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doctrina, -e n f teaching, hence often in ML (Christian) doctrine, sound teaching CH767/41, etc; LI4/27, etc; OX10/30, etc

dodecatemorium, -ii n nt 1. the zodiac OX308/27; 2. one of the twelve signs of the zodiac OX314/35

dolium, -ii n nt tun, cask SH159/15, etc

domesticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a household or home, domestic, by extension of or belonging to a college [see OEDO house sb1 4.b.]: pubes domestica the youth of the college OX85/26; m sg as sbst domestici those belonging to or residing at a college OX146/10, etc; see also lector

domicellus, -i n m donzel, squire EK976/17, etc

domina, -e n f 1. lady, a woman of rank LI609/16; 2. used as honorific for the Virgin Mary LI120/32m; 3. used as honorific for royalty, peeress, or peer's wife C25/10, etc; CH134/15, etc; EK43/12, etc; EL125/35, etc; H107/1; IC28/10, etc; L14/12, etc; LI366/2, etc; OX72/4, etc; SH354/28, etc; SM251/22, etc; SX184/20, etc; W400/17; WL129/17, etc

Domine celi & terre n phr 'Lord of heaven and of earth,' the title of an antiphon by Richard Davy LI332/35

dominicus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to the Lord (see also dies) LI7/1; f as sbst Lord's Day, Sunday OX36/12, etc; W400/21; WL216/6; hence dominica in ramis palmarum Palm Sunday, the Sunday before Easter EK58/21-2; dominica Septuagesime Septuagesima Sunday, the Sunday seventy days before Easter, ie, the third Sunday before Ash Wednesday EK51/37, etc; see also carnispriuium; 2. of or pertaining to a (feudal) lord: nt as sbst demesne, area under the authority of a lord CH721/22, etc; here in idiom antiquum dominicum ancient demesne, land considered to be under the king's hand at the time of the Norman Conquest; it conferred special status on its tenants even if it were granted to another feudal lord SM182/30, etc; see also an(n)us, dies, natiuitas

dominium, -ii n nt domain, lordship (territory) EL127/36

dominus, -i n m 1. the Lord, title of God or Christ C8/11, etc; CH36/20, etc; CR528/5, etc; DR247/27, etc; EK24/17, etc; EL4/3, etc; H100/10, etc; IC5/22, etc; L87/33, etc; LI4/1, etc; OX10/31, etc; SH10/20, etc; SM423/6, etc; SX213/2, etc; W396/9, etc; WL80/8, etc (see also an(n)us); 2. lord, a ruler or member of the nobility CH59/12, etc; EL33/21, etc; a ruler OX799/7 or a member of the nobility OX102/30; or the lord of a manor or liberty L57/36, etc; SM177/27, etc; lord (of a feudal holding) WL57/18, dominus libertatis SX171/21-2 (see also libertas, manerium); hence in idiom agere dominum to act the part of a lord in a play or game, play the lord OX55/41; 3. by extension of sense 2 lord: A. title of a mock ruler appointed in some colleges or Inns (there often a prince) to oversee plays and other entertainments, usually at Christmas-time C133/1, etc; IC93/21, etc; OX209/14, OX209/17; sometimes called dominus ludorum lord of games C164/4, etc, or ~ de mysrule IC84/8 (or misrule IC93/21) lord of misrule; ~ de Purpoole lord of Purpoole, another name for the prince of Purpoole, a Christmas prince at Gray's Inn IC112/33; also applied to courtiers of a Christmas prince IC462/7, etc; or B. title of a mock abbot in a Shrewsbury May game SH191/7, etc; or C. title of a mock ruler appointed as part of traditional plays or other entertainments, often at Christmas time, eg, dominus de misrule lord of misrule EK690/31; dominus iocosus SX184/31? (see also iocosus); 4. master (of a villein or servant) WL12/35, etc; dominus domus master of a house, householder CR464/16; 5. hence by extension husband OX308/12; 6. client, principal (of an attorney or proctor) SM140/3, SM140/4; hence the cathedral officer whose part is being played by a particular boy in a boy-bishop observance EL17/28, EL18/2; 7. used figuratively the possessor of a quality or characteristic OX308/8 or lord or master (of a particular tool or weapon) IC657/27; 8. sir (as courteous address, in voc) C229/12, etc; 9. Dom, honorific for Benedictine monk CH78/31; EK36/22, etc; SX184/31?; WL217/16; 10. lord:



  1. honorific for church dignitaries (abbot H189/9; SH126/31m, etc; SX183/33, etc; bishop CH767/201, etc; CR504/30, etc; DR137/32; H200/9, etc; OX34/12; SM202/37, etc; SX3/21, etc; W399/23, etc; WL217/15; bishop, dean, ecclesiastical officials and judges EL20/20, etc; LI341/12, etc; cardinal SX184/34; ecclesiastical officials or judges C249/20, etc; CH843/11, etc; EK28/10, etc; H98/10, etc; L18/14, etc; SH196/29, etc; SM251/10, etc; SX11/33, etc; W381/25, etc; WL235/33, etc; prior W397/2, etc) (see also officium);

  2. honorific for secular dignitaries (kings and princes CH44/40, etc; CR493/13, etc; DR211/3, etc; EK537/24, etc; H187/14, etc; L116/19, etc; OX5/18, etc; SH11/5, etc; SM41/22, etc; SX182/7, etc; W399/20, etc; WL157/39, etc; kings, royal officials, or justices EL20/19, etc; peers EK43/17, etc; L115/26, etc; OX15/20, etc; SH127/6, etc; SM415/18, etc; SX183/26, etc; W399/20, etc; WL289/8, etc; royalty or peers C6/19, etc; IC25/19, etc; LI24/26, etc; royal officers or justices CR493/23; DR137/33, etc; EK313/30, etc; L148/40, etc; SH161/28? (possibly used to refer to peers), SH191/14, etc; SX45/3);

  3. honorific for university officials or judges and college officers C279/17, etc; OX4/31, etc;

11. Sir:

  1. honorific for priest CR548/26; EK727/8, etc; H200/6, etc; LI104/21, etc; SM236/30, etc; SX14/11;

  2. honorific for knight or baronet DR170/20; EK974/22, etc; H189/13, etc; IC7/7, etc; L149/28; LI103/32; OX266/37, etc; SH14/2; SX186/20; W400/2, etc; WL288/7, etc;

  3. honorific for university graduate holding a BA degree C68/16, etc; EK892/5? (possibly another occ as an honorific of a priest); OX46/33, etc

domorsum adv homewards, on the way home CR489/36

domus, -us n f or m domu and domo found as abl sg 1. building, house, home C69/25; CH616/5, etc; EL14/18, etc; H69/32, etc; L99/12, etc; LI607/17, etc; OX93/6, etc; SH129/12, etc; SX171/2, etc; WL79/4, etc; used metaphorically LI6/6, etc; hence the lodgings of the head of a college OX40/20, etc; 2. by extension a structure within a building OX137/23; 3. as the site of an alehouse SH10/22; SX44/30, etc (in some cases, such as EK909/37, etc; SH277/20; or in Rye records in Sussex, it is not possible to be sure whether the 'domus' is a private dwelling, an alehouse, or both); 4. in various idioms: ~ aleatorius public gambling house C259/23-4; ~ capitularis chapter house, the site of chapter meetings EL25/28, etc; LI120/32, etc; SM930/7 [ODCC]; ~ communis literally common house, here apparently a town hall or other civic meeting place EK731/9; ~ correctionis house of correction, gaol WL247/37, etc; ~ Dei God's house, ie, a church EL17/6; LI103/14--15; ~ Domini the Lord's house, ie, a church H57/5; SH5/27; ~ elemonsinarius EL23/30 or ~ elemosinaria EL25/39 almonry house, a house used by the almoner as a residence and for the instruction of the almonry boys; ~ lupinarie literally house of prostitution, brothel WL129/21; ~ mansionalis dwelling place, home L21/27 [Black's Mansion]; ~ mercati market house, building in a market area for the use of buyers and sellers W412/27; ~ ... oracionis house of prayer, ie, a church LI6/14, etc; communis ~ tipulacionis a public alehouse, literally a common house of tippling L113/17; 5. playhouse L82/17, L241/12; 6. pageant house, structure to house a pageant wagon CH74/18, etc; also known locally in Chester as a carriage house: ~ cariagij CH160/27, etc; W412/23; 7. stage house, part of the traditional scenery used for presentations of Roman comedy C143/17; 8. (royal or noble) household C50/8, etc; here by extension used in reference to Lincoln's Inn IC68/34; ~ regia royal household IC6/31; SX184/15; 9. religious house C49/29; CH47/9; EK909/29, etc; LI342/2, etc; OX3/24; or by analogy a college C4/6; OX11/12, etc; WL215/13 [see OEDO house n.1 4.a. and 4.b.]; 10. by extension of sense 1 one's substance, possessions OX179/1; see also conuocatio, rectoria, sanctuarium

