei CH767/37, etc; EL100/27-8 or ~ diuinum CH771/2 the word of God); 2. by extension act of speaking, discourse WL247/13, etc

uerisimiliter adv likely WL215/31

uernaculus, -a, -um adj 1. literally native-born, indigenous, hence lingua uernacula, ie, English C582/30; 2. f sg as sbst native tongue OX314/8

uerniculum, -i n nt varnish, resinous substance used to give a hard, shining surface to an object LI163/40, etc

uerricio, -onis n f literally act of sweeping clean with a broom, hence act of brushing or furbishing (used of rooms and clothes) C145/38; uerracio C158/24

uersus prep with acc 1. to, toward (often with hostile sense) CH753/18; EK537/25, etc; EL24/31; LI72/36; OX5/31; SH14/10, etc; WL223/2; 2. hence against CH778/16m, etc; DR289/6; EL229/40, etc; WL128/35, etc; 3. (of purpose) for, toward LI203/24; OX202/23

uersus, -a, -um pfp reversed, turned over or around, hence uerso folio on the back of the sheet OX571/8

uersus, -us (acc pl appears as -us and -os) n m 1. a verse (of poetry) WL238/1, etc; 2. (Biblical) verse, especially one used as a liturgical response EK24/29; LI332/40

uerto, -ere, -si, -situm v tr of legal proceedings, to arise, be started BR3/23

Vertumnus, -i n m Vertumnus, Etruscan deity regarded by the Romans as the god of the changing year, here named as the title of a play, Vertumnus OX307/1, etc (but see p OX1118, endnote to STC: 24939 pp 18--19, 45--8)

uertus see uirtus

uerumeciam conj for uerum eciam (OLD uerum)

uespera, -e n f (also found in coll pl) 1. vespers, one of the canonical hours making up the divine office of clerics; despite its name, also the L word for evening, vespers was usually said before dark, in the late afternoon or early evening CR503/27; H98/2; LI607/6, etc; OX3/20, etc; uespere Beati Iohannis literally St John's vespers, ie, vespers on St John's Day, 27 December EL17/18; 2. evensong, one of the two services of the daily divine office which survived the Reformation, the other being matins C29/23

uespertinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to evening; see oracio, prex

uestiarius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to clothing; nt sg as sbst vestry, a room adjacent to a church or chapel in which vestments, linens, and other liturgical requisites were stored OX443/40; see also sutor

uestimentum, -i n nt 1. clothing, often for players or performers C61/25, etc; EK751/35; 2. (liturgical) vestment C189/23; CR503/32; EK974/33, etc; EL3/9; LI350/38, etc; uestamentum LI350/30

uestis, -is n f 1. clothing, in pl clothes OX13/10, etc; duplices uestes literally double clothing, hence two outfits or sets of clothing OX414/15, etc; in idiom consuete uestes either clothing usually required of penitents, a white linen robe, or ordinary clothing, as opposed to penitential garb SM3/23-4, etc; W369/27, etc; 2. for players or performers C150/14, etc; uestis scenica stage clothing, costume C112/37, etc

uestitus, -us n m clothing, in idiom usualis uestitus (suus) (their) usual clothing, ie, either clothing usually required of penitents, a white linen robe, or ordinary clothing, as opposed to penitential garb H140/34, etc; SH61/25-6, etc

uestras, -atis sbst m your man C141/18

uestura, -e n f clothing, here always used of livery C63/18, etc; EK309/26, etc; LI78/11, etc

uetus, -eris adj 1. old OX86/9, etc; 2. m as sbst old friend OX106/29; n as sbst something old OX3/17

uexacio, -onis n f literally harassment, here used in reference to animal baiting EK93/4, etc

uexillum, -i n nt banner: 1. military standard LI603/12; 2. processional banner LI6/25, etc; uexilla (1st decl) EK315/13; LI118/7, etc; W340/n 97; 3. a flag or pennant probably depending from a trumpet and bearing the royal arms or another heraldic device LI583/16, etc

uia, -e n f 1. way, route, road (both literal and metaphorical) EK204/6, etc; EL21/9, etc; LI607/10; WL220/12, etc; lata uia highway EL65/34; uia regia royal road, highway CH154/29, etc; 2. way, manner SH154/23; in idioms:

