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comisia see comitia

comitas, -atis n f county IC124/25, etc

comitatus, -us n m 1. accompanying escort or group, retinue IC424/28; OX313/2; WL11/21; 2. county BR3/5, etc; C327/25, etc; CH716/14, etc; DR211/3, etc; EK779/26, etc; IC464/13, etc; L14/11, etc; LI607/26, etc; OX8/14, etc; SH13/35, etc; SM189/10, etc; SX170/28, etc; W451/23, etc; WL159/37, etc; 3. hence comitatus palatinus CH691/38 or palentinus CH691/34 county palatine, originally the territory under the authority of an earl palatine, who excercised a quasi-royal jurisdiction within his county; 4. county court, so-called because it was seen in law as standing for the county as a whole SH13/34

comitia, -iorum n nt (university) commencement C217/10, etc; OX257/15, etc; comisia C370/40

comitissa, -e n f countess, wife of an earl EK48/10, etc; OX313/34; SH129/8, etc

comitiua, -e n f 1. company, fellowship, group C841/25; EL14/10; OX11/29, etc; SH353/14, etc; 2. specifically the body of members of an Inn IC31/21, etc; cometiua IC66/24

commeatus, -us n m regular or standard provisions of food, in idiom preter commeatum a grant of extra or special provisions beyond what was usual C192/14, etc

commedia see comedia

commemoracio, -onis n f commemoration, feast (of a saint): commemoratio sancti Palli commemoration of St Paul C75/3 (probably an abbreviated reference to the 'commemoratio sanctorum Pauli et Petri' 30 June, which was also the observance of St Paul's alleged beheading)

commessacio, -onis n f dinner, banquet OX60/37, etc

commestus for comessus [OLD comedo1]

comminarius, -ii n m commoner: normally a student at an Oxford college who is not a member of the foundation and must therefore pay for his commons, ie, his board, but here likely one receiving full commons, hence possibly a kind of fellow (see semicommunnarius) OX170/25

commissarius, -ii n m commissary: 1. deputy or representative of a bishop or other high ecclesiastic, often presiding as a judge on behalf of his principal EK308/37, etc; H57/27; LI341/17; SH6/6; SM230/33, etc; W445/15; commissarius ... generalis commissary general, probably another title for the vicar general of a diocese OX499/13; SM173/38; see also uicarius; 2. by extension a judge presiding over a university court as the deputy of the vice-chancellor OX42/7, etc; at Cambridge, the commissary's court customarily exercised the university's jurisdiction over those not members of the university C326/27, etc; 3. commissioner, a royal officer (possibly a household officer) delegated to carry out specific responsibilities CR493/13; EK361/34

com(m)issio, -onis n f commission, grant of authority to act: eg, for the Crown CH716/15, etc; EL228/26m, etc; possibly a commission of the peace L161/27; commission to carry out an episcopal order SM173/34m; commissio taxacionis commission for taxation CR494/29 (in form taxa<...> due to manuscript damage)

com(m)issionarius, -i n m 1. commissioner, one empowered by a royal commission to undertake specified responsibilities CH305/17; EL128/3; SH161/16, etc; eg, to take statements and conduct examinations DR191/34; 2. an officer of Star Chamber delegated to take sworn answers WL105/6

committo, -ittere, -isi, -issum v tr 1. with 'ad' + gdve and acc of the person to entrust (a responsibility) to (someone) L76/18; 2. to commit (a crime) L25/4

commoditas, -atis n f asset EL125/30, etc

commodatio, -onis n f loan OX76/27

commodea see comedia

commodium, commodum1 see comedia

commodum, -i2 sbst nt benefit, beneficial use LI320/13 [OLD]

