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intronisacio, intronisasio, intronizacio see inthronizacio

intronisio, -onis n f enthronement, the formal entry into office of a bishop or archbishop EK314/37, etc

intrusio, -onis n f illegal entry into a trade or trade guild CH55/32

inuasiuus, -a, -um adj offensive, hostile (of weapons) CH681/7, etc; SH264/17

inuencio, -onis n f act of discovering or finding something; hence inuencio ... sancte Crucis the Invention, ie, finding, of the Holy Cross by the mother of Constantine the Great, commemorated on 3 May OX11/39; see also festum

inuenio, -nire, -ni, -ntum v tr 1. to find OX8/38, etc; 2. to find, determine by investigation OX3/18, etc; 3. to acquire, hence nomen inuenire to take one's name OX85/24

inuentarium, -ii n nt 1. inventory, a list of objects C121/33 (in form invitorium); 2. inventory, a legally certified list and valuation of all possessions, receivables, and debts of a person at the time of his or her death, made for probate purposes under the direction of a court C203/17, etc; W445/17, etc; inuentoria (n f) EL217/22

inuentor, -oris n m deviser, inventor: De rerum inuentoribus title of a work on inventors and their discoveries by Polydore Vergil SM195/16-17m

inuentorio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to inventory, make a list and valuation of goods and receivables EL97/19

inuestio, -ire, -iui, -itum v tr to invest (someone) as (with predicative modifier) EK946/14

inuitatorium, -ii n f invitatory, the psalm (Ps 94 (Vg)) said at the start of the first of the divine offices for any given day, also known as the Venite EK24/26

inuito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to entertain OX566/32; 2. to invite OX51/15, etc; hence in idiom non invitantes seipsos (literally not having invited themselves) not having given warning of their arrival OX36/27 [see OEDO invite v. 1.a.]

inuolutus, -a, -um pfp pass wrapped up (in), wound up (in) EK26/26, etc

Ioannensis see Iohannensis

iocalis, -e adj of or pertaining to a play or traditional game; see pannus; nt as sbst valuable or precious object, treasure OX47/17 [see DML jocalis]

Iocasta, -ae n f Jocasta, the mother, and later the wife, of Oedipus, here named as a play character OX178/17

iocor, -ari, -atus sum v intr literally to jest, joke, hence to engage in an amusing pastime, to sport OX6/35

iocosus, -a, -um adj 1. full of jokes, jesting, here describing a professional jester or buffoon: humorous, witty WL247/20; 2. of or pertaining to a 'iocus,' a jest, a trick, or sometimes a play, hence dominus iocosus play lord (but possibly rather an occurrence of Iocosus, -i n m Joyce, Josse, Latin form of the name of the Breton St Judoc) SX184/31; see p SX288 (endnote to PRO: SC 6/Henry 7/1874 ff [1-1v]) and dominus

ioculacio, -onis n m 1. light entertainment C236/13; 2. specifically that offered by a 'ioculator' SH178/5

iocularis, -e adj of or pertaining to pastime or sport, entertaining OX55/7, OX56/29

ioculator, -oris n m juggler, entertainer C3/27, etc; CR465/6, etc; EK939/11, etc; LI7/17; OX48/32 (in form iaculator); SH178/3, etc; SX18/6; WL10/23; sometimes one under expressed royal or noble patronage (then possibly a synonym of histrio sense 1) OX72/20; SX18/4, SX18/15; iacolator SH186/39; iugulator C15/24; SH197/19

ioculo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to jest, to provide amusement or entertainment H99/28

iocunditas, -atis n f amusement, pleasure, delight SH178/13, etc [OLD iucunditas]

iocus, -i n m (nt in pl) 1. in CL jest, joke (usually verbal) C238/30?; DR171/15?; LI6/13, etc; 2. hence in AL, amusement, sport, pastime (ie, not necessarily verbal humour) C238/30?; DR171/15?; IC6/31; L77/18; OX55/5; W451/29 (synonym of E 'dauncinge'); WL79/26; see also instrumentum; 3. by extension play, interlude SH115/14, SH191/36?; WL235/30; 4. musical performance SH191/36?; 5. trick (of a performing animal) SH182/10