  1. (in) uia EK757/33-4, etc, by way of (something), as (something) (with gen);

  2. uia summaria summary means C332/24;

  3. uiis et modis by ways and means, the name of a citation issued when a summoner was unable to serve the original citation personally, apparently authorizing him to use any appropriate means to deliver the citation EK645/6, etc; H69/2, etc; LI60/1, etc; SH11/26, etc; SM208/36, etc; SX29/36, etc; W369/25, etc; WL221/35;

  1. shortened to uiis LI257/8, etc; SM210/4;

  2. hence decretum uiis et modis order for the issuing of such a citation SX20/7;

  3. as indecl in idiom per uiis by (a citation of) ways and means LI257/9, etc

uiagium, -ii n nt voyage, journey EK733/31

uicaria, -e n f vicarage, a vicar's benefice EK975/14; OX42/19

uicarius, -ii n m vicar: 1. one who acts as a deputy for a rector who cannot discharge his duties in a parish CH742/8; DR247/35; EK974/17, etc; H167/34, etc; L76/25; LI3/19, LI345/11; OX80/34; SM423/17, etc; SX10/1; W348/28, etc; WL215/30, etc; perpetuus uicarius perpetual vicar, ie, one appointed as a vicar for life H200/6; 2. assistant or deputy for a member of a cathedral chapter, often in carrying out choir duties, vicar choral CH46/30, etc; EL14/18, etc; H200/13; LI104/11, etc; SM236/16, etc; SX4/16; choralis uicarius CH46/23; 3. uicarius in spiritualibus generalis CH767/20-1 or uicarius generalis (in spiritualibus) EL210/20-1; H66/22, etc; SH60/21, etc; SM251/10, etc; W388/1-2, etc; vicar general (for spiritualities), an official appointed by a bishop to act as his deputy in all matters pertaining to the spiritualities of the diocese, including his oversight of the diocesan courts; in form uicario &c W452/40; shortened to uicarius WL221/3; see also commissarius, spiritualis

uicecamerarius, -ii n m vice-chamberlain, officer of the royal household serving under the lord chamberlain DR170/21

uicecancellarius, -ii n m vice-chancellor: 1. deputy of an ecclesiastical chancellor LI155/8; 2. deputy of the (University's) chancellor C203/4, etc; OX7/22, etc; uice-cancellarius OX512/12; uice cancellarius C316/38; uicechancellarius OX281/10

uicecomes, -itis n m sheriff, an officer of the Crown within a given county, or city-county, having particular responsibilities for the county court and other aspects of the administration of justice (in Bristol, a civic officer, because it was a city-county) BR6/39; CH56/28, etc; CR494/28; EK63/9, etc; EL97/12, etc; LI608/16, etc; OX484/18, etc; SH13/35, etc; W404/21; uice comes SH187/12

uicecustos, -odis vice-warden, deputy warden (eg, of a college) OX13/26, etc

uicedecanus, -i n m subdean, an officer of a cathedral chapter subordinate to the dean and acting as his deputy EK236/17

uicedominus, -i n m vidame, a secular lord holding territory from a bishop and acting for him in secular affairs C512/7

uiceprepositus, -i n m vice-provost, administrative officer at King's College, second only to the provost C32/34, etc

uicepreses, -idis n m vice-president, deputy president, here of Magdalen College OX46/36, etc

uicepresidens, -ntis n m vice-president, deputy president, here of Magdalen College OX27/25, etc

uice-principalis, -is n m vice-principal, here of Jesus College OX452/14

uicesgerens, -ntis sbst m deputy EK947/11

uicinium, -ii n nt neighbourhood, surrounding district EK975/2

uicis (gen) n f (nom sg lacking) 1. occasion, time CH59/10, etc; EK311/9, etc; EL33/22, etc; LI342/13, etc; W451/28; WL217/35; uisibus (abl pl) WL158/5; 2. in various idioms:

  1. alia uice on another occasion, another time LI196/34; OX1086/41; SH354/19, etc; SX186/1;

  2. duabus uicibus on two occasions, twice LI196/33; OX1131/33;

  3. prima ... uice on the first occasion, the first time OX556/24;

  4. secunda uice on a second occasion, the second time CR490/5; LI115/32; OX556/24 (in form 2da uice);

  5. tertia uice the third time CR490/31;

  6. trina uice three times H64/5, etc; SH65/16-17, etc; SX37/3;

  7. unica uice EK875/37 or una uice LI321/29 once;

3. one's part or function (by implication, a part filled in rotation or turn) EL17/21, etc; uice mutua mutually, in turn LI342/25; hence uice ... nostra CH154/5, etc, or uicibus ... nostris CH156/36, in our place (used of a representative); uice + gen in place of, instead of OX308/14, etc; 4 hence indicating a deputy: A. uices gerens H98/10-11, etc; W348/28 or uicem gerens C147/18-19; OX48/34, etc, or uices sue EK726/38, etc; L76/18; LI257/6 one's deputy; B. uices gerens spiritualiter one's spiritual deputy, here someone acting for a priest W348/34; C. uices suas iniungere to order (someone) to be one's deputy (+ dat of person ordered) WL247/11; 5. by extension of sense 4 the authority implicit in acting as such a deputy BR5/23, etc; 6. part of a song or other polyphonic composition: triplicatae carminum uices songs in three parts OX305/16; see also ad, per, pro, teneo

uicium, -ii n nt vice, moral fault or weakness LI5/1

uictualia, -ium sbst nt pl victuals, necessary supplies, especially foodstuffs EK322/26, etc; H188/39; LI27/25, etc; SH159/21; SM174/19; SX3/13

uictuaria, -orum sbst nt pl victuals, necessary supplies, especially foodstuffs LI31/20, etc

uictularius, -ii n m victualler, dealer in provisions C571/28

uicus, -i1 n m street CH47/1; DR282/31; EK823/8; EL23/7; H98/35, etc; OX8/20; SH11/7; SM237/14, etc; altus uicus high street OX5/29, etc; borialis uicus North Street CR493/38; see also schola

uicus, -i2 see wicus

uideo, uidere, uidi, uisus v tr 1. to see (physically or intellectually) OX37/34, etc; 2. (of a coroner) to view (a dead person for the purpose of determining the cause of death) OX5/17; 3. in pass idiom to seem OX37/25, etc

uidillator, -oris n m literally one who plays upon a fiddle; possibly by extension a general term for one who plays upon a bowed, as opposed to a plucked-string, instrument H187/7; uidulator W372/8, etc

uidua, -e n f widow CH172/18, etc; EK895/23m; EL242/25; OX179/1; WL112/38 [OLD uiduus1 2]

uielator, -oris n m one who plays upon a fiddle, fiddler H189/13; see also uidillator

uiella, -e n f fiddle, a stringed instrument usually played with a bow OX5/25

uigil, -ilis n m wait or watchman; in the fifteenth-century occ the former sense is clearly primary but it is not as clear which sense is primary in fourteenth-century occ and in fact one need not preclude the other EK48/21, etc (also ambiguous on H189/8); uigilus EK33/26

uigilacio, -onis n f watch-keeping DR253/18; EK740/8

uigilancia, -e n f alertness, hence watch-keeping C38/7

uigilans, -ntis prp keeping watch EK742/3

uigilas, -atis n f wake, apparently a night-time observance at Magdalen College providing an occasion for various popular customs OX176/11, etc; uigelas OX170/17 [likely derived from uigilia]

uigilator, -oris n m wait or watchman; as for the related 'uigil,' the later occ (EK432/16) clearly refers to a wait while the earlier one (EK312/31) is more ambiguous, especially given the reference to a horn ('cornu') rather than a pipe ('fistula'), since the normal term in the early period for Dover's wait was piper ('fistulator'); however, neither sense need preclude the other

uigilia, -ae n f 1. watch (of the night), hence a period of wakefulness or labour at a time usually spent asleep C237/4, etc; 2. vigil, eve of a liturgical festival EK824/9-11c; OX5/22, etc; SM423/15; W347/17; uigilie ... sanctorum eves of the saints, ie, of saints' days CR463/11; LI6/22; specifically:

  1. uigilia Anunciacionis Beate Marie uirginis eve of Lady Day, 24 March SM256/7;

  2. ~ apostolorum Petri et Pauli St Peter's and St Paul's Eve, 28 June EK648/10-11, etc; SH133/8, etc;

  3. ~ Assencionis Ascension Eve EK31/11;

  4. ~ Beate Marie Magdalane CR492/13-14, etc, or ~ Beate Marie Magdalene CR494/6, etc, or ~ Sancte Marie Magdalane CR492/21-2, etc, or (Sancte) Marie Magdalene CR492/5, etc), St Mary Magdalene's Eve, 21 July;

  5. ~ Concepcionis Beate Marie (uirginis) eve of the feast of the Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 7 December SM240/28, etc;

  6. ~ Epiphanie (Domini) C37/2, etc; SM972/39-40 Epiphany Eve, Twelfth Night, 5 January;

  7. ~ Lucee (St) Lucy's Eve, 12 December EK824/11;

  8. ~ Natalis Domini Christmas Eve, 24 December CR504/34; EK342/35;

  9. ~ Natiuitatis (Sancti) Iohannis Baptiste St John's Eve, Midsummer Eve, 23 June SH133/2, etc;

  10. ~ (Sancti) Nic(h)olai St Nicholas' Eve, 5 December C32/31-2, etc;

  11. ~ Pentecostes Whitsun Eve C45/17;

  12. ~ Purificacionis (Beate Marie) Candlemas Eve, 1 February C46/1, etc;

  13. ~ Sancte Katerine St Katherine's Eve, 24 November C8/7;

  14. ~ Sancti Edwardi confessoris eve of the feast of St Edward the Confessor, 12 October SX48/31;

  15. ~ Sancti Egidij St Giles' Eve, 31 August SH128/38;

  16. ~ Sancti Iohannis Baptiste St John's Eve, Midsummer Eve, 23 June CH178/2; LI24/28-9, etc;

  17. ~ Sancti Marci euangeliste St Mark's Eve, 24 April SX51/14;

  18. ~ Sancti Petri literally St Peter's Eve, 31 July, but probably Sts Peter's and Paul's Eve, 28 June EK323/19-20; SH138/31;

  19. ~ Sancti Thome St Thomas Becket's Eve, 28 December EK63/8;

  20. ~ Sancti Thome appostoli St Thomas' Eve, 20 December EK103/33; LI117/7-8;

  21. ~ Translacionis Sancti Thome eve of the Translation of St Thomas, either 2 July (St Thomas the Apostle) or 6 July (St Thomas of Canterbury) SH134/17;

3. wake, vigil kept with the body of a dead person before the funeral, apparently the occasion of various popular customs SH74/1; 4. wake, watch, a night-time observance providing occasion for various popular customs (sense perhaps derived from the association of certain liturgical eves, such as St John's Eve or St Nicholas' Eve, with such customs, or from the vigils kept with the body of a dead person the night before the funeral, which provided similar occasions for such customs) LI6/21; OX40/21, etc; uigialia OX73/17

uigilo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr literally to keep watch; hence by extension either to observe a (liturgical) eve or possibly to hold a wake OX5/24

uigor, -oris n m literally strength, vigour, hence uigore + gen by virtue of, by power of LI581/5, etc; OX146/41

uilesco, -ere, -ui v intr to be cheapened or degraded SM239/7

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