communa, -e1 n f 1. commons, the standard daily provision of supplies, usually foodstuffs, made for each member of a chapter, college, or other community or the monetary value thereof C133/21, C841/22; H113/2, etc; LI333/31, etc; OX13/25, etc; SM236/7, etc; W398/34; communia EL22/25; SM239/25, etc; 2. commons, a standard daily provision of meals and supplies made for members of an Inn according to their rank: com(m)unie f pl IC92/7, etc; com(m)unia nt pl IC88/9, etc; 3. daily meals provided for a visitor, servant, or workman by a college C63/37, etc; 4. right of common: communa pasture right of common pasture, right to pasture one's animals in a field common to all tenants of a manor SM182/6, etc [Black's Common, Commoners]

communa, -e2 n f common fund, part of the treasury of the Lincoln Cathedral chapter LI105/20, etc; communia LI208/17

communarius, -ii n m commoner, freeman of a borough, often specifically one who belongs to the town council EK315/18, etc; communiarius EK657/36, etc

communia, -e1 n f commonalty, corporate body made up of the freemen of a borough BR3/5m

communia2 see communa

communiarius, -i n m communar, official of a religious house with oversight of the purchase and distribution of commons SM247/16, etc

communicacio, -onis n f communication, conversation EK185/16, etc; EL184/12; OX40/29

communio, -onis n f 1. one's dealings with others, social intercourse OX11/29, etc; 2. (Holy) Communion, church service at which the Eucharist is celebrated and administered SX24/39 [ODCC EUCHARIST]; 3. in pl commons, a standard daily provision of meals and supplies made for members of an Inn according to their rank: ~ clericorum clerks' commons, the commons provided for clerks, the most junior members of an Inn IC36/18, etc

com(m)unis, -e adj 1. common, communal, of or pertaining to a community, eg, a chapter, a college, a parish, or a town C6/36, C37/1, C296/36, C333/9, C841/21; CH154/13, etc; CR504/19; EK537/23, etc; EL22/37, etc; L35/35, L36/3; LI25/29, etc; OX65/11, etc; SH172/7, etc; SM252/3, etc; W413/34; 2. hence A. comm pl as sbst the commons, members of a community, here town burgesses LI320/61; B. f pl as sbst commons, a standard daily provision of meals and supplies made for members of an Inn according to their rank IC39/21, etc; communes clericales IC37/9--10, etc, or ~ clericorum IC40/38, clerks' commons, the commons provided for clerks, the most junior members of an Inn; ~ magistrorum masters' commons, the commons provided for benchers IC35/23, etc; 3. common, general, ordinary C253/34; CH33/39, etc; DR172/31; EK822/18, etc; EL53/36; IC37/12, etc; OX6/30, etc; in idiom in communi in common, together CH46/35; 4. common, open to the public L113/17; LI103/35, LI109/14?; see also dies, domus, histrio, intersessio, ludus

com(m)unitas, -atis n f community, commonalty, commons (of a town or city) C68/35, etc; CH153/15, etc; CR493/31; EK307/35, etc; LI78/42, etc; OX799/18, etc; SH131/5, etc; SM252/2, etc; W412/13, etc

communiter adv 1. in ordinary language, in English (as opposed to Latin) C367/12; W349/35; 2. openly, generally, hence publicly CH768/13, etc; L113/17; SM242/28; 3. commonly, generally LI108/19

communitor, -oris n m commoner, one who shares in the provision of commons IC52/22

comoedia see comedia

comparencia, -e n f appearance before a judge DR288/38, etc; comparancia DR276/5, etc

compareo, -ere, -ui v intr 1. to appear, come into sight OX305/12, etc; 2. hence as legal term to appear before a judge, whether in church or secular courts C249/16, etc; CH119/38, etc; CR504/14 (church); DR248/1, etc (church); EK308/37, etc; EL34/4, etc; H57/26, etc (church); L19/2, etc (church) and L148/40, etc (secular); LI321/30, etc (undifferentiated); OX73/39, etc (undifferentiated); SH323/25, etc (church), SH273/29 (secular); SM256/37, etc; SX11/33, etc (church); W381/23, etc (church); WL2125/16, etc; comparabit CH763/17; comparandum CH264/27

