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lusorius, -a, -um adj 1. of or belonging to a 'lusor' C214/11; OX61/25; 2. m pl as sbst players C101/11; 3. nt sg as sbst playhouse L80/29

lusus, -us (2nd decl gen form at LI124/40) n m 1. sport, (folk) game, play, or popular pastime C80/36, etc; SH115/14, SH189/30, SH208/25; WL79/21; referring to Shrewsbury's Whitsun play SH134/13, etc; 2. show, entertainment, not necessarily dramatic C259/29; EK647/9, etc; OX30/4, etc; SH178/4, SH181/15, SH192/2, SH193/3; 3. play, interlude WL235/30, etc; 4. play on a religious theme or subject (often based on the Bible) CH47/32, CH48/5; as a pageant within a larger play CH48/7, CH48/10; LI122/23, etc; 5. play or representation of an unspecified kind, sense unclear LI127/9

luterius, -ii n m lutanist C61/38; EK764/23

Lycurgus, -i n m Lycurgus, traditional founder of the Spartan state, here used as the title of Plutarch's life of Lycurgus SM192/4m [OCD]

Lyncolna see Lincolnia

Lyncolniensis see Lincolniensis

lyra, -e n f literally lyre: 1. hence harp WL13/31, etc; lira OX10/32; WL13/3; 2. an Irish harp, used as a heraldic device for Ireland SH98/32

lyrator, -oris n m literally one who plays on the lyre, hence harper IC87/35


macando abl gd from 'mac(h)o, mac(h)are,' a verb apparently made up to provide an etymology for 'maechanicall' (from 'machinari,' 'to devise, construct') IC652/15

Macbethus, -i n m Macbeth, a king of Scotland, here named in a pageant for James I's arrival in Oxford OX305/6

Machabeus, -i see Iudas Machabeus

madlardus, -i n m mallard, a type of duck EK34/23

Maecenas, -atis n m Maecenas, Roman patron of the arts and friend of Augustus Caesar [OCD]; see epistola

Magdalena, -e n f Magdalen: 1. in gen with 'dies' understood St Mary Magdalen's Day, 22 July CH50/6m; 2. Sancte Marie Magdalene in ueteri piscaria (with 'ecclesia' understood) St Mary Magdalen in the Old Fish Market, another name for the London church St Mary Magdalen in the Fishmarket EL212/31

Magdalenensis, -e adj of or pertaining to Magdalen: Collegium Magdalanense Magdalen College OX200/40; m pl as sbst men of Magdalen OX106/34, etc; Magdalensis OX305/31, etc

