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custus, -i n m cost, charge, expenses C49/11; CH55/34; EK732/33, etc; IC4/30; LI119/2, etc (abl pl in '-ibus' and '-ubus'); SM183/37, etc

cygnus, -i n m for cycnus [OLD]

cymbalum, -i n nt an heraldic device or badge bearing such a device [Latham] here a badge, probably bearing the arms of the city L35/35, L36/3 [from OLD symbolus, a signet ring]

cymbator, -oris n m player upon cymbals C36/18

cymiterium see cimiterium

cyndicus see syndicus

Cyprianus, -i n m Cyprian (d. 258), bishop of Carthage and theologian 811/34m

Cyrillus, -i n m Cyril, name of several saints, especially St Cyril of Alexandria (d. 444), bishop and theologian 812/24m

cyroteca see cirotheca

cythara see cithara

cythareda see cithareda

cytharedus see citharaedus

cytharizo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to play the harp WL7/21


Dacus, -i n m Dane WL10/27

damarium, -ii n nt deer-park, an enclosure in which deer are kept OX111/8

damisella, -e n f a young woman, damsel BR6/31

damnifico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to damage OX12/33

Damon, -onis n m Damon of Syracuse, famous for his friendship with Phintias (commonly but erroneously called Pythias), named here as an eponymous character in the play Damon and Pithias OX148/37, etc [OCD Damon (i)]

dampnabilis, -e adj damnable, worthy of condemnation or damnation EL241/4

dampnabiliter adv in a manner worthy of condemnation EK308/17; H57/24; SH6/4

dampnum, -i n nt 1. detriment, (financial) loss; 2. condemnation, damnation; the occurrences on CR503/33 and W349/22 represent a play on the two senses

Danaeus, -i n m Daneau, surname of Lambert Daneau (1530-95), Reformation theologian 812/16m

Danubia, -e n f Dean, name of a forest WL219/27

Danuersius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Danvers, a family name and barony, hence m sg as sbst Lord Danvers OX313/27

Darbia see Derbia

datiuus, -a, -um adj dative, serving in an office at the pleasure of the one making appointment; see prior, -oris

datus, -a, -um pfp pass 1. dated (of a document or letter) LI580/6, etc; OX196/4, etc; WL218/6; 2. hence f as sbst date (of a document or letter) EL26/6, EL138/33; LI323/7, etc; WL216/35; nt in same sense BR55/19; CH691/33, etc; see also gero [OLD do1]

Dauiticus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to David (here as putative author of the Psalms) OX146/25; see also psalterium

