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chorus, -i3 n m cor, a biblical measure for grain, probably used as a synonym for quarter, an E measure of varying capacity according to the substance to be measured but usually of around 8 bushels for grain LI25/25 [see OEDO quarter n. and DML corus]

Christianus, -a, -um adj Christian C141/35, etc; CH767/41; H98/15; OX178/19; SH100/19; m pl as sbst Christian people, Christians C316/26; EK827/27; H98/13, etc; LI4/14; OX177/38; WL79/17

Christicola, -e n comm worshipper of Christ, Christian EK980/3

Christifidelis, -e adj faithful in Christ, hence comm pl as sbst Christifideles faithful people, the faithful CH769/8, etc; EL125/12; Christi fideles EL138/5

Chrysostomus, -i n m St John Chrysostom (c 347-407), theologian and patriarch of Constantinople CH808/16m

cibaria, -orum n nt literally provisions, food, hence meals WL12/28

Cicestrensis, -is n f Chichester, name of a city and a diocese SX3/21, etc; Cichestrensis SX24/39

Cicestria, -e n f Chichester, name of a city SX38/29

Cicilia, -e n f Sicily EK779/24, etc

cignetinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a swan; cegnetinus; see caro

cimiterium, -ii n nt 1. churchyard BR3/28, etc; CR463/5, etc; DR247/17, etc; EK938/20m, etc; EL3/6, etc; H97/28; LI6/11, etc; SH199/35; SM423/5, etc; SX3/9, etc; W395/20, etc; cymiterium EL4/2; W347/20; WL54/3, etc; 2. as name element(?) Richardus de Cimiterio Richard Churchyard SH10/13-14

cinctura, -e n f binding (of a book) OX213/11

cindo see (s)cindo

cineritius, -a, -um adj ashen, ashy; see festum

cinis, -eris n nt ash, ashes OX163/1; figuratively (in reference to Ash Wednesday and the start of Lenten observance) OX177/35; hence conuiuium cinerum a banquet held for graduands of the Ash Wednesday convocation, the first of the two spring commencements C372/39-40; see dies, posterior

ciphus, -i n m bowl EK34/24, etc; SM177/26, etc

Ciprus, -i n m Cyprus EK50/35

circa 1. prep with acc A. around, about (of motion) LI25/17, etc; B. around, near (of time) LI24/25; OX5/17, etc; C. in connection with, concerning DR247/12; LI104/36, etc; OX63/24, etc; D. after, for (of purpose) LI347/37; OX1093/2 (referring to a future event); 2. prep with abl about, concerning, with respect to CR492/13, etc

circiter1 adv with eo thereabouts L241/24

circiter2 prep with acc 1. around, near (of time) L241/15; 2. (of space) W396/7; 3. in connection with, concerning LI132/19 [error for OLD circa2?]

circuitus, -us n m 1. a circular structure, circle OX306/20 [OLD circu(m)itus]; 2. round dance OX5/24m

circulus, -i n m literally circle, here apparently a ring or band of metal SH144/28

circumcisio, -onis n f circumcision: 1. used literally LI103/17, etc; 2. used figuratively LI103/19; 3. referring to the liturgical commemoration of Jesus' circumcision on 1 January (Lk 2.21) C45/11, etc; CR504/18; EK36/35, etc; LI103/20, etc; OX25/4, etc; SX185/28; W465/3; circumscisio C45/34; circumsicio EK907/17, etc; see also dies

circumfero, -ferre, -tuli, -latum v tr to carry or move around, in pass to wind about, circle WL54/3

circumquaque adv all around, on every side C399/10, etc; OX5/19

circumspeccio, -onis n f prudence, circumspection CH59/5, etc

circumspecte agatis v phr literally 'you shall act circumspectly,' name of a royal ordinance of 1286 settling jurisdictional boundaries between royal and church courts IC471/16, etc

circumuicinus, -a, -um adj nearby, located about or around a place C333/16; CH771/13

cirographus, -i n m indenture LI342/24 [DML chirographum]

ciroteca see chiroteca

cirpa, -e n f rush, reed C6/3

cissor, -is n m tailor OX5/21m, etc

cissus for scissus [OLD scindo]

cista, -e n f a box or chest: for storing garments C151/21, etc; for keeping money and other valuables EK62/22; hence used as a name for a treasury C841/21

