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pro ut var of prout [OLD]

probationarius, -ii n m probationer, a candidate for a fellowship or the like OX170/24

probatus, -a, -um pfp pass approved, allowed (used of accounts or expenses) LI28/32

probenda, -e n f fodder, provender (for horses) CR489/25

probo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to prove (a claim or an accusation) EK5/36, etc; 2. to prove, obtain probate of (a will) EK541/34, etc; W445/14, etc; 3. to approve (expenditures), allow (an account) EK108/33, etc

procancellarius, -ii n m the chancellor's deputy; the vice- chancellor C141/23, etc

proceres, -um n m noblemen CH36/7, etc

processio, -onis n f 1. (liturgical) procession CH36/19m, etc; EK31/10; EL17/15; H98/2; LI6/24, etc; SM240/28, etc; 2. civic procession in honour of a religious festival LI107/30, etc; eg, the feast of Corpus Christi H118/35; in Sandwich, a civic procession in honour of the feast of St Bartholomew EK823/22; in Shrewsbury, a civic and guild procession in honour of the feast of Corpus Christi SH172/11, etc; procescio SH127/31

processus, -us n m (legal) process, proceedings, suit BR3/20; CR489/34; EK608/6; EL208/5, etc; LI36/21; OX258/38, etc; SH43/10; SM140/30, etc; SX43/38, etc; WL217/19

procestrium, -ii n nt literally what stands outside or before a camp, hence an approach, entry OX137/4

proclamacio, -onis n f 1. announcement SH176/38, etc; a required public prior announcement of one's intention to seek to clear oneself of a charge in a church court by compurgation WL236/28, etc, or the text thereof WL230/5; H66/18, etc; SH326/38, etc; SM32/30, etc; W389/4; the public announcement that one had entered into a property and become a tenant of a manor L82/32, etc; the announcement, or crying, of banns or of a play EK739/11, etc; 2. (official) proclamation, whether royal or civic CH614/38m, etc (judicial); EK822/11, etc

proclamator, -oris n m one who makes an announcement, here especially one who announces banns, bann crier EK743/39, etc

proclamo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to announce, make public SM397/11; WL254/9m, etc; especially to announce, or cry, banns EK741/13, etc; 2. to declare, make known SM174/2

proculdubio var of procul dubio [OLD procul]

procuracio, -onis n f procuration, a payment made by a parish in lieu of providing entertainment, food, and drink for a bishop, archdeacon, or other official visitor LI341/7, etc

procuramentum, -i n nt agency, instigation CH119/36, etc; LI609/33

procurator, -oris n m 1. proctor, an officer of the vice-chancellor's court C296/7; 2. proctor, a college or university officer OX31/2, etc; 3. proctor, one who acts as counsel for another in a church court EK308/36, etc; L75/15, L75/16; WL215/20; 4. warden, parish officer in charge of annual collections SM708/27, etc

procuratorius, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to a proctor (in sense 3), hence nomine procuratorio as a proctor EK947/4-5; 2. nt sg as sbst proxy, legal instrument or form of words appointing a proctor CH843/18; EK817/33, etc; L75/17 (in form procuratoreum); SM140/2

procuro, -are, aui, -atum v intr 1. (with ad + gerund) to procure, get (someone to do something) SM140/5, etc; 2. to bring about, cause (+ inf ) CH155/25, etc; L31/9

produccio, -onis n f act of producing (someone or something) CH843/25

produco, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr to bring, produce (eg, witnesses into court), hence producere sectam to bring suit EL230/10

professio, -onis n f (religious) profession CR464/14; SH100/19

professor, -oris n m professor: 1. professor, a senior instructor in a given subject C205/24; OX218/11, etc; 2. sacre theologie professor one holding the highest degree in the theology faculty, a doctor of sacred theology (STD) C301/13, etc; EK946/7, etc; H67/20, etc; OX73/26; SH53/16; W349/12, etc

professus, -a, -um pfp having made monastic profession to (a given order), having professed in WL217/33

proficuus, -i n m revenue, proceeds, profit EK644/26; EL125/30, etc; L241/25; LI326/17

profunditas, -atis n f depth SX171/12, etc; OX5/19; (of water or other liquid) WL222/22