daunsa, -e n f dancing EL14/6

de prep with abl 1. (expressing motion) down from WL216/31; 2. (expressing source, origin, or residence) from, of CR470/9, etc; CH38/3, etc (source); CH616/22, etc (point of origin or residence); DR252/102, etc; EK307/40, etc; EL15/5, etc; IC11/26, etc; LI341/72, etc; OX5/24, etc; WL12/13, etc (source); WL57/24, etc (point of origin or residence); 3. hence as if synonymous with 'ab' or 'ex,' out of CH616/19, etc; EK27/5; EL247/3; LI6/6, etc; OX5/27, etc; 4. (as name element, likely originally based on sense 2) of CH36/6m, etc; CR527/10, etc; DR137/32, etc; EK29/19-20, etc; EL16/29, etc; IC388/20, etc; LI103/32, etc; OX5/15, etc; SX186/33, etc; WL288/7, etc; 5. (expressing motion or separation) from, away from CH56/4; EK822/15, etc; EL14/21; IC7/8, etc; LI25/72, etc; OX8/26; WL3/14, etc; 6. (in partitive sense) of, from CH36/7, etc; CR491/7; EK34/15, etc; EL17/12, etc; LI342/102, etc; OX7/18, etc; SX3/7, SX212/2; WL79/15, etc; 7. (expressing reason or cause) from, of CH721/221, etc; EK762/72, etc; EL20/19, etc; LI608/29, etc; OX47/32; SX171/13; 8. about, concerning CH36/3m, etc; CR464/10, etc; DR248/3, etc; EK939/1, etc; EL16/27, etc; IC11/20, etc; LI603/5, etc; OX3/8m, etc; SX3/5; WL3/5, etc; 9. (expressing more remote connection) in regard to, for, of CH616/20, etc; EK734/7 (possibly also an occurence of sense 2), etc; EL19/11, etc; IC5/23, etc; LI342/13, etc; OX9/29, etc; SX3/13; WL22/12, etc; 10. for (a period of time) EK316/173, etc; OX9/24; 11. (expressing instrumentality) by EK731/13, etc; EL14/172, etc; LI25/39; OX3/16, etc; 12. substituting for CL genitive CH45/33, etc; CR493/23; EK316/172, etc; EL16/30, etc; IC4/25, etc; LI105/5, etc; OX32/11, etc; WL3/10m; acting as descriptive genitive EK310/14, etc; EL14/171, etc; WL217/1; with gd or gdve phrs EK814/10, etc; EL23/23, etc; LI7/25, etc; SX30/5, etc; with titles (usually landed) CH59/12, etc; CR494/17-18; EK35/5, etc; IC11/1, etc; LI79/5, etc; OX447/30, etc; SX183/25, etc; with vernacular expressions CH717/34, etc; CR493/9; DR253/18, etc; EK714/34, etc; IC17/25, etc; LI316/34, etc; OX8/32, etc; 13. representing E 'of' in expressions in which CL would use an appositive CH45/52, etc; CR504/19; EK822/9, etc; EL17/10, etc; IC7/11, etc; LI341/14, etc; OX3/8, etc; SX170/27, SX170/31, SX184/32; WL53/21, etc; 14. in other idioms: de antiquo tempore of old time, formerly EK764/6; de bono ad melius literally from good to better, hence to a better, or greater, degree C4/9; de bono et malo for good or ill OX9/26--7; de cetero hereafter, henceforward CH56/12; EL16/11 (written as one word), etc; LI6/27, etc (written as one word LI112/12, etc); OX28/35, etc; SM236/20, etc (written as one word C841/8; CR504/5); de claro clear, net (of accounts) OX22/27, etc; SH342/20, etc (written as one word OX45/4, etc; SM881/34); de dono as a gift EK320/38; de eo quod because EL230/3-4; LI78/30; de facili easily OX12/31, etc (written as one word); de iure by law CH772/14; IC98/25; de necessario of necessity, necessary CH56/33; de nouo anew, afresh LI125/12; SH200/51; W413/17 (written as one word W417/36); WL4/1, etc; de nocte by night EK909/37; WL217/7; de presens at present CH616/22; in correlation with 'in': de anno in annum from year to year CH77/34; EL65/35-6; LI132/23; de tempore in tempus from time to time EL129/2, etc; de uilla in uillam from town to town CH717/20; de uirtute in uirtutem from strength to strength EL247/20; under vernacular influence the forms del CH616/1, etc (senses 1, 2, 9, and 10); IC4/24, etc (sense 12), des CH48/5 (sense 5) and dez IC4/1, etc (in sense 12), are also found; see also curia, prouideo, quero(r), recordum, seisitus

deama, -e n f for damma [OLD]

deambulatorium, -ii n nt walkway, gallery EK204/36

deambulo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to walk about CH220/38; WL54/12

deamelatus, -a, -um adj enamelled EK62/15; dealmelatus EK74/20

deauratus, -a, -um adj covered or ornamented in gold EK85/7, etc; EL18/27; OX306/7; see also pannus

deauracio, -onis n f gilding, here likely by the use of gold thread LI583/27

debaccacio, -onis n f raving, frenzy SM237/2, etc

debeo, -ere, -ui, -itum v intr 1. to owe IC6/12, etc; in pass to be due (to) EL3/15, etc; LI341/16, etc; 2. to be under an obligation (to do something), (I, you, he, etc) ought to (do something) should (do something) IC46/33, etc; LI3/14, etc; WL80/12, etc; 3. hence by extension (I, you, he, etc) must (do something) EL14/5, etc; WL247/22