Cisterciensis, -e adj of or belonging to Citeaux, Cistercian; see ordo

citacio, -onis n f 1. citation, summoning OX503/15; 2. hence citation, a document summoning an accused person to appear before an ecclesiastical court EK307/35m, etc; H57/28, etc; SH6/7, etc; citacio personalis citation delivered in person SM208/37, etc; SX20/13

citatorius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a citation; see littera

cithara, -e n f 1. literally a lyre WL262/12; 2. in AL usage, often by extension a harp CR540/10 (possibly used generically for other plucked-string instruments); OX15/13; WL13/21, etc; cit(h)era IC3/6, etc; OX9/8, etc; chithera BR6/31; cythara OX5/25; WL4/16, etc [OLD cithara]

cithareda, -e n f in CL but probably n comm in AL in CL a singer who accompanies him or herself upon the lyre hence by extension one who plays the harp, harper, possibly used generically for a player upon any plucked-string instrument C91/18; OX42/34 (in form cithereda); cythareda C88/9 [OLD citharoeda]

citharedes, -i n m literally a singer who accompanies himself upon the lyre, hence by extension one who plays the harp; possibly a generic term applied to players of plucked-string instruments EK29/25; W397/18, etc; citheredes EK66/24 [see OLD citharoedus]

citharedus, -i n m literally a singer who accompanies himself upon the lyre, hence by extension one who plays the harp; possibly a generic term applied to players of plucked-string instruments W397/2; in later AL likely a fiddler OX426/25, etc (in form citharaedus); citheredus H106/40; cytharedus OX81/29, etc [OLD citharoedus]

citharis, -is n f harp, possibly a generic term for a plucked-string instrument SM424/17

citharista, -e n m literally one who plays on a lyre, hence by extension harper; possibly a generic term applied to players of plucked-string instruments C48/30; CR540/10; EK907/9, etc; H200/21, etc; LI317/12, etc; OX30/30, etc; WL38/13 citherista EK68/18, etc; setherista LI37/32; thetherista LI36/22 [OLD]

cit(h)era see cithara

citherarius, -ii n m harper OX41/36, etc

citherator, -oris n m literally one who plays on a 'cithara' (in CL a lyre but in AL usage a harp), harper; possibly a generic term applied to players of plucked-string instruments EK907/27, etc; IC3/5, etc; SH354/3, etc; SX187/25; WL289/11; sicherator SX47/24 [see OLD cithara]

citherazator, -oris n m harper, player on a plucked-string instrument W400/3, etc

Cithereus, -i n m fictive L cognomen formed on the root of 'cithera,' possibly representing E surname Harper IC462/12

cithero, -onis n m a harper IC53/27

cito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr cite, issue a citation (to appear before an ecclesiastical or university court) C296/7, etc; CR504/14, etc; DR247/39; EK308/31, etc; EL53/38; H57/26, etc; LI193/24, etc; OX495/15, etc; SH6/5, etc; SM233/26, etc; SX9/14, etc; W381/22, etc; WL235/31m, etc

citra1 adv (of time) past WL215/36, etc

citra2 prep with acc 1. on the near side of, on this side of WL219/28; 2. without regard to, ie, to the exclusion of WL7/20; 3. within, during (a period of time) CH770/30

ciuetas var of ciuitas [OLD]

ciuilis, -e adj peaceful, characterized by civility, civil LI608/7

ciuitas, -atis n f in phr de ciuitate Dei The City of God, title of a work of historical theology by St Augustine of Hippo (354-430) SM194/19m

clamacio, -onis n f literally the act of crying out; see banna

clamator, -oris n m crier, a minor town officer SH130/33, etc; see also banna, ludus

clamo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. cry out, hence announce EK827/40; 2. to make a claim (used of rights in property or the like) 40/36, etc; L241/22; see also banna

clamor, -oris n m act of crying out, in legal idiom facere clamorem to make a cry, ie, a formal announcement or proclamation EK650/19

clanidestinus var of clandestinus [OLD]

Clara, -e1 n f Clare, name of a feudal honour in Suffolk; see honor

Clara, -e2 n f Clare, the name of a saint, St Clare of Assisi (1194-1253), founder of the 'Poor Clares,' a women's order organized on Franciscan principles LI116/33 [ODCC]

clare adv clear, net (of accounting) IC72/6

Clarencia, -e n f Clarence, name of a dukedom CR493/3; EK76/19, etc; SH150/31; W405/5, etc; Clarencius (n m) EK616/5, etc

