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Pembrokius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Pembroke, as title of the founder of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge: see aula

Penbrocha, -e n f Pembroke, name of an earldom SX47/24

Penbrochiensis, -e adj of or belonging to Pembroke, an earldom OX180/36

pencio see pensio

pendeo, -ere, pependi v intr literally to be suspended, here by extension to be pending, hence to remain SM172/31, etc

penitencia, -e n f penance, act of contrition or restitution imposed by ecclesiastical authorities upon persons guilty of canonical offences; in case of moral offences such as Sabbath breaking, penance often took the form of public confession on a set day or series of days CH736/14, etc; CR504/16; EK608/18, etc; EL209/39m; H97/32, etc; L92/32; LI347/22, etc; OX62/6; SH327/1, etc; SM233/28, etc; SX10/17, etc; W381/25, etc; WL220/26, etc; penetencia EK16/39, etc; penitiencia EK727/22

penitencialis, -e adj pertaining or appropriate to a penitent, suitable for penance H97/16, etc; SH58/31, etc; W390/33; WL230/7

peniteo, -ere, -ui v intr (with refl) 1. literally to regret EK822/20; hence to repent, be penitent BR5/19?; CR491/6; 2. hence to do penance BR5/19?; EK5/16, etc; LI321/31, etc; SM389/33

pennarium, -ii n nt pen-case, penner OX8/28

peno, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to suffer punishment C259/31

pensellus, -i n m pencel, a small pennon EK310/14

pensio, -onis n f pension, fixed or regular payment for services BR7/2; C567/31m; OX29/35; WL218/2 pencio EL128/6, etc; IC93/38, etc; LI204/19; OX439/32 [OEDO pension n.]

pensionarius, -i n m 1. pensioner, a fees-paying undergraduate living in, but not technically a member of, a collegium C567/29; 2. an officer who collected and accounted for pensions, payments levied upon members of Inns IC11/34, etc

Pent(h)ecostes, -es or -is (irregular gen endings in -en and -yn also found) n f Pentecost, Whitsunday, Sunday fifty days following Easter C7/15, etc; EK36/10, etc; LI106/5; SH134/13, etc; SX184/20; SM7/16; W350/9, etc; WL11/16; feria secunda tercia & quarta ebdomade ... Pentecostes the Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday of Pentecost week; Whit Monday and Tuesday were kept as doubles, ie, major feasts, while the Wednesday was properly observed as an ember day, a minor fast OX11/38--9; gen Penthicostis with 'festum' understood EK820/35m; Pentacostes OX33/1; SH172/3, etc; Pentechosta OX18/13, etc; Pentec(h)ostes EK740/12; OX16/17, etc; Pentecosta W484/24; Penthacostes OX22/6, etc; Penthecostes OX23/1; Penticosta C375/40; Penticostes OX26/8; see also dies, festum, septimana, tempus, uigilia

penulus, -i n m a little Carthginian, here, title of a play by Plautus C157/38, etc [OLD poenulus]