Dorcestria, -e n f 1. Dorchester, name of a town DR171/28; 2. Dorset, name of an earldom EK331/18, etc

dormiens, -entis prp literally sleeping, used of warrants or the like, dormant, ie, drawn up but left blank as to particulars such as names until needed LI580/6, etc

dormitorium, -ii n nt room for sleeping, dormitory WL216/31

dorsatum, -i n nt dorse, the back of a sheet of paper or parchment EK533/40, etc

Dorseta, -e n f Dorset, name of an archdeaconry in the diocese of Salisbury DR248/3; name of an earldom and a marquessate EK66/40, etc

Dorsetia, -e n f Dorset, name of a county OX76/6

Dorsettensis, -e adj of or pertaining to the county of Dorset, hence ager Dorsettensis the territory of Dorset DR170/22

Dorsettus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Dorset, a county and an earldom; m sg as sbst the earl of Dorset OX313/3

dorsum, -i n nt dorse, the back of a sheet of paper or parchment H171/17, etc; LI34/31; SH251/21, etc

dosanum, -i n nt dozen C214/3

Douer, -eri n m Dover, name of a suffragan bishopric EK203/38

Douoria, -e n f Dover, name of a town EK307/35, etc; Doueria EK307/38m

draco, -onis n m literally dragon, by extension the name of a banner or streamer, perhaps in the shape of a dragon, traditionally carried in liturgical Rogation processions W340/n97; also apparently a feature of a Whitsun ale OX20/19

Draperia, -ae n f the Drapery, the Drapers' hall in Oxford (see p OX1084, endnote to Bodl.: MS. Twyne 4 pp OX32--3) OX5/29, etc

dressorum, -i n nt (kitchen) dresser, cupboard EK34/28

Drusius, -ii n m Drusius, Latin surname adopted by Johannes van den Driesche (1550-1616), a Flemish linguist and exegete CH810/26m

duadena, -e sbst f literally a dozen, hence a jury: duadena le quest an inquest jury(?) EL34/2-3 (see also duodena)

dubium, -ii sbst nt object of doubt, questionable point IC500/11

ducissa, -e n f duchess, whether a peeress in her own right or the wife of a duke C49/17; EK321/37, etc; H400/24; LI185/20, etc; ducessa C48/3; EK343/23, etc

duco, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr to lead: 1. (used metaphorically) to lead (one's life) SM237/22; 2. to think, consider SM237/8; 3. in idiom ducere manus violentas in to lay violent hands on (someone), attack SM210/37 (in acc supine)

ductor, -oris n m literally one who leads, hence a keeper of performing animals: ~ de le marmosett & iennet leader of the marmoset and jennet, ie, one who led a horse or donkey ridden by a monkey (?) IC17/25; ~ ursorum bearward L128/11, etc

duellum, -i n nt 1. judicial combat IC447/25; 2. duel, single combat between two persons OX139/12; SX4/6: de dullo 'De Duello' shortened title of a treatise by the Bolognese legist Giovanni de Legnano, 'De Bello, de represaliis, et de duello,' covering aspects of war, self-defence, and duels IC401/39

dulcis, -e adj sweet; see uinum

dulcisone adv in a sweet-sounding manner, sweetly EK25/35

dulcisonus, -a, -um adj having an agreeable sound, sounding sweetly SH98/32; WL4/15

