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semicommunnarius, -ii n m (literally a half-commoner) demy, name for a foundation scholar at Magdalen College, so called because their support was originally half that accorded a fellow OX81/34; semicominarius OX170/25

semidolium, -ii n nt half tun SH159/17, etc

semiduodena, -e n f half a dozen, six OX98/8

seminator, -oris n m one who sows, sower (used figuratively) CH795/39, etc

semino, -are, aui, -atum v tr literally to sow, hence by extension (with reference to Lk 9.5-15) to preach WL247/11

sempiternus, -a, -um adj eternal, everlasting EL21/1, etc

senatus, -us n m literally the Roman Senate, here by extension sacer senatus sacred assembly, possibly the Houses of Convocation DR171/13

Seneca, -e n m Lucius Annaeus Seneca the Younger (c AD 1-65), Roman philosopher and playwright EL265/13m [OCD]

senectum, -i sbst nt old age, the state or condition of being old EL241/29

senescalcia, -e n f office of steward, stewardship CH59/13, etc; senoscalcia CH60/1

senescallus, -i n m steward: 1. officer of a royal or noble household or an Inn CH65/2, etc; EK109/12; IC7/8, etc; L114/7, L114/15; sceneshcallus IC127/33; scenescallus IC 133/30, etc; seneschallus CH40/38; IC214/35; sinescallus IC44/32; of a cathedral dean's household EL35/40; 2. officer of a manor L82/10, etc; scenescallus (s2) DR296/3; L241/3; 3. officer of a cathedral chapter or monastery SM250/7; SX183/34, etc; hence a college officer OX67/8; 4. officer of a town or other civil administration EK341/19; in Shrewsbury, a town official with oversight of the town's courts SH263/33; 5. officer of a trade guild CH50/26, etc

senior, -ius compar adj 1. the elder of two persons having the same name or surname CH717/18, etc; EK106/3; IC15/9, etc; LI302/3; SM8/8, etc; SX170/36, etc; 2. elder, senior (in rank) C362/35, etc; OX13/26, etc; 3. hence m pl as sbst elders, seniors: at Cambridge, either a designation of fellows as senior members of college, or of a group of fellows acting with the head as an executive committee C133/17, etc; at Canterbury, the aldermen EK204/26; at Oxford, apparently a designation for senior members of a college OX11/9, etc; see also canonicus

senioritas, -tatis n f seniority OX43/27

sentina, -e n f literally bilge-water, hence sink or collecting place for anything bad or noxious (here used figuratively) EL271/19m

separalis, -e adj separate, distinct CH726/21, etc; EL129/21; SH206/16

separaliter adv separately, individually CH27/29

sepedictus, -a, -um pfp pass often said LI35/10

sepefatus, -a, -um pfp pass often mentioned EK308/29

septa, -orum n nt enclosure (eg, of a religious house) EK909/28; cepta EK912/9

septimana, -e n f 1. week C7/4, etc; IC93/11; LI347/24; OX8/17, etc; SH127/24, etc; SM424/13; in various idioms crastinus dies ad septimanam a week from the morrow C385/36, etc; dies dominica proxima ad septimanam SX10/18, etc or dies solis proximus in septimanam SM140/8 a week from Sunday; dies solis ultimus ad septimanam Sunday a week ago, Sunday of last week H174/10; dies veneris proximus ad septimanam a week from Friday C387/28; EL207/28; SH58/10-11; in isto die ad septimanam a week from today SM389/36-7; quarta ~ Quadragesime the fourth week of Lent, ie, the week beginning with the fourth Sunday of Lent CH57/34; ~ passionis Passion Week, Holy Week, the week before Easter Sunday LI132/21; 2. a feast day and its octave IC7/8; OX21/27, etc; ~ Natiuitatis Sancti Iohannis week of the Nativity of St John (the Baptist) 24 June--1 July EK328/26; ~ Pasche Easter week, the week beginning with Easter Sunday LI104/22, etc; ~ Pentecostes LI608/26, etc; SM239/1 or ~ Pentacostes LI107/31 or ~ Pentecosten EK740/9 or ~ Pentechostyn EK740/18 Whitsun week, probably the feast of Pentecost and its octave

septimatim adv from week to week, weekly IC52/22

septiminatim adv from week to week SH168/15

septrum, -i n nt for sceptrum [OLD]