comparicio, -onis n f appearance before a judge C388/23, etc; H71/30; SH280/35, etc

compertio, -onis n f finding, determination of wrongdoing by an inquest or the like EL231/3

compertorium, -ii n nt finding, determination of wrongdoing by an inquest or the like SM378/21

competens, -ntis adj 1. suitable (for a task), capable of serving in some (specified) capacity, competent, adequate C332/20; CH843/24, etc; LI266/18, etc; SH44/3; 2. relevant LI342/20

compilatus, -a, -um pfp pass compiled: collected or possibly composed LI332/34 [OEDO compile v.]

compitus see compotus

completorium, -ii n nt compline, latest of the canonical hours making up the divine office of monks and clerics, said in the evening after supper LI125/6; SM174/16

completus, -a, -um pfp pass 1. finished, done C132/21; 2. as adj full, entire C150/35

complex, -icis sbst comm accomplice (to a crime) BR3/24, etc; EK308/16, etc; LI607/16

composicio, -onis n f writing, composition, here of a poem, apparently one intended to be sung BR5/14

compositus, -i n m a composite number, one of two or more places IC655/1 [OEDO composite a. and n. 3b, compound a. 2c]

compotacio, -onis n f drinking, act of drinking especially in a social group, here glossed by E 'scotale' LI5/2, etc; see also Lincolnshire EG scotales

compotus, -i (or -us) n m 1. account, formal accounting made of the receipts and disbursements of an institution or by the collector of specific payments or the like EK53/30, etc; EL127/35, etc; IC6/11, etc; LI197/10; OX7/10; SM881/34; in idioms tempus (huius) compoti (this) accounting period, the period of time covered in a given account EK326/15-16, etc; EL33/22, etc (in form computi); H111/20, etc; LI580/5-6, etc (in form computi); W404/9-10, etc; compitus EK9/39; computus (2nd decl) IC24/9, etc; LI137/13, etc; OX215/5, etc; computus (4th decl) EK735/34, etc; 2. accounting, the process, or act, of drawing up such an account C330/12; computus (2nd decl) C357/28?, C357/29?; computus (4th decl) C214/15; 3. accounting for specific costs C570/11; computus (2nd decl) C357/28?, C357/29?; see also dies

compurgator, -oris n m compurgator, one who supports the oath of an accused party by his own oath; in ecclesiastical courts, this process, called compurgation, was a means by which the accused could be cleared of a charge C364/23, etc; SH324/18, etc; SM226/25; W389/21, etc; WL236/32; see also purgacio

computacio, -onis n f calculation, reckoning, in idiom secundum computacionem ecclesie Anglicane according to the reckoning of the English church, used of dates to describe the English custom, retained formally until 1752, of treating Lady Day, 25 March, as the start of a new calendar year (see Cheney, pp 12-13) W445/13; even when the phr 'iuxta computacionem ecclesie Anglicane' does not occur in full, the abbreviated expression iuxta &c after dates presumably stands for it H64/32, etc; SH60/20, etc; W378/36-7

computo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. calculate the cost of, account for spending on H106/33, etc; LI106/25, etc; W404/8, etc; 2. render an account LI27/35, etc; W411/17; 3. prp as m sbst accountant EK209/32, etc; EL33/20, etc; IC15/14, etc; LI121/34, etc; compotans IC14/38, etc; cumputans IC103/18

computus see compotus

concameratio, -onis n f literally vaulting, vaulted ceiling, hence a vaulted room OX306/29

concaruandus, -a, -um see conseruandus

concauitas, -atis n f concavity, curving inward WL222/22

concensus, concensu var of consensus, consensu [OLD consensus]

concepcio, -onis n f conception (of a child), especially the Conception of the Virgin Mary, commemorated liturgically on 8 December C76/15; SM240/28, etc