penus, -a, -um adj Phoenician, Carthaginian C127/18, etc

per prep with acc 1. (of an agent or instrument) through, by, by means of BR5/3, etc; CH45/1, etc; CR463/12, etc; DR248/8, etc; EK939/3, etc; EL21/11, etc; IC11/8, etc; LI3/13, etc; OX5/16, etc; SX3/10, etc; (of a designated representative) EK308/35, etc; hence in idiom per manus + gen of person by the agency of (someone), by (someone) C43/5, etc; CH46/27; EK27/34, etc; IC6/21; LI333/12, etc; OX202/17; SH139/7, etc; SX183/33, etc; W372/10, W379/27 (or per manum C253/36; EK90/18, etc); 2. by, by reason of BR3/7, etc; CH716/14, etc; EK308/14, etc; IC11/35, etc; OX5/21, etc; SX15/27, 15/28, 185/9; 3. (of stages of a journey or passage) through, by way of EK974/14; EL25/31, etc; LI4/29; OX314/35; 4. (used distributively) A. through, by EK330/28; EL26/11; IC97/8; as in the idiom per annum by the year, annually IC393/31, etc; LI103/37, etc; B. per, for each, for every (following a number expressing a rate, eg, of expense or payment) LI583/21, etc; 5. throughout, in (or to) every part or constituent member of (an area, region, or community, eg, diocese, church, etc) IC424/33; LI4/22, etc; 6. used with verbs of holding or taking, of parts of the body by BR4/4, etc (eg, per brachium by the arm BR4/9-10); 7. through, across (a barrier or boundary) DR171/41; SX171/9; (objects) SX213/4; (a region, space, or area ) CH47/1, etc; DR247/10; EK594/22, etc; EL16/10, etc; OX529/36; 8. during, throughout, for; on, at (a period of time) CH723/30, etc; DR247/36; EK822/18, etc; EL26/15, etc; IC37/10, etc; LI5/4, etc; OX3/14--15, etc; SX182/23, etc; eg:



  1. per tempus (huius) compoti IC24/9; L116/26, etc, or per idem tempus (with compoti understood) L121/41, L122/13, L122/21, during (this) accounting period, during the same period;

  2. per uicem L115/5 or per uices on occasion EK43/5, etc; L114/8; SX183/26; W397/33, etc;

  3. hence per diuersas uices on various occasions CH858/24; EK324/38, etc; SX182/23;

  4. per duas uices on two occasions EK907/8, etc;

  5. per quattuor uices on four occasions EK312/5;

  6. per tres uices on three occasions EK311/21, etc;

  7. per uitam for life IC190/30m;

9. in accordance with, according to CH59/16, etc; EK53/30, etc; EL23/12, etc; LI609/33, etc; OX30/4, etc; SX29/4, SX170/33; 10. in other idioms

  1. per accedens by propinquity, by drawing close IC498/7--8 (contrasted with per insidias by lying in wait IC498/10)

  2. per annum by the year, annually BR56/29, etc; CH49/37, etc; CR493/38; EK309/26, etc; EL128/37, etc; SH354/10, etc; SX14/19, etc;

  3. per consequens as a consequence, consequently DR247/26;

  4. per dies singulos literally each day by day, hence, daily DR247/26;

  5. per tempus in due time, betimes OX56/9;

  6. per terram & aquam by land and water EK101/27;

  7. per uicem in turn OX9/25;

see also contra

peractio, -onis n f in CL performance, completion (of an action) EK904/8, etc; SM140/9; hence by extension performance (of a play) C179/10

peramicus, -i n m close friend OX313/13

perbellus, -a, -um adj very charming OX315/16

percelebro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to say or celebrate (a liturgical service) in full EK25/11

percepcio, -onis n f act of receiving or getting SM237/7

percipio, -cipere, -cepi, -ceptum v tr to receive, get (something due one) EL22/26, etc; LI106/5; SM178/14, etc; WL216/6

perditio, -onis n f ruin, loss OX6/32

perdono, -are, -avi, -atum v tr to remit (an obligation), to excuse (from a duty or payment) IC21/37, etc

peregre adv literally abroad, by extension on pilgrimage WL4/4

peregrinacio, -onis n f pilgrimage CR465/1; LI25/24; either foreign travel or pilgrimage OX257/18

peregrinus, -a, -um adj foreign, strange, outlandish OX62/8; comm as sbst foreigner, alien, hence stranger, outsider OX185/35; W348/7

peremptorie adv in a peremptory manner CR504/14; DR222/41; EK308/35, etc; SX20/17; W349/32

perendino, -are, -aui, -atum v intr 1. to remain (in a place) for a time, visit C25/13 [OLD perenno]; 2. socii perindinantes, literally visiting fellows, apparently a Queens' College, Cambridge, idiom for fellow commoners C147/24; 3. as v tr to postpone SH116/2m, etc

