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consuetus, -a, -um adj 1. customary, usual; see uestis; 2. customary, in accordance with (manorial) custom L82/38; see also consuetudo, seruicium

consuitudine var of consuetudine [OLD consuetudo]

consularis, -e adj literally in CL of or pertaining to a consul, consular, here m pl as sbst the earl's men (as opposed to those supporting the king) LI603/11

consulo, -ere, -ui, -tum v tr 1. to consult (a person) for information, advice, or the like SM203/25m, etc; 2. hence by extension to consult (a document) SM399/23, etc

consultarunt syncopated form of consultauerunt [OLD consulto]

consutus, -a, -um pfp pass stitched together (used of legal documents so attached) EL97/14

contardo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to be particularly late EK755/29

contemplacio, -onis n f (spiritual) contemplation, meditative prayer LI342/34

contemptus, -us n m 1. literally contempt, scorn SH6/9; 2. hence by extension the common law offence of contempt SH265/7 [Black's Contempt]

contenta, -orum sbst nt contents WL215/28, etc

contesto, -are, -aui, -atus v tr to attest, approve OX310/5 [see OLD contestor]

contiguatus, -a, -um adj adjoining, contiguous DR247/24

contineo, -inere, -inui, -entum v tr 1. to keep: hence in reflexive idiom sese in pedibus ... continere to keep one's feet WL79/13--14; 2. to contain, include LI103/33, etc; 3. hence of documents, to state (that) LI607/26

continuo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to continue (an action or a state, etc) EK974/20, etc; IC92/7, etc; LI24/32, etc; WL237/21; 2. to carry over, or hold over (proceedings or the like) by adjournment from one court session to the next C385/38, etc; EK819/9, etc; EL34/4, etc; H181/29, H184/25; SH117/34, etc; SM233/6, etc; SX22/2m; 3. by analogy to carry over other business from one session of a convocation to another EL100/21; 4. to extend a deadline, eg, for producing a certificate EK876/34; EL210/11; H171/16, H64/16; LI77/25; SH48/38, SH118/16, SH122/6; SX13/41, etc; 5. to extend or prolong by observance (here used of Sabbatarian restrictions) C316/11

contio see concio

contra prep with acc 1. (of space) opposite, facing, in the direction of EK26/32; hence as an accounting term per contra on the other side (of the ledger), as a set-off EL69/7; 2. (of decisions, orders, or the like) against (a person or group) EK308/40, etc; EL14/17m, etc; 3. contrary to EK537/11; EL230/9; 4. (of purpose) for, against (a future time or event) EK47/28, etc; EL26/13

contradictio, -onis n f opposition, gainsaying, here specifically a challenge to the validity of a compurgation W389/22

contradictor, -oris n m one who is disobedient H57/22; SH6/2

contrado, -dere, -didi, -ditum v tr hand over, deliver H169/37

contrafacio, -acere, -eci, -actum v intr to act contrary to or in opposition to (an order, decision, or the like) IC93/24

contrafactus, -a, -um pfp pass having been counterfeited or forged W394/11

contrarium, -ii sbst nt the contrary, in idioms in contrarium to the contrary, in opposition CH47/15; LI320/12; iubere in contrarium (with dat) to forbid (someone to do something) EK537/5; see also memoria

contratenor, -oris n m countertenor, the adult male voice part above the tenor in a song or other polyphonic composition LI333/4

contrauenio, -ire, -i, -tum v tr to violate or contravene (eg, an order or decree) BR3/13; C841/17; DR247/38; H99/1, etc; OX512/15; W350/1

contributorius, -ii n m (voluntary) contributor CH719/1

controuersia, -e n f dispute, controversy CH777/31; IC425/7

contubernialis, -is sbst m fellow (of a college or hall) OX51/19

contubernium, -ii n nt college, organized body of clergy and priests serving a particular church OX41/27

contumacia, -e n f contumacy: 1. stubborn rebelliousness C296/12; 2. as legal term, deliberate refusal to comply with a summons, sentence, or other order of an ecclesiastical court or its officers, punished in an ecclesiastical court proper by excommunication and in post-Reformation university courts apparently by expulsion C408/19, etc; CH843/13; EK608/11; EL140/22; SM204/14; SX37/4, etc