Iohannensis, -e adj of or pertaining to St John or foundation named for him, Ioannensis collegium St John's College OX314/40; hence m pl as sbst Iohannenses the men of St John's College OX308/25

Ionas, -ae n m Jonah, name of a Hebrew prophet and an OT book CH810/27m, etc

Ioseph n indecl Joseph, name of several saints, especially Joseph of Nazareth, husband of the Virgin Mary, here likely a person representing the saint LI108/8

Iouialis, -e adj of or pertaining to Jupiter SH99/16

Iouis see Iuppiter

Iouius see Paulus Iouius

irregularitas, -atis n f a breach of canon law sufficiently serious to impede a priest from exercising his office, here especially one arising from exercising a judicial role OX7/25, etc [see CEO irregularity]

irrigimen, -inis n nt lack of discipline, unruliness CH55/33

irrito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to invalidate, make void EL23/17

irrotulamentum, i n nt enrolment (of an indenture) OX491/18

irrotulo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to enroll (a legal document or record) formally in a record copy L83/8, etc; DR296/6

Isiacus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to the Isis, the river flowing through Oxford; see Arcadia, Arcas

Isidorus, -i n m Isidore of Seville (c 560-636), archbishop of Seville and encyclopedist LI5/19; Ysodorus EL19/9

istoria see historia

istrio, istruo see histrio

itaquod conj so that SX24/3

iter, itineris n nt way, route OX55/21; hence iter habere to make one's way OX232/32

itim adv for item [OLD]

itineracio, -onis n f literally travelling, journey, here as legal term, eyre, one of the regular law circuits of the country made by royal justices, called justices in eyre; forerunner of the assizes BR3/5 [Black's]

itinerans, -ntis prp wandering, being itinerant: see balliuus

iubilo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to shout with joy, hence to rejoice EK980/29

Iudaicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Judea or its inhabitants, Jewish; see bellum

Iudaismum, -i n nt Jewish district (eg, in a town), Jewry EL97/10, etc

Iudas, -ae n m St Jude, apostle and New Testament writer, traditionally believed to have been a brother of Christ SM192/5m; see also epistola

Iudas Machabeus, Iude Machabei n m Judas Maccabee, political and military leader of the Jewish revolt against Antiochus Epiphanes, cited here for his cleansing of the Jerusalem Temple in 165 BCE LI4/1 [ODCC JUDAS MACCABAEUS]

iudicans, -antis sbst m judge, here in an ecclesiastical court L75/22; OX495/17; SH57/17, etc; SM211/5, etc; SX20/39, etc

iudicialis, -e adj of or belonging to a judge SH72/28

iudicialiter adv in a manner suitable to a court, judicially EL210/22; H71/31; SM91/13

iudicium, -ii n nt 1. court (of law) EK21/27, etc; 2. judgment, judicial decision: in idiom iudicium sanguinis literally blood judgment, decision in a case involving bloodshed EK939/1, etc

iuditialiter adv over-corrected form of iudicialiter [cp OLD iudicialis]

iugulator see ioculator

Iulius, -a, -um adj Julian, pertaining to the Julian gens or one of its members, hence imperial, princely OX310/14

Iulius Caesar, Iulii Caesaris n m Gaius Julius Caesar (c 102--44 BC), the Roman dictator, here named as a character in the play Caesar Interfectus OX178/17

iunior, -ius compar adj 1. junior, lesser OX51/14, etc; m pl as sbst juniors, junior members (of a college or the like) OX11/11, etc; 2. hence the younger of two persons having the same name or surname C363/11, etc; CH721/34, etc; EK9/39, etc; IC15/22, etc; LI265/20, etc; OX492/4; SH130/18, etc; SM162/30, etc; SX40/26, etc

