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Romanista, -e n m Romanist, a Roman Catholic OX178/29 [according to OEDO, coined by Martin Luther in 1520: see Romanist n. (and a.)]

Romanus, -i sbst comm a Roman, an inhabitant of Rome: ad Romanos literally 'To the Romans,' title of an NT epistle CH808/7m; EL241/33-4 (with 'epistola' understood)

rosa, -e n f rose, here the Tudor rose as an heraldic symbol SH98/38, etc; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)

roscidaturus, -a, -um adj moist with dew, damp, wet WL60/10

Roscius, -ii n m Roscius, a Roman gentile name or one of its holders, especially the famous actor Q. Roscius Gallus OX894/38

rostrum, -i n nt in CL a platform in the Roman forum used for public speeches, the Rostrum, by extension apparently a platform used for public notices, specifically in Dover EK308/35

rota, -e n f wheel: 1. that of a vehicle LI27/14, etc; 2. as a device to which a quintain is mounted allowing it to rotate LI5/17, etc; see also aries

rotulus, -i n m 1. (court) roll, the official record of a court's proceedings EL129/5; SH266/16; curie rotulus court roll, the official record of a manorial court DR296/6; L241/3; see also copia; 2. (account) roll or the account contained therein IC11/38, etc

rowta, -e n f rout, unlawful assembly SH264/12, etc

routose adv in the manner of a rout or unlawful assembly CH681/5, etc; SM145/27; rowtose SH264/35

rubeus, -a, -um adj red EK322/32, etc; rubius; see also halec, pannus, uinum

Russia, -ae n f Russia, name of a country IC424/34; OX191/34

rusticans, -ntis prp travelling or staying in the country, here in the title of a play Mercurius Rusticans Mercury in the Country OX392/27

rusticus, -i n m literally a countryman, rustic, hence boor, bumpkin; here a reference to a play character or type of character C127/25; see p C1205 (endnote to SJA: 7.2, ff 59v, 60, 60v)

Rutlanda, -e n f Rutland, name of an earldom IC90/36

Rutlandius, -ii n m adj of or belonging to Rutland, an English dukedom and county: m sg as sbst the duke of Rutland OX313/12


sabbatum, -i n nt 1. sabbath, day of rest, referring either to the Jewish sabbath or Sunday conceived as a Christian sabbath to which all OT sabbatarian regulations apply C315/26 etc; W390/23; dies sabbati the sabbath day EL258/26, EL258/30; sabbotum C316/27; 2. hence Saturday OX36/27, etc; dies sabati EL230/31; see also dies

Sabrina, -e n f Severn, name of a river W394/10, etc; WL219/29

saccharum, -i n nt sugar EK101/31

saccum, -i n nt sackcloth, a mourning or penitential garb, by extension state of mourning or penitence OX177/34

sacellatum, -i n nt chapel OX73/20

sacellum, -i n nt chapel C236/16, etc; EK203/40

sacer, -cra, -crum adj sacred, hallowed EL3/10, etc; hence m pl as sbst holy orders EL22/101, etc

sacerdocium, -ii n nt state of being a priest, priesthood EL15/27, etc

sacerdos, -otis n m priest, a member of the second of the three major orders of clergy, the other two being deacon (diaconus) and bishop (episcopus) CR464/3, etc; EK24/14; EL242/27; H98/1; LI3/7, etc; OX13/4, etc; SM423/13; W395/29, etc; WL3/14; sacerdos familiaris WL12/27 or familie WL26/19 household priest, priest serving a royal household; sacerdos parochialis parish priest, priest charged with the cure of souls and other duties within a parish CR463/8-9

sacerdotalis, -e adj 1. of or pertaining to a priest, priestly W349/2; indumenta sacerdotalia priestly garb, ie, a priest's vestments EK976/35-6; see also ordo; 2. nt pl as sbst priestly vestments W394/8

