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mercatus, -us n m 1. market, a place set aside for the buying and selling of goods, so in idiom in aperto mercatu in the open market, in public, publicly SM375/13; 2. an occasion for the buying and selling of goods SX3/13

mercenarius, -a, -um adj hired, paid; see scena

mercerus, -i n m mercer, here member of the Chester Mercers' guild CH61/18

merces, -edis n f literally a reward, here used for W 'amobyr,' a fee paid to the lord (or the equivalent) at the first marriage of one's daughter WL12/13, etc; see WG amober

mercimonium, -ii n nt commercial transaction, in coll pl trade, commerce BR5/36

Mercurius, -ii n m Mercury, a deity of the Roman pantheon whose name was also given to the first planet: with 'dies' understood Mercurij Wednesday CR424/34; OX37/1, etc; Marcurius OX30/23; see also dies, rusticans

meremium, -ii n nt timber, wood for construction IC34/11, etc; OX124/41; SM930/7 (possibly for a mantel); maremium IC353/4; OX147/2

merenda, -ae n f a light midday meal OX77/17, etc [from mereo, apparently originally part of a labourer's wages; see OLD merenda]

meretrix, -icis n f a prostitute, whore EL20/29, etc; WL216/19; presented as part of a quasi-regulated group CH38/2, etc (declined as consonant-stem and i-stem); meritrix CH40/42

meritum, -i n nt merit, deserts; the usage here reflects the view of late medieval piety that it was possible for the devout to appropriate merit from the good deeds of saints to effect cures and other benefits H200/19, etc; WL53/27

Merlinus Siluestris, Merlini Siluestris n m Merlin Silvestris, a legendary Welsh poet and prophet WL222/26 [see OCLW Myrddin]

meronarius, -ii n m either timber-merchant [cp DML maeremiarius] or possibly mariner [cp DML marinarius]; in either case the accompanying marginalia on pp CH54 and CH858 suggest it is an antiquarian error for mercerus CH54/3, CH856/7; meranerius CH858/8

Mertonensis, -e adj of or belonging to Merton: Collegium Mertonense Merton College OX525/36; Martonensis OX80/35

merus, -a, -um adj alone, all by oneself, hence unprompted C407/4; L23/8; EK19/11, etc; SM130/3, etc; see also officium

messuagium, -ii n nt one's principal dwelling together with the outbuildings and land appertaining to it EK956/6; EL138/29, etc; SM177/24, etc; W451/26, etc

meta, -e n f originally a cone or cone-shaped marker, eg, one used by surveyors, hence any set mark used as a sign, here one in writing SM92/31

metamorphosis, -is n f transformation, change (apparently an intentional reference to Ovid's Metamorphoses) OX179/5

metrifico, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to compose in metre, write verse OX14/26

metropolis, -is n f metropolis, a major city, particularly one in which an archbishop and his see are centred EL147/39

metropoliticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a metropolitan bishop or his see, metropolitical [cp ODCC metropolitan]; see ecclesia, uisitacio

Microcosmus, -i n m Microcosm, name of a character in the play Annus Recurrens OX308/32

Midlesexia, -ae n f Middlesex, name of a county C403/32

miles, -itis n m 1. soldier, warrior C240/16, etc; hence warrior, knight [see OEDO knight n. 3. and 4.] CH718/35, etc; EL128/3, etc; OX139/30, etc; WL57/19; 2. miles gloriosus braggart soldier, a stock character in Roman comedy C129/4; see p C1205; hence an allusion to Plautus' Miles Gloriosus or its title character C94/20, C95/14, C126/20; 3. knight EK908/12, etc; IC7/7, etc; LI603/9, etc; OX7/18 [see OEDO knight n. 4.a.], etc; SH13/37, etc; W394/12; 3. by extension the persons representing the four knights that murdered St Thomas Becket in Canterbury's St Thomas' pageant EK104/3, etc; 4. in title Fabula Militis The Knight's Tale, one of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales OX136/8

milicia, -e n f literally an organized body of troops, here applied metaphorically to clergy SM237/21