Iuppiter, Iouis n m 1. Jupiter, Jove, chief deity of the Roman pantheon whose name was also given to the fifth planet OX799/7, etc; SH97/38; SM195/1; with 'dies' understood Iouis Thursday CR424/26, etc; DR70/35; OX42/34, etc; SH43/29m, SH301/39; see also dies; 2. by extension God SH98/12

iuramentum, -i n nt oath C364/41, etc; CH62/21, etc; DR137/33; EK184/11, etc; L22/30; EL211/19; OX7/2, etc; SH120/19, etc; SM424/10, etc; SX30/5, etc; ~ ad tacta &c (probably shortened from 'ad tacta sancta Dei euangelia') EK878/33, etc, or ~ ad sancta Dei euangelia L75/19-20 or ~ corporale C365/32, C388/34; cf C364/40; DR275/12; EK814/10, etc; EL23/24; SM92/7, etc, corporal oath, one taken while touching a gospel book (or relic) on the part of the oath-taker; medians ~ SM134/27, etc, or medium ... ~ plighted oath SM150/9 [cp Latham fides]; prestacio iuramenti taking of an oath C301/15; SM95/16; see also pr(a)esto, uirtus, uis

iurator, -oris n m 1. jurat, a municipal officer equivalent to an alderman (especially in the Cinque Ports) EK315/18, etc; 2. juror, member of a jury CH616/3, etc; EK968/1; LI609/23: a member of the jury of a manorial court or court baron L99/11, L241/17; a member of an inquest jury EL97/21, etc; OX5/21, etc; SH10/8, etc; SM189/9, etc; SX170/38, etc; member of the jury of a court leet DR282/28 [Black's Court-baron, Inquest]

iuratus, -a, -um pfp pass 1. sworn CH62/21, etc; used of a burgess oath LI218/10; SM242/28; WL42/25 or the oath required of an accused party in an ecclesiastical court BR4/6, etc; LI334/19, etc; SM424/11, etc; or that required for a defendant's pleading in Star Chamber WL104/12, etc; or that required of a witness in an inquiry WL215/33; or that required of an apprentice LI208/36m, etc, or that required of a town officer LI319/19, etc; used of a town officer EK319/35, etc; 2. f as sbst jury: iurata magna grand jury, a jury of inquiry that received and inquired into indictments before they were presented to a trial jury CH781/20m [OEDO jury 2.b.]

iuratus, -i sbst m 1. jurat, a municipal officer equivalent to an alderman (especially in the Cinque Ports) EK822/7, etc ; 2. sworn man, ie, a sidesman, a lesser parish officer inferior to a churchwarden EK645/2, etc; 3. juror: member of an inquest jury SH264/6, SH264/39; member of a trial jury SH265/24, etc; 4. witness (as one who has sworn an oath ) OX47/32

iuridicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a court; hence m as sbst court day SH6/8; see also dies

iuro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to swear an oath, eg, the oath required of an accused party in an ecclesiastical court LI347/22; SH42/36, etc; 2. to swear to a formal answer, eg, in a Star Chamber suit SH331/6, SH340/3m

ius, iuris n f 1. law EK309/7, etc; OX77/1; 2. right, one's due EK946/15, etc; OX57/27, etc; hence one's rightful property or possession OX259/7, etc; 3. in idioms ecclesiastica iura rites of the church OX6/7; iure uxoris in right of one's wife, a form of possession by which a husband acquires rights to property through marriage to a heiress or the like EK672/39; see also de