contumaciter adv in a contumacious manner, ie, one characteristic of the offence of contumacy SX20/18

contumax, -acis adj 1. contumacious, stubbornly rebellious EK308/21; 2. as legal term guilty of the offence of contumacy C408/19, etc; EK305/1, etc; EL140/22; H64/6, etc; SH52/24, etc; SM132/5, etc; SX41/4, etc

contumelio, -are, -aui v intr to make abusive or insulting remarks, to insult C578/31

contumeliosus, -a, -um adj insulting, abusive (of language or behaviour) C296/13

conueneror, -ari, -atus v tr to honour, revere SH98/4

conuenticula, -e n f unlawful gathering or assembly DR247/14; conuenticlum SH264/13, etc [DML conventiculum]

conuentualis, -e adj conventual, belonging to a religious community; see ecclesia

conuentus, -us n m 1. assembly, group of people OX370/1; 2. convent, religious house or the community living therein (used for houses of friars as well as of monks and nuns) CR527/10; EK31/11; LI341/13, etc; OX3/8, etc; SH191/24; SX184/17; W404/27 (in form couet'), etc

conuersacio, -onis n f manner of living, way of life CH46/30, etc

conuersio, -onis n f literally a turning in a new direction: 1. change, transformation: humanae conuersiones Human Transformations, used as alternate title for Ovid's Metamorphoses OX141/3; 2. (religious) conversion OX107/10; 3. used to mark the change of a discourse to address a particular audience directly C241/21m

conuerso adv in the opposite direction, turned around EK204/17

conuersor, -ari, -atus sum v intr 1. to talk (with), make conversation (with) OX60/35; 2. to behave, act OX11/26, etc

conuerto, -tere, -ti, -sum v tr and intr literally to turn around, change direction, in various extended senses: 1. to turn toward (a person) WL80/3; 2. to turn (one thing into another), to change (one thing for another) WL79/22, etc; 3. to undergo a religious conversion, convert WL80/6

conuicinus, -a, -um adj neighbouring EK975/25; hence as comm sbst neighbour SX48/16

conuiciosus, -a, -um adj abusive, reviling CH767/36, etc

conuictor, -oris n m fellow (of a college) OX253/4, etc

conuictus, -us n m insult, derogation C205/35 [either an error of usage for OLD conuicium or an attraction of OLD conuictus to the sense of conuicium on the basis of a false derivation]

conuiuo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to entertain (someone) with food and drink, to feast (someone) OX44/13, etc

conuocacio, -onis n f 1. meeting, assembly, convocation EK537/22; LI28/5, etc; OX4/33, etc; SM251/38; 2. in idiom domus conuocacionis literally house of convocation, a deliberative assembly, either the Oxford town council OX50/30 or the University convocation OX200/37

cooperacio, -onis n f covering, act of covering SM633/7

cooperans, -antis prp working together with, cooperating CR528/4; OX94/32

cooperio, -are, -aui, -tum v tr to cover, hence of buildings, to roof SX3/6

copia, -e n f copy, often specifically used of a copy of a legal instrument C363/19, etc; CH41/6, etc; CR489/34, etc; L76/28, etc; SM210/41m; hence in idiom per copiam curie rotuli, by copy of the court roll, a reference to copyhold, a form of land tenure in which the property rights of the tenant were guaranteed by a copy of the record of his or her entry into the land L241/3 [Black's Copy-hold]

coquina, -e n f kitchen EK100/19; IC4/10; OX94/29

corda, -e n f 1. string, cord, lace C55/27; LI109/40, etc; 2. hence string (of a harp or other instrument) IC3/6, etc; LI204/18, etc; WL8/16, etc; de decem chordis 'On the Ten Strings,' alternate title of a sermon of St Augustine CH808/9; chorda LI203/36 [OLD chorda]