militaris, -e adj 1. of or pertaining to a knight or soldier, knight-like, military CH36/6; LI607/27, etc; see also seruicium1; 2. hence as m sbst knight LI86/6

mimus, -i n m 1. originally in LL performer, actor, especially in the often obscene farces and pantomimes of the later Roman stage [see OLD], a sense that influences its pejorative usage in theological and penitential sources CH812/14; CR540/13 (where it is glossed by scurra); DR171/33; EK939/11; LI7/17; SM311/14; 2. hence in AL performer, but probably one whose performance included music, eg, le Trumpets & alii mimi EK101/29-30; often used as a synonym of histrio and ministrallus:


  1. used without specification, exact sense unclear C10/14, etc; EL33/21, etc; L99/12; LI333/21, etc; OX30/30, etc; SX15/27?, SX15/28?, SX212/16; WL158/7; mymus C41/15; mimys (dat pl) EK739/34, etc; mymys (dat/abl pl) C70/24; EK103/30;

  2. with an appositive indicating a particular kind of musician: eg, mimi sive fistulatores, mimi seu taboratores, mimi uel tubicini, mimi tibicines (see under the appostive); ~ alias trumpputers LI33/37-8, ~ alias waytes LI35/9;

  3. with a named royal, noble, or other patron, such a performer under his or her patronage C31/18-19, etc; EK647/13, etc; LI343/20-1, etc; OX30/23, etc; SH135/32, etc; SM250/7, etc; SX185/8, etc; W405/24;

  4. with the name of a town, such a performer in its employ, likely a town wait C34/1, etc; EK741/11; LI343/34, etc; SX15/27?, SX15/28?; W400/25

[cp OLD mimus and REED Devon LG mimus]

mina, -ae1 n f a Greek unit of weight approximately equal to a pound, hence pound sterling OX201/1

mina, -ae2 n f threat OX308/6 [OLD minae]

minister, -tri n m 1. literally servant, officer C333/9; CH135/8, etc; EK974/28; EL14/8; L115/26, L116/19 (note that minister is in both cases distinguished from the related ministrallus); SH128/24; SX47/27?, SX183/1?; mynistrys (dat pl) EK739/18; 2. hence a cleric, in idioms altaris minister servant, or minister, of the altar, a cleric EK912/2; ecclesie minister literally servant of the church, one of the minor clergy serving at a cathedral EL16/9-10; minister ... ecclesie EL23/11; 3. used for the related 'ministrallus', minstrel C63/12?; C65/13?; C65/9?; C69/10m; EK64/4, etc (used as a synonym for 'histrio' and 'fistulator'); SH128/31, 128/32; SX47/27?, SX183/1?; W398/27?; 4. by extension with reference to Mk 10.43-5, clergyman, minister CH767/37, etc; CR503/27, etc (used of members of collegiate chapters); specifically the incumbent of a parish EK609/31, etc; EL209/40m; H142/33, etc; L26/15; SH64/38, etc; SM235/35, etc; SX38/12, etc; W361/3, etc

ministerialis, -is sbst m servant, especially one of the minor clergy performing various liturgical functions in a cathedral EL17/14

ministerium, -ii n nt (Christian) ministry CH767/41, etc; LI4/31



ministrallus, -i n m literally a servant (ultimately from LL 'ministerialis'); minstrel, performer, musician, often used either of a musician who is a member of a household or in the employ of a town (often a synonym of histrio and mimus): 1. used without specification C4/16, etc; CR492/30, CR493/38,; EK310/18, etc; IC22/6, etc; IC83/3 (minstrellus); IC6/5, etc (mynstrellus); L115/5, etc; LI107/23, LI322/14 (minstrellus), LI79/14 (ministallus); SH133/1, SH134/4, SH134/9, SH135/15, SH136/4, SH138/30 (SH occ all possibly in s4); SX182/23, SX182/31, SX183/8, SX183/16, SX184/5, SX186/33, SX187/10; WL288/8, etc (in form menestrallus); principalis de menastrallis, chief of the minstrels, is used to gloss pencherd on WL14/18: see WG pennkerdd; as members of a local confraternity CR491/7; 2.