Dunelmensis, -is sbst m Durham, name of a diocese EL20/21

dunsus, -i n m dull, stupid man, originally, a follower of the logical or philosophical school of Johannes Duns Scotus, which fell into disrepute in the sixteenth century for over-subtlty and pedantic reasoning C851/23 (cf C850/1-4)

duodena, -e n f a group of twelve, one dozen EK69/17, etc; IC4/26; OX93/34; duodena (n nt pl) OX93/33, etc; SH159/26

duplex, -icis adj double OX305/35; nt as sbst a double portion, here probably a double portion of daily provisions or commons W339/n82; see also apparatus, festum, uestis

dupplicatus, -a, -um adj lined (of garments) OX8/34, etc

durans, -antis prp in abl abs during IC200/30; LI607/3, etc [cp OEDO during, pres. pple. and prep.]

dux, -cis n m 1. leader OX180/19, etc; SH98/40; 2. duke, ruler of a duchy EK779/23, etc; OX261/14, etc; SX212/9 (the duke of Normandy); dux Athenarum duke of Athens, a late medieval title for Theseus as king of Athens OX138/28; 3. duke, highest rank of the hereditary peerage C16/32, etc; CH57/28, etc; CR493/3, etc; EK41/12, etc; L114/7, etc; LI609/15, etc; OX10/33, etc; SH130/8, etc; SX44/17; W399/21, etc; 4. duke, a mock officer chosen as a leader of student misrule C841/12; here a title of a Christmas prince IC424/20

Dyana see Diana

dyapente var of diapente [OLD]

dyatessaron var of diatessaron [OLD]

dynastes, -ae n m nobleman, peer OX894/21

dyocesis see diocesis

E

Eastrya, -e n f Eastry, a manor of the prior of Christ Church EK41/21, etc; Eastria EK42/20



ebdomada, ebdomas see (h)ebdomada

Eboracensis, -e adj of or belonging to York, a city and archdiocese EL147/39; m as sbst York, name of a royal dukedom C38/5

Eboracum, -i n nt York: 1. name of a royal dukedom C25/12; EK321/19, etc; SH133/35, etc; SX47/27, etc; W399/34, etc; 2. name of a city LI343/34; WL10/16; used as a name element Gilbertus de Eboraco Gilbert of York W372/7

Eborum n indecl York, name of a county IC200/38

ecclesia, -e n f church: 1. a specific church or church building BR3/27-8, etc; C4/1, etc; CH36/23, etc; CR463/5, etc; DR247/23, etc; EL14/20, etc; EK938/20, etc; H98/11, etc; L24/4, etc; LI762/12, etc; OX4/34, etc; SH5/29, etc; SM423/5, etc; SX3/5, etc; W347/11, etc; WL53/22, etc; 2. in various idioms: conuentualis ~ conventual church, church of a religious house DR247/8, etc; SM174/9; WL215/16; ~ cathedralis cathedral, a bishop's seat BR3/21-2; CH305/22, etc; CR504/26; EK946/8, etc; EL25/23, etc; (or ~ cathederalis EL125/13, etc); H57/27, etc; LI118/4, etc; SH6/7; SM173/36-7, etc; SX14/10, etc; W349/13; WL217/29; ~ collegiata collegiate church, one served by a chapter of priests and other clerics CH46/21, etc; CR503/20, etc; ~ hospitalis church attached to a hospital, principally for the worship of its religious community, but also serving a lay community, perhaps as a parish church EK824/4; ~ metropolitica metropolitan church, provincial cathedral EK946/7-8m, etc; ~ monasterii monastery church, a church attached to a monastery for monastic worship but frequently also serving a lay community in place of a parish church SX184/21; ~ parochialis parish church EK608/19, etc; EL210/24, etc (or parochialis ~ EL65/33); H97/17, etc; L21/3-4; LI341/15, etc; OX42/19--20, etc; SH53/15, etc; SM173/5, etc; SX10/18, etc; W389/1; matrix ~ (or mater ~ LI6/24, etc) mother church, here apparently the cathedral as mother church of the diocese LI107/29; but here apparently a parish church EK976/5; 3. ~ Christi Christ Church, both a cathedral and a college in Oxford OX146/40, etc; 4. the church as a corporate or spiritual body BR5/20; EK308/22, etc; EL17/4, etc; H99/34, etc; L25/6; LI7/4; OX3/6, etc; SH5/37; SM237/30, etc; SX38/34; W445/13; WL268/12; hence de vera ecclesiae reformandae Ratione 'Of the True Reason for Reforming the Church,' title of a work by John Calvin CH779/32 (see p CH1057, endnote to Wing: H2063 pp 89-90); ~ Anglicana the Church of England CH78/35; WL158/4; ~ Anglicana the Church in England EL19/3; in aecclesia Dei literally in the church of God, ie, throughout the universal church EK23/36; sancta mater ~ holy mother church, the church viewed as a spiritual mother 341/10; 5. the church as a worshipping community, a congregation, here in idiom in facie ecclesie in the presence of the congregation EK821/7, etc; LI77/42; see also computacio, cursus