debilis, -e adj weakened, worn EL15/16

decanatus, -us n m deanery, an administrative division of a diocese; in the diocese of Hereford deaneries were used as court divisions for the ecclesiastical courts H182/29m; SH43/32m, etc

decanto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to sing (a song or poem), perform OX163/17; WL12/11, etc; 2. to chant (used of liturgical music) EK25/35; OX3/13, etc

decanatus, -us n m deanery, an administrative division of a diocese LI335/20

decanus, -i n m dean: 1. administrative head of a collegiate or cathedral chapter (in most dioceses, a dean might have jurisdiction over peculiars in his own consistory court) CH44/37, etc; CR504/25; EK947/9, etc; EL16/29, etc; H98/10, etc; LI103/14, etc; OX92/24, etc; SM236/30, etc; 2. hence an administrative officer in a college C578/24; OX13/26, etc; 3. a rural dean, a priest supervising a deanery, an administrative division of a diocese which also functioned as a court division for the diocesan courts BR5/8; DR246/7, etc; L21/9; LI3/15; 4. a boy chosen to take the part of the dean as part of a boy-bishop observance EL18/10; 5. title of a Christmas lord at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge C582/37

decapito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to remove the head of, decapitate LI609/31, etc

decas, -adis n f literally a group of ten, hence a traditional division of Livy's history, Ab urbe condita, into groups of ten books, here used as a name for the whole work SM194/28m, etc

decasus, -us n m ruin, decay CH298/26

decedens, -ntis prp act literally dying but here used as if pfp pass deceased, dead SX3/7

decem-drachmarius, -ia, -ium adj literally worth ten drachma, hence ten a penny, common, cheap OX309/36 [cp OEDO penny n. P2.d.]

decertator, -oris n m contender, one that strives against (someone or something) LI6/28

decetero see de

decim indecl adj for decem [OLD]

decimo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to tithe LI342/3

declamatio, -onis n f declamation, formal speech on a given subject, possibly a public lecture OX257/17

declaracio, -onis n f 1. literally a making known, act of making clear or explaining C102/16; 2. hence explanatory discourse on a text OX27/24, etc; 3. declaration, a formal statement (eg, to a court) CH689/38

declaro see de

declinatio, -onis n f literally a swerving (away), hence avoidance, refusal (to engage in some activity) OX6/37

declino, -are, -aui, -atum literally to divert or turn aside, especially downward, found in several extended senses: 1. v intr to resort to, travel to, visit (with 'ad' + acc to express destination) CR527/22; EL17/18, etc; 2. v tr to refuse, not to acknowledge C363/22

decollacio, -onis n f beheading BR3/20, etc; OX7/11; see also crastinum, dies

decollator, -oris n m one who beheads, hence a headsman BR4/14m, etc

decrementa, -orum n nt decrements, a sum of money deducted from a scholar's foundation grant to pay for his share of common provisions such as fuel OX262/38, etc [OEDO decrement 3.]

decretum, -i n nt decree; see uia

Decumanus, -i n m Decuman, a Welsh saint, here in name of parish Sanctus Decumanus St Decumans SM210/38

dedicacio, -onis n f act of dedicating a church, often used of an annual commemoration of the dedication, possibly influenced by the account (which uses the phrase 'dies dedicacionis') of the annual celebration of the dedication of the Temple ordered by Judah Maccabee (1 Macc 4.59) C11/36, etc; see dies, festum

dedico, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr to deny LI78/33

dedimus potestatem vb phr name of a writ issued to empower commissioners to take statements on oath from persons involved in a suit before Star Chamber; apparently the name of this writ and a style of cause were normally written on the dorse of interrogatories used, or answers taken, by commissioners in a given suit DR61/28; H88/41, etc

