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temporalia, -ium sbst nt pl temporalities, the secular business or material possessions of a diocese EK62/2; WL216/40, etc

temporalis see legenda

tempus, -oris n nt 1. time, occasion C5/30, etc; CH45/8, etc; H100/3, etc; L21/26; OX3/10, etc; SH127/18, etc; SX184/19, etc; W347/20, etc; WL216/38, etc; often with gen or other specification defining the nature of the occasion EK24/8, etc; IC11/6, etc; L72/16, etc; LI342/19, etc; OX30/30, etc; SH120/16-17, etc (eg, ~ diuinorum; ~ pomeridianum SX178/23 or ~ sessionis SX15/28 or nocturnum ~ WL216/18, etc); 2. period of time C4/3, etc; CH56/5, etc; EL16/30, etc; H200/20; IC12/4, etc; L19/34; LI580/5, etc; OX11/8, etc; WL79/11, etc; hence term (of office) CH72/26, etc; EK316/33, etc; EL16/28, etc; SH168/13, etc; 3. the octave or liturgical season associated with a major festival, its tide C13/15, etc; CH36/21; EK321/18, etc; IC7/10, etc; OX19/12, etc;



  1. tempus natalis Domini Christmas time, probably the feast of Christmas and its octave, 25-31 December LI343/11; SX184/31;

  2. tempus Pachale Easter time, probably the feast of Easter and its octave LI105/5, etc;

  3. tempus Pentecostes Whitsuntide SH344/13, etc;

4. season of the year:

  1. ~ autumnale autumn C7/14;

  2. ~ brumale OX566/35, etc, or ~ yemale OX11/15 winter;

  3. ~ Maij SH176/39 or ~ mensis Maij SH188/4, etc, May-time;

  4. ~ ueris spring SH188/4;

  5. Quatuor Tempora literally the four seasons, hence the Ember Days, periods of fasting and penitence observed at the four seasons of the year, on the Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday after the first Sunday in Lent, Pentecost, Holy Cross Day (14 September) and St Lucy's Day (13 December) WL216/24;

5. in various idioms:

  1. in attr phrs pro tempore LI137/3, etc; or existens pro tempore CH47/16 or pro tempore existens C279/28, etc; CH56/28-9, etc; EL128/5, etc; IC97/7; LI112/15, etc; OX529/31, etc; SH166/12; or qui ... esse pro tempore LI108/21; or qui pro tempore esse CH46/27; EL22/7, etc; LI341/24, etc; W412/32-3, etc, for the time being;

  2. in attr phrs futuris temporibus WL216/2; or tempore futuro existens CH56/11 in the future;

  3. ex tempore quasi adj unprepared, off-the-cuff IC456/12;

  4. medio tempore (with gen) in the midst of, during EK728/18, etc;

  5. nostris temporibus in our times, recently WL222/9;

  6. retroactis temporibus WL216/15 or temporibus retroactis IC68/35 in the past;

  7. tunc temporis then, at that time EK732/19; LI24/31; OX31/1, etc; SH172/4; SX47/39, etc; W379/6; tunctemporis SX48/33;

see also compotus, de, memoria

tendo, -ere, tetendi, -tum v intr to tend to, have a certain effect CH767/41, etc; EL21/27 (prp)

tenementum, -i n nt 1. building CR493/38, etc; W412/38, etc; 2. tenement, freehold interest other than in land LI606/16, etc; W387/10; WL111/26, etc; there may be some overlap among these two senses implied in L19/37, etc [Black's Tenement]; 3. tenement, holding, specifically land or other interest held from the lord of a manor SM177/28; or a dwelling or other building thereon CH714/29, etc; EK644/27; EL25/27, etc; OX259/6 etc