  1. in conjunction with a specific appositive, a particular kind of musician: gigatores ... menestralli W379/21, uidilator menestrallus H187/7 (see under the appositives);

  2. used absolutely as synonym of other performer terms: histriones harpartores & alii menestralli EK29/11; ministralli & alii lusores EK70/1;

3.

  1. a minstrel, probably a musician, who is a member of a household or under patronage C24/21, etc; CR494/27, CR495/9; EK309/34, etc; EL20/19, etc; H119/1, etc; L115/34, etc; LI79/5, etc; SH353/8, etc; SX186/20, etc; W399/5, etc; mynstrellus LI35/18;

  2. synonym for mimus SH149/3-5, or histrio SH132/17-18, etc, or for another musician under such patronage minstralli vocati trumpettes SH149/37, Ministrallus ... dictus le taberer SH150/12-13, ministrallus ... vocatus le taborer SH153/11-12;

4. a minstrel in the employ of a town, probably a town wait BR7/1; EK61/19-20, EK316/41?, etc; LI112/14, etc; SH131/21-2, SH141/18, SH143/32, SH143/34-5, SH144/24, SH145/24, SH148/13, SH149/13-14, SH151/32-3, SH154/5-6, SH154/8, SH155/5-6, SH157/8-9; minstrellus LI319/19; mynstrellus LI319/18m, etc; a synonym for histrio SH146/13-14; ministralli ville town waits C15/23, etc;
FORMS: 3rd decl dat/abl forms ministralibus H121/21, H121/24; ministrallibus EK67/29, etc; SX50/32; minstralibus L119/19, etc; minstrallibus SH146/1, etc; mynstrallibus SH146/5, etc; dat/abl pl in -ys: ministrallys L138/19; mynstrallys EK76/17; menestralus (s1) SX182/15; menestrallus (s1) C3/14, etc; (s1) CH45/9; (s1,2,3) EK29/11, etc; (s3a) EL16/17; (s1or4) H189/12, (s1) H189/15, etc, (s2) H187/7, etc; (s3) SX183/24; (s1) W396/23, etc, (s3) W379/26, etc; menistrellus (s3) EK45/5; menstrallus (s1) C10/39, etc; (s2,3,4) EK823/11, etc; menstrellus (s1,3) EK320/18, etc; minestrallus (s1) C4/21, etc; (s3,4) EK330/29, etc; miniestralis (s1) CH841/5; ministralus (s1) SM242/27; ministrellus (s1) CH64/39, etc; (s3) EK339/30, etc; (s3a) EL14/14; W398/27, etc; (s4) W400/14; ministleus (s1) CH221/33; minnstrellus (s1or4) CR494/37; minstrallus (s1,4) C10/29, etc; L118/5, etc; SH136/13, etc; (s1,3) L118/12, etc; EK315/2, etc; (s1) W398/34; (s3) W405/4, etc; (s4) CR470/9; minstralus (s3a) EL35/10; minstrellus (s1) C328/35; (s1) CH40/36, etc; EK325/21; mynsterellus (s1) SM243/39; mynistrallus (s3,4) EK66/10, etc; mynstrallus SH136/36, etc; (s3) CR493/23; (s1or4) CR491/25, CR493/12; (s3,4) EK62/29, etc; mynstrellus SH354/29, etc; (s1) BR55/17; L115/12; (s3) EK539/36; W399/20, etc; (s1or4) CR492/13, CR492/15; mynstyrellus C31/37; mynystrallus C6/12; (s3) EK71/30, etc

ministrator, -oris n m servant LI33/37

ministro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to serve, wait on, EK204/9; used metaphorically of the members of a monastery SM173/40; 2. to serve a church or chapel (used of clergy), to take part in its liturgy BR5/34; EL123/17, etc; 3. to serve (papers, court orders, etc) EK897/39; SM130/3; 4. to serve (food or beverages), offer (refreshment) EL14/7; 5. to administer (an oath) EL211/20; 6. to provide, furnish EK107/21