sacramentale, -is sbst nt sacramental, a lesser rite akin to a sacrament but lacking its full status; the definitions of sacraments and sacramentals were a topic of thelogical debate in the medieval church EK975/26 [ODCC SACRAMENTALS]

sacramentum, -i n nt 1. oath EK977/2; LI25/29, etc; WL4/9 [OLD]; especially the oath sworn by jurors to give true findings to the best of their ability CH45/1, etc; DR282/28, etc; L99/11, etc; OX5/21, etc; SH10/14, etc; SM143/30, etc; SX170/33, etc, or that sworn by newly admitted burgesses OX441/20, etc; sacramentum ... corporale corporal oath, one in which the swearer must be in bodily contact with the gospel book, or the like, on which the oath is taken OX481/34, etc; 2. sacrament, one of the seven rites believed to have been instituted by Christ and viewed by the church as channels of divine grace EK975/25; LI7/2, etc [ODCC SACRAMENT]

sacrista, -e n m sacrist, one responsible for the communion vessels, plate, and other sacred or valuable objects belonging to a church or other religious institution C189/22; DR252/32; LI104/14, etc; OX47/26

Sadducaeus, -i n m Sadducee, a member of the conservative, priestly sect opposed to that of the Pharisees, prominent in the gospel accounts as opponents of Christ and his disciples OX177/27 [ODCC Sadducees]

saeculum, -i n nt literally the present generation, the present age, by extension the world, worldliness WL78/22

saepedictus, -a, -um pfp pass often said OX42/6, etc

sagitto, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to shoot arrows at, attack with arrows OX8/20; SH14/10; SX171/8

salerium see sal(l)arium

Salffordum, -i n nt Salford, name of a village near Bath SM9/12

salio, -ire, -ii, -tum1 v intr literally to leap, hence to dance W379/6 [probably by attraction to sense of its compound, OLD salto]

salio, -ire, -iui, -itum2 v intr to 'salt,' to cause someone to take part in a salting (see p C998) C203/10, etc

sal(l)arium, -ii n nt regular payment for services, salary, stipend C10/14, etc; CH52/21; EK340/11; IC69/37, etc; LI25/32, etc; salerium IC36/12; salorium IC96/6; 2. by extension a student's stipend EK966/6

Salomon, -onis n m Solomon, king of Israel renowned for his wisdom, here named as a character in a comedy OX37/37; Salamon OX38/5

Salopescira, -e n f Shropshire, name of a county SH13/34, etc

Salopia, -e n f 1. Shrewsbury, name of a town C37/16; SH126/32m, etc; 2. Shropshire, name of a county CH722/4; Salopa CH30/8; Saloppius CH645/1

salorium see sal(l)arium

salssatus, -a, -um pfp pass salted (for preservation) EK100/34, etc

saltator, -oris n m (male) dancer CR540/14 [OLD]

saltatorius, -a, -um adj pertaining to dancing C259/23, etc; see also ludus

saltatrix, -icis n f (female) dancer CR540/14

salto, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to dance C46/21; IC91/31 (in form saltaltibus), etc; EL258/30; SM424/14; WL79/19; hence ursus saltans a dancing bear SH185/26-7

saltor, -oris n m literally one who leaps, hence a dancer W378/9 [probably by attraction to sense of compound, OLD saltator]

saltus, -us n m literally a leap or step, hence by extension a dance, dancing EL258/21; OX12/16, etc [see OLD saltatus, salto]

saluacio, -onis n f safe-keeping, act of preserving (something) SM633/6

saluandus, -i sbst comm one who ought to be, or should be, saved CR463/7; SM423/12

saluator, -oris n m saviour, one who saves, here used of Christ H98/12, etc; SH5/30; SM423/6, etc

saluber, -bris, -bre adj conducive to health, here spiritual health LI5/23

Salue Regina vb phr (literally Hail, O Queen) title of one of the four major Marian antiphons LI332/40

salueto pl of salue1 [OLD]

saluo1, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to save, make safe, make healthy: at WL80/9 a play on the two senses of physical and spiritual safety is certainly intended

saluo2, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to take leave of (someone), say farewell to (someone) EL14/20 [back-formation from OLD salue1(?)]