teneo, -ere, -ui, -tum v tr 1. literally to hold, hold on to BR4/4, etc; EK25/8; SH98/40, hence to hold up, display EL17/4; to hold (someone) in a certain condition (with predicative modifier) OX306/1; cursum tenere to hold a course EK827/23-4; tenere uicem to take a part or role EL17/26; LI4/3; 2. to hold one's body or limbs in a certain way (with predicative modifiers) H200/28; 3. to have, keep (a possession) CH723/30, etc; EK912/9, etc; hence to hold property EL26/4, etc; L77/27, etc; LI606/17; W412/28; to hold (land or rights) by rendering service to a lord (eg, the lord of a manor) CH38/3, etc; SM177/24, etc; prp as sbst tenant, one who holds property from the lord of a manor L82/32, L82/34; SM182/23, etc [Black's Tenant]; 4. to keep to, adhere to (eg, a rule) EL23/18; hence to keep, observe LI609/4; 5. in idiom inuicem se tenere to keep together, remain together CH718/34; 6. by extension to have, keep (eg, a domestic animal) OX6/25; 7. to take, have (a name) DR171/40; 8. to hold a meeting, court session, or other event CH47/34, etc; CR463/5; DR211/8, etc; IC462/15; L5/36, L19/30; LI78/26, etc; OX29/12, etc; SH131/25, etc; SM423/5, SM423/9; W347/16; 9. to hold (an office or position) DR248/7; EL125/25, etc; 10. to have (someone) as a guest L99/12; 11. to have (someone) as a member IC124/35; 12. to keep (an inn) SH10/21, etc; 13. to have an obligation (to do something), have (to do something) CR527/26, etc; H57/15, etc; OX3/23; SH5/36; 13. in pass idioms: A. to be obliged (to do something) CH48/4, etc; EL18/10, etc; IC21/37; LI3/16; B. (in bonds and the like) to be bound, held accountable (eg, for a sum of money) BR125/2; CH152/15, etc; DR246/34, etc; EK74/23, etc; EL143/6; L148/27, L148/29; LI606/16; OX195/39, etc; SH97/39; C. usually with 'pro,' to be held or regarded as (something) CH768/13; H181/17; with predicative modifier EK909/36; also in active voice in this sense with predicative modifier (here missing) to hold or regard (someone) as (something) DR172/32; see also locumtenens, locus

tenor, -oris n m 1. tenor, tone, slant (of meaning, eg, in a document) C363/3; CR527/21; EL21/15; LI108/20; OX529/15; SH6/12; SM174/31, etc; SX20/12, etc; 2. a sustained and even course or process, hence (of attitudes or reactions) evenness, restraint CH36/10; 3. by extension the adult male singing voice with a range between that of the bass and the counter-tenor, hence the tenor part of a song LI333/3

tentorium, -ii n nt frame for a tent or similar structure; scaffold C180/3; LI607/7

tenura, -e n f tenure, act of holding (lands or rights) from a lord CH45/10; L77/28 [Black's Tenure]

tenus prep with abl 1. (of extent) right up to, as far as EK25/35; 2. (of other relationships) in terms of, hence verbo tenus in (spoken) words, verbally EK228/5; see also auris, crus

Terentianus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Terence (Publius Terentius Afer, 195 or 185-159 BC), one of the two great extant Roman comedy writers OX146/16; hence, with 'opus' understood, referring to his writings as a body DR172/8

Terentius, -ii n m Publius Terentius Afer, Terence, second of the two great extant Roman comedy writers (195 or 185- 159 BC); he was born in Carthage, probably of North African descent C84/29, etc; Therencius C88/10

tergiuersacio, -onis n f evasion WL217/6

termino, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to determine, decide LI257/7; see also audio

