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ordino, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to order, direct EL14/17, etc; IC38/8, etc; LI25/30, etc; OX10/34, etc; WL217/23, etc; 2. to order, arrange, provide EK974/13, etc; LI608/34, etc; OX13/4; 3. to admit to clerical orders, ordain WL12/37

ordo, -inis n m 1. order (as opposed to disorder), orderly arrangement IC560/3; LI4/8; 2. system, procedure, routine IC36/37; 3. order, progression, series C133/1; EK823/24, etc; 4. hence a body or class of persons: here the clerical order (as opposed to laity) LI762/12: ordines sacri holy orders CH771/2; ordo sacerdotalis priestly order WL217/30; 5. religious order C49/29; LI3/21, etc; WL216/20, etc; used generally of members of a secular chapter SM237/16, etc; Cisterciensis ordo Cistercian order, a subdivision of the Benedictine order founded at Citeaux WL217/17; ordo minorum order of (friars) minor, the Franciscan order EK62/6; ordo Sancti Benedicti order of St Benedict, the Benedictine order SM173/35; WL217/30; see also frater; 6. an order of chivalry, here applied to fictive orders pertaining to Christmas-prince festivities: Ordo Galeatae Order of the Helmet IC424/23; Ordo Pharetrianus Order of the Quiver IC462/12; 7. (judicial) order, ruling, decision L80/30 (secular courts), L76/28, etc (church courts); CH681/35, etc; DR326/26, etc; EK896/13; LI328/7; SM200/38m; WL87/8m

oreo for horreo [OLD horreum]

organa see organum

organicus, -a, -um adj polyphonic WL10/9, etc; see organum

organista, -e n m organist CR494/28

organum, -i n nt 1. in CL a water-organ, hence zabuli organum a sand-organ, instrument of sand, used as an insult WL60/11; 2. organ (musical instrument) C121/14; in coll pl organa EL139/38; 3. by extension polyphony or an example thereof WL8/13 [see DML and Reckow, Fritz (with Edward H. Roesner): 'organum: 1. Etymology, early usage,' Grove Music Online ed L. Macy

Origenus, -i n m Origen (c 185-c 254), Greek theologian and exegete CH808/4m [ODCC]

originalis, -e adj 1. original, hence authoritative, official CR504/40; EK229/30, etc; 2. nt sg as sbst A. source, origin WL222/18; hence B. original version from which copies are made C301/10, etc; CH48/8, etc (declined both as sbst and as nt i-stem); EK751/16; or the original text with which a commentary is concerned EL241/19; C. complete, unexpurgated work: originalia sanctorum complete saints' lives WL217/2

origo, -onis n f origin, beginning, here in phr origo mundi the beginning of the world, used as a play title CR542/11-12, etc; see also error

orilegium, orilogium, orrilogium see horilogium

ornamentum, -i n nt 1. ornament, adornment OX47/17; 2. gear, equipment (eg, for players) OX30/3, etc

os, oris n nt 1. literally mouth, hence face EK204/16; 2. in idioms pro ore + gen for someone's use or consumption EK61/13; uno ore with one voice, together EK26/2

Oscha, -e n f the Usk, a Welsh river WL219/29, etc

ostensio, -onis n f 1. act of showing or presenting, demonstration EK734/35, etc; LI3/10; 2. display, show LI127/9; ostencio LI126/12

ostrum, -i n nt the colour purple, derived from CL ostrea, 'oyster' (whose shells were a source of purple dye), hence on OX364/16 strato discumbitur ostro, they recline to eat on a couch of purple, is rendered by E 'they straite sett downe att this oister table' in a series of puns

otiositas, -atis n f idleness, laziness LI5/29

Ouidius, -ii n m a Roman gentile name or one of its holders, especially the poet Publius Ovidius Naso, Ovid (43 BC--AD 17), author of the Metamorphoses OX141/3