Ecclesiastes, -is n m literally the preacher, name of an OT book CH808/20m

ecclesiasticus, -a, -um adj 1. ecclesiastical, of or pertaining to the church CH772/20; EK939/13, etc; EL21/41, etc; H99/2, etc; LI5/6, etc; OX6/7; SM237/24, etc; SX3/7, etc; 2. m as sbst ecclesiastic, cleric, ie, one in holy orders OX92/21; 3. m as sbst Ecclesiasticus Ecclesiasticus, an OT apocryphal book also known as Sirach or the Wisdom of Jesus ben Sirach EL243/23; see also immunitas, melodia, officium

economus see iconomus

econtra adv on the contrary, conversely LI6/14, etc; WL80/11

edes, -is n f (often in pl form with sg meaning, as in EK) 1. building OX313/7; hence private house, residence EK251/21, etc; OX200/38, OX313/7; hence in pl the lodgings of the head of a college OX95/10?, OX146/16, etc; 2. house used as the site of a court session EK893/25, etc; SM134/12, etc; SX38/29; 3. stage house, part of the traditional scenery used for Roman comedy C93/24; OX137/19, OX894/12?; 4. community residing together, hence college: Aedes Christi Christ Church OX305/17, etc; Aedes Diui Iohannis St John's College OX305/17; aedes EK16/12, etc (senses 1,2); majority form in Oxford

edictum, -i n nt order, decree, edict, here used to refer to a form of citation (per publicum edictum) used as a final resort by ecclesiastical authorities when previous attempts to serve a citation personally and/or by ways and means had been unsuccessful or at least had failed to compel an appearance by the accused person; this decree was posted or proclaimed at the parish church of the accused H146/2-3, etc; SH63/2, etc; W389/36; WL221/36, etc

edituus, -i n m in CL one who has charge of a temple, hence by extension: 1. sacrist, member of a monastic community with responsibility for the contents of the monastic church, including vestments, vessels, and furniture EK24/11; 2. a churchwarden H180/11, etc (in form aedituus)

educacio, -onis n f 1. literally act of leading or bringing out LI237/6; 2. by extension education, instruction EL138/9, etc

effectualis, -e adj effectual, valid CH772/24

effero, -rre, extuli, elatum v tr to lift up, raise, hence uocem efferre to raise one's voice (in song) WL54/9

efficatior over-correction of efficacior [OLD efficax]

Effinghamius, -ia, -um adj of or pertaining to Effingham, the name of a barony, hence m sg as sbst Lord Effingham OX313/28

effraia see affraia

effusio, -onis n f spilling, shedding, hence ~ sanguinis C308/32-3m; SM238/16 or sanguinis ~ EK976/14; SX4/6 or sanguinis effusiones LI6/26 bloodshed

egredior, -edi, -essus sum v intr literally to go out, hence to run away LI317/11

eicio, eicere, eieci, eiectum v tr to throw (someone) out, eject EL16/18; hence to remove (someone) from an appointment or office EL139/39, etc

elabor, -bi, -psus sum v intr literally to slip away, escape OX139/6; pfp with pass sense elapsed, past (of time) CH33/39, etc; LI103/32; OX146/41, etc

electio, -onis n f choice, election CH78/1; EL210/25, etc; IC402/20; OX799/21, etc; WL217/39; elexio OX69/12m