terminus, -i n m term: 1. limit, ending EL138/21, etc; LI608/31; OX315/18; 2. term, a set date fixed for some purpose CH843/21, etc; EL26/10, etc; H57/31; OX73/33; SH6/10; W412/33; 3. term, a set period of time, eg, that for which an indenture or a lease runs BR55/19, etc; CH56/12; EL26/7, etc; LI608/34, etc; OX414/14, etc; W412/30, W412/41, W413/1, W413/17, W413/30; 4. an academic term C316/36, etc; OX30/3, etc; terminus Trinitatis Trinity term, the academic term following Trinity Sunday EL230/32; OX258/39; 5. a law term IC88/9, etc; SH266/16: ~ Pasche Easter term EL229/35; LI609/23-4, etc; ~ (Sancti) Hillarij Hilary term EL128/33; IC93/11, etc; ~ (Sancti} Michaelis Michaelmas term EL229/37; IC222/22, etc; ~ Trinitatis Trinity term IC167/5; LI303/5 (also with 'terminus' understood IC10/41) [see Cheney, pp 98-105]; 6. an accounting term or quarter EK323/14, etc; SX275/16; terminus Annunciacionis EK338/37, etc, or terminus Annunciacionis beate Marie Virginis EK342/39 Annunciation term, in Dover the quarter ending on 25 March (Lady Day); terminus Natalis Domini Christmas term, in Dover the quarter ending on 25 December EK338/26; ~ Natiuitatis Sancti Johannis Baptisti Midsummer term, normally the term beginning at Midsummer LI121/2-3; 7. term, an interest acquired in land by virtue, and for the set time period, of a lease W413/3, W413/20

terra, -e n f 1. the ground, earth EL14/18, etc; LI607/18; terre motus earthquake LI117/7; 2. land as a commodity LI103/33; in pl idiom terre lands, holdings in land EL98/8, etc; LI606/16, etc; see also Domine celi & terre

terreus, -a, -um adj literally of or pertaining to earth, hence earthen, made of earthenware EK34/23, etc

terricidia, -e n m turf-cutter C7/15

Tertullianus, -i n m Tertullian (c 160-c 240), patristic theologian and apologist CH808/2m; SM192/6m [ODCC]; see also apologeticus

tessara, -e n f literally something square or rectangular, by extension a playing card OX56/23

testa, -e n f head OX10/27

testifico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr active form of deponent testificor [OLD]

testimonialis, -e adj of or pertaining to witnessing, testimonial; testamonialis; see littera

testis, -is n m 1. literally witness EL184/15; 2. hence authority: in idiom teste + gen of per on (someone's) authority EL229/35 [OLD testis, OEDO teste2 1]

textor, oris n m weaver, hence member of the Chester Weavers' guild CH48/19

theatralis, -e adj of or pertaining to the stage, dramatic, theatrical C845/8; however loca theatralia in WL220/8 apparently refers to amphitheatres rather than theatres; see also ludus

theatricus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a stage or the theatre OX177/29, etc; m as sbst player OX170/24

theatrius, -ii n m one connected with the theatre, hence an actor? C158/25

theatrum, -i n nt 1. theatre, place or structure specifically intended for dramatic performance C4/1, C94/18; EL271/16m; OX138/13, OX387/22; 2. stage, platform upon which drama is performed C149/34, etc; OX102/5, etc; WL44/4; 3. used with a general application to all aspects of drama, the theatre, the stage C95/21, C238/25m, C295/30; OX85/27, OX179/5, OX310/10, OX387/27 (in coll pl)

thema, -atis n nt 1. theme text, a scriptural quotation taken as the theme or topic for a sermon EL241/19; 2. here applied to obscene verse LI260/3; thoma LI260/2

Theodosius, -ii n m Theodosius, name of several Roman emperors, especially Theodosius I (c 346-95); see obitus

theologia, -e n f theology, theological study, divinity C147/25, etc; OX42/17, etc; see also bacchalaureus, professor

theologicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to theological study OX257/16, etc

theologus, -i n m theologian, a student or master in the theology faculty OX27/24, etc

