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focagium, -ii n nt fuel (for fire) SM177/34, etc

focalis, -e adj of or pertaining to a hearth, hence nt as sbst a fire (for cooking or warmth) LI27/26, etc; see also panis

focalium, -ii n nt fuel IC56/37

focaria, -e n f 1. hearth, fireside (used by metonymy for home); 2. concubine (ie, a woman who shares one's hearth and home); it is unclear which sense is intended at LI3/12 and LI4/9

foedum see feodum

foelicitas, -atis n f over-correction of felicitas [OLD]

foelix see felix

foemina, -e n f over-corrected form of femina [OLD]

foetura, -e n f child, offspring OX85/33 [OLD fetura]

folium, -ii n nt 1. leaf (of a branch) OX5/4; 2. leaf, folio (of a book) CH41/19m, etc; EK902/14m, etc; EL33/23, etc; LI332/40, etc; OX44/7, etc; SH42/22; SM172/34, etc; SX260/10

forale, -is n nt front, beginning (of a book, etc) C38/37 [from OLD foris1 ?]

foramen, -inis n nt literally an aperture, hole, here the opening, or bell, of a horn WL4/15

forensis, -e adj foreign, not native, hence comm pl as sbst non-natives, outsiders OX503/16

foresta, -e n f forest CH721/23

forinsecus, -a, -um adj external, foreign CH78/9, etc; forincecus CH55/33; IC6/11; see also colloquium

forisfacio, -ere, -feci, -factum v tr to forfeit (a sum of money), pay a forfeit CH56/24, etc; DR282/33; IC50/23, etc; as pfp pass forfeited (of sums of money or the like) OX259/9

forisfactura, -e n f act of forfeiting, forfeiture CH56/19; WL237/34

forma, -e n f 1. form of words EL19/4, etc, eg, that used in the public confession imposed as penance by church courts or a written copy thereof H169/25, etc; SH328/6, etc; SM132/24, etc; SX11/15; W361/3, etc or that used to dismiss a person excused by poverty from any court fees and the like IC610/7, etc; LI100/30m; W378/20; or possibly that used in a formal reconciliation with an injured party SH73/16; or possibly that used to certify the carrying out of an order H184/3; 2. form of action, manner of proceeding EK62/19, etc; EL23/10, etc; SM370/2, SM370/5; 3. tenor, purport SM424/11; SX40/34, etc; especially purport or terms of a statute or agreement EK947/6, etc; H99/19; L113/18; LI5/15, etc; SH264/34, etc; SM397/12, etc; W413/21, etc; 4. form, bench EL17/15 (see pp EL352-3, endnote to GL: MS 25509 f 138 col 2-f 138v col 2); see also certificarium, schedula

fortificans, -ntis prp fortifying, strengthening CH59/16, etc

fortuna, -e n f fortune, luck OX85/26, etc; sometimes personified OX347/20 (as part of a series of multilingual puns on the E surnames Case and Tucker (see Τυχερος)), etc

fortunatus, -a, -um adj fortunate, lucky, blessed; see Alba Fortunata, Τυχερος

forum, -i n nt marketplace, market [OLD]: see clericus

foueo, -ere, foui, fotum v tr literally tend, nurture, here in idiom fouere larem to tend one's household gods, hence to keep or maintain a home EK308/30

fractio, -onis n f break, act of breaking, here in idiom fractio pacis breach of the peace SM749/26-7

fraenum over-correction of frenum [OLD]

framea, -e n f literally spear, sometimes by extension sword EL247/3

franchesia, -e n f franchise, literally an immunity or privilege granted to a town, here by extension the territory affected by such immunity CH56/15, etc; LI207/6; SH263/37; franchisa CH119/32