magestas see maiestas

magister, -tri n m 1. one who has authority or rank, master CH55/30, etc; ~ choristarum master of the choristers, one in charge of their performance and education LI775/18, etc; also used as a title of respect with names (eg, those of members of the gentry, those who hold an MA degree, craftsmen ranked as master, shopkeepers, or civic officials) or titles of office C3/14, etc (names), C45/34, etc (titles); CH59/7, etc; DR138/2; EK977/1, etc; EL25/24, etc; H200/34, etc; IC35/24, etc (names); L21/8, etc (names), L41/16 (titles); LI120/29, etc; OX28/35, etc (names), OX16/34, etc (titles); SH134/11, etc; SM173/36, etc (names), SM357/28, etc (titles); SX14/27, etc (names), SX14/10? (titles); W349/12, etc; WL236/25, etc; 2. master, one who is in command of a given situation C237/2; LI125/212; hence one having authority over, and responsibility, for a servant, employee, or apprentice BR125/1; CH781/19; SM145/19; 3. schoolmaster, teacher DR170/29; EK75/7; EL14/22, etc; LI105/211, etc; SX14/10?; 4. artium ~ LI58/24 (acting as a surrogate judge); WL221/13 or ~ artium H167/12-13, etc; SH324/14, etc, or ~ in artibus H161/18, etc, a master of arts, one holding the highest degree obtainable in the arts faculty, and the prerequisite for entering one of the other faculties; also used absolutely in this sense, here a master of arts here acting as a judge in a peculiar court WL194/3; 5. master, a member of the university holding an MA or higher degree and exercising teaching duties in a college or the university C47/26, etc; OX4/33, etc; especially in the phrase Cancellarius, magistri et scholares C385/2-13; ~ regens regent master, one holding a master's degree in a given faculty and appointed to teach in that faculty OX4/31, etc; at Merton College the masters were divided into two groups, juniors (iuniores magistri OX28/30, etc) and seniors (seniores magistri OX28/31); 6. master, the head of a college C133/17, etc; EK714/35; OX48/34; or collegiate church OX41/27; 7. master, a senior member of an Inn IC35/23, etc; see also bancus; 8. as a title of office: master, the head of an attached community of brothers at Godstow Abbey OX3/16; equorum ... ~ OX180/30 or ~ equorum SH128/25 master of the horse, an officer of the royal household in charge of various aspects of travel and transport, especially the provision and care of horses; ~ reuellorum master of the revels, an officer of the royal household in charge of entertainment for the court W394/12; or one with responsibility for the Christmas festivities in an Inn IC8/40, etc; maiester IC66/23; 9. client, principal (of an attorney or proctor) EL230/20; 10. one who embodies a characteristic or virtue of which he is said to be a master IC569/27?; see also ludus, mensa

magistra, -e n f mistress, a title of respect used with the names of women, especially wives or widows of men holding the title 'magister' C122/1

magistratus, -us n m literally the state of being a master, mastership IC78/37; hence magistracy, authority (over) C296/14; CH38/2, etc; the occurrence at C315/21 probably represents a play upon both senses

magnas, -atis n m magnate, member of the gentry, peer, or other person of importance CH858/24; EK41/13, etc; L120/26, etc; OX468/35; SH207/11, etc; SX182/8; W398/8, etc

Mahometes, -is n m Muhammad (c 570--629), founder of Islam OX307/22, etc

maiacio, -onis n f Maying OX14/31

maiestas, -atis n f (royal) majesty, a title or form of address for the reigning monarch C236/23, etc; EK203/13m, etc; EL208/23; IC424/27, etc (applied to a Christmas prince); OX136/10, etc; magestas OX56/7

maintentus, -a, -um see manuteneo

maior, -ius compar adj 1. greater (in size, dignity, or worth), elder C147/27, etc; CH56/18, etc; DR248/2, etc; EL23/4; IC6/32, etc; LI607/12, etc; OX5/2, etc; the phr major ecclesia Cicestrensis presumably refers to the cathedral in contrast to lesser, parish churches there SX3/21c; used as a simple positive SX20/10; 2. m pl as sbst greater or more important persons CH36/10; 3. nt pl as sbst greater or more important matters DR172/33; see also Brittania, canonicus, excommunicacio, Priscianus

maior, -oris n m mayor BR6/38, etc; C24/28, etc; CH47/35, etc; CR489/40, etc; EK307/35, etc; IC125/14; L36/1, etc; LI110/13, etc; OX29/35, etc; SM881/35; WL42/23; of Chichester SX15/28, etc; of Rye SX48/16

maioralitas, -atis n f mayoralty, mayoral term CH72/28

maioratus, -us n m mayoralty: 1. mayoral term EK83/21; 2. the state of being mayor CH48/13

maioritas, -tatis n f higher or greater status OX12/5

maipertica, -e n f maypole CH518/26

maius compar adv literally in a bigger or greater way, here used as an intensifier with another adv in place of the compar form of the second adv more, rather IC45/19, etc

Maius, -ii n m May EK657/7, etc; hence a May game or other pastime EK734/36; OX14/5; see also tempus