Therencius see Terentius

thesaurarius, -ii n m treasurer, financial officer: A. of a town C253/36; CH518/25; thesurarius CH152/16, etc; B. of a cathedral chapter EK203/10, etc; H97/41; LI125/8, etc; C. of a state EK321/17, etc; D. of a college or university OX147/1, etc; E. in an Inn IC33/1, etc; tezerarius IC66/25; theasarius IC72/7; thezaurarus IC97/7; thezaurius IC53/27

thesaurium, -ii n nt treasury, the financial department of Lincoln's Inn IC11/33

thesaurus, -i n m (royal) treasury EL128/9, etc

thetherista see citharista

Thetis, -idis n f Thetis, in classical mythology chief of the Nereids (or ocean nymphs) and mother of Achilles OX314/1, oddly associated with Bacchus in the king of beans correspondence OX799/25

Thobias, -ie n m the name Tobias, here the title of an apocryphal book of the Bible, Tobit EL244/2

thorchium see torchia

thuribulum, -i n nt thurible, a censer for burning incense during liturgical services, usually carried by hand suspended by chains EL17/13

thuricremus var of turicremus [OLD]

tibia, -e n f pipe, reed-pipe WL8/26; rendered by English 'wayte pypes' C180/25, C207/3, etc; by extension the shin bone, hence the shin OX5/19, etc [OLD]

tibicen, -inis n m literally one who plays a reed-pipe [OLD tibia], piper; but possibly a generic term for one playing a wind instrument rather than specifically one playing an instrument with a reed mouthpiece C38/5, etc; CR540/11; OX85/17, etc; tibicina (1st decl) C75/6, etc; OX280/37; tybicen C165/2; OX158/29, etc

Tiburtinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Tibur (the modern Tivoli), hence uia Tiburtina properly the road leading from Rome to Tibur, here used punningly to refer to the road from London to the gallows at Tyburn EL240/31

Tichofeldensis, -e adj of or from Tichfield, Hants, seat of Thomas Wriothesley C95/7

Timotheus, -i n m Timothy, name of the recipient of two of St Paul's epistles: 2 Timotheus the second letter to Timothy CH812/37m, etc

timpanista see tympanista

timpanizo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to beat a drum, drum OX439/1

tincio, -onis n f dyeing, tinting EK107/33; SM241/35, etc

tinto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to ring (a bell), strike (a beat) OX378/18m

tipulacio, -onis n f tippling: see domus

tipulo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to tipple, sell ale SM411/31

Tirollia, -e n f Tirol, a province of Austria under the authority of a count EK779/24, etc

titulus, -i n m 1. title (of a literary work) OX307/34; 2. identifying description, title OX360/30, etc; 3. land title: propositio tituli exhibition of title, apparently an annual event at Merton College involving the administration of the college's property OX28/36

Titus, -i n m Titus, name of the recipient of one of St Paul's epistles: ad Titum (with 'epistola' understood) St Paul's Letter to Titus EL244/18

tociens quociens adv phr as often as CH56/20, etc; tocius quocius CH77/17 [cp OLD totiens, quotiens]

toga, -e n f 1. in CL the Roman toga C848/10 [OLD]; 2. by extension robe, gown (referring to contemporary dress) CH177/38; IC45/36; OX8/33, etc: A. costume for a play character C64/29, etc; SM242/11, etc; B. livery clothing for town waits or other officers EK733/15, etc; LI78/19, etc; SH136/36, etc (apparently a synonym for tunica); SM41/15; C. apparel for the Abbot of Marham game in Shrewsbury (apparently a synonym for roba) SH200/5, SH201/9

Toletanus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Toledo, a city in Spain W395/25

tollero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr allow to occur, tolerate, permit C399/32

tollnetum, -i n nt toll receipts SH127/5

topographia, -e n f topography, here in the title of a work by Gerald of Wales Hybernica Topographia The Topography of Ireland WL3/8, etc

torchia, -ie n f processional torch or candle LI28/13, etc; >thorchium EL14/6

torneamentum, -i n nt tourney, tournament C399/8; LI606/14m; OX529/32; SX4/6

tornio, -iare, -iaui, -iatum v intr to joust, hold a tourney LI606/14, etc

tornus, -i n m tourn, an official tour: turnum LI125/23; here a regular series of visits made by a prior of the manors and dependent houses of the priory W397/22, etc