concerno, -ere, concreui, conceptum v tr 1. to concern, have regard to EK947/8; 2. prp concerning C333/19; CH305/22, etc; LI25/40; SH40/33, etc

conceruandus see conseruandus

conciliariis var of consiliariis [OLD consiliarius]

concilium, -ii n nt council: 1. church council, an assembly of bishops and other clerics for the purpose of deciding theological and doctrinal issues LI7/9; W395/25, etc; concilium Pisanum Council of Pisa EK62/4; concilium synodale synod, a local church council, eg, held for a single diocese SX3/21c; generale ... concilium general council, one held for the church as a whole LI7/6; provinciale concilium provincial council, one held for a single ecclesiastical province LI7/6; 2. town council EK848/10; 3. a secular deliberative body with wider authority than a town: Concilium ... in Partibus Borealis Council of the North IC201/24--5

concinnatus, -a, -um pfp pass produced, made OX251/7 [OLD concinno]

concio, -onis n f 1. sermon C315/13, etc; CH768/23; OX177/23; contio OX200/39; 2. assembly, gathering C267/26, etc

concionator, -oris n m preacher CH767/38, etc; IC108/23, etc

concionor, -ari, -atus -sum v intr 1. preach C315/13; CH768/33, etc; EK204/5; 2. deliver a speech or address C229/22

conclaue, -is n nt small private room C157/39, etc; OX894/4

concordo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr 1. to be in agreement, agree CH52/18, etc; IC45/9, etc; LI208/16 (in pass with middle force LI24/33); 2. impers pass to be agreed LI112/12, etc; 3. hence pfp pass concordatus checked C301/10, etc; SH218/33; 4. to come to an agreement, come to terms (with) IC53/27

concrepo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr 1. (of instruments) to sound WL8/16; 2. (of the human voice) to sing, chant WL60/10

concretus, -a, -um pfp pass thoroughly tested or tried WL9/1 [see OLD con- and cerno]

concubia, -e n f literally bedtime, here midnight SH264/26

concubicularius, -ii n m one with whom one shares a bedroom, room-mate OX91/38 [see DML concubicularius]

concurrens, -ntis prp consecutive (of periods of time) CH768/17

condicio, -onis n f 1. condition, stipulation (of a bond) C279/26, etc; CH714/31, etc; W387/12; WL111/29; condiccio CH27/3; 2. station of life, situation CH36/4; WL237/31; in idiom libere condicionis of a free status, ie, not a villein, a status which persisted in law until the early 17th c. C327/31, etc; H112/22

condico, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr to agree LI607/1

condoleo, -ere, -ui v tr to grieve or sorrow with (someone) LI4/24

conduco, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr to escort (someone), to conduct WL11/37, etc

conducticius, -ii n m 1. conduct, conduct-priest, a stipendiary cleric, especially one hired to help with liturgical or chapel duties LI333/38; 2. one of a group of stipendary chaplains who composed part of the 'collegium' of King's College C58/4

conductio, -onis n f 1. conveying, transporting (of a person or thing) EK334/4 (in form conduxio); SH154/8?, SH159/20; 2. hiring (of a person or thing) EK101/22, EK101/40, EK101/41, EK104/1, etc; LI107/13; SH154/8? (the occurrences on EK101/22, EK101/40, and EK101/41 are possibly also examples of sense 1)

conductus, -us n m literally transport, here in idiom saluus et securus conductus safe-conduct SH265/33

confectio, -onis n f 1. making, drawing up (eg, of a document) LI342/19; 2. by extension comfit, confection IC4/3; OX51/19

confederacio, -onis n f alliance, compact, hence often with negative connotation conspiracy LI25/33

confederator, -oris n m member of an alliance or compact, confederate, hence often with negative connotation conspirator LI347/11

confessatum, -i sbst nt something confessed, specific point of a confession EK892/32, etc