Francia, -e n f France C404/2, etc; CH55/26, etc; EK49/26, etc; H94/6; IC666/22; L21/25, etc; LI325/23; SH265/30, etc; SM145/21; SX28/38; W451/25, etc; WL158/4, etc; Frauncia CH134/16, etc; EL143/11; L30/32; OX196/6, etc; SH263/39, etc; SM189/11, etc; SX170/29; W386/40; Frauntia CH667/40, etc

frater, -tris n m brother: 1. literally C296/9; EK82/39, etc; OX799/16, etc; WL57/24, etc; 2. by extension a fellow member of the same community C110/11?; EK822/17; of a religious fraternity or guild LI24/38, etc; fellow-countryman WL79/25; 3. hence member of a religious community EK25/2, etc; EL259/9m; WL215/18, etc; member of an order of friars C110/11?; LI103/34; SX186/33; member of the Franciscan order OX3/6; fratres Carmelite Carmelite friars (see ODCC) LI152/38; ~ limitatores friars limiter, members of a mendicant order whose activities were limited to a specific place (here Boston) by licence LI37/31; ~ predicatores friars preacher, the Dominicans C49/29; ~ utriusque ordinis literally friars of either order, ie, Franciscans and Dominicans LI3/20-1, etc; 4. in pl the brethren, fellow-Christians C316/24

fraternitas, -atis n f brotherhood, guild, often a religious confraternity or guild C5/5; LI24/23, etc

fraudilenter var of fraudulenter [OLD]

Frauncia, Frauntia see Francia

frenesim var of phrenesim [OLD phrenesis]

frequento, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to perform (a service) assiduously, hence to carry out the duties (of an office) IC57/17, etc

Frestoniensis, -is n f Frieston, name of a parish and priory near Boston LI342/25

froenum over-correction of frenum [OLD]

Froma Episcopi n phr Bishops Frome, name of a parish H65/22m

frons, -dis n f literally foliage, hence a garland of leaves or flowers OX137/6

fructus, -us n m financial gain, profit EL22/20; see also usus

frumentum, -i n nt literally corn, any cereal crop, here by extension probably wheat EK34/15, etc; LI347/33, etc; SM182/26, etc; see also panis

frunitor, -oris n m tanner DR252/39; EK87/3

fumigium, -i n nt literally fumigation, hence the burning of a substance to cleanse or sweeten the air C225/37

functio, -onis n f profession, employment, office CH770/34 [cp DML functio, OEDO function n. 4.a.]

fundacio, -onis n f act of founding, foundation CR503/21

funerale, -is n nt a kind of candle or torch C93/31 [probably an error for OLD funale]

furnasium, -ii n nt oven EK34/27

furnitus, -a, -um pfp pass equipped, furnished SH200/34

furratus, -a, -um adj lined or trimmed with fur EK714/351, etc

furrura, -e n f 1. garment made from or trimmed with fur BR6/41; LI107/14; 2. fur lining or trim EK315/14, etc

fustianum, -i n nt fustian, a type of cloth C113/3, etc

fustulator, fystulator see fistulator

fynis see finis2


gacha, -e n f bowl EK34/25

Galathe, -arum n m inhabitants of Galatia, Galatian, hence ad Galathas (with 'epistola' understood) St Paul's Letter to the Galatians, a NT book EL241/33

Galeae, -arum n f Wales EK827/6

galeata, -ae sbst f the wearing of a helmet or a helmet [cp DML galeare]: see ordo

galeon, -onis n m galley, a vessel, often a war ship, driven by oars EK827/30, etc

Gallia, -e n f literally Gaul, here used as a name for contemporary France EK204/13, etc; OX218/14, etc; SH98/31

Gallicus, -a, -um adj French EK204/33; OX315/13; WL9/28

galliprelium, -ii n nt cockfight C259/24, etc; written as two words galli prelia literally cockfights but glassed Cockepyttes CH116/2 [cp DML galliproelium]

gal(l)o, -onis n m gallon, a liquid measure equal to four quarts, here chiefly used for wine EK60/24, etc; chiefly used for ale LI196/3, etc