iussio, -onis n f order, command EK26/8

iusta, -e n f joust C399/8; LI603/10, etc; OX529/24, etc

iusticiarius, -ii n m 1. justiciar, a royal judge, usually of a superior court CH44/38; 2. judge, justice (eg, of the peace or of assizes) BR3/5 (justice in eyre); C279/21; CH116/1, etc; EK31/3, etc; IC462/15; L19/32, etc; LI608/15, etc; OX9/24; SH263/33, etc; SM251/8, etc; W411/33, etc; WL111/21; 3. in formal title iusticiarius domini regis ad pacem in comitatu predicto (or Lancastrie) conseruandam assignatus, the king's justice appointed to keep the peace in the aforesaid county (or the county of Lancaster) L94/7-8, etc; OX8/14--15; iusticiarius domini regis ad pacem ... (conseruandam) assignatus the king's justice appointed to keep the peace CH668/2-4, etc; 4. in idiom parallel to modern E iusticiarius pacis, justice of the peace CH221/30; L113/15, etc; SH131/25; SM189/16; 5. iusticiarius ... ad placita justice in the court of common pleas SH265/36; 6. iustitiarius primarius the chief justice? C296/10; see also audio, capitalis, conseruandus

iustifico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally to justify, vindicate (eg, a person or action), by extension to vindicate, corroborate (a claim or plea, a charge) EK875/32, etc; SM226/3, etc; SX178/10, etc

Iustinus, -i n m Marcus Junianus Justinus, a Roman historian of about the 3rd century, who made a popular epitome of the world history of Pompeius Trogus SM194/11m [OCD]

iusto, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to take part in tournaments or jousts, to joust LI606/18, etc

Iuuenalis, -is n m a Roman cognomen or one of the holders of that name, especially the satirist D. Iunius Iuuenalis, Juvenal (fl. c 110-27) [OCD Juvenal]

iuxta prep with acc 1. next to, beside (often as a place-name element) CH716/28, etc; EL65/31; WL21/26, etc; 2. according to CH36/9, etc; CR527/27; EK822/17, etc; EL22/3, etc; H97/31, etc; SH5/27, etc; W361/3, etc; SX10/2, etc; WL8/1, etc; the idiom iuxta &c following dates (probably shortened from 'iuxta computacionem ecclesie Anglicane,' 'according to the reckoning of the English church,') refers to the English custom, retained formally until 1752, of treating Lady Day, 25 March, as the start of a new calendar year [Cheney, pp 12-13] EK900/11, etc; SH60/20, etc; SX38/28; see also computacio, cursum

K

kalende, -arum n f pl calends, the first day of a month; in the Roman dating system, all other days of a month were designated by counting backwards from three fixed points, its nones (the fifth or seventh day), its ides (the thirteenth or fifteenth day), and the calends of the following month BR3/22, etc; EK309/7, etc; EL245/5, etc; LI342/26; OX41/36; WL78/26, etc; Graecae calendas the Greek calends, a whimsical expression for never, like E '31 February,' since classically reckoning time by calends was unique to the Romans OX360/36; IC489/36; the phr pridie Calendas actually refers to the day before the calends, ie, the last day of the previous month, but on OX363/30 it is used to make a pun on 'calendas' (which resembles a future participle in form) and the E participle 'Cald'; calende OX360/38, etc [Cheney, pp 145-6]



Kambria, -e n f Wales WL53/20, etc

Kambricus, -a, -um adj Welsh WL7/20

Kambrus, -i n m Welshman, hence in pl the Welsh people WL9/5

kamera see camera

Kancia, -e n f Kent: 1. name of an earldom SX15/24; EK343/30, etc; 2. name of a county EK779/26, etc; Cancia IC201/29; OX41/28

karissimi var of carissimi [OLD carus1]

Kereticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Ceredigion, or Cardigan WL57/16

L

la, le, lee, les, lez forms of the Romance definite art usually used to signal the beginning of an E word or phr in an otherwise L passage: BR125/15; C5/4, etc; CH47/29, etc; CR490/40; DR252/16, etc; EK62/15m, etc; EL34/1, etc; IC4/20, etc; L52/6, etc; LI316/34, etc; OX14/38, etc; SH126/23, etc; SM178/6, etc; SX15/4, etc; W397/3, W412/23; WL288/10, etc; although la, le and lee are formally singular and les and lez formally plural, they are not always in agreement with the nouns they modify, eg, la crokes SM126/28; le bearwardes EK615/15-16, etc; le berewardes SX15/3, etc; le disgysynges C47/29; le Maryners LI79/24, etc; le mercers CH51/28, etc; le playeres SM8/5; le scafoldys IC5/23; la scochyns SH144/29; le skuchons SH158/8; le weates OX166/23; or les Trumpetor C393/33; lez ... orlege LI132/19; sometimes found as name element, eg, LI104/21; la Gayte BR4/9, etc; le Forester BR4/17, etc; le Soer CH45/4, etc; Thomas le Stulstus CR493/11; Lobbe le ffolet IC45/9; Iorwerth le Goldsmyth WL128/35; sometimes found as place-name element, eg, LI103/33; le Wallegate CH715/19, etc; le Blen EK61/6, etc