pergamenum, -i n nt parchment EK107/15; LI333/5

perhonestus, -a, -um adj extremely well respected, very honourable OX85/32

perimpleo, -ere, -eui, -etum v tr to fulfil, comply with (eg, an order) CH227/41; EK947/6, etc; EL26/33

peripetasmata, -um n nt embroidered hanging covers for furniture, hence embroidered hangings or curtains, possibly tapestries OX306/11, etc

periscelis, -idis n f anklet, hence aurea periscelis, literally golden anklet, the order of the Garter OX180/30

peritus, -i sbst m person skilled or knowledgeable in a certain field, expert WL217/18; in idiom legis periti persons knowledgeable in the law, legists, lawyers W405/35

pernisiosum var of perniciosum [OLD perniciosus]

perornatus, -a, -um adj fully adorned, very ornate OX12/25

perperam adv perversely, basely CR503/38

perpetracio, -onis n f act of committing or perpetrating (an offence) SX171/20

perpetuus, -a, -um adj perpetual, lasting, hence life-long, lasting for life; see prior, socius

perquiro, -rere, -siui, -situm v tr to issue a summons to appear (used of a judge) C458/39, etc

Persa, -e n m a Persian, title of a comedy by Plautus C150/39

persecucio, -onis n f (religious) persecution C842/22

perseuerans, -ntis prp continuing, persisting, hence in perseuerante persistently EL241/27

persisto, -sistere, -stiti v tr to remain, stay EK308/21; SM174/30

persona, -e n f 1. literally dramatic mask, hence a role C94/26; 2. person, individual C238/10, etc; CH55/33, etc; EK938/9, etc; EL17/9, etc; IC25/27, etc; L21/28, etc; LI27/20; SH175/28, etc; SM240/29, etc; W451/31; WL215/32, etc; 3. in various idioms in (propria) persona sua in one's own person, personally C385/21, etc; CH134/19, etc; EL128/24-5 (or in persona sua propria EL125/26); L19/33, etc; SM178/1, etc; W387/2, etc; in persona + gen indicates the individual through whom one acts or receives by proxy EK817/35-6; H171/28-9, H159/30; L75/20-1; LI65/17; SH327/6, etc; SM140/1-2; WL221/3; 4. by extension of sense 1 one's part in life, position, role IC424/28; 5. hence a person of a certain position or status, referring to boys taking the parts of chapter members or officers in a boy-bishop observance EL17/252, etc; 6. a beneficed member of the clergy, a parson (properly the rector of a church LI104/6, etc; parsona IC214/36

personalis, -e adj in person, personal, of or relating to an individual BR5/33; C388/23, etc; EK245/37; LI341/20; SM237/21; see also citacio, residencia, responsio

personaliter adv in person, personally C4/3, etc; CH730/18, etc; CR527/20, etc; EK726/36, etc; EL166/6, etc; H67/21, etc; L21/10, etc; LI606/21, etc; OX569/6; SH273/29, etc; SM174/5, etc; SX41/1, etc; W350/11, etc; WL215/15

personatus, -a, -um1 adj 1. wearing a mask OX387/28; hence of a play performed by masked actors C295/29; 2. f sg as sbst masque OX137/19

personatus, -a, -um2 pfp pass filled with noise, spoken loudly C241/29

pertenuit var of pertinuit [OLD pertineo]

pertica, -e n f rod, pole SX29/12, etc; hence pertica estiualis summer pole SX29/11

pertinentia, -ium sbst nt appurtenances CH45/5, etc; EK946/15; EL22/29, etc; WL216/3

pertranseo, -ire v intr literally to travel through, cross, hence by extension to go on, continue CR504/3

perturbator, -oris n m one who disrupts or disorganizes, a disturber of order CH681/5, etc; H57/23; SH6/3, etc

peruenustus, -a, -um adj very attractive OX191/36

peruulus see paruulus

pes, pedis n m foot; 1. literally of the foot and ankle H200/21, etc; 2. in idiom pes regalis royal foot, as a unit of measure, probably the standard or assize foot, a legally established standard measure enforced by royal officers W412/17-18, etc

petaurista, -e n m tumbler, acrobat C399/14

Petilianus, -i n m Petilian (fl. c 400), bishop of Cirta and Donatist theologian CH808/9

petra, -e n f 1. rock, stone OX9/21; 2. hence stone, a unit of weight equal to fourteen pounds OX14/38