Corderianus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Mathurin Cordier, a 15th-century French schoolmaster and educational writer, the teacher of John Calvin; here, with 'opus' understood, referring to his writings as a body DR172/7

cordetenus adv by heart WL3/22

corditer adv cordially, heartily EK974/30

cordula, -e n f 1. string, cord, lace C158/30; EK734/8; LI119/2; cordulus LI27/13, etc; 2. hence, string of a harp or other instrument IC4/8 [diminutives of corda]

cordwenarius, -ii n m cordwainer, a shoemaker, member of the Shoemakers' company SH128/3

corea see chorea

Corinthius, -ii sbst comm a person from Corinth, Corinthian, hence in 1 Corinthios a short title for a commentary on St Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians, here attributed to St Ambrose CH807/29; prima ad Corintheos (with 'epistola' understood) St Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians, a NT book EL238/24, etc

corista see chorista

Coriticianus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to Ceredigion, or Cardigan WL78/21 [var of DML Kereticus]

cornicatio, -onis n f act of blowing a horn WL3/7

cornicen, -inis n m horn player CR540/12

corno, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to sound a horn EK311/9

cornu, -us n nt animal horn: 1. ink horn OX8/28; 2. a horn or trumpet, originally made from animal horn, used for military signals [OLD cornu], here apparently indicating an instrument used for entertainment or ceremonial purposes CR540/12; EK537/231, etc; OX503/17; WL3/5, etc; also used of an instrument used to signal the hue and cry CH717/21; see also hutesium; cornum LI321/29

Cornubia, -e n f Cornwall: 1. name of a dukedom CR554/15; CH57/28, etc; EK41/12; SH98/35; 2. name of a county IC32/14

corona, -e n f crown: 1. used literally SH98/5; as a play property LI106/34, LI107/13; apparently a property for a king game SM7/15, etc; apparently one made of braided straw used in a representation of Christ's Passion WL216/31; 2. awarded as a prize (used metaphorically) EL247/27; 3. standing symbolically for royal authority, the Crown CH781/28, etc; EL127/38, etc; L149/31; SH13/35, etc; SM189/18, etc; SX171/18; W451/34; WL129/25; 4. a crown-shaped object: part of the chain from which a wait's scutcheon was hung EK86/32; apparently a piece of decorative embroidery, forming part of a wait's livery LI35/22, etc

coronacio, -onis n f 1. coronation, ceremonial crowning of a monarch EK733/13, etc; IC34/4, etc; 2. here describing a representation of some kind celebrating the Virgin Mary, probably involving her crowning by Christ as queen of heaven (the most frequently used term for this representation) LI124/36, etc; see also assencio

coronarius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to the coronation of a monarch C352/38

coronator, -oris n m coroner, an officer whose responsibilities included jurisdiction over cases of accidental or violent death; usually a coroner was an officer of the Crown, eg, BR3/8; CH25/38, etc; EK63/12; OX5/18, etc, but could also be an officer of a lord exercising a manorial or similar jurisdiction, eg, SX170/30, etc; see also uisus

coronatus, -a, -um pfp pass crowned, surrounded by a crown SH98/17

corporalis, -e adj bodily, physical; see iuramentum, sacramentum

corporaliter adv physically, tangibly; see presto, tactus

corporatus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a (civic) corporation, corporate; see sitella

corpus, -oris n nt 1. literally the human body C4/6, C237/9, etc; CH781/18; CR527/17, etc; EL22/14; OX11/1, etc; SM145/18; SX212/19, etc; in idioms heres de corpore heir of one's body, ie, one's genetic offspring, not an adoptive heir CH721/26; malus de corpore suo literally (to be) evil as concerns one's body, hence (to be) sexually immoral LI25/7; 2. hence a dead body, corpse CH25/39; CR463/7; DR247/18; EK25/26; LI25/17; SH74/2?; SM423/12; W347/6, etc; 3. by extension of sense 1 physical appearance SH74/2?; 4. body, one's person CH692/5; EK308/31; H112/25; SH265/31, SH266/8; 5. metaphorically body, collection or group of people, things, or ideas SH99/3; 6. in idiom corpus Christi the Eucharistic body of Christ C4/21, etc; CH47/32-3, etc; DR252/16, etc; EK309/35, etc; LI121/21, etc (also dominicum corpus the Lord's body LI7/1); SH127/31, etc; SM41/7-8, etc; W399/20, etc; used metaphorically with reference either to the church as the body of Christ (see 1 Cor 12) or to the Eucharistic body of Christ, present in churches in the reserved sacrament EL3/15; see also capcio, collegium, dies, festum, uisus