minor, minus compar adj 1. lesser (in size, dignity, or worth) C241/36; see also bacchalaureus, canonicus, etas, Priscianus; 2. m pl as sbst lesser or less important persons CH36/10; 3. the younger of two or more persons of the same name C361/15; 3. quo minus C399/13, see OLD quominus; see also ordo

minoritas, -tatis n f lower or lesser status OX12/5

minstralcia, -ae n f minstrelsy, the service due from a minstrel; see curia

minstrellus see ministrallus

minucio, -onis n f loss, lessening; in idiom with (H188/19) or without (W339/n82) 'sanguinis' blood-letting

minuo, -uere, -ui, -utum v tr to bleed (a person) for medicinal purposes H188/20, etc

Minutius, -ii n m fictive L nomen formed from the root of 'minutus,' 'small, tiny': see Graticus

miraculose adv miraculously, in the manner of a miracle H200/18

miraculum, -i n nt 1. something amazing, a marvel (sometimes with pejorative overtones) [cp OLD] CH35/39?; 2. miracle, wondrous act or sign BR5/2; H200/11, etc; WL80/21; hence a representation or other recounting of such events LI3/17?, etc: miraculum de sancta Maria EK909/15; 3. seasonal misrule by the minor clergy CH35/39?; LI3/17?, etc

misa, -e n f expense, charge CH78/24; EL230/28, etc

miseracio, -onis n f mercy CR503/19; H98/9

misericordia, -e n f 1. literally mercy OX387/34; EL242/18, etc; hence opera misericordie works of mercy EK930/14; 2. in legal idiom in misericordia (to be) in mercy, ie, subject to a fine, called an amercement, levied at the mercy, ie, the discretion, of the judge rather than at a fixed rate EK537/26; IC23/30, etc; L31/27, etc; LI231/9 (with 'in' omitted LI78/29m); 3. hence by extension the fine so levied DR283/3; IC48/17m, etc; L99/10

misericors, -ordis n m dagger OX6/2 [see OEDO misericord n. (and int.) 2.]

missa, -e n f mass, liturgical celebration of the eucharist C29/14, etc; CR503/28; H99/32, etc; LI7/1; OX3/14; W396/7, etc; WL12/27; hence alta missa high mass EK824/7

missalis, -e adj 1. of or pertaining to the mass: calix missalis a eucharistic cup, chalice EK974/33; see also denarius; 2. nt as sbst missal, a service book containing the commons and propers of the mass for Sundays and festivals throughout the year CR504/39

misterium, -ii n nt trade, guild CH77/33, etc; misteria (1st decl) CH78/28; mysterium BR133/38

mitra, -e n f mitre, ceremonial headgear worn by a bishop EL15/8, etc; OX15/27

moderamen, -inis n nt guidance, direction EL17/12

moderator, -oris n m head, leader: 1. hence headmaster (of a school) DR170/23; 2. in idiom choristarum moderator choirmaster OX103/33

moderatus, -a, -um adj 1. restrained, moderate WL262/13; 2. hence low, soft (used of volume of sound rather than pitch) WL12/20, etc

modernus, -a, -um adj 1. modern, contemporary EK34/11, etc; EL22/30, etc; 2. in compar modernior, -ius more modern, more contemporary WL223/8

modero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to direct, guide OX209/16; 2. to moderate (a discussion) OX218/12

modicum adv little, to a small degree or extent LI103/18

modius, -i n m bushel (dry measure) C151/9; LI25/15, etc

modulacio, -onis n f 1. variation in the tone of a sound, modulation WL10/25, etc; 2. (act of) singing or an example thereof, a song WL54/9; hence singing, chanting EK980/15

modulamen, -inis n nt singing, the act of singing WL10/10

modulo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to sing WL60/8, etc

modulus, -i n m literally a (musical) interval, hence by extension a series of intervals making up a scale or tune, a measure of music WL7/17, etc