Petrus, -i n m literally the name Peter: used in gen with personal names to indicate affiliation with Peterhouse College, Cambridge C360/1, C443/5; see collegium

phalleratus, -a, -um adj decorated, embellished BR6/30 [OLD phalerae, phaleratus]

phanum, -i n nt for fanum [OLD]; see Venus

pharetrianus, -a, -um adj or or pertaining to a quiver: see ordo

Phariseus, -i n m Pharisee, member of a Jewish religious party prominent in the gospel accounts but going back to the period of the Maccabees OX177/27, etc [ODCC Pharisees]

Philippica, -orum sbst nt pl literally things pertaining to Philip; title of a series of orations by Cicero warning of the threat Mark Antony posed to the Roman Republic and implicitly comparing it to Philip of Macedon's threat to Greek independence SM194/8m

Philonomus, -i n m fictive L cognomen for a justice at the court of a Christmas prince, from Gk 'φίλος,' 'friend' and 'νόμο ς,' 'law' IC462/13

philosophaster, -atris n m a second-rate philosopher, hence one who pretends to knowledge or skill they lack OX427/16; also the title of a comedy by Robert Burton, Philosophaster OX427/14

phistolator, -oris see fistulator

philtrum, -i n nt love-charm, (magic) potion OX309/25

piceatus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to pitch, pitchy hence leaving dirty marks (used metaphorically) C283/5

picturacio -onis n f the act of painting LI583/27

pictus, -a, -um pfp pass painted, hence disguised or wearing cosmetics; the occurrence at IC470/37 is a play on these senses

pietancia, -e n f pittance, alms, an offering C84/38, etc

pila, -e n f a ball EK912/6; OX12/29, etc

pilius, -i n m literally a cap, here probably a Canterbury cap, a soft-cornered form of the mortarboard, the ordinary head gear of a bishop, here worn by a boy-bishop or a crucifer C44/16, etc; worn as part of a chorister's choir dress EL112/36; pileus C81/15

pincerna, -e n m 1. butler EK61/13, etc; OX56/2; WL26/20; 2. butler, a Christmas officer at the Inns of Court IC21/39, etc; pincernus IC36/38, etc; pyncerna IC42/15

pinnaculum, -i n nt a structure rising above the roof or coping of a building, such as a turret, spire, or even a weather-vane, possibly a gable-end OX158/11

pipa, -e n f pipe (of wine), a large cask holding about a half a tun EK337/3; SH136/19

piparius, -ii n m piper. one who plays a pipe; used in Dover to refer to a town wait EK309/26, etc; piperius EK314/15

Piperus, -i n m piper, here apparently a Latinized surname, Piper EK905/21

pipio, -onis n f squab, a young pigeon EK753/10

pira, -e n f pear EK60/30; or pirum, -i (n nt): pira dez wardens warden pears, a kind of baking pear IC4/1

Pisanus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to Pisa, Pisan; see concilium

piscacio, -onis n f literally act of fishing, here by extension a fishing trip SM237/20

piscaria, -e sbst f fish market EL212/31

piscator, -oris n m fisherman, member of the Fishermen's company SH127/34; member of the Chester Fishers' guild CH50/33, etc

piscis, -is n m literally fish, hence in pl Pisces, the twelfth sign of the zodiac, symbolically the end of the solar year OX308/35

pistor, -oris n m baker, member of the Bakers' company EK78/4; EL215/20; SH127/33; member of the Cheshire Bakers' guild CH52/22, etc

pistura, -e n f action of baking EK78/2

pitancia, -e n f pittance, an allowance of food and drink EL22/25; OX3/25

Pithias see Pythias

pixis, -idis n f 1. box, money-box EK746/1, etc; 2. in idioms communis ~ common box, ie, a common fund LI25/29; ~ pauperum poor box, a box into which alms were placed for the support of the poor of the parish or the fund so gathered EK20/11, etc; SM389/34-5; see also apercio