saluo3 adv safely LI320/36m

salus, -utis n f 1. in CL, health, well-being OX139/22, etc; often used in conventional good wishes in epistolary salutations LI606/15, etc; in Christian usage, salvation CH767/26, etc; EK975/17; LI5/28; WL80/2, etc; hence used in salutations in a play upon both senses BR3/6, etc; CH49/31, etc; CR527/11, etc; DR247/10; EK974/7, etc; EL21/1, etc; H98/11, etc; LI3/6, etc; OX3/8, etc; SM173/38; W349/15, etc; 2. (physical) safety BR4/38

salutacio, -onis n f greeting, salutation, here apparently the angelic greeting to the shepherds in Lk 2.8-14, referred to in Lectio 8 of Christmas matins LI108/31m, etc

sanccio, -onis n f prohibitory regulation, sanction C4/5; CH768/6; SH5/36

sanctifico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to sanctify LI6/29

sanctitas, -atis n f holiness, sanctity LI24/33; WL53/19

sanctuarium, -ii n nt sanctuary, the precincts of a church, hence churchyard, domi sanctuarii buildings within the church precincts EK976/32

sanctus, -a, -um adj 1. holy or blessed OX12/20 (in superl), etc; WL80/9, etc; used of things C237/31, etc; CH46/28; CR504/27; LI5/27, etc; qualities DR247/34; H57/18; SH5/38; institutions H99/34; LI341/10; W396/1, or persons H200/19, etc; LI7/19; W404/24, etc; of things or persons BR6/23; EK23/33, etc; SM423/16, etc; of things, qualities, institutions or persons El14/5, etc; 2. with names as a title Saint BR12/40, etc; C5/29, etc; CH44/38, etc; CR503/20, etc; EK46/31, etc; EL18/36, etc; IC85/31, etc; LI606/14, etc; OX3/21, etc; SH199/35, etc; SM178/5, etc; WL78/21, etc; parochia ... sancti Petri Maioris parish of St Peter the Great SX20/9-10; 3. m or f as sbst holy one, saint BR5/11; C6/11, etc; CH15/39, etc; CR463/7, etc; EL3/15, etc; LI6/2, etc; OX4/5, etc; SH98/9; SM423/11, etc; W395/23, etc; WL79/22, etc; 4. nt sg as sbst that which is holy, the holy CR465/2

Sandwicum, -i n nt Sandwich, name of a town EK822/9, etc; Sandewicum EK328/19, etc; Sanduicum EK827/28, etc

sanguis, -inis n m 1. literally blood EK939/1, etc; sanguinem trahere to shed (someone's) blood CH715/21; 2. hence possibly artificial, or 'stage,' blood EK104/34 (in gen form sanguynis), EK106/3, EK107/21; see also causa, minucio

Sarisburia, -e n f Salisbury: 1. name of a city and diocese DR170/30; also in indecl form Sarum DR247/9, etc; LI341/12; OX12/11; 2. name of an earldom C29/31, etc; OX314/11; SX14/25

satelles, -itis n m in CL literally henchman, bodyguard, likely by extension yeoman (of the guard) OX279/28 [see OEDO satellite n.]

Sat(h)anas, -e n m devil, demon, evil spirit C315/20; EK308/9; EL141/20

satrapa, -e n m literally satraps, a Persian provincial governor, by extension serjeant, a civic officer (see p OX1088 (endnote to MC Arch f 100v)) OX29/35, etc; satraps OX45/35, etc

satura, -ae n f satire, an ancient literary genre: satura Menippea satire in the style of Menippus, ie, written in prose interspersed with poetry OX427/16--17m