deduco, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr literally to bring, bring down, take away, here in idiom ad noticiam ... deduci to be brought to (someone's) attention or notice EL21/15-16

deductor, -oris n m one who leads the way, a guide WL57/19

defacili see de

defalta, -e n f default, failure CH729/36m (to fulfil the conditions of a bond); defaltum IC62/32

defamacio, -onis n f bringing shame or ill-repute upon another, defamation WL238/2

defectus, -us n m default, failure IC30/39, etc

defencibilis, -e adj capable of being protected EL26/13

defencor var of defensor [OLD]

defendens, -entis sbst comm defendant (in a lawsuit) CH48/21, etc; DR191/31, etc; EK737/19, etc; LI78/32, etc

defensiuus, -a, -um adj 1. defensive (as opposed to offensive) CH681/7; 2. of or pertaining to the defendant(s) in a law suit SM151/8

defensus, -us n m defence: in defensibus + gen in defence (of), as a defence (of) OX107/3

deferro, -rre, -tuli, -latum v tr 1. bring or bear (something) back BR4/2; 2. in idiom deferre in publico BR5/2 (or in publicum BR5/13) to make (something) public or known

degustatus, -a, -um adj tasty, delicious EL15/24

del see de

delacio, -onis n f wearing (of clothing or the like) SM237/28, etc; dilatio SM237/7

delegatio, -onis n f act of delegating (a task or the like), assignment OX200/37

deliberacio, -onis n f 1. delivery, handing over, transfer of (something) from one person to another CH155/25; EK755/32 (in form diliberacio); 2. clearance, here in idiom gaole deliberacio gaol delivery, the clearing out of prisoners from a gaol by trying them, generally held concommitantly with assize sessions SH273/31; generalis gaole deliberacio DR211/7-8; also with 'gaole' understood generalis deliberaceo DR246/37; see also gaola

delibero1, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to deliberate, give due consideration to something in consultation with others C410/31; 2. by extension to decide, determine CH135/9, etc

delibero2, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to give, hand over, deliver C54/36; CH154/9, etc; EK61/13, etc; LI78/30, etc; OX256/17, etc; SH166/13, etc; dilibero IC11/36, etc; in idiom deliberare de recordo to deliver (a document) as a matter of record SH266/16; 2. to release from custody SM146/7

deligencia var of diligentia [OLD]

Delirius, -ii sbst m fictive L nomen formed from 'delirium,' 'frenzy, derangement,' here in the name of a mock-jury member: Delirius Rusticus 'Crazy Countryman' IC463/31

delitieris var of delitisceris [OLD delitisco, DML delitescere]

demanda, -e n f demand CH110/25

demando, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to entrust, turn over (with acc object and double dat) C363/4

dementatus, -a, -um pfp pass maddened, crazed OX179/4

demeritum, -i n nt fault, offence CR464/4

demisit var of dimisit [OLD dimitto]

demitto see dimitto

demo, -onis n m demon, devil CH616/16; LI5/20, etc

democratia, -ae n f popular rule OX343/12

demolior, -iri, -itus sum v tr to dismantle a previously erected structure C175/4

demolicio, -onis n f act of dismantling a previously erected structure C145/3

demonium, -ii n nt demon, devil, evil spirit CH52/22, etc; probably used with reference to pagan (ie, Greco-Roman) deities SM423/16

demonstracio, -onis n f show SH172/1

demonstrans, -ntis prp showing, putting on (a play or pastime) EK650/33

demonus, -i n m demon, devil EL241/2

denariatum, -i n nt (from denarius, a penny) a pennyworth, the amount of a commodity that can be bought for a penny EK78/3