Progne, -es n f Procne, the wife of Tereus, king of Thrace, who was transformed into a bird; here named as an eponymous character in Calfhill's Progne OX136/30

progredior, -edi, -essus sum v intr literally to advance, make progress, here by extension to form an arithmetical progression, a sequence of numbers such that the difference between any two successive members is the same, for example, in the sequence 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, ..., the difference is always 2 IC651/11, etc

progressus, -us n m 1. forward motion, advance, progress (used figuratively) OX343/15, etc; 2. (royal) progress OX125/11; 3. one's progress through life, one's life OX308/29

proieccio, -onis n f act of throwing or casting (something) SM238/13, etc

prolacio, -onis n f act of speaking CH28/15 [cp OLD profero 4]

prolibitum, -i n nt will, desire, hence in idiom suo prolibito at one's own will SM174/15

proludium, ii n nt preliminary bout LI603/10 [Souter]

promano, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to flow forth, proceed OX307/12

promississimus, -a, -um superl adj giving greatest promise, most promising OX191/36

promocio, -onis n f 1. prompting DR247/12; 2. promotion, the bringing of an accusation against a person in an ecclesiastical court by an officer of the court authorized to do so C362/34; CH767/27

promotor, -oris n m promoter, an officer of the court making promotion, a type of accusation against a person in a church court C417/37; SX178/14

promotus, -a, -um pfp pass promoted, used of a proceeding against a person in a church court moved or initiated by someone other than the court itself or a person authorized to make presentment DR275/10; SM424/8; SX43/3

promus, -i n m steward, a college or household officer EK63/17; OX70/25, etc; a household officer in an Inn IC328/26; see also capitalis

pronuncio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to adjudge, pronounce (an opinion, sentence, or the like; used of a judge) CH772/21; SH327/1, etc; SM129/31, etc; SX41/3, etc; 2. to utter, speak, here by extension to sing SH176/35, SH177/23, SH193/8

propalo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr say openly, declare, make known SH265/11; WL3/9, etc

prophanacio, -onis n f act of profaning or desecrating, profanation H169/5

prophanare, prophanari vars of profano [OLD]

prophanus, -a, -um adj for profanus [OLD]

propheta, -e n m a prophet: 1. one of the authors of the prophetic books of the OT H57/5; LI103/15; SH5/27; 2. apparently one of the OT prophets as a character in a show of some kind OX28/6; one of the OT prophets represented in some way at matins on Christmas morning LI110/6, etc

prophetia, -e n f prophecy, the writings of the OT prophets, here apparently a section from a prophetic book notated for chanting or singing LI332/40

proportio, -onis n f 1. proportion, balance WL8/13; 2. set ratio, agreed upon proportion C501/22

propositio, -onis n f act of proposing or showing; see titulus

propreses, -idis n m vice-president, an officer of Queens' College C147/29, etc

propteria for propterea [OLD]

propylaeum, -i n nt gateway OX305/35 [see OLD propylaea, propylon]

proscaenium, -ii n nt literally what is before the backdrop or background, hence the stage of a theatre OX80/23, etc

prosequor, -qui, -cutus v tr to proceed in an action or claim in a court of law, to prosecute LI78/29

prosequucio, -onis n f act of continuing or going forward CH843/15

protestor, -ari, -atus sum v intr to make (legal) protestation, protest CH772/29 [OEDO protestation n.]

protunc see pro

proueniens, -ntis n nt proceedings, profits SM252/2

prouentus, -us n m proceeds EL22/21; SM231/30; WL216/7

prouerbium, -ii n nt proverb, adage: in pl Prouerbia Proverbs, name of an OT book CH808/19m, etc; EL239/20

prouideor, -deri, -isus sum v tr deponent form of prouideo [OLD]

prouideo, -idere, -isi, -isum v tr 1. to supply, provide WL216/9, etc; prowisa (pfp) WL87/10m; 2. to make provision of (a candidate for ecclesiastical office) to (a church or other body) with de + abl of the person and dat of the institution WL217/33

prouincia, -e n f 1. province, district of ecclesiastical administration; since the text quoted by Gerald of Wales on W395/30 was originally promulgated by the third council of Toledo, the original reference is to the districts of ecclesiastical administration in sixth century Spain; 2. province, territory, land EK827/27; district WL53/21, etc

prouincialis, -e adj of or pertaining to a province, a district of ecclesiastical administration; see concilium

prouisio, -onis n f that which is provided or supplies, provision EK100/11, etc

prouisum, -i sbst nt stipulation, proviso CH154/1

psallo, -ere, -i v intr 1. literally to play a stringed instrument, especially a lyre, by plucking, hence distinguishing instrumental from vocal music C567/33; 2. by extension to sing, or chant (eg, as part of a liturgical service) SM237/18; 3. to whistle CH221/20

psalterium, -ii n nt psalter, a collection of Psalms: psalterium Dauiticum the psalter of David LI347/24