labilis, -e adj liable to slip away, hence fleeting, transitory CH36/8

laborarius, -ii n m labourer, workman CH781/17; EK61/3; LI333/14

laboratus, -i n m labour, service LI321/5

laboro, -are, -aui, -atum v intr 1. literally to work, labour CH781/18; SM145/19; 2. (used of rumours or the like) to spread, be widespread CH772/12, etc; SM121/28, etc

laciuia see lasciuia

laciuius see lasciuius

Lactantius, -ii n m Lactantius (c 240-c 320), a patristic apologist principally renowned for his Ciceronian rhetoric CH811/8, etc [ODCC]

lactens, -ntis sbst comm one who sucks milk at the breast, hence an unweaned child, infant (here as a type of innocence) EL17/5

laesiuncula, -ae n f slight hurt, small injury OX305/30

Laeta, -ae n f Laeta, a Roman matron of distinguished family principally known as a member of St Jerome's circle and the recipient of one of his most famous letters CH807/34m

lagena, -e n f gallon CH40/40, etc; CR491/16, etc; EK322/37; IC4/4, etc; LI106/35; SH129/30, etc; SM178/3, etc [cf OLD lagona]

laicalis, -e adj of or pertaining to the laity, laical LI108/18; OX47/33

laicus, -i n m layman, one who is not in orders of any kind BR4/3, etc; C14/2; CR465/10; EK939/23, etc; LI3/18, etc; OX9/23; SM239/2; WL216/19; laycus BR4/11, etc; EK974/27, etc; see also uicarius, uis

Lancastria, -e n f Lancaster: 1. place name, here used as a personal name element LI607/31, etc; Lancaustria EK45/5; 2. name of a county L14/11, etc; hence in phr comitatus Lancastrie county of Lancashire CH220/41, etc; 3. name of a dukedom (originally an earldom LI609/14; W396/35) C16/32, etc; EK43/17, etc; OX10/33; SH98/37

lanceola, -e n f literally a small lance, hence a weaver's shuttle (from its shape) WL54/13

Landauensis, -e adj of or pertaining to Llandaff, a Welsh diocese WL217/16

languabat var of languebat [OLD langueo]

lanistarius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a 'lanista,' a trainer of gladiators; schola lanistaria school for fighting or fencing? C259/22

lapideus, -a, -um adj made of stone SH11/7; porta lapidea Stone Gate, one of the town gates of Shrewsbury SH129/23

lapsus, -us n m literally lapse (of time), here by extension the end of a period of time, conclusion CR504/15

laqueus, -i n m some sort of tie or fastener: cord, lace, ribbon LI583/29, etc

Lar, -is n m lar, tutelary god of the Roman household; see foueo

larua, -e n f 1. literally an evil spirit, spectre, probably a ghost OX177/30?; SH74/2; SM236/17, etc; 2. hence a mask EK911/17; one worn in unidentified entertainments or pastimes C619/40, etc; OX5/3, OX177/30?; lerua (s2) C158/17

laruatus, -a, -um adj wearing masks, masked OX62/8; nt sg as sbst a masque OX894/36

lasciuius, -a, -um adj dissolute, immoral, sexually lax CR527/23; laciuius DR247/15; lasciuus EL258/21

lasciuia, -e n f dissoluteness, sexual laxity or an instance of these CH46/37; EK938/19; laciuia EK939/20; SX3/12