modus, -i n m 1. means, manner CH36/6, etc; EK822/18, etc; H98/35, etc; LI3/18, etc; SH264/11, etc; SM117/16, etc; SX14/9, etc; W396/10, etc; WL9/8, etc; 2. rhythmic pattern, measure, beat (in speech or music, here used of vocal music) WL10/11; see also uia

molendarius, -i n m miller, member of Millers' company (Shrewsbury) C41/23; SH127/32

molendinum, -i n nt mill L77/32

mollis, -e adj soft; literally soft, gentle, by extension of musical notes, lowered by a semitone; see b molle, uinum

molosus, -i n m originally a Molossian dog, a now-extinct ancient breed originating in the Epirus, in AL a mastiff CH36/2

monachialis, -e adj pertaining or appropriate to a monk SM174/14

monachus, -i n m monk EK23/36, etc; EL15/27; LI607/4, etc; OX3/19, etc; SM174/13, etc; WL215/21, etc; monacus WL216/39; see also farata

monarcha, -ae n m monarch, an absolute ruler OX315/13

monarchicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a monarch, monarchial OX343/17

monasterium, -ii n nt monastery, religious house for a community of monks CH59/6, etc; CR527/9, etc; EK975/16, etc; LI342/11, etc; SM173/35, etc; WL218/2; see also ecclesia

monasticon n nt a work about monasteries: Monasticon Anglicanum title of a work by Dugdale about the monasteries of England CH43/32-3

monasticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a monk, monastic OX3/18

moneta, -e n f money, currency C333/4, etc; L36/2; LI25/37; OX6/32; in idiom legalis moneta Anglie legal English currency BR59/37 (abbreviated to legalis etc); C250/39, etc; CH110/24, etc; EK779/32, etc; EL143/7-8; L82/22, etc; LI325/29-30; OX196/1, etc

monialis, -is, -e sbst f nun LI317/11

monstracio, -onis n f in CL act of showing or demonstrating, hence act of presenting, eg, a performance: monstracio interludii EK733/38

monstro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr in CL to show or demonstrate, hence to present EK735/12

monstrum, -i n nt literally something warned of or shown, hence sign, omen, here by extension sign, symbol, likeness? SH74/2; SM236/17, etc

Montgomeria, -ae n f Montgomery, name of an earldom OX312/32, etc

mora, -e n f 1. elapse of time, usually with negative connotation delay OX799/20; hence moram facere OX10/41, etc, or moram trahere OX60/8, etc, to delay; 2. used without negative connotations, of a place of residence: moram facere C327/27; CR527/8, etc; SM159/36m; SX20/11 or moram trahere to stay, remain, dwell CH77/33-4; IC39/21; 3. by extension act of residing, residence CH46/29

moralis, -e adj of or pertaining to moral theology or the moral interpretation of Scripture: nt pl as sbst moralia a work focussing on moral interpretation, here the title of a commentary on Job by St Gregory I CH812/12 [OEDO moral adj. 2.d., DML 1 moralis 4]

morans, -ntis prp staying, residing WL216/33

mordicatio, -onis n f act of biting, bite CH26/12, etc

moror, -ari, -atus sum v intr to stay, dwell CH462/18, etc; moro (third conjugation) IC52/15

mortalis, -e adj deadly, mortal SX171/12, etc

mortificatus, -a, -um pfp pass amortized, alienated in mortmain (see manus) LI25/361, etc

morto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to slaughter, butcher SH277/27

mortorium var of mortarium [OLD]

Mortuum mare, Mortui maris n nt Latinization of Mortimer; this form of the surname is based on a false etymology of the name 'de Mortimer' from F 'de Morte Mer,' ie, from the Dead Sea H189/16; SH14/2

Mosaicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Moses, the Jewish Law, or Jewish religious or cultic practices C239/38