psalmum, -i n nt psalm, one of the 150 liturgical songs, attributed to David in the biblical Book of Psalms, and incorporated into Christian worship EK24/23, etc; OX146/25; psalmus CH809/40m, etc; EL238/9, etc; WL3/22

psalmista, -e n f psalmist, here used of King David, believed to have been the author of the book of Psalms W348/36

psaltator, -oris n m a dancer; the spelling with initial 'p' is based on a confusion with or a false etymology from 'psallere' above (the root from which 'psalterium' and 'psaltery' derive); the actual root is that of 'saltare,' to dance, but context is insufficient to determine the type H180/32, etc

pseudosophia, -e n f false wisdom C240/4

pubes, -is n f the youth, the young men OX85/26

publice adv publicly, openly EL20/29, etc

publicus, -a, -um adj public: 1. common to all, open CH34/6, etc; EL16/2, etc; hence publica mulier literally a public woman, ie, a prostitute EL16/16; 2. generally known CH771/4, etc; EL53/36, etc; WL217/12; 3. ordinary, general CH777/29; see also edictum, notarius, strata

puer, -eri n m 1. literally boy, youth EL14/17, etc; LI344/34, etc; WL9/25, etc; 2. school-boy C88/10, C361/34; DR172/1; EK906/12, etc?; EL24/10?; LI189/6, etc; SH98/23; 3. choir-boy, chorister C29/23, etc; CR503/27; EK906/12, etc?; EL14/6, etc (at St Paul's normally also a schoolboy at the almonry school); H98/3; LI104/12, etc; 4. almonry boy, one attending the almonry school of an abbey LI350/37; 5. boy member of a playing company, often at least nominally a choir-boy IC87/36, etc; 6. son 239/24; 7. young servant EL24/10?; WL79/4; possibly an apprentice C58/16, C143/19; SH140/13; young servant or apprentice CH119/36; see also episcopus, officium

pugna, -e n f fight, hence ursorum uel taurorum pugna bear- or bull-baiting C259/24, etc

pugnacio, -onis n f fighting OX146/32

pugno, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally fight, here by extension to bait (bears) CH34/8, etc

pulcinarius, -a, um adj of or pertaining to pullet or chicken; see caro

pullus, -i n m pullet, young chicken EK337/21, etc

pulo, -onis n m pullet, young chicken EK34/20

pulsacio, -onis n f 1. knocking, striking at a door or the like OX40/22; 2. playing (of an instrument) OX60/34, etc; 3. ringing (of a bell), here as a signal CH716/25

pulsatus, -a, -um pfp pass in CL beaten, in AL baited (eg, as entertainment) SM369/39 [from confusion between E beat and bait (see OEDO bait v.1 and beat v.1)]

pulso, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally to strike: 1. to ring (a bell or the like) EL23/1; OX503/16; 2. to play (a keyboard instrument) EL139/38; 3. to play (a pipe) OX148/38 [see OLD pulso 4]

puluis, -ueris n m dust, powder: puluis saxi literally stone powder, possibly either brimstone, sulphur or polishing or scouring powder LI27/19

punctum, -i n nt point, a tie or fastener for clothing EK105/36, etc; SH159/26

pupa, -e n f originally doll, by extension puppet C399/15

pupillus, -i n m originally ward, by extension: 1. orphan EL242/24; 2. pupil, student C451/21

puplicum var of publicum [OLD]

pup(p)lice var of publice [OLD]

pur AN prep used in place of 'pro' with vernacular nouns in an otherwise Latin context C10/21

purgacio, -onis n f 1. cleaning C125/36; 2. compurgation, a form of proof used in church courts whereby the accused demonstrated innocence by an oath supported by the oaths of others of the same sex and status called compurgators C369/23; H164/29, etc; SH332/23, etc; SM32/28, etc; WL230/5; see also compurgacio

purgo, are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. cleanse, clear, purify C130/17; H140/30; LI4/2, etc; 2. in refl sense to clear oneself from an accusation by means of an oath with or without compurgators EK900/19; LI347/121, etc; WL236/28, etc; the number of compurgators is expressed by manus in the abl sg with an ordinal or distributive number, eg, ad purgandum se (cum) quarta manu C363/30-1, etc; EK5/8-9, etc; H150/23, etc; LI340/40; SH326/38, etc; SM32/28-9, etc; SX25/11-12, etc; W388/32, etc; WL236/37