torta, e n f processional torch, large candle C43/31; SH194/36, etc

tortex, -icis n m processional torch, large candle EK347/38, etc

torticium, -ii n nt torch or possibly processional candle EL14/7; W404/22

totalis, -e adj total, complete, entire BR89/6; CR490/23, etc; EK647/35, etc; IC158/34, etc; OX96/37, etc; SH251/1

totaliter adv totally, completely CR504/5; EL26/25, etc; OX3/22

totum, -i or -ius sbst nt 1. the whole of something, the total OX286/22; 2. in idioms ex toto completely SM177/37, etc; in toto in all, in total EK320/4, etc; EL26/14, etc; LI186/16, etc; OX12/33, etc; SM253/31, etc; pro toto entirely EK746/19m; OX281/36

trabes, -is n f literally a beam of wood, here apparently one worked as a candleholder for a row of candles EK824/5

tractus, -us n m track, path followed (eg, by an aisle or walkway) OX137/5

tragaedia, tragaoedia, tragedia see tragoedia

tragedio, -onis n m literally tragedian, a performer in a tragedy, here by extension player DR121/8

tragice adv in the manner of a tragedy C238/7; OX178/34

tragicocomoedia, -ae n f tragicomedy, a play blending elements of classical tragedy and comedy OX149/6

tragicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a tragedy C237/14, etc; OX177/31, etc; tragica comedia tragicomedy, a play blending elements of classical tragedy and comedy OX156/10, etc

tragoedia, -ae n f tragedy, a serious drama having an unhappy outcome, here probably more specifically either an ancient tragedy or a modern work imitating ancient tragedy at least in form C842/25, C132/30, etc; OX136/32, etc; WL43/39; tragaedia DR171/25; OX94/16, etc; tragaoedia OX424/18; tragedia OX81/32, etc

traho, -here, -xi, -ctum v tr literally to draw or drag; see mora, sanguis

transcurro, -currere, -curri, -cursum v intr to skip over, neglect SM237/18

transcursus, -us n m act of skipping over SM237/13

transfudit phonetic var of transfodit [OLD transfodio]

transgressio, -onis n f 1. crime, transgression SH263/35; SM397/9; 2. crime of trespass or a charge thereof CH77/26, etc; EK967/14; EL229/41; LI78/33; WL128/36, etc; see also placitum

transgressor, -oris n m violator, wrongdoer BR5/15; EL18/11; WL4/13

translacio, -onis n f translation: 1. transfer of a bishop from one see to another or to an archbishopric CH47/21; 2. the formal transfer of a saint's relics from one site to another, or the festival commemorating the same EK29/11, etc; LI105/25, etc; OX11/40, etc; SH134/7; see also festum

transmissiua, -e n f message, letter LI333/14

transuersalis, -e adj transverse, at right angles to a stated or implied direction OX12/18

trebalis, -e adj treble; see uiola

trepid(i)ans, -ntis prp for tripudians; see tripudio

Treipilio, -ionis n m fictive L name for mock juror, formed from F 'tres,' 'very' and L 'pilus,' 'hair': Scabiosus Treipilio 'Mangy Mucho-Hair' IC464/1

trestalum, -i n nt trestle (eg, for a table) EK34/27

triatus, -a, -um pfp tried, tested OX9/28

Tribonianus, -i n m Tribonian (d. c AD 542--5), a distinguished jurist who served on the commissions that produced the great law codes of Justinian's reign, here used as the cognomen of a justice at the court of a Christmas prince IC462/14

tribuenus, -i n m one in the pay of another person or an institution, employee CH228/11

tri-harmonia, -e n f a nonce-word made up of Gk and Latin elements, apparently three-part harmony C849/38

tri-Harueyus, -i n m a nonce-word coined from English and Latin elements, three Harveys, triple Harvey C849/38