placea, -e n f a piece or plot (of land), a lot CH54/9, etc; LI103/33; W412/14, etc; placa CH57/5

placebo vb phr literally 'I will please,' the first word of Ps 114.9 (Vlg), sung in the Office of the Dead IC388/34

placitum, -i n nt 1. (legal) plea, proceeding CH722/41m, etc; EK737/18, etc; EL3/9, etc; H112/23; IC462/15; LI8/9; SM972/40; WL128/35; placitum transgressionis a plea of trespass LI78/28; 2. by extension a court or session at which pleas were heard CR463/5; EK930/13; SM423/5, etc; W348/15; 3. will, pleasure IC43/27, etc; see also custos, iusticiarius

plaga, -e n f plague, affliction IC41/39

plagiarius, -i n m plagiarist C283/5

planeta, -e n f planet; see passio

planus, -a, -um adj 1. level, smooth, flat EL21/33; 2. plain, unadorned EL15/8

platea, -e n f street: Platea Fletensis Fleet Street, a street in London north of the Temple which takes its name from the River Fleet IC440/40

platellus, -i n m plate, platter EK34/24

platus, -i n f plate (of armour); in pl armour SH353/16

plaudite n indecl the formal ending of a Roman comedy, in which the actors requested the applause of the audience for their efforts, hence the end of any play C236/34, etc [imper pl of OLD plaudo]

Plautinus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to the Roman comic writer Plautus OX178/16

Plautus, -i n m Titus Maccius Plautus, elder of the two Roman comic writers whose work survive (c 254-184 BC); many of his works were popular in the 16th century C93/21, etc; OX149/5, etc

plebeius, -a, -um adj in CL belonging to the plebian class, hence m sg as sbst commoner OX282/8

plectrum, -i n nt literally 1. a pick for strumming a lyre, here by extension one used to pluck a harp WL13/4, etc; 2. hence an Irish harp (often referred to with Latin names for the lyre), used as a heraldic device for Ireland SH99/4

plegius, -ii n m 1. guarantor, one who acts as a pledge for another's performance of a task or obligation C210/7, etc; CH50/5, etc; EK62/15m, etc; H112/24; IC85/13; L35/33, L36/3, L36/4; LI78/29, etc; SH299/43; WL129/2, etc; plagius LI172/2; pledgius CH713/36m; plegus EL229/41; plexus EK967/14; 2. by extension a pledge or bond given either by oneself or by a guarantor EK79/16, etc; H112/24m; LI319/36, etc; SH14/12

plenarie adv fully, completely BR3/9; CH59/7, etc; EK975/4; EL26/8, etc; OX441/11; WL216/9

plenarius, -a, -um adj complete, plenary CH46/30

plexus see plegius

Plinius, -i n m Pliny the Elder (23/4-79; killed observing an eruption of Mt Vesuvius), author of the Natural History, a work on astronomy, geography, architecture, and natural science SM198/15m [OCD]

pluries adv many times, often LI5/5, etc; quam pluries on very many occasions, quite often WL216/17 [cp OLD quamplures]

Plutarchus, -i n m Plutarch (fl c 100), Greek writer of biography and moral essays SM192/3m, etc [OCD]; see also Lycurgus

plutus, -i n m wealth, here personified; Latin title of Aristophanes' Πλου̃τος C111/21

poculentum, -i sbst nt literally something drinkable, hence a beverage EL22/2

pocum, -i n nt pouch, pocket SH14/15

poeta, -e n m literally poet WL10/6; used to render W 'bard' WL8/32, etc; poeta familia, household poet, renders W 'bard teulu' WL12/18, etc, and princeps poetarum, chief among poets, renders W 'pencerd' WL13/31; see bardus and WG bard, pennkerdd; in the 'Vocabularium Cornicum' one who recites verse, as well as one who composes it, is meant CR540/13

poeticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to poetry; de Arte poetica a treatise in verse by Horace on poetics, also known as Epistla ad Pisones C119/24

polecia, -e n f commonwealth, state OX799/8 [Latinisation of the following]