correa see chorea

correctio, -onis n f 1. punishment, usually corporal C267/20; 2. as legal term correction (of wrongdoer by fine or other punishment) C407/5; EK5/15, etc; LI347/21; SH48/33; SM91/20, etc; SX40/13; see also domus

correus, -a, -um adj made of leather EK106/5

coruisarius, -ii n m corviser, a shoemaker SH136/3

corus see chorus

costagium see custagium

costodia, -e n f for custodia [OLD]

costos see custos

Couentria, -e n f Coventry, name of diocese SH177/1

crastinum, -i sbst nt the morrow EK974/24, etc; specifically the day after a feast day CR492/5; SH10/7, etc; SM183/1,1m; crastinum Decollacionis Sancti Iohannis Baptiste the morrow of the Decollation of St John Baptist, 30 August EL34/3; ~ Epiphanie Domini the morrow of the Lord's Epiphany, 2 January CR505/4; ~ Purificacionis the morrow of Candlemas, 3 February IC22/7; ~ sancte Trinitatis the morrow of Trinity Sunday EL230/30-1; ~ sancti Martini the morrow of St Martin's Day, 12 November EL128/18; ~ sancti Thome episcopi the morrow of the feast of St Thomas Becket, either 30 December or 8 July EK909/15-16

creator, -oris n m creator, used as a divine title H98/18, etc

credentia, -e n f credit, trustworthiness WL237/14

creditum, -i n nt 1. debt C64/32? (possibly an occurrence of AL creditor [DML] but this is unlikely); C610/35; 2. specifically money owed to a person or his estate OX259/8, etc

credulitas, -atis n f act of trusting or believing, belief SM707/18; W389/24

cribiro var of cribro [OLD]

crinalia, -ium sbst nt wig SM248/38, etc [OLD crinalis, crinis]

crinis, -is n m hair, by extension a wig: crines muliebres a woman's wig (either as representing a woman's hair or possibly as made from women's hair), likely used as a costume OX61/31

crispatus, -a, -um adj either caused or affected by vibration, as of the strings of a musical instrument, or subtle WL8/13 [cp OLD crispo and DML crispare]

Cristus for Christus; see aedes

crociatus, -a, -um adj flavoured with saffron SH161/29

croftum, -i n nt croft, a small enclosure of land attached to a house L77/27

cronica, -e n f chronicle, annal OX11/18, etc; cronicum IC6/33 [OLD chronicum]

cruciferarius n m crucifer, one bearing a (processional) cross C105/16

crucifixio, -onis n f crucifixion, here a representation of Christ's crucifixion CH48/8, etc

crucifixus, -i sbst m a crucified man: 1. apparently referring to one representing Christ in a mock crucifixion WL216/30; 2. by extension Christ OX12/21

crudis, -e adj raw; see caro

crumenaria, -e n f from CL 'crumina' or 'crumena', a small purse, + -'aria', a suffix usually denoting a place [OLD], but probably to be taken as synonymous with 'crumina'; see Cambridge Appendix 6:2, De Crumena Perdita C248/27

crus, -ris n nt 1. (lower) leg, shin OX136/14, etc; 2. by extension leggings, hose (in punning phr crurum tenus literally as far as the legs, rendered by E 'over bootes') OX364/5 [see OLD cruralis, DML crurale, OEDO hose n. 1.a.]