denarius, -ii n m 1. a penny, one-twelfth of a shilling BR133/39; C133/15, etc; CH616/9, etc; EL128/14, etc; H200/32; L82/18; etc; LI105/15, etc; OX62/5, etc; W397/1, etc; WL288/20; denarij beati Petri Peter's pence, an annual tax of 1d paid by English householders to the Holy See before the Reformation LI342/17; 2. in various idioms: in pl money, coin C18/4, etc; EK317/25, etc; EL112/35; IC5/21, etc; LI111/42, etc; SH131/13, etc; SM7/15, etc; SX182/7; denarii missales mass pence, money given as an offering at mass, here apparently money given the boy bishop by the chapter for his offering H100/38-9; denarii numerati (ready) money, coin CH616/10

denunciacio, -onis n f denunciation: eg, a public proclamation or announcement of a canonical offence CR464/2; a public proclamation of guilt or excommunication made against a person charged in an ecclesiastical court H153/18

denunciatus, -us n m announcement EK939/3

denuncio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to warn, give warning of SM423/19; 2. to announce, proclaim, promulgate (a decree) CR436/9; SH341/2; SM423/13; 3. (+ pro and abl) to denounce or report (someone, eg, for a crime), to denounce (someone) as, proclaim (someone) as (a criminal, an excommunicate, or the like) C841/19-20; CR464/4; H99/33, etc; SH6/3; SM211/7; 4. to lay information about an offence SM120/1, etc

deparrioda see p CH1059 (endnote to Wing: H2063 pp 147-8)

depauperatus, -a, -um pfp pass impoverished CH56/4

depono, -onere, -osui, -ositum v tr 1. to lay down, put down EK26/26; 2. to make a payment, pay EK15/6; 3. to remove (someone) from an office, depose OX7/31, etc; 4. to depose, make a formal statement or give evidence before a court BR164/33, etc; C327/32, etc; CH843/32, etc; DR123/1, etc; EK184/34, etc; EL147/11, etc; OX32/21, etc; SH42/13, etc; SM257/1, etc; 5. prp as sbst deponent, witness CH28/15; EK966/14

deposicio, -onis n f deposition: 1. formal statement made in a court C301/16, etc; DR123/28, etc; EL207/14; 2. removal from office OX7/39

depositum, -i n nt literally something left in safe-keeping, hence physical remains, body (of a dead person) C283/8

depriuacio, -onis n f deprivation, act of depriving an ecclesiastic of a benefice, usually as a punishment EK946/9

deprivo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to deprive (someone) of (something) (with de + abl) WL237/34

de profundis n phr (literally 'from the depths') title of Ps 130 (129 Vulg.), sung as part of the funeral liturgy LI284/24

depropero, -are, -aui, -atum v int to hasten (to do something) WL223/14

deputo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to appoint (someone) to a specific task or duty EL17/14; 2. OX6/16, etc; 2. pfp pass deputed, set apart for a certain purpose (used of persons or things) CH767/22; WL7/18, etc; 3. A. hence m as sbst deputy, delegate DR296/7; EL138/201, etc; IC61/7; deputatus maioris deputy mayor EK343/33, etc; B. specifically deputy judge, one delegated by a superior to hear cases on his behalf C279/28, etc; EK814/6; H171/14, etc; OX259/4, etc; SH50/26, etc; W390/16; WL236/26, etc

depyngtam var of depinctam [OLD depingo]

Derbia, -e n f Derby, name of an earldom L41/16; LI607/32, etc; Darbia C330/27

deruo, -ere, -i, -tum v tr to take apart, dismatle a previously assembled structure IC328/22

des see de

descendo, -dere, -di, -sum v intr literally to descend, go down, here by extension to go to, visit EL18/2, etc

desculptus, -a, -um pfp pass sculpted, carved OX306/6

descumbo for discumbo [OLD]

desertator, -oris n m deserter? (or possibly simply a spelling var of decertator) LI6/28c

Desdemona, -ae n f Desdemona, wife of Othello, here named as a character in a play OX387/32

deseruio, -ire, -ii, -itum v intr with dat to serve (a person or institution) EL22/27; SM177/34