Septuagesima, -e sbst f literally seventieth (day): Septuagesima Sunday, the Sunday seventy days before Easter WL216/34; see also dominicus

sepulchrum, -i n nt sepulchre, tomb, here apparently either part of a church or a piece of church furniture representing the tomb of Christ EK25/5, etc; in reference to Christ's tomb as part of the name of a church: (Sanctum) Sepulcrum (St) Sepulchre EL34/1m, etc

sequor, -qui, -cutus sum v tr 1. to follow: literally as a verb of motion SH134/2, etc, and figuratively, of time, words, or the like SH6/8, etc; 2. as legal idiom to prosecute, sue, hence sequere billam SH112/7

sequutus, -a, -um var of secutus [OLD sequor]

sera, -e n f lock C180/9; OX158/6; sera pendens padlock C214/10

serenissimus, -a, -um superl adj most serene, used as an honorific for the monarch IC424/24, etc; OX217/18, etc

sergeans, -ntis n m serjeant, a civic officer EK337/32; serians EK340/32

sericus, -a, -um adj silken; see pannus; nt sg as sbst silk EK203/15; LI583/30, etc

series, -ei n f 1. literally a series or progression (of objects, people, or events), hence the ordered presentation of ideas in a written work, and thus by extension its thrust or argument SM175/7; 2. a copy of the text of a written work CR504/18; DR248/8

serimonium, -ii n nt ceremony, ritual, here used as a synonym of ludus, hence possibly ritual representation LI125/11; see also ceremonia

seriose adv either gravely, seriously (considered as formed from OLD serius) or in detail, minutely (considered as formed from OLD series) EK974/10

sermo, -onis n m 1. speech, conversation CH694/40, etc; 2. speech, manner of speaking EL240/5; 3. sermon C132/25, etc; CH809/41m, etc; EL19/11, etc; W350/4

serrans, -ntis prp sawing OX102/11, etc

sertatus, -a, -um pfp pass festooned, garlanded OX5/4

serua, -e n f (female) servant, maid servant H170/33, etc; SH57/20, etc

seruicia, -e1 n f service: 1. (liturgical) service, diuina seruicia divine service, an unspecified liturgical service, often used to refer to the main worship service at a parish church on any Sunday SH277/23, etc; W451/30; 2. manorial service, by which a tenant maintains possession of land, the nature of the service varies from manor to manor and may simply consist in a cash rent L82/37

seruicia2 see ceruisia

seruicium, -ii1 n nt 1. service, especially personal service provided by an employee or servant LI747/29 (in abl form serviciio); OX42/1, etc; SM174/11; hence the condition of a household servant, service WL13/21, etc; 2. (feudal) service, that by which a fee is held CH45/6; seruicium militare military service, knight-service, a form of feudal tenure in which the tenant originally held his fee in return for service, either by himself or another, as a knight CH49/36-7, etc; seruicium socae socage, a form of tenure in which the tenant was originally obliged to attend a lord's court held by right of soke IC498/30; 3. manorial service, by which a tenant maintains possession of land (apparently contrasted with consuetudo, his or her customary rights) SM178/13, etc; hence seruicia consueta customary services, apparently the total of customary usages, both dues and privileges, which each tenant owes and enjoys SM180/14, etc; 4. service to a community as a civic officer EK822/18; 5. service provided to a cathedral by a member of its staff EL14/20; 6. (liturgical) service, rite LI105/17; OX32/11; diuinum seruicium divine service, apparently referring to any service held in a collegiate church or cathedral CH47/10; EL128/8, etc