Oxonia, -e n f Oxford: 1. name of a town or city H189/14; OX5/16, etc; Oxonium OX513/21; 2. name of an earldom C67/29, etc; EK340/31, etc; SH169/2, etc; SX184/33, etc; 3. name of a county IC124/31, etc

Oxoniensis, -e adj 1. of or pertaining to Oxford, especially Oxford University OX142/20m, etc; 2. m pl as sbst Oxonians, inhabitants of Oxford, especially members of Oxford University C141/21; OX131/10; 3. m sg as sbst Oxford, name of an earldom EK45/30, etc; LI186/15


pacifice adv peacefully, peaceably LI608/5, etc; OX6/35

pacificus, -a, -um adj peaceful, peaceable CR528/4; DR247/28

paena, -e var of poena [OLD poena]

pageantus, -i n m pageant wagon EK105/34m, etc; pagiantus EK109/28m, etc; 3rd decl forms EK125/29m, etc

pagens, -ntis n m pageant wagon CH74/18

pagina, -e1 n f 1. page, applied especially to either side of a folio CH812/3, etc; EK902/33m, etc; OX54/6m, etc; hence pagina 2 secundi folii the second page, ie, the verso, of the second sheet SM94/31-2; 2. in idiom sacra pagina the sacred page, ie, the Bible; see doctor; 3. used by metonymy for a letter written on a page LI4/30

pagina, -e2 n f 1. pageant, a scene or episode within a longer play CH48/5, etc; 2. by extension pageant wagon EK104/31m, etc; LI237/6

palacium, -ii n nt palace EK61/14: 1. originally in CL an imperial residence on the Palatine Hill OX137/9; 2. a sumptuous residence, especially that of a ruler IC425/5; OX799/6, etc; WL220/5; palatium ... Augustinense St Augustine's Palace, formerly that of the abbot of St Augustine's and later a royal residence EK204/3, EK204/6, EK204/39; Pallacium de Westmonasterio Westminster Palace LI532/35; 3. hence a bishop's official residence within his see LI109/16; archiepiscopale palatium in Canterbury, the archbishop's palace EK204/8; pallatium domini episcopi in Worcester diocese, the lord bishop's palace, which apparently contained a court W383/36; pa(l)latium ... episcopale the bishop's palace CH803/26-7; EL210/21

Palamon, -onis n m Palamon, a character in the play Palamon and Arcite OX138/25, etc; Palemon OX136/21, etc

palatinus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to a palace or court, palatine; palentinus; see comes, comitatus, princeps

palatinus, -i sbst m palatine, title of the governor of a province in the kingdom of Poland OX191/35

palettus, -i n m helmet CH717/35

pal(l)atium see palacium

pallians, -ntis prp hiding, cloaking OX7/39

pallinodia, -e n f literally a song sung over again, hence a round OX51/20

pallium, i n nt either 1. an archbishop's pall or 2. a cloak C988/13

palma, -e n f 1. palm of the hand, hence an open hand (as opposed to the fist) EK308/3; 2. palm branch or frond EK25/8; 3. palm tree; see dies, dominicus, ramus

palmerius, -ii n m a pilgrim, palmer, here probably referring to the two fellow-travellers of Jesus on the road to Emmaus (Luke 24:13-35), as play characters in liturgical drama SM243/19

paludensis, -e adj fenny, swampy, here acting as a surname for a tenant of a Christmas prince, possibly representing the E surname 'Marsh' IC389/37

pandochius, -a, -um adj common to all, equivalent to 'communis' in idiom pandochii zitharii common harpers, ie, town musicians? C142/29 [see Latham pandochium and LSJ πάνδοκος]

pandoxator, -oris n m brewer of ale or beer EL34/1

panetria, -e n f pantry, originally a storeroom for bread, later a department in a royal or noble household; see ualettus