Malbancus, Malbanus see wicus

maledico, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr to speak ill of, hence to curse, anathematize LI6/31

maletracto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to mistreat CH692/17, etc; EK967/32; EL230/8; SH112/2; male tracto EK968/7

malicia, -e n f malice, hence malicia excogitata SH10/17, SH10/19 or praecogitata malitia OX503/18 malice aforethought

malifex, -icis sbst m wrongdoer EK976/18 [OLD maleficus2]

malitota, -e n f maletolt, a local assessment made on residents of Dover and other Cinque Port towns EK336/26 [from 'mala,' payment, and 'tolta,' fem sg of 'toltus' (LL or ML form of pfp of 'tollo,' to raise or levy), not (as OEDO and DML) from'mala tolta' a wicked tax; see DML 2 mala, malatota; MED mal-tode n (b); OEDO mail sb2, maletolt, tolt]

malum, -i n nt misdeed, evil SM174/21, etc; malum de se an intrinsic or natural evil, distinguished in law from malum prohibitum, an otherwise neutral deed which becomes an evil when prohibited by law SM750/1-2 [Black's]

malurum, -i n nt mast (of a ship) EK827/36

manceps, -cipis n m manciple, a college officer responsible for purchasing provisions C255/30

mancipium, -ii n m 1. servant OX179/6; 2. manciple, a college officer responsible for purchasing provisions OX76/23, etc

mancipo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. literally to give up, surrender, hence se mancipare to devote oneself EK912/3; 2. in idiom carceri mancipare to commit (someone) to gaol, imprison EK974/24

mandatarius, -ii n m literally one who is acting under orders, here specifically, summoner, officer of the ecclesiastical courts with special responsibility for delivering citations to appear in court to accused persons SM116/33, etc; litteratus mandatarius lettered summoner SM149/28, etc; it is unclear why certain summoners are distinguished in this way; mandatorius SM134/23, etc

mandatorius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to an order, mandatory; see littera

manerium, -ii n nt manor: 1. strictly, a tract of land held of the Crown by a tenant in chief, called the lord of the manor CH721/22, etc; L81/21, etc; DR296/2, etc; EL127/6; the lord may in turn admit tenants holding their lands by copyhold over whom the lord exercises jurisdiction through a manorial court, or court baron, in which he or his steward sits as judge and judgements are rendered according to customary usage, see also curia; 2. here a royal holding LI580/15, etc; 3. more generally, landed property EL22/21, etc; 4. manor house, the place of residence of a lord within his manor CH47/19; CR504/19; SM175/10; it is not clear whether the occ on EK101/39 belongs with sense 1 or 4; see also consuetudo, copia [Black's]

manica, -e n f sleeve OX8/33

Manilius, -ii n m Manilius, name of a Roman gens or one of its holders, especially Marcus Manilius, a poet of the early principate, author of the Astronomica, a treatise on astrology OX306/5m

mansio, -onis n f literally an abiding place, in AL the usual term for a person's residence, dwelling house, here a structure of some kind: 1. built to house or seat distinguished spectators at a play SH134/13, SH191/13, SH191/21; 2. built for the use of players in an interlude SH159/28 (in form mancio), SH159/29; see also stagium

mansionalis, -e adj see domus

mansus, -i n m room, lodging OX6/29, etc

mantellum, -i cloak OX47/23; SM243/32 (referring to costuming for play characters)

manucapcio, -onis n f mainprize, bail CH119/30, etc; EK974/24

manucapio, -ere, manucepi, -tum v tr to act as a pledge or guarantor, to offer (someone) bail CH726/17, etc; EK967/15; L5/34, etc; LI72/32, etc; SH166/10, etc; WL111/23, etc

manucaptor, -oris n m one who acts as a pledge for another's performance of a bond, task, or other obligation, guarantor CH726/19, etc; DR246/35m; L5/39, L6/1; LI325/28; SH275/1; W387/8; WL111/27, etc

manus, -us n f 1. hand:

  1. literally a human hand C95/19, etc; EK25/8, etc; IC477/25; LI25/22; OX5/30, etc; SH11/2, etc; SM174/28; SX171/8; WL79/20, etc; in idioms ~ miscere to join battle, fight WL44/6; ~ violentas inferre OX259/14 or ~ violentas iniecisse EK876/38 or violentas ~ inferre OX259/13 to lay violent hands on, to assault; by extension in manibus to hand, available OX107/1; pr(a)e manibus before one's hands, hence ready, available OX177/34 or beforehand, in advance L82/22; OX125/22, OX125/24;

  2. used by analogy to refer to the paws or claws of an animal EL247/3;

  3. by extension one's reach or grasp EL272/16;

  4. in various figurative senses IC438/18; expressing possession or ownership EL98/9, etc; LI25/9, etc; OX74/8, OX259/19; expressing care or keeping EK764/12; OX85/30, hence in manibus C308/33-4m; EK303/19, etc; SM252/1, etc, or in manu EK764/38 in one's care; in manus into the keeping (of) C566/32; in manu solutus + dat paid in hand, paid directly, (to) L241/2; expressing agency OX79/19, OX88/37, OX202/17; expressing craft or skill OX306/16, OX309/30; SM8/26; expressing power or strength OX314/12; expressing authority W409/14;

2. by synecdoche a person; see lex, purgo; 3. something written by hand, handwriting (especially a signature) C578/25, etc; EK872/34, etc; OX106/30; SX38/12; hence manibus ... signatus IC86/26--7, etc, or manu ... signatus IC89/10--11, etc, + gen signed (by); 4. band, gang (of people) OX503/17; 5. in idiom ad manum mortuam in mortmain, applied to lands or tenements held by a religious order or the like 316/21 [OEDO mortmain n.]; see also ad, appono, duco, per

manutencio, -onis n f maintenance, support LI25/33; WL237/29

manuteneo, -ere, -ui, -tum v tr to maintain, keep up, support CH34/8; L70/40, etc; SM189/13; W412/40; pfp pass in form maintentus W413/19

manutentor, -oris n m supporter L70/40

mappale, -is n nt a linen cloth, often a table napkin C55/4

marca, -e n f mark, currency denomination equal to 13s 4d BR6/41, etc; C5/5, etc; CH716/14; EK32/17, etc; EL22/1, etc; IC23/30, etc; L36/2; LI342/21, etc; WL215/36; CH152/17

marcator var of mercator [OLD]

marcatum see mercatum

marchia, -e n f 1. march, borderland, hence Marchie Wallie the Marches of Wales SH177/2; 2. March, the name of an earldom C23/23

marchio, -onis n m marquess, a peer ranking next below a duke C578/12; EK69/3, etc; SH177/17, etc; W400/1; here an inferior title of a Christmas prince IC424/21

marchionissa, -e n f marchioness, wife of a marquess EK204/19

Marcurius see Mercurius

marcus, -i n m marquess, a peer ranking next below a duke EK343/37, etc

maremium see meremium

marescalcia, -e n f marshalsea, originally a court presided over by the marshal of the royal household, later the prison attached to that court EL230/3; marshalcia EL229/41

marescalcus, -i n m 1. marshal, originally a royal household officer: comes marescalcus earl marshall C23/23-4; Galliae mariscallus marshal of France, the supreme commander of the French army EK204/13; marrescallus EL230/3; 2. by extension marshal, a Christmas officer at an Inn: marescallus IC14/3, etc; mariscallus IC12/3, etc; mariscellus IC45/18

Maria, -e n f the name Mary: beata Maria the Blessed Virgin Mary LI24/27, etc; referring to a church dedicated to the Virgin Mary LI107/30, etc; name of a parish dedicated to St Mary, St Mary in the Marsh, near New Romney EK762/31; iii Marie the three Marys, a traditional name for the group of women who visited Christ's tomb on Easter morning (cp Matt 28:1-10 and parallels), here referring to play characters in liturgical drama SM243/32, etc; a person or image representing the Virgin Mary in a procession or other event LI108/8, etc

mariscus, -i n m marsh LI82/38, etc; SM648/9, etc; maryscus SM649/1, etc; see also bellus