seruicium2 see ceruisia

seruiens, -ntis sbst m 1. servant CH717/14, etc; CR493/3, etc; EK324/2, etc; LI105/24, etc; OX5/39, etc; SH135/24, etc; SX15/5; W404/8, etc; here likely a virger of St Paul's Cathedral EL17/21, etc; 2. officer, official EK320/29m, etc; 3. serjeant, a royal officer SH159/35, etc; a civic officer EK822/10, etc; OX25/4; seruiens ad clauas serjeant at mace CH154/4, etc; 4. in various idioms: seruiens ad arma (or de armis) serjeant at arms SH128/20, etc; seruiens ad clauam serjeant at mace H118/34; SH161/37, etc; seruiens ad legem serjeant at law SH273/30; seruiens camere serjeant of the chamber EK62/22; seruiens de armis ad clauam serjeant of arms at mace SH159/31-2

seruio, -ire, -iui or -ii, -itum v tr to serve, perform: 1. seruire apprenticiam to serve an apprenticeship LI324/18; 2. to serve (in an office) IC58/39

seruisia see ceruisia

seruo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to keep, preserve, hence seruare se to keep oneself (in a place), to stay SM424/14

seruus, -i n m 1. referring to the classical period (male) slave C238/37; OX137/25, etc; 2. referring to contemporary events (male) servant C193/29, etc; H72/30; LI343/20, etc; OX18/35, etc; SH59/7; used of a town wait L35/33; seruius H150/18m; seruuus H174/30

sesquipedalis, -e adj literally a foot and a half long, hence sesquipedalia uerba foot-long words EL272/32

sessio, -onis n f 1. session, sitting (of a court) CH64/38, etc; EK227/35, etc; LI267/22; SH127/13, etc; SM140/29, etc; SX15/28; 2. in various idioms


  1. generalis sessio usually the general session of the peace, ie, the quarter sessions, but here clearly a regular sitting of the ecclesiastical court SX178/13;

  2. (generalis) sessio pacis CH763/18; L19/30, etc or generales sessiones pacis LI72/35 (general) session of the peace, ie, of the court of quarter sessions;

  3. specialis sessio pacis special session of the peace (as opposed to regular sittings of the court of quarter sessions) SH263/31;

  4. sessio pacis et gaole deliberacio session of the peace and of gaol delivery, a quarter session authorized to deliver the local gaol SH273/31;

  5. sessio pro Burgo session of the borough court DR203/19; sessiones pro burgo sessions of the borough court DR200/24;

  6. sessiones ad curiam manerii sessions of the manorial court DR296/4;

  7. sessiones sittings of the court of quarter sessions DR275/36, etc; also in pl sessiones sittings of the court of quarter sessions W386/40m

sessor, -oris n m literally sitter, by extension in Shrewsbury, one of the Six Men, a group of civic officers with primarily financial oversight SH131/35, etc

set var of sed [OLD]

setherista see citharista

Seuerus see Alexander

shoppa, -e n f shop CH60/24; El25/27, etc; OX5/24, etc [OEDO shop n.]

shedula see schedula

sibus var of cibus [OLD]

sicherator see citherator

Siculus, -i see Diodorus Siculus

sigillo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to seal, affix a seal to C404/1, etc; SM175/8, etc; W350/10, etc; 2. pfp pass sealed, affixed with a seal CH152/21, etc; EL143/10, etc; OX196/4, etc

sigillum, -i n nt 1. seal (whether of an individual, a community, an office, or of the Crown), a device impressed on a piece of wax used to authenticate an official document C301/17, etc; CH48/12, etc; CR504/19; El26/38, etc; L31/10; LI342/24; OX62/4, etc; SH14/18, etc; SM175/9; SX171/23, etc; WL218/6 (here properly the impression of a seal, used to authenticate an official document); 2. in idioms sigillum priuatum privy seal: of an archbishop EK975/5; of the Crown (in origin the sovereign's private seal, as opposed to the great seal) CH56/42; EL229/10, etc: by extension a writ issued under the royal privy seal C394/34; EK361/39; dominus sigilli priuati lord privy seal, a senior royal officer and counsellor with oversight of all material issued under the royal privy seal SH194/27, etc; that of the St John's Christmas Prince OX360/37; see also breue, causa, custos