Saxo, -onis n m a Saxon SH98/30; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)

saxum, -i stone; see puluis

scac(c)arium, -ii n nt the (Royal) Exchequer, a financial department of the Crown EK328/28, etc; EL128/32, etc; Exchequer of the county palatine of Chester CH49/32, etc; the Exchequer, a tower next to Shrewsbury's Booth Hall, or the exchequer chamber within it SH166/14, etc; see also curia, recepta

scaccus, -i n m chessman; see ludus

scaenicus see scenicus

scafaldum see skaf(f)aldum

scandalosus, -a, -um adj discreditable, scandalous C309/2; CH767/36, etc; SH265/9, etc; WL237/37, etc

scandalum, -i n nt scandal, discredit BR5/18; C4/6; CH47/3, etc; CR527/27; EK909/29; EL20/30; H98/27, etc; LI7/3, etc; OX11/31, etc; SM237/25, etc; SX4/5; W349/3, etc; WL216/20, etc

scandelizo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to provide an occasion of scandal, discredit, scandalize CH771/3; SM174/29

scannum var of scamnum [OLD]

scarletum, -i n nt the colour scarlet, hence scarlet-coloured cloth BR6/40; EK733/15

sccissus, -a, -um pfp pass slaughtered, killed (of animals) EK93/4m, etc [var of scissus, pfp of scindo (OLD)]

scedula see schedula

sceletus, -i n m Latin transliteration of Gk σκελετός skeleton, part of the title of an antiquarian work by Richard Parker, Σκελετός Cantabrigiensis C286/8; see p C1221 (endnote to Wing: F2440 pp 276-7)

scematis var of schematis [OLD schema]

scena, -e n f stage: 1. stage, a platform upon which plays are enacted C95/2; OX93/14, etc; used metaphorically C121/4, etc; OX85/34, etc; WL44/8; 2. by extension scene, subdivision of an act OX310/30m, etc; WL43/42; in extended sense C241/28, C399/13; 3. generally the stage, the theatre, ie, all aspects of drama C238/29; OX178/34, etc; hence scena mercenaria literally the hired stage, a disparaging reference to the professional theatre OX309/12; 4. scene, setting (eg, of a play) OX392/28; 5. scenery? C586/37

scenesc(h)allus, -i see senescallus

scenicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a 'scena' in whatever sense, dramatic C236/10, etc; OX232/33, etc; scaenicus EK226/15; see also actio, actor, ludus, uestis

scenulentum, -i n nt bit of mud CR503/33 [diminutive from OLD caenum]

sceutum see scutum

sc(h)edula, -e n f 1. literally a sheet of paper C365/4, etc; scedula SH266/12; 2. bill containing charges laid in an ecclesiastical court CH665/35; SM185/19; scedula SM130/8, etc; 3. schedule, a set of penitential procedures or formulae to be imposed on those guilty of canonical offences (apparently setting out a form of confession for lesser, or duly penitent, offenders SX10/2, SX37/25, SX38/2, SX179/2, and more severe punishments for the contumacious or other serious offenders SX20/20, SX37/5) EK900/14, etc; EL140/23, etc; H71/35?, H184/36, H185/23, H186/71, H186/26; LI45/36, etc; SH52/20, etc; SM173/6, etc; W369/17; WL229/36, etc; scedula EK608/19, etc; shedula SM209/3; 4. hence the form, or form of words, contained therein or a copy thereof H71/35?, H71/36, H185/24, H186/72, H186/27; SH45/23, etc; SM4/8, etc; cedula H167/34; scedula W361/3, W390/32; shedula EK892/34, etc; see also certificarium, forma