Mars, -rtis n m Mars, the Roman god of war, whose name was also given to the fourth planet OX140/6, etc; with 'dies' understood Martis Tuesday CH50/19, etc; EK884/23; OX36/33, etc; see also dies

martiligium, -i n nt properly martyrology, a register of martyrs and other saints, giving the dates of their commemoration and other information about them, from which daily readings were customary in religious communities, apparently also used by extension for necrology, a register of benefactors and others remembered in prayer in religious communities on the anniversary of their deaths; context for the occ on CR504/40 is insufficient to determine which sense is intended [Latham 'martyr'; ODCC MARTYROLOGY; OEDO martyrology n., necrology n.]

martirium, -ii n nt martyrdom BR5/12; SH172/1, SH172/4; martyrium WL53/24 [ODCC]

Martonensis see Mertonensis

martyr, -tiris n m martyr, one who dies out of adherence to religious principles, usually found as attribute of a saint, most often of St Thomas Becket BR7/3; C47/7, etc; CH52/8; CR504/28, etc; EK29/33, etc; OX11/38; SH138/15 (applied to St George), etc; Dei martyr God's martyr, ie, Thomas Becket EK30/9

martyrium see martirium

mater, -tris n f mother: 1. literally EK59/22, etc; LI6/17, etc; OX178/17; in reference to the Virgin Mary (as the mother of Jesus) OX11/14, etc; 2. extended uses A. addressing a deity OX369/25; B. the church (in a symbolic relationship to its members) EK308/22, etc; EL20/39; ~ spiritualis one's spiritual mother, ie, the church LI6/30; C. the University (in a symbolic relationship to its members) OX529/11; see also ecclesia

materia, -e n f 1. material, stuff (whether physical, eg, cloth, or spiritual) C113/3; OX6/36, etc; 2. subject-matter or plot C238/30; OX308/1, OX308/15 [see OLD materia]; 3. as legal term matter, that which is to be tried or proved, such as a statement or an allegation C326/22, etc; SM150/9, etc; see also reiectio

Mathatias, -e Mattathias, Jewish priest, father of Judas, Jonathan, and Simon Maccabee, whose resistance against the Seleucid occupation of Judea is related in the OT Books of Maccabees LI4/4 [see ODCC MACCABEES, BOOKS OF]

matinum adv early in the day, in the morning CH221/29

matrix, -cis n f mother; see ecclesia

Ma(t)theus, -i n m Matthew, name of one of the evangelists, hence the Gospel of Matthew CH808/6m, etc; EL241/17, etc

matutinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to morning, hence: 1. f or nt sg as sbst matins, one of the canonical hours making up the divine office of clerics; despite its name, matins is the night office, being said at midnight or 2 am under strict Benedictine observance CR503/27; EK24/8; EL14/12; H98/2, etc; LI104/9, etc; OX12/10; SM243/33; 2. f sg as sbst morning prayer, matins, the post-Reformation morning office of the Church of England, based upon the pre-Reformation offices of matins and prime C29/14, etc; see also diuinus, prex

media, -orum sbst nt means CH694/40

medians, -antis prp literally being in between, being in the middle, mediate; see iuramentum

mediatus, -a, -um pfp situated in the middle, hence half-done, half-finished LI124/36 [DML mediare 11b]

medicina, -e n f medicine; see doctor, lego

medietas, -atis n f half CH56/22, etc; H113/26, etc; LI31/21, etc; SM177/33

medio, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to be in the middle of, to divide OX12/20

mediocris, -e adj low, soft (used of volume of sound rather than pitch) WL27/9

Mediolanum, -i n nt Milan, name of a continental duchy EK779/24, etc

medius, -a, um adj 1. central, middle OX306/20, etc; middle, half EK87/21, etc; 2. in idioms media estas Midsummer SM126/14; media nox midnight EK909/26; OX5/27, etc; 3. nt sg as sbst middle, mid-point OX314/33; see also iuramentum, tempus, wicus