signaculum, -i n nt sign, symbol, device WL247/12

signanter adv significantly, expressly, markedly SM174/8

significo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. literally to signify, by extension to make known, to certify formally L71/13; 2. 3rd per sg prf as indecl sbst significauit name of a writ for the arrest of an excommunicated person EK901/15m [OEDO significavit]

signum, -i n nt sign, mark, symbol: 1. an action which is the sign or indication of some deeper meaning or purpose WL80/21; 2. personal sign used by an illiterate person instead of a signature; in some cases these signs may be initials or attempted initials BR134/3, etc; C298/27, etc; CH361/16, etc; DR191/29; EK875/34; L79/34, etc; SH274/31, etc; SM686/19, etc; SX146/30; W371/36; WL184/27, etc; 3. sign, token, hence seal: see custos; 4. by extension insigne, a device or object bearing a device L35/35; SH98/27, SH98/34; 5. hence sign, placard: ad signum le George at the sign of the George, ie at the George Inn DR191/32; ad signum ffalconis at the sign of the Falcon, ie, at the Falcon Inn C327/26; ad signum Solis at the sign of the Sun, ie, at the Sun Inn EK103/30; 6. a target EL21/4; 7. ringing of a bell (apparently as a signal), hence a bell EK24/8, etc

signus, -i n m swan EK77/13, EK77/22 [OLD cycnus]

silicet var of scilicet [OLD]

Siluanus, -i n m Silvanus, Roman god of woods and forests, in whose sacred grove the miser Euclio buries his gold in Plautus' Aulularia C238/37

Siluestris, -e adj of or pertaining to the forest; see Merlinus Siluestris

simphonicus see symphonicus

Simplicius, -ii n m LL name formed from 'simplex,' 'simple,' applied to a mock-jury member: Simplicius Credulus 'Simple-Simon Gullible' IC463/32

simula, -e n f fine wheat flour EK100/15

sinapium, -ii n nt mustard EK101/17

sincopa, -e n f act of eliding syllables, hence of cutting words short SM237/13

sincopo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to elide syllables, hence to cut words short SM237/18

sinescallus see senesc(h)allus

singularis, -e adj single; see apparatus

sinodalis, -e adj of or pertaining to a synod, a local church council SX3/21

sinodus, -i n m synod, a local council, here specifically a diocesan council made up of the bishop and other clergy, meeting to discuss and decide issues of doctrine and conduct LI5/3; W396/14; synodus LI7/10

sinon for si non [OLD]

Siradiensis, -e adj of or belonging to Siradia, or Sieradz, a Polish district administered by a palatine OX191/35

sirca var of circa [OLD]

sirot(h)eca, sirotica see chirotheca

sissor, -oris n m tailor, hence here member of Chester Tailors' guild CH50/40, etc

sitella, -e n f treasury: sitella corporata the city treasury OX332/31, etc

situo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to locate, place OX8/31, etc; 2. pfp pass located, situated CR527/14; EL97/10, etc; W412/15, etc; scituatus EL231/1; SX38/30; W451/27

sixtera, -e n f sester, a liquid measure CH45/10

skaf(f)aldum, -i n nt scaffold, here apparently scaffolding supporting seating at a joust IC11/30, etc; scafaldum IC16/10; skeffaldum IC11/31

smigma, -atis n nt literally soap, a detersive paste, hence probably a scouring agent LI34/6, etc [see LSJ σμάω, OLD smegma, OEDO smegma]

soca, -e n f soke, a local jurisdiction by which a lord exercised authority over his tenants: see seruicium