Scheftonia, -e n f Shaftesbury, name of a town and a deanery in the diocese of Salisbury DR247/7, etc

sc(h)ola, -e n f 1. school C94/37, etc; DR170/24, etc; EL271/20m; IC425/3; L81/17, etc; OX10/28; 2. a grammar school LI208/14, etc; the grammar school at Canterbury EK75/5; 3. in various idioms A. schola grammatica LI192/23-4 or sc(h)ola gramaticalis EK75/6, etc; LI185/16-17, etc, or in coll pl scole gramaticales LI105/21, grammar school; B. schola publica public school DR170/32; C. in coll pl scole cantus song-school, a school teaching ecclesiastical singing and music LI105/22 [see OEDO song-school]; D. in phr platea (or uicus) scolarum School Street, a street in Cambridge which ran along the front of the schools (North School Street) and then turned at a right angle and ran in the direction of the university church (East School Street); likely the pl usage is another example of the coll pl in which 'sc(h)ola' is often found rather than (as mistakenly said in the Cambridge LG) the result of this abrupt change of direction C841/5

sc(h)olaris, is sbst m scholar: 1. generally student C244/27; LI203/26; W411/35; scholerius EK190/14m; 2. specifically scholar, a student for the BA degree at a Cambridge college who is on the foundation, ie, a member of that college, and so part of the corporate body of the University, as opposed to a pensioner or a fellow commoner C3/20, etc; at Oxford scholar, student (in contrast to a master or fellow), likely referring to one who was a foundation scholar, ie, a supported member of a college and part of its corporation OX4/37, etc

scholasticus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to schools or scholars, scholarly, scholastic C4/8, etc; 2. m as sbst scholar, student C147/16, etc; LI208/7, etc; OX78/12, etc [apparently a synonym of 'scholaris,' but the possibility that it was a generic term of wider application should not be dismissed]

(s)cindo, -ere, scididi, scissum v tr literally to cleave or rend, by extension to inscribe, write IC22/37, IC25/27

sciolus, -a, -um adj knowledgeable (about), aware (of ) CH768/21

scismatice adv in a divisive manner, schismatically EL139/39

scissor, -oris n m tailor C54/35, etc

scituatus see situatus

scitus var of situs [OLD situs1]

scolatizo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to study formally, attend a (grammar) school, hence possibly to study Latin SM251/13

scopacio, -onis n f sweeping with a broom C175/6

scotallum, -i n nt literally scotale, perhaps used generally for any ale EK939/3, etc [MED scot-āle n.]

Scotia, -e n f Scotland C404/2, etc; CH781/22, etc; H94/7; IC28/11 (2); L84/8, etc; LI325/23; OX305/5, etc; SH98/28, etc; SM143/33, etc; W451/23, etc; WL4/8; Cocia SH200/34; Scocia CH691/31, etc; EK48/25

Scoto-Britanni, -orum sbst m the Britons of Scotland, the Scots OX305/4

scot(t)um, -i n nt scot, a customary assessment made by town governments EK955/5; admitti ad scot(t)um et lot(t)um to be admitted to scot and lot, ie, to be subject to such assessments and therefore to be admitted to the freedom of a city LI321/38-9, etc [MED scot n.(2)]

Scotus, -a, -um adj Scots, Scottish OX313/30; m pl as sbst the Scots OX315/2m

Scriptura, -e n f 1. the act of writing or copying OX32/11, etc; 2. hence writing, words and letters in written form LI332/38; 3. Scripture, the Bible EK912/11; IC6/33; SM423/7; OX10/31, etc

scrutatus, -a, -um pfp pass carefully examined, scrutinized EL129/5 [cp OLD scrutor]

scrutinium, -ii n nt 1. scrutiny, searching LI41/9m; 2. scrutiny, a college meeting held for elections of officers and disciplining of members OX32/21, etc

sculptura, -e n f a piece of sculpture OX12/22, etc

scur(r)ilis, -e adj 1. scurrilous, offensive CH812/14; CR503/34; 2. hence nt as sbst something offensive, scurrility OX4/6; see also scurra

scurilitas, -atis n f offensive or scurrilous behaviour, especially that characterized by offensive humour DR247/33; EL23/8; LI6/4, etc; OX11/2, etc; see also scurra

scurra, -e n m originally and historically a Roman raconteur and wit, but one distinguished by offensive humour, by the early Principate, an entertainer characterised by such humour, and hence by extension a buffoon; here a gloss for mimus CR540/14 [OLD]