electiuus, -a, -um adj chosen, elect: see prior

electo, -are, aui, atum v tr to choose, elect IC11/8

elector, -oris n m elector, here one of a group entitled to elect St John's Christmas Prince OX342/39, etc

electorius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to an elector, electoral OX343/11

electrinus, -a, -um adj made of pewter EK101/23, etc

elementarius, -ii sbst m student of the basics (in any subject), in particular, a student learning the rudiments of reading and writing, an elementary student WL4/3

elemosina, -e n f alms, charitable gift C5/27, etc; EL14/17; LI350/37; SM174/19, etc; eleemosyna C578/36; OX6/22; elimosina LI25/20; elimozina W411/35

elemosinarius, -a, -um adj 1. characteristic of almsgiving or charity, charitable SH154/23; hence of or pertaining to the almonry EL25/30, etc; 2. f as sbst almonry, department of a chapter or religious house that dispensed alms and often also conducted a school EL14/6, etc; LI350/37; OX13/36; elimosinaria OX14/13; elemozinaria EL125/22, etc; elimozinaria EL138/13m, etc; 3. m sg as sbst almoner, officer of a religious house, a cathedral or collegiate chapter, or a secular household responsible for distribution of alms; often ecclesiastical almoners took on further responsibilities, such as oversight of a charitable school EK62/3, etc; EL18/35, etc; SH161/16; W349/13; elemozinarius EL138/24; elimozinarius EL138/17; see also clericus, domus, episcopus

eleuacio, -onis n f act of raising or lifting: 1. referring to putting up quintains LI5/17; 2. referring to the elevation of the Host by the priest during the prayer of consecration LI321/30

elexio see electio

Eliacus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Elis, a district of the Peleponnese, hence priores Eliaci book 5 of Pausanias' Description of Greece, the first of two books on Elis (presumably plural because each book is made up of multiple chapters) IC559/33

Eliensis, is n m town or diocese of Ely C363/20, etc; EK34/4

elisus, -i sbst comm one who has been crushed or knocked down, hence a wretched or downcast person WL80/17

Elizabeth n indecl Elizabeth, name of various saints, especially Elizabeth the kinswoman of the Virgin Mary and mother of John the Baptist; it is not always clear whether in these passages an image or a person representing the saint is meant LI109/35; Elizabet LI109/5, LI109/28

elocutio, -onis n f verbal expression of an idea or thought: de elocutione On Expression, alternate title of the Rhetorica ad Herennium, a treatise on rhetoric long attributed to Cicero WL10/4

elongo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr 1. to go apart or away from EL246/5; 2. hence in refl se elongare to absent oneself LI78/32

eluceso, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to brighten, shine, shine out C4/10

emano, -are, -aui, -atum 1. v intr to come forward, be promulgated, used of a legal order or decision, especially from a bishop or his court CH691/32 (prp); CR504/25; EK902/30m, etc; H68/21m, etc; SH323/23m, etc; SM210/41m, etc; SX9/13m, etc; W356/2m, etc; 2. v tr to promulgate, issue C363/23, etc?

Emanuelis, -e adj of or pertaining to Emanuel, another name for Christ; see collegium

emendacio, -onis n f 1. repair, act of mending C179/24; DR252/30, etc; EK104/2, etc; LI104/29, etc; OX280/42, etc; SH353/16, etc; SM242/11; 2. amendment (eg, of behaviour) SM203/5

emendo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to mend, repair C274/15; CH298/26; EK62/38, etc; LI27/2; OX105/9, etc; 2. to amend (one's behaviour) LI25/6

emolumentum, -i n nt profit, advantage EL22/21, etc

encomium, -ii n nt praise OX209/19; Encomium Patriae Latin title of a work by the Greek satirist Lucian of Samosata (b c 120) SM197/6m

enormis, -e adj literally exceeding the standard, excessive, hence outrageous, awful EK976/14 (in form inormis); W349/24; nt pl as sbst outrageous actions, criminal acts BR3/25, etc; CH681/13, etc; EK308/4, etc; SH112/3; WL216/33

enormitas, -atis n f enormity, extreme outrageousness or wrong-doing WL216/34



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