societas, -atis n f 1. partnership, association, hence body, group, fellowship EK537/8; hence a craft guild LI320/8; a college viewed as a corporate body C237/5; OX280/26; an Inn viewed as a corporate body IC5/21, etc; 2. state of being associated with others, fellowship; use at C295/22 is a pun on these two meanings

socius, -ii n m 1. fellow, associate, partner C206/41, etc; EK905/12, etc; LI31/23, etc; OX8/14, etc; 2. fellow (of a college), person holding a degree of MA or higher who is a senior member of the college with teaching or administrative functions C29/21, etc; OX6/34, etc; 3. member of an Inn IC11/8, etc; 4. socius perpetuus perpetual fellow, a member of a collegiate church EK912/5; sotius OX72/9, etc [over-corrected form]

sodalis, -is n m companion, here a member of the Order of the Garter OX180/30

sodalitium, - n nt literally club, confraternity, hence college (viewed as a corporate body) C141/14; OX894/16, etc [over-corrected form of OLD sodalicium]

Sodorensis, -e adj of or pertaining to Sodor, a diocese now known as Sodor and Man CH59/36

solacium, -ii n nt 1. literally comfort, solace OX60/21, etc; 2. by extension recreation, entertainment LI607/26; OX5/25, etc

solarium, -i n nt sollar, an upper room or loft, so called because it caught the sunlight EL25/28, etc; OX13/3

soldarius, -ii n m soldier EK650/20, etc

solemniso, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to observe (a festival or other occasion) with solemnity (referring to one of the two manners of keeping Christmas at Middle Temple, grand or solemn, apparently according to the activities allowed) IC84/9, etc; solemnizo IC104/4

solem(p)niter adv solemnly, in a solemn manner (referring to one of the two manners of keeping Christmas at Middle Temple, grand or solemn, apparently according to the activities allowed) IC89/23, etc

solempnius compar adv more solemnly CH46/40

solidus, -a, -um adj solid, complete C95/15; hence in solidum in full (of payments) C403/39, etc; CH152/19

solidus, -i n m shilling, one-twentieth of a pound BR6/29; C133/6, etc; CH616/9, etc; EK606/1, etc; EL128/7, etc; IC93/23, etc L82/18, etc; LI105/15, etc; OX8/29, etc; SH177/10, etc; W412/33; WL218/3

sol(l)em(p)nis, -e adj 1. ceremonious, pertaining to or suitable to a celebration DR170/35; LI609/15; 2. solemn, ceremonious, partaking of religious rites EK823/22; OX28/33, etc; dies ... solempnes holy days CH46/39; DR247/36; W348/13; solempne festum solemn feastday W349/19; see also dies; 3. hence n pl as sbst: A. solemn religious observances, high holidays dominice Natiuitatis ac sanctorum Stephani Iohannis apostoli & euangeliste ac Innocencium sollempnia the solemnities of Christmas, St Stephen, St John the Apostle and Evangelist, and the (Holy) Innocents, ie, 25-8 December CR503/23-5; B. solemn religious services, often specifically a high mass CR503/28; DR247/30; EK21/1; H99/32; OX3/20 (used ironically); SH5/33; diuina sollempnia CH35/38-9; diuinorum solemnia H71/24 probably refers to the two main Sunday services of morning and evening prayer; 4. formal H98/26?; 5. customary, traditional H98/26?; OX209/12; nt sg as sbst custom OX310/12m [Martial passage quoted under OLD sollemnis 2 is relevant to senses 4 & 5]

sol(l)empnitas, -atis n f solemn celebration, religious festival, solemn service (possibly a choral celebration of the eucharist) EL17/1, etc; LI103/21, etc; SM239/17; W395/22, etc; WL54/1; solennitas C590/23

solomodo var of solummodo [OLD]

soma var of summa [OLD]