Mela, -e see Pomponius Mela

Meleager, -gri n m Meleager, a legendary Greek hero, here likely named as a character in Gager's Meleager OX178/16, etc

melodia, -e n f melody, music EK824/1, etc; SH159/6, etc; WL60/8, etc; occasionally vocal music is clearly indicated SH176/35-6, SH177/23; melodia & cantilene SH193/7; see also cantilena

melos, -odis n nt melody, song OX190/33

memor, -oris sbst f recollection, memory BR6/27

memorabilis, -e adj memorable: Res memorabiles Memorable Events, an alternative title for Factorum et dictorum memorabilium libri, a handbook for rhetoricians by Valerius Maximus SM194/6-7m

memorandum, -i sbst nt 1. a note, memorandum EL129/6; LI28/33, etc; 2. hence a memorandum roll, one of the records of the court of the Exchequer EL128/32

memoratiuus, -a, -um adj calling to mind, reminding, here in the title of a work on arithmetic written in Latin verse for easy memorization: Arithmetica Memoratiua 'Arithmetic by Heart' IC651/5

memoratus, -a, -um pfp pass noted, mentioned OX12/29, etc; EL21/39

memoreter var of memoriter [cp NSOED]

memoria, -e n f 1. recollection, memory CH616/22; 2. hence in idioms tempus cuius contrarij memoria hominum non existit CH65/18-19 or tempus cuius ~ non existit LI316/15 or tempus a quo non exstat memoria CH77/30-1, literally a time of whose contrary there is no human memory or a time of which no memory exists or a time from which no memory exists,that is time out of mind; 3. memorial, commemoration LI6/3

memoro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to remind (of), recall to mind, note LI136/18, etc

mencionatus, -a, -um pfp pass having been referred to, mentioned CH665/36; SM156/2, etc

mendicans, -antis sbst m 1. literally one who begs, beggar EL16/16; L122/5, etc; 2. member of one of the mendicant orders, a friar W404/22

Menechmus, -i n m Menaechmus, one of the twin brothers who are the title characters of Plautus' play Menaechmi OX178/16, hence the play itself OX148/9, etc

menestralcia, -e n f service due from a 'menestrallus,' usually referring to musical performance; hence faciens menestralciam doing or carrying out such service H187/9, etc; W372/8; WL289/8, etc

menestrallus, menestrellus, menistrellus, menstrallus, menstrellus see ministrallus

Meneuia, -e n f St David's, name of a city and a diocese WL247/9

meneum, -i n nt wall CH156/7 [cp OLD moenia]

Menippeus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to Menippus, a Greek author of the third century BC, who originated a style of writing in which prose is interspersed with verse; see satura

mensa, -e n f 1. table EK928/5, etc; EL14/19; here in idiom mensa magistri term used at Christ Church Priory to refer to the infirmary's refectory, also called the Table Hall, one of five places within the priory where meat was regularly served EK40/11 [Smith, Canterbury Cathedral Priory, p 43]; 2. hence a meal: mensa diei literally the meal of the day, ie, the main meal served that day EL18/4

mensuro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to measure (a quantity of something) EK744/13

meranerius see meronarius

merca see marca

mercator, -oris n m mercer, here member of the Chester Mercers' guild CH53/16, etc

mercatorius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a market; see uilla

mercatum, -i n nt 1. market, a place set aside for the buying and selling of goods EK361/37 (in form marcatum); W412/15, etc; mercatum granorum Cornmarket W412/15; 2. fair, market BR5/35; CR463/5; EK930/13; SM423/9; W347/16, etc; see also clericus, domus

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