Gallus, -i sbst m in CL an inhabitant of Gaul, hence a Frenchman SX212/10

gaola, -e n f gaol, distinguished from a prison as a place for short or temporary confinement SH273/31; gaolda SH112/7; see also deliberacio

garba, -e n f sheaf (of grain), here used as a heraldic emblem SH100/24; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)

garcio, -onis n m boy, lad, usually a servant EK34/28, etc; here likely an acolyte EL22/39

garda, -e n f guard SH161/32; see also ualettus

gardianus, -i n m warden, guardian IC23/4: 1. an administrative officer of a town EK757/33; such an officer appointed to organize a play, playwarden EK739/26, etc; gardianus ad ludum EK739/25, etc, gardianus ludi EK737/17, etc; 2. an administrative officer of a guild, here with responsibility for pageants, a pageant warden LI318/6, etc; 3. the lord warden of the Cinque Ports SX47/37; EK765/3, etc; 4. churchwarden CH797/28; EL203/20, etc; H167/34, etc; L18/41, etc; LI266/11, etc; OX495/11, etc; SH115/13, etc; SM129/26, etc; SX10/2, etc; W355/11m, etc; WL235/29, etc; gardianibus (3rd decl dat/abl) EK765/39; 5. keeper of an animal: gardianus urcium bearward EK764/26, etc; 6. gardianus de Flete warden of the Fleet Prison IC23/3

gardinum, -i n nt garden, piece of enclosed ground used for cultivation CH53/32, etc; SM182/24

gardium, -ii n nt ward, administrative district of a town EK330/28

gardura, -e n f border or trim (of a garment) LI583/21

gargeta, -e n f throat SH14/17

garmentum, -i n nt garment, piece of clothing EK746/18, etc

garniamentum, -i n nt garment, piece of clothing SH191/1; garnementum EK315/12

garnishtura, -e n f a set of dishes, platters, and the like, for use at table EK101/22, etc [cp OEDO garnish n.]

Garsconia, -e n f Gascony, a district of France EK54/32

garulacio, -onis n f chatter, foolish talk LI108/18

Gaude v imper used as sbst name of an antiphon or other piece of liturgical music; there are too many pieces beginning 'Gaude' for it to be identified LI332/34

gaudeo, -dere, -di, -isus v intr with abl 1. to enjoy, rejoice in C510/11; 2. to enjoy the possession of (eg, a privilege, property, et al) C363/19, etc; CH154/35; EL125/25, etc

gaudimonium, -ii n nt gaudy, a festive meal often held annually in a college in commemoration of some important event or anniversary OX71/1, etc [see OEDO gaudy n. 4. and 5.]

gaudium, -ii n nt 1. joy, happiness OX128/21, etc; 2. gaudy, a festive meal often held annually in a college in commemoration of some important event or anniversary OX8/5 [see OEDO gaudy n. 4. and 5.]

Geminus, -i n m literally a twin, here the name of the title character of the play Geminus Campanus OX135/30, etc

generacio, -onis n f a generation, that is, a group of people descended from the same parents and regarded as a single degree in the descent of a family WL14/9; or a group of people born at around the same time EL245/20

generalis, -e adj 1. general, common, communal LI203/28; SH172/11, etc (referring to a town community); 2. general, applicable to all EL208/23; LI7/6, etc; see also commissarius, deliberacio, sessio, uicarius

generosus, -i n m gentleman CH151/27, etc; DR211/4, etc; EK62/38, etc; EL125/19, etc; H119/2, etc; IC34/3, etc; L67/37m, etc; LI72/39, etc; OX125/16, etc; SH161/33, etc; SX185/8, etc; W404/9, etc; WL113/19, etc

genesis, -is n f birth, beginning: the title of an OT book, Genesis CH808/17m (in Greek acc form), etc

genitrix, -icis n f mother, here as a title of the Virgin Mary: Domini Genitrix Mother of the Lord CH36/23