scutifer, -eri n m 1. literally shield-bearer: in Ludlow, the schoolboys who bore heraldic emblems in the celebration of Charles Stuart's investiture as prince of Wales SH98/18 (see pp SH647-8, endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v); 2. by extension squire, esquire SH353/13 (analogous with armiger); 3. a scutcheon (either from its shape or because it bears the arms of the town) EK88/8, etc

scutum, -i n nt literally shield: 1. a scutcheon (either from its shape or because it bears the arms of a town) EK60/16; LI320/33, etc; 2. hence the hard skin of an animal, especially a wild boar sceutum de brawn shield of brawn, a dish made by placing a piece of boar's skin in a mould which is then filled with dressed boar's meat and cooked EK34/22; 3. in idiom ludere scutis apparently the name of a game or sport of some kind C202/38, etc [Latham, OLD]

secatiuus, -a, -um adj capable of cutting, sharp-edged; see instrumentum

seco, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to sever, cut, hence to divide: by extension to perform the arithmetical operation of division IC651/11, etc

secretarius, -ii n m secretary, a confidential clerk with particular responsibility for record-keeping and correspondence (here secretary to the Council of the North) IC201/24

secta, -e n f 1. suit, set (of clothing); the expression de una secta seems to refer to the uniformity of livery clothing EK62/30, etc; 2. suit of court, a requirement of feudal law that a tenant attend the lord's court, here by analogy secta chori suit of choir, required attendance in choir for liturgical service imposed on an endowed or stipendiary member of a cathedral staff EL22/38, EL23/5; 3. (law) suit C206/41; CH62/20, etc; EK967/3; EL230/1, etc; WL238/26

sectio, -onis n f section (of a longer work) SM199/32m

secularis, -e adj 1. secular, as opposed to sacred SM238/1, etc; hence ordinary or common C3/26; CR463/6; 2. as legal term civil, ie, not ecclesiastical CR463/5; EK938/20, etc; EL3/9; LI8/10; SM423/5, etc; SX3/13

seculum, -i n nt the world, as a symbol of what is worldly or earthly (as opposed to heavenly) EL15/26; here in gen pl Seculorum the title of a composition by Richard Davy LI333/3

secure adv safely, securely, in idiom secure custodiri to be in safekeeping C389/39-390/1, etc

securitas, -atis n f bond; see pax

sedendum see supersedeo

sedeo, -ere, sedi, sessum v intr literally to sit, sit down, here by extension sedere ad communes (+ modifier) to sit at particular type of commons, that is, to have a place at the table at which a particular type of commons was provided IC37/9, etc

sedes, -is n f see (of a bishop): sedes apostolica apostolic see, ie, the see of Rome EK24/2; sede vacanti ppl phr for sede vacante [OEDO]

segga, -e n f sedge, grass-like marsh plant, here apparently used collectively for turfs cut from beds of sedge C7/15

seisina, -e n f seisin, lawful possession of a holding [Black's Seisin, OEDO seisin n.]; see capio

seisio, -ire, -ii, -itum v tr 1. to seize (property), take possession of (property) (used of official actions, eg, those of sheriffs) EL97/19, etc; 2. pfp pass with 'de' to be seised (of ), being in lawful possession (of) CH721/22, etc; seiseitus CH65/17, etc; seizitus L241/14 [Black's Seisin]

selebrantur var of celebrantur [OLD celebro]

sella, -e n f chair (for a dignitary), throne OX137/20, etc

sellarius, -a, -um adj 1. of or belonging to saddlers CH61/12; 2. f or nt as sbst the Chester Saddlers' guild CH53/32, CH858/3; 3. m as sbst saddler, member of Shrewsbury Saddlers' company cellarius SH128/5

sellator, -oris n m saddler, hence here member of the Chester Saddlers' guild CH55/27m, etc

sema, -e n f seam, a horse-load (the exact capacity varies according to commodity and region); a seam of apples seems to have been 2¼ bushels IC3/31, etc

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