panificatus, -a, -um pfp pass literally made into bread, hence baked CH78/30

panis, -is n m bread, loaf of bread EK61/15, etc; OX3/27, etc; SM177/41, etc; albus ~ loaf of white bread SM177/29, etc; albus ~ de frumento presumably a finer variety of white bread, perhaps made from wheat flour SM182/26, etc; niger ~ SM177/29 (or ~ niger SM178/2-3) loaf of black bread; ~ consecrabilis bread suitable for Eucharistic consecration OX28/16; ~ focalis literally hearth bread, bread or cake baked on the hearth, perhaps something like a griddle-cake 826/2; ~ leuis literally light bread, some kind of leavened bread or a kind of puff-pastry EK77/10 [cp OEDO puff n. and adj. A.2.a. and pain n.2]; see also wastellum

pannarius, -ii sbst m cloth-maker, draper, here member of the Chester Drapers' guild CH54/4, etc; panneriorius CH858/9

panniles, -ium n m coll cloth SM633/6

panniparius, -ii n m cloth-maker, draper, here member of the Chester Drapers' guild CH57/7, etc

pannus, -i n m 1. cloth, a piece of cloth IC45/34; LI78/11, etc; pl clothing C54/34, etc; EK314/36, etc; SH131/35; 2. in various idioms: panni de serico pieces of silk cloth WL217/1; panni iocales clothing used in plays or games SM405/10, etc; panni ... lanei woollen clothing CH228/11; OX8/39, etc; panni linei linen clothing OX8/39, etc; panni serici silk clothing H99/39; pannus auro infusus cloth couched with gold, embroidered with gold, or possibly cloth woven with gold threads, cloth of gold EK204/11-12; pannus deauratus cloth of gold? H99/39; pannus laneus woollen cloth C71/7, etc; EK57/33, etc; pannus lineus linen cloth C55/3; EK57/33, etc; SH159/30; pannus rudis coarse cloth C158/12; rubius pannus red cloth EK826/40

papa, -e n m pope, the bishop of Rome C141/34; EK24/2, etc; LI341/17; OX7/32, etc

paperis var of pauperis [OLD pauper]

papirus, -i n m paper, a piece of paper C365/4, etc; H111/11; LI33/4, etc; SH159/30; SM185/19, etc; papirus regalis paper royal, a particular size of paper (20 by 25 in for printing, or 19 by 24 in for writing) C76/8; paupirus EK107/8; H111/12

papulum var of pabulum [OLD]

par, paris1 n f pair EK108/2; OX8/28, etc; par cardinum pair of hinges, ie, a hinge (as naturally composed of two matching pieces) OX158/6

par, paris2 sbst nt equal EK827/27; OX314/29, etc

para, -e n f pair SM126/35

paraceue -es n f preparation (from Gk παραϭκευή); see dies

parachia see parochia

parachianus see parochianus

Paracletus -i n m the Paraclete, here an epithet of the Holy Spirit LI32/11, etc [ODCC PARACLETE]

paralitas, -atis n f literally state of being equal, equality, by extension similarity EK34/13 [OLD parilitas]

paralitice adv in the manner of one paralysed WL3/16

paraseues, -e n f preparation (from Gk παρασκευή); see dies

parcarius -i n m a park-keeper, parker LI151/41; parkarius EK78/1

parcella, -e n f 1. bundle, parcel LI333/5; 2. detail, item C38/36; LI121/36, etc; 3. hence a statement or list of items C42/2; a detailed statement, an itemized account EK321/33, etc; LI332/25, etc; 4. by extension an itemized sum or amount of money IC11/29; 5. part, parcel parcellum EK757/19; 6. parcel, small plot of land CH50/33, etc; EK956/5; L82/11, etc; W413/4, etc

parcus, -i n m enclosure, pen (for animals) CH717/4, etc

parentela, -e n f kindred, kinship group, a group of people connected by ties of blood (as opposed to 'familia' a group of people connected by living under a common authority and often in a common residence) H200/8