latania, -e n f litany, a form of liturgical prayer EL34/4; latinia EL34/4

latomus, -i n m stonemason OX168/37

latro, -onis n m 1. literally bandit, robber LI6/14; 2. hence a thief LI25/7

latus, -a, -um adj broad, wide: fons latus pedibus tribus (literally a spring three feet wide) is rendered 'a fountaine to wash three mens leges' on OX364/3--4, punning on 'latus' and 'lautus' (washed) as well as on the two senses of 'pes' (a foot); see also uia

lauticia, -ie n f luxurious entertainment, sumptuous feast OX44/13, etc

lauticinia, -ie n f luxurious entertainment, sumptuous feast OX49/20; lauticina OX50/31

laycus see laicus

le see la

leccator, -oris n m man of dissolute life, lecher CH38/2, etc

Lecestrensis, -e adj of or belonging to Leicester, a county and earldom OX180/37, etc; f sg as sbst the earldom of Leicester OX200/5

Lecestria see Leicestria

lecionem for laesionem [OLD laesio]

lectica, -ae n f bier OX140/24

lectio, -onis n f 1. (public) reading, act of reading aloud C132/29; H65/9, etc; OX60/19, etc; W378/3; 2. hence one of the readings established for a liturgical service EK24/32, etc; LI333/1; or the prescribed readings of the divine office, the set of daily prayers and scriptural readings to be said by religious at the canonical hours SX4/2; lectio euangelij the public reading from the Gospels in a liturgical service SM20/12, etc; 3. reading, study EK912/10; IC6/33; 4. academic lecture C102/15, etc; OX257/15, etc

lector, -oris n m 1. one who reads, reader IC651/22; 2. reader, fellow of a college appointed to give lectures on certain topics C133/12, etc; domesticus lector one appointed to give lectures within the college only C209/31; lector humanitatis C132/31 or humaniorum literarum C321/24 one appointed to lecture in humanities; 3. reader, a lecturer at an Inn IC43/27, etc

lectura, -e n f 1. (public) reading, act of reading aloud OX27/30; 2. lecture C205/18; IC659/27, etc

lectus, -us n m (public) reading, act of reading aloud W348/32

lee see la

legalis, -e adj lawful EK912/1; see also homo, moneta

legatus, -i n m 1. literally legate, ambassador OX135/36, etc; apparently used of a special envoy sent in addition to an existing ambassador (referred to as orator) EK204/14, etc; 2. probably a mock ambassador chosen as part of Christmas and Epiphany celebrations C157/11

legenda, -e sbst f a book of readings, often one appointed for liturgical use or for use in the refectory of a religious house: legenda sanctorum legend of the saints, such a book comprising saints' lives, possibly here referring to a sanctorale, a book of daily office readings and other propers for the saints' days of the liturgical year LI332/37; legenda temporalis a temporal, a book of daily offices for the liturgical year, exclusive of those for saints' days LI332/38-9

lego, -ere, legi, lectum v tr 1. to read (aloud) OX27/24, etc; 2. hence to read (a subject), to study: medicinam ... legere to read medicine OX313/20; 3. by extension of sense 1 to read or recite (eg, a liturgical office) OX12/10

leguleius, -ii n m literally specialist in legal minutiae, hence a pettifogger, a hack lawyer OX309/35

Leicestria, -e n f Leicester: 1. name of an earldom EK209/34; LI188/37; OX162/31; Lecestria OX146/43, etc; 2. name of a county LI72/32

lemniscus, -i n m ribbon, here glossed by E 'tasselles' LI583/33

Lennoxia, -e n f Lennox, name of a dukedom C662/29; Lenoxium C558/19

leno, -onis n m a procurer, pimp, here used to refer to a stock character of Roman comedy C126/19

leo, -onis n m lion, here apparently a banner depicting a lion (by analogy with draco a dragon banner) OX20/19; see also custos

leporarius, -ii n m a dog trained to hunt hares, hence a greyhound OX6/25

lequest see duadena and EG



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