gens, -ntis n f 1. literally a people, nation, hence in pl by extension people, persons CH154/2, etc; 2. in CL in pl the rest of the world, non-Romans, hence in Christian Latin gentiles, pagans CH812/4; see also aduersus

gentaculum see iantaculum

gentilis, -e adj gentile, ie, not Christian, pagan, comm pl as sbst pagans WL78/30, etc

gentilitas, -atis n f state of being a pagan WL78/23

genuflecto, -ctere, -xi, -xum v tr to cause (someone) to kneel OX8/23

Georgianus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to (St) George: see campus

gero, -rere, -ssi, -stum v tr 1. literally to bear or carry C399/5, hence to carry or bring (something with one) SM424/17; gerens datum bearing the date, dated (of an order or other document) CH691/33, etc; IC86/27, etc; LI323/7, etc; 2. to perform, do (something), act C205/23 (in supine); 3. hence with refl and adv to behave in a certain way C147/20; CH781/26; LI58/32; SM145/28-9, etc; bene gerere to behave well or in a peaceable manner, often a condition of a bond to keep the peace CH753/18; W383/18; 4. hence in idiom pacem gerere to keep the peace, often a condition of a bond to keep the peace L5/37, etc; LI72/35; 5. to have, possess SH185/26; 6. to bear (as an emblem or device) SH98/30; 7. of parts of the body, to employ; to move or gesture with in some way C95/19; 8. in idiom rem gerere to carry on, perform LI603/12; 9. in pass to happen, take place C267/34, hence res gesta deed, exploit, usually of the past C236/5; see also uicis

gestator, -oris n m jester, an entertainer: possibly either one making use of mimetic gestures or a teller of tales LI345/8; SH201/37 [DML gerere, 2 gestator, gestus]

gesticulacio, -onis n f gesture, gesticulation, especially that associated with mime in the ancient theatre SM237/2, etc

gesto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to bear, carry C236/29; 2. to gesture, make expressive movements; possibly to mime or mimic? C75/4, etc

gestor, -oris n m jester, an entertainer: possibly either one making use of mimetic gestures or a teller of tales EK909/14 [DML gerere, 2 gestator, gestus]

gestrum, -i n nt dagger CH50/8

gestura, -e n f conduct, behaviour CH46/30

gestus, -i n m feast, banquet SM177/25, etc; gustus SM183/37, etc

gestus, -us n m 1. movement of the limbs or body, expressive action C236/10, etc; 2. behaviour, manner W349/2, hence bonus gestus good behaviour (as condition of peace or appearance bonds and the like) C491/7, etc; CH119/30, etc; DR276/6, etc

gigator, -oris n m literally one who plays a 'giga,' or rebec (probably a pear-shaped bowed stringed instrument); possibly a generic term for a player of bowed, as opposed to plucked-string, instruments, fiddler W379/21m, etc [see Remnant, Mary. "Gigue (ii)." In Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online, (accessed June 2, 2009).]

gilda, -e n f 1. guild, an association or confraternity of people having some common purpose and brought together for mutual benefit and the pursuit of that purpose, eg, a religious or craft guild LI24/23, etc; SH74/10; 2. by extension a guild meeting, here that of a guild merchant (a body made up of the merchants of a town and often acting (under a royal charter) as the town government) W348/6 [DML gilda 2a,b and pp W579--80 (endnote to LPL: MS 171 f 45v)]; see aula

gildales n pl probably an English gloss; see gilda W348/39

gimnasiarcha, -e n m schoolmaster LI208/5; gimnaziarcha LI208/27

gimnasium, -ii n m centre of learning, school IC6/29 [cp OLD gymnasium]

Glabrio, -onis n m fictive L nomen for a mock-jury member: Cucullus Glabrio 'Hoody Hairless' (with a pun on L 'cucullus,' 'hood' and 'cuculus,' 'cuckoo' and E 'cuckold') IC463/27

gladiator, -oris n m literally a gladiator, hence swordsman, fencer OX512/13, etc

gladiatorius, -a, -um adj literally of or pertaining to a gladiator or gladiatorial shows, hence of or pertaining to fencing C259/23, etc; see ludus, lusus, schola

glorificacio, -onis n f glorification, act of making glorious or bright W347/7

globus, -i n m 1. globe (as a heraldic device) SH99/4; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v); 2. in pl either globes (ie, a set of terrestrial and celestial globes) or balls for playing bowls, bowls OX279/37 [see DML globus and OEDO globe n.]