paritas, -atis n f the state of being even, evenness WL8/14

parkarius see parcarius

parliamentum, -i n nt 1. parliament C46/29; CH56/42; EK41/14; 2. the place in which the Parliament met in London 808/28; 3. a consultative assembly of members of Middle or Inner Temple IC52/13, etc

parlura, -e n f parlour, a small private room intended chiefly to be used for conversation C406/10

parochia, -e n f parish, the smallest distinct unit of ecclesiastical jurisdiction and Christian ministry, each parish having its own church, priest, warden, and tithes (in Lancashire, however, parishes were often divided into chapelries which functioned as parishes: cp capella) BR152/30m, etc; C7/22, etc; CH795/18, etc; EK644/22, etc; EL65/31, etc; H63/12, etc; L4/26, etc; LI6/251, etc; OX4/36, etc; SH264/19, etc; SM423/18, etc; SX28/5, etc; W381/22, etc; WL86/40; parachia EK13/31

parochialis, -e adj of or pertaining to a parish LI341/18; see clericus, ecclesia, sacerdos

parochianus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a parish, parochial, hence m or f as sbst parishioner, member of a parish C3/6, etc; EK975/24, etc; H175/4; LI3/11, etc; OX7/10, etc; SM126/23, etc; SX3/9, etc; W386/3, etc; parachianus EK611/34

pars, -tis n f part: 1. portion LI607/4, etc; 2. one's part or side, hence ex parte on one's behalf LI606/22, etc; 3. aspect or standpoint LI7/8, etc; 4. role in a play or the like LI350/31, etc; 5. one of the musical divisions of a polyphonic composition, often corresponding to the voice by which it was intended to be sung LI332/34, LI332/36, LI333/2

parsona see persona

particula, -e n f 1. detail, item, particular (eg, of accounts or receipts) EK75/34; EL127/36; particulus LI580/11, etc; 2. a small piece or section (of a whole) IC498/33, eg, particula vitri, a pane of glass C156/39

particulariter adv 1. in detail, item by item IC27/32; LI32/2, etc; SX185/9; W411/16; 2. individually, particularly IC654/10n 3. exactly L75/25

paruiloquium -ii n nt a short conversation, a discussion LI203/22

parum adv (of time) not long, shortly WL57/15

paruulus, -i n m boy, child EL18/21; peruulus EL241/22, etc; see also episcopus

paruus, -a, -um adj small, little EL23/40, etc; see also canonicus, episcopus

Pascha, -e n f 1. Easter, festival celebrating the resurrection of Christ, kept on the Sunday after the full moon on or next following 21 March C39/8-9, etc; EK23/33, etc; EL26/6, etc; H96/14; LI609/14 (in nt form Pascha, -atis), etc; OX38/21, etc; SH43/30m (as indecl Pasche), SH353/21; SX184/18; W397/32, etc; WL11/16; feria secunda tercia & quarta ebdomade Pasche the Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday of Easter week, kept as doubles, ie, major feasts OX11/38--9; 3rd decl nt forms EK820/28, etc; SM241/35, etc; W349/20, etc; Passha EK314/40; 2. by extension Easter term, the law term beginning in the Easter season SM359/40m; see also clausus, festum, (h)ebdomada, nox, quindena, terminus

paschalis, -e adj of or pertaining to Easter EK605/40m, etc; hence ebdomada paschalis Easter week, probably the octave of Easter W397/19-20; tempus paschalis Eastertide LI105/5, etc; pascallis EK747/7; see also festum

passagium, -ii n nt passage, right or ability of passage, hence commune ~ right of way LI103/35