Motus, -i n m Latinization of F surname La Mothe EK204/15, etc

motus, -us n m 1. (bodily) movement C846/8; 2. instigation, prompting C239/36, etc

moueo, -uere, -ui, -tum v tr literally to move here by extension in idiom signum mouere to ring a bell EK24/8

multifarie adv in many different ways, variously OX12/26

multimodus, -a, -um adj diverse, various CH56/1

multo, -onis n m sheep (for mutton) EK34/19, etc

multociens adv often, frequently EK975/28; EL21/7 [OLD multo1, totie(n)s]

multoninus -a -um adj of or derived from sheep; see caro

mundanus, -a, -um adj worldly, secular CH46/32; CR527/23

mundus, -i n m the world, the earth (eg, as opposed to heaven) EL15/33; see also origo

municio, -onis n f loss, lessening, by extension blood-letting EL22/17 [var of OLD minutio]

munimentum, -i n nt literally defence, safeguard, hence muniment, a deed or similar document that supports a person or group in the possession of a right or property WL217/1, etc

munus, -eris n nt literally gifts, here by extension bribes EL242/24

munusculum, -i n nt literally small gift or favour, here by extension a signet ring or some other small piece of personal adornment EL15/23 [cp DML munusculum 2]

muragium, -ii n nt murage, a tax levied to support the building or repair of walls EK335/37, etc

muro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to enclose with a wall, wall up SM173/35m, etc

musa, -e n f pipe, apparently a form of bagpipe CR540/11 [possibly a back-formation from OLD musicus or an extension of OLD Musa; see OEDO muse n.1 3.]

musicalis, -e adj of or pertaining to music, musical; see instrumentum, ludus

musices var (Gk gen) of musice [OLD musica]

musicio -onis n m musician IC94/5, etc; LI219/4; muscicio IC109/36

musicus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to music, musical C249/18; WL8/7, etc; 2. m as sbst musician CH429/30, etc; EK258/18; IC87/31, etc; LI747/28, etc (glossed as 'the wates' LI42/13); OX156/4, etc; SH126/10; musici academici university musicians OX497/12, etc; musici oppidani town musicians OX280/13, etc; musici publici common musicians, ie, town musicians OX280/7, etc; used frequently in Cambridge to refer to university waits C201/28, etc; musici uille town musicians, ie, the town waits LI325/14-15; musisus IC89/8, etc; musitus C590/38; 3. f as sbst music, primarily instrumental C368/28, etc; EK203/23; IC184/7, etc; OX162/33, etc; WL8/17m; musica flatilis literally wind music, here apparently the name of a collection of music for wind instruments OX557/23; see also instrumentum

musturum, -i n nt muster, review (of fighting men) SH200/33 (var form of monstrum) [Latham]

mutilacio, -onis n f cutting short, curtailment OX3/18

Mutius, -ii n m fictive L nomen for a justice at the court of a Christmas prince, from the root of 'mutus,' 'silent, mute' IC462/14

mymys (dat pl) see mimus

mynistrallus see ministrallus

mynistrys (dat pl) see minister

mynsterellus, mynstrallus, mynstrellus, mynystrallus, mynstryrellus see ministrallus

mysterium see misterium

N

nacio, -onis n f (student) nation, one of the groups into which the student population of a medieval university was divided, originally reflecting their national origins; at Oxford there were two nations, northern and southern OX4/30, etc



narracio, -onis n f (legal) statement, declaration EL230/18

narro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to tell, hence as legal idiom to make a claim EK967/16

nasus, -i n m nose OX8/26; Aeneus Nasus Brazen Nose, the eponymous emblem of Brasenose College OX85/24

natalis, -e adj 1. of or pertaining to birth; by extension of or pertaining to Christmas SM182/25m: conuiuium natale banquet held at the Christmas season C38/29, etc; ludus natalis pastime or entertainment held at Christmas time C131/19; SM177/39, etc; 2. nt sg as sbst (often with domini or Christi) Christmas, the Christmas season C36/27-8, etc; EK906/12-13, etc; IC5/22, etc; LI111/42, etc; OX19/12, etc; SH354/10, etc; SM183/1, etc; SX182/16, etc; W459/23, etc; WL11/16; hence aurora ~ domini dawn of Christmas day LI110/23, etc; secundus dies Natalis the second day of Christmas, 26 December SM178/4; see also dies, ebdomada, festum, tempus, terminus, uigilia



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