crux, -cis n f cross: 1. as an instrument of execution under Roman law (represented in a play) OX137/33; 2. symbol of Christ's death or of the Christian faith, here apparently referring to the Holy Cross or relic thereof as the dedication of an altar within a cathedral EL16/18; used figuratively for Christ's saving work H99/21; used as a sign of the wearer's committment to join a crusade WL222/19, etc; 3. often an article of church furnishing CH46/28; EK24/11, etc; OX12/21, etc; or a processional cross LI27/33, etc; likely used in a play OX63/23; 4. in the name of a festival: Crucis (with 'dies sancte' understood), Holy Cross Day, 14 September EK20/11m; see also festum; 5. as a name element: Parshore St Crucis Pershore Holy Cross W385/42-3m; ecclesia ... sancte Crucis Holy Cross Church CR504/26-7; 6. a market cross or the like, eg, that near the Canterbury bullstake EK126/4m; 7. a cross used as a heraldic device SH98/30, etc (see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)); as part of a wait's badge LI172/1, etc

cubicularius, -ii n m one with whom one shares a bedroom, room-mate OX60/31, etc [cp DML concubicularius with cubicularius]

cubile, -is n nt bedroom WL266/29

culpabilis, -e adj guilty (as a plea or verdict in a court) BR3/10; CH616/19, etc; LI208/10; OX9/26, etc; SH265/22, etc; SM399/24, etc; SX171/25; WL217/11, etc

cultus, -us n m 1. religious practice, observance, worship DR247/28; EL21/35; H57/6; SH5/28; WL78/24; de uero cultu 'On true worship,' title of book six of Lactantius' Diuinae institutiones CH812/3; 2. in idiom cultus diuinus divine service, used collectively for the regular liturgical observance required in a Christian church CR503/37; EL21/20, etc; LI24/28, etc (or diuinus ~ LI762/12); used collectively for the regular liturgical observance required of monks, nuns, and the regular clergy EK912/3; WL216/1

Cumbria, -ae n f Cumberland, name of an earldom OX218/33

cumputans see computo

cuprum, -i n nt the metal copper EL18/27 [see OLD cyprum1]

cura, -e n f literally care, concern here in idiom animarum cura cure of souls, the responsibility borne by a cleric for parishioners entrusted to him SX4/1; used without 'animarum' in the same sense, cure EK975/32 [OEDO cure n.1 4.a.]

curatus, -i n m curate, any priest having the cure of souls CH803/22, etc; H72/25; EK726/20, etc; L24/12; LI41/5; SM106/15, etc; W349/14

curia, -e n f 1. law court, either ecclesiatical or secular C361/32, etc; CH135/9, etc; DR282/40, etc (borough); EK227/36; EL128/2, etc; H159/16, etc; L77/17, etc; SH138/14, etc (secular), SH117/34, etc (ecclesiatical); SM397/10m, etc; WL128/37; here a borough court acting both as a law court LI78/26 and as a deliberative body LI79/23; idioms: bonus amicus in curia a good friend in court, ie, someone who acts or intervenes on one's behalf in legal proceedings CR490/25-6; ~ admirallis admiral's court, here with reference to the court of admiralty of the Cinque Ports, which sat under the lord warden or his commissary EK625/22; ~ augmentacionum court of Augmentations EL127/37, etc; ~ de burgemoto burghmote court EK63/39; ~ consistorialis consistory court, ecclesiastical court meeting under a bishop or his deputy, normally in a chamber called the consistory CH767/21; ~ histrionum CH59/6-7m, etc, or ~ minstralciae CH40/4 entertainers' court or minstrelsy court, a feudal court at which all minstrels in Cheshire were required to appear annually to do homage and pay a fee; ~ manerii manorial court DR295/41 (see also rotulus); ~ portmoti portmote court, a borough court in the city of Chester CH119/37, etc; ~ scac(c)arii court of Exchequer EL128/31; specifically that of the county palatine of Chester CH691/32; ~ Schepweye court of Shepway, the court for the administration of justice in the Cinque Ports, so called from the place where it met EK974/25-6; see also hospicia; 2. court session: de curia ad curiam from one court to the next, ie, at successive court sessions EK947/34, etc; 3. court personnel, especially the judge of a court EK306/33, etc; 4. (royal or noble) court, a retinue accompanying a ruler CH35/38; OX10/33; WL247/20, etc; by extension ~ Romana the Roman curia, the papal court EK974/8, etc (also found unmodified in this sense EK974/12, EK974/15, EK975/4); 5. manor house, seat (of the lord of a manor) SM177/27, etc; see also apprenticius