Clarensis, -e adj 1. of or pertaining to Clare; m sbst as name element Ricardus Clarensis Richard de Clare WL57/16; 2. hence of or belonging to Elizabeth de Clare, founder of Clare Hall (later Clare College), Cambridge; see aula

claretus, -a, -um adj claret; see uinum

clario, -onis n f 1. clarion, type of trumpet originally used for military signalling, or the sound of such a trumpet OX6/15; 2. one who plays a clarion, clarioner OX256/18, etc [see OEDO clarion n.]

clarus, -a, -um adj bright, clear, famous; see de

claua, -e1 n f a mace; see seruiens

claua2 see clauis1

clauicordis, -is n f clavichord, a struck-string keyboard instrument, here in idiom par clauicordis a pair, or set, of clavichords, so called because each individual instrument was made up of distinct mechanisms EK108/12

clauis, -is1 n f key: 1. a device to open a lock C180/8; EK822/16; 2. (in form claua) a piece of metal used to fit, or lock, other pieces together, here apparently one of a number of interlocking pieces forming a chain with three decorative crowns to which a waits' scutcheon was attached by its 'ears' EK86/31 [see OEDO key n.1 1. and 9.]

clauis, -is2 n m nail C264/33; EK747/6, etc; see also clauus

clausio, -onis n f an enclosed area, enclosure W347/10

claustralis, -e adj 1. enclosed, cloistered, here applied to a college community OX209/18; 2. suitable for or belonging to a (monastic) cloister CR528/1

claustrum, -i n nt an enclosed place, hence 1. a cloister LI342/35; WL216/21; 2. a cathedral close LI109/15; SM238/14, etc

clausura, -e n f 1. act of enclosing, fencing-in DR247/17; hence the state of being enclosed, enclosure EK644/26 [cp Black's close, inclosure]; 2. by extension an enclosed place, hence a cloister CH47/10; 3. similarly the enclosed precincts of a cathedral, the close LI123/12, etc

clausus, -us n m 1. closing, completion LI34/7, etc; 2. by extension the close or end of something: clausus Pasche Low Sunday, the Sunday after Easter, that closes the octave of the feast CH47/34; 3. the enclosed precincts of a cathedral, close LI123/12, etc; here likely the Vicar's Close of Chichester Cathedral SX38/29; 4. (legal idiom) close, a parcel of land enclosed either by physical fences or hedges or by detailed boundaries in a deed or similar document SH264/18 [Black's Close]

clauus, -i n m 1. nail C55/28, etc; EK104/32, etc; paruus clauus small nail, tack C121/9; oblongus clauus long nail, spike C121/27; 2. helm, tiller C141/15

Clementinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to St Clement; see festiuitas

clericalis, -e adj 1. pertaining to or suitable for a cleric, clerical CH46/37; CR503/21, etc; OX11/19, etc; SM236/18, etc; W356/37; 2. of or belonging to clerks, the most junior members of an Inn: see communis

clericus, -i n m 1. cleric, one in holy orders BR3/26; C3/26; CH36/21m, etc; CR464/10, etc; EK938/7m, etc; EL15/27, EL17/21, EL20/30; H72/25, etc; LI3/16; OX4/5, etc; SH42/31, etc; SM236/15, SM898/22, SM929/22; W348/4; WL12/37, etc; de clerico venatore literally 'about a cleric as hunter,' a canon prohibiting hunting by members of the clergy IC498/11; by extension one serving a particular parish as a minister C4/28?, C60/19, C62/13?; CH803/22; EK726/20, etc; LI41/5, etc; SM130/2, etc; SX3/7; 2. in the pre-Reformation period, often specifically a cleric in minor orders, probably one below the rank of subdeacon EK59/18; especially one serving liturgically in a cathedral or other church LI105/18, LI105/22, LI106/10, LI108/17, LI333/37(2); here one assisting in a cathedral almonry EL19/10; in idioms: clerici elemosinarii almoner's clerks, boys who had received the first tonsure and were students at the almonry school of a monastery or the like EK65/9; hence clerici sancti Nicholai St Nicholas clerks, boys in minor orders, usually students at a monastery or almonry school, taking part in boy-bishop celebrations on St Nicholas' Day (6 December) or the feast of the Holy Innocents (28 December) EK54/23, etc; EL20/10; SM128/36, SM129/3, SM415/24; SX184/32; hence a boy taking the part of a cathedral cleric in a boy-bishop observance EL17/23, etc; 3. clerk, one of several administrative and financial officers serving the Lincoln Cathedral chapter LI106/7; ~ capituli clerk of the chapter LI105/21, etc; ~ commune clerk of the common fund LI105/20, etc; ~ fabrice clerk of the fabric fund LI123/13, etc; ~sacriste sacrist's clerk LI106/10 (without 'sacriste' LI105/20); 4. specifically a parish clerk, in pre-Reformation use, a cleric in minor orders assisting the priest of a parish in liturgy, et al OX17/1, etc; ~ parochialis CH24/13; EL20/11; OX35/35; ~ parochie CH788/11; 5. hence possibly a person, not necessarily a cleric (eg, a layman or choirboy) appointed as part of a celebration on Christmas or a saint's day (all these occurences may simply be examples of sense 1) C12/18, C12/36, C20/23, C78/33; 6. clerk, an administrative and financial officer in a town EK309/26, etc; L57/5; communis ~ EK314/39, etc; SH172/7 or ~ communitatis OX491/11, etc, town clerk; ~ fori EK63/21 or ~ marcati EK361/37 (or ~ mercati SH162/2) clerk of the market, an officer who supervised a market, with quasi-judicial powers over disputes within it [Black's Clerk of the market]; ~ Penticij clerk of the Pentice, a local court in Chester CH195/42; 7. clerk, an adminstrative and financial officer in a guild LI28/6, etc; 8. clerk, an administrative or financial officer in a household EK650/23; 9. clerk, the most junior member of an Inn, apparently equivalent in status to a law student: see communiones, communis