Somersetia, -e n f Somerset: 1. name of a county BR59/4; 2. name of a dukedom EK336/13, etc; Somercestia EK824/30; Somersetta EK71/14; Sumersetta EK71/30

somma see summa1

sommoneo see summoneo

sonacio, -onis v tr act of sounding (a musical instrument), here used of horn blowing, a customary ceremony in Cinque Port communities EK318/16, etc

sonitura, -e n f act of sounding (a musical instrument), here used of horn blowing, a customary ceremony in Cinque Port communities EK317/13, etc

sonitus, -us n m 1. act of sounding (a musical instrument), here a horn OX503/16; specifically used of horn blowing, a customary ceremony in Cinque Port communities EK362/11, etc; 2. sound, especially that of a musical instrument WL223/12, etc

sono, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to sound an instrument (eg, a horn) EK537/22, etc; WL3/13, etc; 2. to make a sound, speak, tell WL44/4; 3. (of a word or phrase) to mean WL222/25

sonoritas, -atus n f agreeable sound, euphonious sound WL4/15, etc

sonus, -us n m sound (eg, of a a musical instrument), here used of horn blowing, a customary ceremony in Cinque Port communities EK731/9

sophista, -e n m sophister, a student in his second or third year of study for the ba C943/13, etc

Sophocles, -is n m Sophocles, second of the three great Athenian tragedians (496-406 BC) C141/16; OX178/33m, etc

Sophocleus, -a, -um adj of Sophocles, in the manner of Sophocles C238/5

soror, -oris n f sister, a female member of a guild LI24/38, etc

sortito, -onis n f drawing of lots, lottery, used by the ancients as a method of allocation as well as a form of divination: it is unclear what practice is referred to at C321/14; see Cambridge Introduction, pp 731-2

sotius see socius

sotulare, -is n nt shoe C44/16, etc; LI104/21; SH44/16, etc

Southfolkia, -e n f Suffolk, name of an earldom SH134/24

sparsio, -onis n f spattering, sprinkling CR503/34

specialis, -e adj special, particular CH56/7; EL228/27m; IC35/24, etc; LI7/25, etc; OX194/27, etc; see also gracia

specialitas, -atis n f special characteristic, peculiarity WL10/21

specialiter adv specially, particularly CH46/29, etc; EL22/31, etc; IC43/21, etc

species, -ei1 n f kind, sort IC4/3?, IC93/21

species, -ei2 n f spice, seasoning EK30/10, etc; EL14/7, EL14/8; IC4/3?; SH161/30

specificacio, -onis n f a detailed listing or description, specification SX179/13

specifice adv specifically, specially L75/23; SM211/14

specifico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to specify, make a detailed list of H152/18, etc; OX491/18; SH13/1, etc; SX178/14; pfp pass specified, listed in detail CH771/21

spectaculum, -i n nt 1. sight, spectacle CH35/40, CH36/13?; 2. spectacle, show, usually unspecified but probably dramatic BR5/37; C4/1, etc; CH46/33; CR463/12, CR465/7, CR527/23; DR170/35; EK930/5, etc; EL16/1, etc; LI342/1, etc; OX11/28, etc; SM237/1, etc; SX4/5, SX186/28; WL216/28; used metaphorically CH36/13?; WL78/30; the hostility shown to 'spectacula' in canonical sources probably arises from the term's associations with gladiatorial shows and the like [OLD]

spelunca, -e n f literally cave, cavern, hence lair, den LI6/14; SM423/7

spera var of sphaera [OLD]

sperilarius, -a, -um adj of or belonging to a ball (for play); see ludus [cp Souter sph(a)era]

spica, -e n f sheaf, here used as a heraldic device SH99/4, etc; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)

spirit(u)alis, -e adj 1. spiritual LI103/19; 2. nt pl as sbst spiritualities, the rights, revenues, and powers of a bishop considered to belong exclusively to his spiritual authority and position; where necessary a bishop might delegate part of the responsibility for his spiritualities to a vicar general EL210/21; H71/18; WL216/40, etc; see also mater, uicarius



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