Desiderius, -ii n m LL name formed from 'desiderium,' 'desire, longing,' here in the fictive name of a mock-jury member IC463/26

despondeo, -dere, -si, -sum v tr to betroth (used of either party to a betrothal) SH129/29

desuper adv 1. moreover EK305/9, etc; SM252/5; 2. (with reference to a previous topic) thereabout, about that EK896/4; SM121/28, etc; WL221/4

detectio, -onis n f detection, formal laying of information against a suspected party before an ecclesiastical court C363/20; EK534/34, etc; EL208/2; LI266/33m, etc SH41/20; SM140/27, etc; SX40/13, etc; detecio SM69/13

detectum, -i sbst nt the content of a formal detection, information laid against an accused party EL208/24

detego, -gere, -xi, -ctum v tr literally to uncover, expose, here by extension to detect, to allege formally before church authorities that a given person has committed a canonical offence C407/23, etc; EK605/23, etc; H97/14, etc; SH12/10, etc; SX9/28, etc; W356/8, etc; WL236/6, etc

detencio, -onis n f detention: 1. the act of wrongfully withholding goods lawfully acquired from their owner, eg, refusing to return goods borrowed or let, or those left in one's possession by the owner for a term at the end of that term; also the name of an action at law for the recovery of goods wrongfully detained CH50/17; H112/23 [Black's Detinue]; 2. the act of detaining an arrested person in prison SH265/34, etc

deter(r)ioro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. literally to make worse, hence cause damage or loss, to injure EK967/34; LI350/31, etc WL238/25; 2. pfp pass made worse, hence harmed CH56/3

determinacio, -onis n f settlement, determination, decision EK727/4, etc; SM172/32

detineo, -inere, -inui, -entum v tr to commit detention, detain unlawfully CH50/18

detractio, -onis n f disparagement, carping criticism CH767/39; OX11/2, etc

detractor, -oris n m one who detracts, detractor, critic WL3/18

deuago, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to wander about (with an intention of ill-doing implied) WL216/18

deuasto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to spend or consume wastefully, waste EK909/35

deuocio, -onis n f 1. piety, devotion CR527/17, etc; LI3/9, etc; SM236/23, etc; WL247/13; 2. hence devout observance OX4/35

Deuolensis, -is n m Dublin, name of an archdiocese EK68/31

Deuonia, -e n f Devon, name of a county BR58/34; IC37/33, etc

Deuonius, -ia, -ium adj of or pertaining to Devon, a county and earldom, m sg as sbst the earl of Devon OX313/15

deuote adv piously, devoutly CR527/25; LI4/11, etc; deuocius compar CH46/40; CR503/26, etc; deuotissime superl CH36/23; OX12/25

deuotus, -a, -um adj pious, (religiously) observant, devout, (used of persons and of things) CR504/31; CH46/38; DR247/29, etc; LI316/20

deuoueo, -ouere, -oui, -otum v intr to solemnly promise, vow WL80/11

dexteritas, -atis n f right-dealing, honest conduct WL237/23

dextralis, -e adj literally on the right side, hence southern; see Brito, Kambria

diabolicus, -a, -um adj characteristic of the devil, diabolic, fiendish CH768/22; EK976/15; LI103/17; SH264/40

dez see de

diabolus, -i n m the devil EK308/18; EL258/22

diaconus, -i n m deacon, a member of the lowest of the three major orders of clergy, the other two being bishop (episcopus) and priest (presbyter or sacerdos) EK976/36, etc; H98/1; LI104/5, etc; SM236/16, etc

diaeta see dieta

dialogus, -i n m in CL a discussion, dispute or a literary work in dialogue form, eg, Cicero's de amicitia, here used as a dramatic or quasi-dramatic entertainment in dialogue form, possibly a play in the modern sense, without a chorus, as opposed to classical drama C128/38, etc

Diana, -e n f Diana, in classical mythology the virgin goddess of the moon and the hunt, Apollo's sister OX140/3, etc; in the deliberately skewed, invented mythology of the king of beans correspondence named as the mother of Neptune OX799/6 (in form Dyana)

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