Gloucestria, -e n f Gloucester: 1. name of a town EK975/5; SH136/4; W397/34; Gloucestra W398/20; 2. name of a dukedom C23/5, etc; EK733/32, etc; SH30/8, etc; W399/21, etc; or of an earldom WL289/8; Glaucestria EK740/36, etc; Glawcestria EK352/6, etc; Glocestria EK78/30, etc; Glowcestria EK908/23 (in form Glow<...>), etc; SH148/15; W405/19, etc; 3. name of a county BR3/5, etc; 4. name of an archdeanery in the diocese of Worcester BR5/8

Glouernia, -e n f Gloucester: 1. name of a royal dukedom SX184/22; 2. name of a town and county WL219/7

Golias, -e (abl Gole) n m Golias, either the Vulgate spelling of the name Goliath, a Philistine warrior killed by David (see 1 Kgs 17(Vlg)) or the name of the legendary patron of the goliards and their verse; given the deliberately skewed nature of the mythological references in this text, the reference could be to either or to both OX799/22

Gonuillus, -i n m Gonville, surname of Edmund Gonville, original founder of Caius College, Cambridge (formerly known as Gonville and Caius College); see collegium

Gordianus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to Gordius, Gordian: nodus ... Gordianus the Gordian knot (see next entry), used proverbially to refer to any seemingly insoluable problem WL261/5

Gordius, -ii n m Gordius, said to be a king of Phrygia who challenged Alexander the Great to untie a complex knot, which Alexander loosed by cutting instead WL261/5

gracemania, -e n m graceman, administrative officer in a guild LI108/7 [see Introduction, pp LI415, LI455]

gracia, -e n f (sometimes in CL form gratia) 1. mercy, forgiveness, favour C229/13, etc; H98/16; OX194/28; SH97/36, SH100/20; W185/15; de gracia LI608/29 or ex gracia LI120/4, etc, by (one's favour), graciously; in idioms probably with an understood form of dimissus: ad graciam at (a judge's) favour or cum gracia with remission, apparently a kind of dismissal from an ecclesiastical court which also implies the forgiveness of a previous excommunication or of a required court fee H171/29m, etc; SH12/13m, etc; ex gracia graciously, mercifully, used of the actions of a judge EK893/29, etc (or ex speciali gracia EK307/4-5); H175/19, etc; IC132/2, etc; SX24/2; W386/23, etc; in legal idiom ponens se in gracia curie placing oneself at the mercy of the court SM397/13; gratia ex officio, literally forgiveness as a courtesy, is rendered 'a groat out of mine office' as part of a punning speech on OX270/28--9; 2. hence dispensation EL22/16; 3. favour, goodwill CH56/6, etc; DR50/37; OX529/27; hence in gratiam (+ gen) to oblige (someone) OX217/37; 4. by extension grant, a benefit or payment bestowed gratuitously EL22/22, etc; 5. hence grace, divine favour BR3/21; C404/2; CH55/26, etc; CR504/30; EK779/22, etc; EL143/11; L21/23, etc; LI3/5, etc; OX196/5, etc; SH/263/39, etc; SM189/11, etc; SX170/29, etc; W451/24, etc; WL217/16, etc; 6. by extension grace, a divine gift operating in human beings to sanctify, regenerate, and strengthen (often used in conventional salutation at opening of a letter) BR5/9; CR527/11; DR247/10; EK974/7; H98/11, etc; LI3/6, etc; OX3/8; SM173/38; 7. thanks LI208/24; OX232/37, etc; gratiarum actio thanksgiving OX11/8, etc; gratias agere to thank (with dat of person) C510/12, etc; EK204/38; OX63/39, etc; gratias dicere to give thanks EK980/19; gratias habere OX127/20 or habere ~ OX107/10 to be thankful; 8. in abl + gen of gd, expressing purpose for the sake of, so as (to do something) CR465/8; IC651/18; OX11/16, etc; gratia CH134/16, etc; see also an(n)us