confessio, -onis n f 1. statement, acknowledgement (in response to a charge), confession C407/25; H150/17, etc; LI58/30, etc; SH53/29, etc; SM233/6; 2. likely alluding to the sacramental rite of confession OX179/2; 3. by extension confession of faith (connotes such a confession made in the face of persecution or danger) EL147/40

confessor, -oris n m literally one who avows or states, confessor; in Christian Latin writers, one who bears witness to the faith but without having suffered martyrdom, usually found in reference to saints and their festivals SX48/31 [ODCC]

confiteor, -fiteri, -fessus sum v tr 1. to make a statement, acknowledge, confess C249/19, etc; CH22/2, etc; H62/31, etc; L21/3, etc; LI607/15, etc; OX76/33, etc; SH61/25, etc; SM211/14, etc; SX37/24, etc; W390/29; here to make (a quasi-sacramental) confession of WL80/7; 2. to make (sacramental) confession CR491/6; LI3/21, etc; idiom pro confessis (possibly on account of things confessed (nt sg of pfp act used as sbst but with pass sense?) appears to be the name of a particular type or form of confession SX23/8; 3. by extension to make a confession of faith (connotes such a confession made in the face of persecution or danger) EL239/29

conflictus, -us n m conflict, struggle WL12/8, etc

confluentia, -e n f gathering, group, confluence, influx C267/34

confluxus, -us n m confluence (of persons) OX305/27

confocium, -ii n nt act of nurture, cherishing LI6/19

confrater, -tris n m literally brother, hence fellow member of a closely knit body of men: of the town corporation EK84/33; LI319/26; of a cathedral chapter or religious guild LI125/7, etc; of a confraternity or guild SH208/32

confratria, -e n f confraternity, brotherhood, guild CR491/7

confuga, -e n m fugitive BR3/27

congaudens, -ntis prp rejoicing particularly EK27/11

conger, -gris var of conger, congri [OLD]

congregacio, -onis n f 1. gathering together, meeting BR5/37; EK824/11, etc; LI608/41, etc; 2. specifically a gathering of people in church for a service, congregation H73/28; SX23/11; W377/39

congregatus, -a, um pfp pass gathered, met IC61/11; LI120/32, etc

congruus, -a, -um adj suitable, fitting LI107/28, etc

congrue adv fittingly, suitably, appropriately BR5/19

conniuentia, -e n nt literally a wink (of the eye), hence acceptance, connivance C399/32

conopeus, -i n m canopy EK204/1, etc

conquestus, -us n m (Norman) conquest BR6/25; CH716/18, etc; EK85/6, etc; EL25/17, etc; W413/40

conquiesco, -escere, -eui v intr to be settled, put to rest (of conflicts or disagreements) LI341/23

conquiror, -iri, -estus v intr to make a legal complaint OX7/21--2, etc

conscindo, -ere, -idi, -issum v tr to cut, saw C150/21

conscriptus, -a, -um pfp pass enrolled, conscript, hence electores conscripti conscript electors, in a L speech by St John's Christmas Prince, imitating CL 'patres conscripti,' conscript fathers, a customary address to the (Roman) Senate OX343/1 [see OEDO conscript a. and n. A.1.]

consecrabilis, -e adj capable of being consecrated; see panis

consecracio, -onis n f literally the act of making holy, here consecration, the act of ordaining a bishop CR504/21; DR248/9; EK975/6; SM175/9; W350/14; WL218/8; also as a title de consecratione, part three of Gratian's Decretum W395/24

consedeo, -ere, -sedi, -sessum v intr to sit down together WL79/14

consedo var of concedo [OLD]

conseruandus, -a, -um gdve of conseruo, to keep, preserve [OLD] in idiom ad pacem conseruandum L94/32-3, etc, or ad pacem ... conseruandam CH668/3, etc; LI325/25; SH263/34; OX8/14--15, to keep the peace, part of the formal title of a JP ; concaruandam L94/8; conceruandam CH688/11, etc; see also iusticiarius