curialis, e adj of or pertaining to the (royal) court, courtly OX534/30

curialitas, -atis n f gratuity, gift EK733/5, etc; L114/7, etc; LI120/4

curiositas, -atis n f literally state of being 'curiosus,' ie, careful, elaborate, or inquisitive, hence diligence, elaboration or extravagance, curiosity, or even fussiness, but used in Lydd accounts of the second quarter of the fifteenth century as though synonymous with the foregoing: gratuity EK647/14, etc

currens, -ntis prp in progress, current CH768/19, etc; see also cant(t)us

curriculum, -i n nt a carriage EK204/4, etc

curso, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally to course, to hunt with hounds, hence to bait (bears) CH26/10

cursor, -oris n m courier EK63/20

cursus, -us n m 1. a series or succession, hence one's turn at something C133/18; 2. practice, habitual course of action, in idiom secundum cursum ecclesie Anglicane, abbreviated to secundum cursum etc or iuxta cursum etc, according to the practice of the English church, used of dates to describe the English custom, retained formally until 1752, of treating Lady Day, 25 March, as the start of a new calendar year (see Cheney, pp 12-13) C335/7; EL19/3; SM160/4; SX38/28

curtillagium, -ii n nt curtilage, plot of ground, often enclosed, surrounding a dwelling as part of a feudal holding SM177/24, etc [Black's Curtilage]

curtus, -a, -um adj short; see tunica

custagium, -ii n nt cost, expense EK60/16 (in form custa<...>), etc; El230/26, etc; costagium EK60/35; EL26/13

custodio, -ire, -iui, -itum v tr to keep: 1. to observe (eg, a festival) IC52/14, etc; 2. hence by extension to be present during (a vacation) IC21/37, etc; see uacacio; 3. to maintain, carry out (eg, duties, an office) IC50/34, etc; 4. to abide by (eg, rules) CH55/37, etc; 5. to maintain (eg, guests, animals) CH68/27, etc; L77/18, etc; 6. maintain, keep up (eg, provisions) IC56/34, etc; 7. to preserve CH763/19; 8. to maintain (eg, a site) CH116/2; 9. to operate (a business) L113/16(2); 10. to maintain, run (eg, an event or spectacle) SM189/12

custoditor, -oris n m keeper of a beast or beasts, either trained or simply captive, for exhibition or baiting: custoditor ursorum bearward LI86/35, etc

custos, -odis n m warden, keeper IC72/2: 1. a guardian SH98/19; used of a cleric appointed to watch over the tomb of a locally venerated bishop H200/13, etc; 2. head of a collegiate chapter CR503/20, etc; or of an academic college OX13/26, etc; 3. a civic officer EK731/15, etc; 4. officer of a cathedral or guild LI105/14, etc; 5. as title of other offices: used absolutely SX48/14, etc, or in phrs custos bonorum ecclesiae keeper of the church's goods, ie, a churchwarden SM905/5; ~ breuium keeper of the writs, normally an officer of the royal courts with charge of writs and similar documents but here apparently an officer of Gray's Inn IC235/10; custos carceris keeper of the gaol, gaoler BR4/15; custos ... lez masques et disguisinges a royal officer, keeper of the masques and disguisings LI584/29-30; ~ nigri keeper of the Black Book, a Christmas officer at Lincoln's Inn IC131/17; custodes placitorum corone keepers of Crown pleas, ie, coroners, four royal officers in the county subordinate to the sheriff who kept the judicial and financial records of the county SH13/35 (see also coronator); custos quinque portuum EK754/24, or custos portuum EK756/3 lord warden of the Cinque Ports; ~ signorum keeper of the signs, ie, tokens or seals, a Christmas officer at Middle Temple IC36/9; dominus custos priuati sigilli lord keeper of the privy seal, a senior royal officer and counsellor with oversight of all material issued under the privy seal SH201/28-9; 5. keeper of a beast or beasts, either trained or simply captive, for exhibition or baiting L129/21; SH159/36, etc; custos bestiarum literally beast-keeper, probably a bearward EK756/3; custos leonis lion-keeper EK78/31; custos ursorum bearward CR494/15; EK762/29; LI82/36, etc (also costos ursorum LI85/31); SX184/12, etc



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