Purificacio, -onis n f (ritual) purification, especially referring to the ritual purification of women after childbirth in the OT, hence the liturgical commemoration of the Virgin Mary's purification after the birth of Christ (Lk 2.22-4), celebrated on 2 February C15/5, etc; CH14/14m, etc; L76/15; EK51/29, etc; OX19/17, etc; SH117/35; SX186/3; see also crastinum, dies, festum

puritas, -atis n f purity, (moral) cleanness CH36/13; EL21/5; SM237/17

Purpoola, -e (or -ae) n f Purpoole, name of an ancient manor upon the site of Gray's Inn, used as the name for the principality ascribed to that Inn's Christmas prince IC124/37, etc

Purpooliensis, -e adj of or pertaining to Purpoole, an ancient manor upon the site of Gray's Inn, used as the name for the principality ascribed to that Inn's Christmas prince IC424/26, etc

pyncerna see pincerna

Pythias, ae n m Pythias (properly Phintias), famous as the friend of Damon of Syracuse, named here as an eponymous character in the play Damon and Pithias OX149/6 [see ocd Damon (i)]; Pithias OX148/37


quadra, -e n f literally a slice, hence by extension an appetizer, hors d'oeuvre C157/18, etc

Quadragesima, -e (also found in form xla, xle) sbst f literally fortieth (day): 1. by extension Lent, the forty days preceding Easter C133/11; OX8/17, etc; W501/33, etc; 2. hence the first Sunday in Lent W492/6

quadrans, -ntis n m farthing, a quarter-penny CH106/34; EL145/37, etc (in form qua.); LI78/30m, etc (in form qua.)

quadratum, -i n nt quadrangle, quad OX28/36

quampluria, -ium sbst n very many things EL21/27

quardum, -i n nt reward SH149/4 [error for or var of regardum]

quarera, -e n f quarry, here in idiom quarera pone muros quarry behind the walls, an outdoor playing place in Shrewsbury SH172/2, etc

quarteria -ie n f quart, a measurement of volume CR491/17, etc

quarterium, -ii n nt 1. literally quarter, a fourth part of anything EK826/5, etc; hence 2. quarter, one of the four financial terms into which a year is divided EK83/12, etc; H110/5; W413/16, etc; quartarium EK362/33, etc; 3. farthing, the fourth part of a penny H111/28, etc; 4. quart, a liquid measure, the fourth part of a gallon EK61/8, etc; OX33/3; SM249/2; 5. quarter, a measure for cut timber, a two-by-four OX155/32; 6. as a measure of capacity of grain, probably a quarter of a chaldron, 8 or 9 bushels LI25/38, etc; as a measure of capacity for coal, a quarter of a chaldron, nine bushels (about 327 l) IC4/10; 7. as a measure of weight, a quarter of a hundredweight, 28 lbs LI196/2, etc; 8. as a measure of length, a quarter of an ell, 11¼ inches LI34/29, etc [see OEDO quarter n. 1.a., 3.b., 5.a., 19.]

quaternum, -i n nt (from CL 'quaterni' four each, four apiece) 1. literally quire, strictly a gathering of four sheets folded to produce eight leaves or sixteen pages, hence possibly any gathering of sheets C76/8; LI333/6; 2. a booklet formed from a single quire (often used to keep annual accounts or other financial records) EK331/21; EL19/11; LI27/35, etc; eg, one which contains the detailed accounting on which finished accounts are based EL33/23, etc; W404/10, etc; or one containing the annual records for an entire college C38/37, etc; or a detailed accounting kept by individual fellows of a college C39/16, etc; 3. quarter, one of the four terms into which a year is divided W464/22, etc

Quatuor Tempora n phr see tempus

queis archaic dat/abl form of qui [OLD]

quercus, -us n f oak tree, here perhaps one used as a summer pole OX111/7; also found as a name element Iohannes de Quercubus John Oakes SH10/15, SH10/26

querela, -e n f (legal) complaint, by extension the basis of a complaint, quarrel; the occurrence at IC462/15 is a play on these two senses

querelor, -ari, -atus sum v tr 1. to bring a legal complaint (about or against) EL210/27; 2. prp used as sbst comm plaintiff SH301/40

queror, -ri, -stum v tr 1. to complain WL264/25; 2. to make a legal complaint (about), bring a suit (against) CH48/201, etc; EK737/17; EL20/28m, EL230/2; with uersus WL128/35, etc, or de LI78/28; WL237/8; pars querens plaintiff, complainant in a suit EK737/18 [Kent LG is wrong here]; 3. prp as sbst querens plaintiff, complainant in a suit CH50/7, etc; LI78/28m; WL238/1