conseruator, -oris n m literally one who keeps or preserves, here keeper of a beast or beasts, either trained or simply captive, for exhibition or baiting: in idioms conseruator ursorum bearward CR494/17 and conseruator unius bestie vocate a camele camelward CR494/18-19

consideracio, -onis n f consideration: 1. act of considering CH56/6; IC36/10; 2. object of one's considering CH153/15, etc; 3. in idiom in consideracione + gen in consideration of, in return for BR133/39; L82/21, L241/1; 3. result of considering, decision IC87/5, IC87/9; 4. in pl reasons, considerations IC23/31, etc

considero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to make a judgment or decision (that) IC21/36; OX9/31; with 'de' + abl to make a judgment or decision (about someone or something), used of a judge SH265/39

consiliarius, -ii n m counsellor, adviser EK974/27; OX125/9, etc; consilarius EK204/23

consilium, -ii n nt 1. counsel, advice EK307/35, etc; IC61/11; OX3/16, etc; 2. deliberation OX11/12, etc; 3. council, a group of advisers, or a meeting thereof EK974/12, etc (unclear whether sense 1 or sense 3 is paramount in the occurrence at EK974/29 or that at CH716/39); IC45/12; OX7/23, etc (in the occurrence at OX313/5, a play on senses 1 and 3 seems intended); hence the Council in the Marches of Wales SH177/1, etc; 4. town council EK848/10, etc; OX481/35, etc

consistorialis, -e adj of or pertaining to a consistory court; locus consistorialis the site of such a court, consistory C388/11, etc; EK229/29, etc; H66/5, etc; LI57/38, etc; SH58/10, etc; SM134/10, etc; WL221/1, etc; see also curia, dies

consistorium, -ii n nt consistory, originally a council-chamber in a bishop's residence which became the site of a court meeting under the bishop or his deputy, later the court itself DR248/2; EL208/7; SH58/29; W350/8; or any chamber in which it met W383/39; in Hereford there was a dean's consistory as well as a bishop's consistory; in Cambridge applied to a court meeting under the VC or his deputy C388/13, etc

consocius, -ii n m accomplice, fellow, partner H62/29m

consolatus, -us n m consolation EK980/9

consortium, -ii n nt fellowship, guild LI220/32, etc

constabularia, -e n f office of a constable, constableship: ~ turris constableship of the tower, one of the Christmas offices established at Inns in emulation of the royal court IC42/6

constabularius, -ii n m constable: 1. an officer of the peace in a county or a hundred, inferior to a sheriff CH37/40, etc; EK537/4, etc; LI72/36; SH14/7; 2. a royal officer in charge of a castle and its fortifications BR3/23, etc; EK55/32, etc; LI103/31; here an officer of a Christmas prince IC78/36: ~ turris IC39/21, etc, or ~ ad turrum IC78/37, constable of the tower; constabilarius EK974/22

Constabulus, -i n m Constable, Latinization of E surname LI86/6

constamentum, -i n nt cost EK34/3

constans, -ntis prp in idiom constans est it is agreed (for the more usual constat) EL231/6-7 [OLD consto 9]

Constantius, -ii n m Constantius, the name of three of the later Roman Emperors, here used as the fictive L nomen of a courtier of the Christmas prince IC462/12

constitucio, -onis n f decision, decree CH56/34; EL18/12; LI319/39m, etc; OX44/6; SX3/21

consuetudinarie adv customarily, regularly C132/24

consuetudo, -inis n f 1. custom, practice SM239/10; 2. custom, customary usage, (here apparently describing a tenant's customary rights, contrasted with seruicium, his or her customary dues to the lord of a manor) SM178/13, etc; in idiom secundum consuetudinem manerii according to the custom of the manor: within the jurisdiction of a manorial court, customary usage had the force of law, especially as regards land tenure L82/32, etc

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