πολιτεία, -ας n f commonwealth, state, or the government and organization thereof OX343/26 [LSJ]

politia, -e n f political acumen or shrewdness IC376/17

pol(l)ex, -icis n m literally thumb, by extension inch SX171/12, etc

Polonia, -ae n f Poland OX191/34

Polonicus, -a, -um adj Polish OX315/16

Polonus, -i n m a Pole OX191/35m

Polydorus Virgilius, Polydori Virgilii n m Polydore Vergil (c 1470-c 1555), Italian historian long resident in England SM195/14m, etc; see also inuentor

pomellus, -i n m pommel, an ornamental knob EL15/5, etc

pomeridianus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to the afternoon SX178/23; 2. nt sg as sbst afternoon SM204/18; SX43/35 [OLD pos(t)meridianus]

pompa, -e n f parade, procession CH46/33; EL16/1 [the negative connotation implied here likely arises from the term's original connection with Roman religious ceremonies: see OLD pompa and OEDO pomp n1 1.b.]

pompo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr (from Gk πομπή) to walk in procession, hence to march about or parade, often ostentatiously 550/32, etc [see OLD pompa]

Pomponius Mela, -e n m Pomponius Mela, geographer of the 1st century, author of De Chorographia, a survey of the then-known world SM198/5m [OCD Mela]

pomposus, -a, -um adj charcterized by pomp and grandeur, grand, stately OX307/36

pomum, -i n nt fruit tree or specifically apple tree, hence apple IC3/31; LI197/4

pondero, -are, -aui, atum v intr to weigh (with gen of amount) EK85/8, etc

pondrans, -ntis pp weighing (with gen of amount) OX21/11

pono, -nere, -sui, -situm v tr 1. put, place, CH616/15; OX44/7, etc, 2. in various idioms: in loco suo ponere CH154/4, etc, or ponere loco suo 62/141, etc, to put (someone) in one's place, appoint (someone) as one's attorney; ponere se to enter one's plea, to plead SX171/25; ponere se(ipsum) apprenticium (or ponere se apprenticiam BR152/31) to place oneself as an apprentice, become an apprentice BR55/17, etc; CH462/16-17, etc; OX414/11, etc

pontifex, -icis n m literally member of a college of priests in Rome that oversaw public worship and cultus: 1. applied to priests of the Old Testament C240/5; 2. applied to the bishop of Rome, the pope EK974/12; Romanus pontifex C141/75; 3. applied to a boy bishop EL17/9, etc

popelo var of populo [OLD populus]

popularis, -is sbst comm member of the common people, hence a lay person as opposed to member of the clergy LI351/5

populus, -i n m people: 1. crowd of people BR4/11; EL18/10; WL3/14, etc; 2. people, inhabitants LI608/7; 3. a people, nation EL245/30; WL10/1, etc; 4. lay people as opposed to clergy BR5/21; EL17/17, EL242/27; LI3/21, etc; WL4/8; 5. the people as opposed to kings or rulers LI72/36; WL43/41, etc

porrigo, -igere, -exi, -ectum v tr to deliver LI606/22

porta, -e n f gate, gateway OX8/24, etc: 1. city gate, the entry through a city wall BR12/40; 2. by extension gateway of a fortified building, eg, a castle BR4/29; 3. by extension gate to a private dwelling or field SX171/4; 4. as name element aula latarum portarum Broadgates Hall OX76/23--4

portarius, -ii n m porter, one who carries something LI164/4

portatilis, -e adj portable H98/2

portator, -oris n m 1. literally one who carries something, a porter EK361/27; LI316/36, etc; portitor EL16/16; LI27/33, etc; 2. hence portator communis campane one who carries the town bell, the town bellman or crier SH176/37



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