questio, -onis n f 1. questioning, examination (eg, of a witness) OX137/32; 2. (disputed) question, a formal disputation of a point of theology or philosophy, held either as an academic exercise or as a debate for distinguished visitors OX218/13; 3. (legal) dispute, question requiring legal determination LI341/2, etc

questionista, -e n m questionist, a candidate for the BA degree in his final term, so called from the degree requirement of participating in disputed questions C309/3

questuarius, -ii sbst m pardoner LI33/22, etc

quietus, -a, -um1 adj quiet, calm EK25/8

quietus, -a, -um2 pfp pass 1. quit, discharged (of debt) EK340/14m; IC44/10; hence quietus est v phr name for a formal acquitance or discharge IC452/11; 2. acquitted, discharged (eg, from a court proceeding) OX9/31m, etc; see also quitus est

quindena, -e n f 1. literally fifteen-day period, but probably a two-week period C95/36; LI48/4; SM204/22; in idiom iste dies ad xv@s\am@s \ (or quindenam) or iste dies quindenam proximus two weeks from today C386/14, etc; EK305/2; SM235/36; SX180/19; 2. quindene, the fifteenth day, eg, xvna Pasche the quindene of Easter, the Monday on which the Easter law term usually began H96/14 [Cheney pp 98-105]

Quinquagesima sbst f literally fiftieth (day), hence the Sunday before Ash Wednesday, so-called because it is fifty days before Easter W460/33

quinymmo var of quinimmo [OLD]

quita, -ae n f acquittance, release (eg, from a bond or a debt) OX554/26

quitus est v phr quietus, a writ certifying the discharge of a debt EK83/20; see also quietus

quo ad var of quoad [OLD]

quociens, quocius see tociens quociens

quoquomodo var of quoquo modo [OLD quisquis B (adj) 8]

quouismodo adv in any way you please, however possible LI108/24, etc; OX259/8; SM237/3


racio, -onis n f 1. reason, the faculty or exercise of reason IC376/18; 2. in abl idiom + gen racione by reason of, because of IC45/24

Radingum, -i n nt Reading, name of a town and its abbey H189/9

radix, -icis n f literally the root of a plant or tree, hence by extension square root, a number which, when multiplied by itself, produces a given expression IC651/13, etc

ragardum see regardum

ramanet var of remanet [OLD remaneo]

ramulus, -i n m a small branch (eg, of a candelabrum or lamp-stand) OX137/16

ramus, -i n m branch; in idiom in ramis palmarum on Palm Sunday, the Sunday before Easter W480/2, etc; see also dies, dominicus

rapa, -e1 n f rape, a plant of the mustard family, whose seeds are the source of the edible oil now generally referred to as canola oil; see oleum

rapa, -e2 n f rape, one of six administrative districts, each made up of several hundreds, into which Sussex was divided SX170/27, etc

rapacitas, -atis n f rapidity, speed WL8/9, etc

rapax, -acis adj rampant (as heraldic term) SH98/34; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)

ratus, -a, -um adj 1. valid; fixed, certain; see habeo; 2. f as sbst rate, proportion IC71/38; iuxta ratam in proportion, proportionally LI582/4, etc [see OLD ratus and Latham rata]

realis, -e adj actual, real, (of agreements) binding LI341/21 [Latham]

realiter adv really, in fact EL23/24; WL216/10

reatus, -a, -um adj liable, responsible SX171/25

recens, -ntis sbst m freshman, a student in his first year of study for the BA C943/13, etc

recensitus, -a, -um pfp pass recounted, related LI607/33 [formed from OLD recensitio (?)]

recepcio, -onis n f 1. receipt (eg, of a payment) EK115/8m, etc; OX21/26, etc; 2. receiving (of a guest) EK848/12; OX146/41, etc

recepta, -e n f receipt, usually found in pl receipts EK746/18, etc; also found in coll sg totalis recepta all receipts EK746/21; also in idiom recepta scacarii Exchequer department for the custody of revenue, known as the Lower Exchequer or Exchequer of Receipt EL129/1, etc [cp OEDO exchequer 4.]

receptor, -oris n m one who receives, receiver: 1. an officer of the Crown charged with the receipt of funds EL127/35, etc; 2. a financial officer in a cathedral chapter LI189/3; receptor generalis receiver-general, another name for the same officer LI203/27-8; 3. one appointed to receive funds on behalf of a corporate body such as an Inn IC11/40

recessus, -us n m 1. literally the act of going away, hence leaving, departure EL14/11; H187/10; 2. by extension a court recess caused by the departure of church court personnel holding sessions in a given deanery EK607/39; SH116/26, etc

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