Passha see Pascha

passio, -onis n f 1. affliction, suffering WL3/17; 2. hence by extension martyrdom EK30/29, etc; passcio EK31/28, etc; see also dies; 3. the Passion of Christ LI103/18; passio Christi the Passion of Christ, a play title CR542/14, etc; in passione domini on Passion Sunday, the fifth Sunday of Lent, the Sunday before Palm Sunday W492/31; see also septimana; 4. passion, strong emotion, here in the translation of a play title passiones pacatae Passions Calmed OX893/31; 4. literally that which occurs to or befalls one, in idiom passiones planetarum part of the technical terminology of pre-Copernican astronomy; the 'passiones,' also known as 'accidentes' or 'phainomena,' are apparent discrepancies or alterations which can be observed in the planets, such as changing of orbital speed or direction, the occurrence on W449/20 is probably the title of a treatise dealing with the resolution of the apparent contradictions between the observed 'passiones' and the theoretical assumptions according to the developed Ptolemaic system, a process often known as saving the 'phainomena'

passus, -us n m passage, pass WL57/19; used as a name element for a fictive knight IC458/33

pastellum, -i n nt pasty EK747/4

pastor, -oris n m 1. shepherd, hence one representing a shepherd LI152/39, etc; 2. spiritual pastor, here bishop LI4/24

pastoralis, -e adj literally of or belonging to a shepherd, pastoral, here by extension of a bishop (as pastor to religious in his diocese) SM174/3; see also baculus

pastura, -e n f pasture EK644/26; SM182/24; SX171/21; see also communa

pastus, -us n m food, meal EL21/10, etc

patens, -ntis adj open; see littera

pater, -tris n m father: 1. literally BR125/2, etc; CH59/17, etc; CR554/14; DR170/20; hence ancestor EL13/33 (used figuratively); OX178/28; 2. applied to a deity OX369/29, etc; 3. describing the relationship between the Persons of the Trinity, the Father BR6/23; EL247/27; 4. hence ~ noster Our Father, the first words of the Lord's Prayer, here as indecl phr the title of a play LI110/16, etc; 5. describing the relationship between a bishop and those in his diocese CH803/26, etc; CR504/30, etc; EK901/14; EL140/21, etc; OX498/31, etc; 6. applied to one revered as a father: pater fidelium father of the faithful, applied to Abraham on the basis of New Testament passages such as Rom 4.16--17 OX475/26; sancti patres the holy fathers, the fathers of the church, the early Christian writers LI7/19

patibulum, -i n nt a gibbet for executing criminals: patibulum sancte Crucis cum imagine Crucifixi is thus an elaborate periphrasis for a crucifix OX12/21

paternaliter adv in a fatherly way, here used of a bishop SM174/27

patria, -e n f 1. native land, one's country C842/21; EK828/2; OX131/7, etc; WL79/3, etc; 2. hence by extension county, land WL11/31, etc; 3. countryside, the rural district round about a city, town, village, or monastery and associated with it C47/12; EK976/24, etc; L120/26, etc; OX11/25, etc; 4. local district, neighbourhood, hence jury (as a body originally speaking for a district): in idiom ponere se ... super patriam OX9/26--7 or ponere se super patriam et domina Regina SH265/23, to entrust oneself to the jury and the lady queen (formula used by a defendant seeking trial by jury on a felony charge); see also encomium

patrona, -e n f (female) patron, one holding the advowson of, or right of presentation to, a parish church or other benefice EK946/12

patronatus, -us n m patronage, here used of a bishop's fatherly care toward an institution which he founded CR503/21

patronus, -i n m (male) patron, one holding the advowson of, or right of presentation to, a parish church or other benefice EK930/12

pauagium, -ii n nt action of paving EK135/27m

paueamentum, -i n nt pavement CH518/26

Paulus Iouius, Pauli Iouii n m Paulus Jovius, Latin name of Paolo Giovio (1483-1552), Italian bishop and historical writer CH779/31

pauperinus, -a, -um adj poor W378/16

paupertas, -atis n f poverty, here personified as the name of a character in Aristophanes' Plutus C127/26

paupirus see papirus

Pausanias, -e n m Pausanias (fl c 150), a Greek traveller and geographer, author of the Description of Greece, a work in ten books IC559/32; SM199/35m [OCD]; see also Boeoticus

pax, -cis n f 1. peace, quiet, especially a state characterized by peaceful relations among neighbours or fellow townspeople CH36/13, etc; EK967/34, etc; EL17/8; LI325/25, etc; OX799/8, etc; SH134/8, etc; SX4/4; WL127/8; 2. in various idioms:

  1. gerere pacem ... domini regis to conduct oneself in accordance with the king's peace LI72/35-6;

  2. pace + gen by the leave of, with all due respect to OX343/2--3, etc;

  3. pacem custodire (+ 'erga' and acc) C385/22-4 or pacem ferre CH119/35, etc (+ dat or 'erga' and acc) or ad pacem ... conseruandam OX8/14--15 to keep the peace;

  4. pax Dei the peace of God, mandated by divine law and the church and enforced, when necessary, by the state CH681/10-11, etc; EL230/7; SH11/5, etc;

  5. pax (domini) regis or regine the king's or queen's peace, the public peace which royal officers are charged with preserving and breaches of which are under the jurisdiction of royal courts CH716/36, etc; EL230/7 (pax ... domini regis), etc; SH11/5, etc; SM143/38, etc (pax ... regis), SM189/17 (pax ... regine); SX171/17 (pax ... regine); WL158/8--9, WL129/25;

  6. pro pace (with verb such as obligari or teneri understood) to be bound to keep the peace EK245/37;

  7. securitas pacis peace bond C385/25;

  8. turbacio pacis act of disturbing the peace C4/4;

2. hence by extension a bond to keep the peace, peace bond CH233/13, etc; 3. peace, the absence of war LI608/9, etc; see also affraia, fractio, gero, iusticiarius, sessio

peccamen, inis n nt sin, offence against God or divine law LI6/7, etc

peccator, -oris n m one who commits sin, sinner EL246/16, etc

peccatum, -i n nt sin, offence against God or divine law CH46/39, etc; EL19/1; LI5/24, etc; WL80/7

pecco, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to sin CH808/13, etc

pecia, -e n f piece, eg, of fabric SM243/32; of land EK644/22; of string LI27/13(2); of wood IC34/11, etc

peculiaris, -e adj belonging to a particular person, peculiar: ~ iurisdiccio peculiar jurisdiction, a jurisdiction acquired by a ecclesiastic over a district which would otherwise be within the jurisdictional area of another H70/20, etc

pecunia, -e n f 1. money, wealth EK61/19, etc; LI7/6; OX6/32; SM252/1, etc; 2. in pl (ready) money, coin, cash EK80/41, etc; IC72/18, etc; LI195/41, etc; OX21/12, etc; SH177/11, etc; SM126/27, etc; especially in idiom pecunie numerate SX47/34-5, etc

pedagogis var of paedagogus [OLD]

pedagogus, -i n m schoolmaster LI185/16, etc

pedes, -itis n m footman, attendant on foot accompanying a royal party when travelling EK203/20

pedester, -tris n m footman, attendant on foot accompanying a royal party when travelling EK361/36; SH159/35, etc

pegma, -atis n nt 1. scaffold, platform (originally in CL a moveable or temporary platform [see OLD]) OX137/12; 2. stage (or possibly pageant?) OX76/25 [see TLL pegma]

peioro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to make (someone or something) worse, hence to harm, injure WL238/20

Pelion, -onis n nt Pelion, a coastal range on the southwestern coast of Thessaly; its highest point (which is inland) is the Mt Pelion of mythology, atop which the Giants are said to have piled Mt Ossa; here portus Pelionis, the harbour of Pelion, is likely a deliberate inversion of classical mythology (in keeping with the rest of the king of beans correspondence) although it could refer to the ports on the Bay of Volo sheltered by the range OX799/25

pellex, -icis n m literally thumb, by extension inch OX5/19, etc [see OLD pollex]

pelliparius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a skinner or his trade; see ars

pelliparius, -i n m skinner, member of the skinner's guild C5/26

Pembroc(h)ius, -ii n m Pembroke, name of an earldom OX313/19, etc

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