trihumphum see triumphus

Trinitarius, -ii n m student of Trinity College, Cambridge C586/39

Trinitas, -atis n f Trinity BR6/23; OX12/21 [ODCC TRINITY, DOCTRINE OF THE]; in the name of a church ecclesia sancte Trinitatis church of the Holy Trinity DR247/23; EL216/5 (with 'ecclesia' understood); also used with reference to the Trinity law-term, which began a week and a day after Trinity Sunday; see also collegium, dies, festum, terminus

triplicatus, -a, -um adj triple, threefold OX305/16

triplicitas, -atis n f that which is threefold, triplet OX305/15

tripudiator, -oris n m dancer, one who dances a 'tripudium' C18/21; IC232/22; tripidiator EK824/24, etc

tripudio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to dance, to dance a 'tripudium' C7/21, etc; EK68/7, etc; IC6/31; trepido C44/29, etc; trepudio C18/12, etc; SM252/3; tripidans CH68/28; tripideo C25/3; tripidio C8/9, etc; LI25/14, etc; SM415/22, etc; tripido C19/25, etc; tripudo C25/34

tripudium, -ii n nt originally ancient Roman ritual dance, in AL apparently a dance containing formal or set elements C16/12, etc; CR472/25 (in form <...>pudium due to manuscript damage), etc; EK62/7, etc; LI109/20; OX5/22m, etc; tripidium C17/10

Trisantonius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Southampton, a town and earldom; m sg as sbst the earl of Southampton OX313/15

triumphans, -ntis prp triumphing OX137/27, etc; Christus Triumphans Christus Triumphans, title of a play by John Foxe OX106/33

triumphator, -oris n m one who triumphs, here an allusion to the title of John Foxe's play Christus Triumphans OX107/14

triumphus, -i n m 1. triumph, literally a quasi-religious Roman ritual celebrated by a victorious general, by extension any celebration of a victory: agere triumphum to celebrate a triumph, to triumph OX180/7; 2. hence a celebration of some kind, perhaps including music or dance OX209/16; 3. a victory OX14/26 (in form trihumphus)

truffa, -e n f trick LI108/18

trullus, -i n m a room with a domed ceiling: synodus in trullo a synod which met in such a room in the imperial palace of Justinian II in 681, the Trullan Council EL267/21

trumparis, -is n m trumpeter, one who plays upon the trumpet (probably any player upon a long straight wind instrument not having a reed mouthpiece) WL289/7

trumpator, -oris n m trumpeter, one who plays the trumpet (probably one who plays any straight wind instrument not having a reed mouthpiece) EK31/10, etc

truncatus, -a, -um pfp pass literally having been cut off or amputated, hence having been beheaded: funus truncatum a headless corpse BR4/27, etc

truncus, -i n m (wooden) box, chest OX9/23

Trynitas, -atis n f var of Trinitas; see collegium

tualla, -e n f altar-cloth EK975/2

tuba, -e n f in CL a trumpet with a straight tube used for military signals, as well as in various civilian processions; here probably any straight wind instrument not having a reed mouthpiece C841/16, C619/40; CR540/11; EK824/1, etc; OX140/10, etc; tubus (2nd decl) OX416/36

tubator, -oris n m trumpeter, one who plays the 'tuba' (probably one who plays any straight wind instrument not having a reed mouthpiece) EK309/33, etc

tubicen, -inis n m trumpeter, one who plays the 'tuba' (probably one who plays any straight wind instrument not having a reed mouthpiece) C330/27, etc; CR540/10; EK827/40; OX21/19, etc; WL223/8; tubicenibus (dat pl) OX279/4; tubicina (1st decl) C30/28, etc; EK80/40; OX387/40; tubucina (1st decl) EK905/7, etc

tubicinarius, -ii n m trumpeter, one who plays the 'tuba' (probably one who plays any straight wind instrument not having a reed mouthpiece) LI582/2, etc

tubisonus, -i n m trumpeter, one who plays the 'tuba' C78/13, etc

Tullius, -ii n m Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BC), Roman orator and philosopher SM194/8m; WL10/4 [OCD Cicero]; see also Philippica



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