gracilis, -e adj literally thin, hence (of sounds) thin, high-pitched, shrill WL8/19

Gracilius, -ii n m fictive L nomen for a mock-jury member, from the root of 'gracilis,' slender: Gracilis Macer 'Skinny Meagre' IC464/8

graciose adv in a pleasing or agreeable manner, graciously LI607/27; WL247/15

gracius var of gratius [OLD grate]

gradiens, -ntis pr p passant (as heraldic term) SH98/34; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)

graduatus, -a, -um adj having graduated: scholaris ... graduatus graduate student, one who is already a bachelor in one of the faculties and still pursuing a higher degree OX512/15--17; scholaris ... non graduati undergraduate student, one who is not yet a bachelor in any faculty OX512/15--16; m sg as sbst graduate; in idiom residens graduatus a graduate still resident in Cambridge C364/15

gradus, -us n m 1. step, stair C93/21, etc; 2. academic rank, university degree C841/25, C379/3, etc

Graecus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Greece; see historia

grammatica, -e n f grammar, one of the arts of the trivium, the first stage in the study of the seven liberal arts required for the medieval arts degree OX54/4, etc; see also studens

gram(m)aticalis, -e adj of or pertaining to grammar in its ancient sense, ie, including what would now be classified as literary criticism; libri ... gramaticales grammar books EL19/9-10; libri grammaticales OX9/2, etc; hence in title of play Bellum Grammaticale, 'The War of Grammar' C847/37; see also sc(h)ola

grammaticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to grammar in its ancient sense, ie, including what would now be classified as literary criticism; see sc(h)ola

grande adv grandly (referring to one of the two manners of keeping Christmas at Middle Temple, grand or solemn, apparently according to the activities allowed) IC128/9, etc

grandis, -e adj grand (referring to one of the two manners of keeping Christmas at Middle Temple, grand or solemn, apparently according to the activities allowed) IC206/29, etc

grandisonans, -tis adj sounding grand, lofty, or noble C239/10

granditas, -atis n f size, grandeur OX137/9

granium var of granum [OLD]

granum, -i n nt grain of corn: see mercatum

gratanter adv gratefully OX63/39, etc

gratia see gracia

Graticus, -i n m fictive L cognomen for a mock-jury member, from the root of 'gratia,' 'grace, favour': Minutius Graticus 'Tiny Grace' IC463/34

gratis adv freely, without further penalty or payment EK606/20m, etc; OX481/32, etc; SM93/25m, etc

gratus, -a, -um adj 1. welcome, agreeable, pleasant DR247/29; 2. unforced, willing, free CR491/8; see also habeo

grauamen, -inis n nt 1. injury, harm, disturbance EK731/12; L21/34; OX13/20; 2. grievance, complaint EL186/8

Grayus, -i sbst m a member of Gray's Inn IC380/5, etc

Gregorius, -ii n m Gregory, the name of several saints, especially St Gregory i (c 540-604), pope and theologian CH812/12; Gregorius Nazianzus St Gregory of Nazianzus (329-89), bishop and theologian CH812/5 [ODCC]

gressessus, -i sbst m apparently from 'gresumarius' var of 'gersumarius' one possessing a holding by the payment of a premium, called in OE 'gersuma,' used especially of an heir L241/15

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