clerus, -i n m clergy as opposed to laity BR5/21; CH36/24; EK26/32, etc; EL17/17; WL4/8; in idiom concio (or sermo) ad clerum a sermon delivered to a university audience, usually in Latin, on set occasions C315/35, etc

cloca, -e n f cloak EK714/35; clocus (n m) OX9/13

cocha, -e n f cog, a type of boat EK827/30, etc [cp OEDO cog n.1]

Cocia see Scotia

cocus, -i n m cook, member of the Cooks' company SH127/35 [OEDO cook n.]

coelestis var of caelestis [OLD caelestis1]

coelum see celum

coena see cena

coenaculum, -i n nt literally dining room, here likely lodging OX305/34

coexibicio, -onis n f act of showing something together or jointly, joint exhibition EK65/29

cognicio, -onis n f 1. the faculty of understanding, cognition EL238/17; 2. acknowledgment, confession (of wrongdoing) SM397/12; 3. recognizance, a pledge or bond, eg, for appearance in court SH112/6; SM376/31; 4. legal idiom cognizance, jurisdiction LI342/9

cognomen, -inis n nt surname, family name L75/25

cognosco, -oscere, -oui, -itum v tr 1. to acknowledge, accept (an obligation or debt), here used in bonds CH48/21, etc; DR200/23, etc; L94/8, etc; LI323/5, etc; 2. to acknowledge title or possession (of land) L84/37; 3. to acknowledge, accept (that a statement is true) SM143/31, etc

cohabitacio, -onis n f literally act of living with or near (another person of persons) here by extension close association with others LI4/14; SX4/8

cohercio var of coercitio [OLD]

colarium, -ii n nt collar: 1. the separable collar of a garment C152/5; 2. silver collar from which a wait's badge depends SH183/12, SH196/10

collaboro, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to work together OX105/7

collacio, -onis n f discussion, discourse, hence a sermon EL238/9

colleccio, -onis n f collection (of money, eg, a tax or assessment) CH716/24; IC11/20, etc

collectarium, -ii n nt collectar, book of collects for liturgical use CR504/40 [ODCC]

collector, -oris n m literally one who collects: 1. (male) Hock-tide gatherer C50/40; 2. a royal appointee assigned to collect subsidies for the Crown CH716/13, etc; 3. an official of a Chester trade guild CH48/19; 4. collector, here a member of an Inn appointed to collect a special assessment for some purpose IC11/27, etc; 5. hence compiler, a self-deprecatory reference by an author C235/34m

collegiatus, -a, -um adj collegiate, of or pertaining to a college in whatever sense, here probably referring to the chapel of an academic college C29/15; m pl as sbst collegiati members of a collegiate church CH47/10; see also ecclesia

collegium, -ii n nt college: 1. organised body of clergy and priests serving a particular church CH46/26; EK714/36, etc; LI333/31; collegium Etonense OX30/12; here in particular a college of minor canons serving in a cathedral EL20/31; 2. hence an academic college, viewed as a corporate body composed of a head, fellows, and scholars: of a single college C31/12, etc; in pl, referring to (Cambridge) colleges in general C203/4; (Oxford) colleges OX11/13, etc; with proper names or adj: collegium Aeneanasense Brasenose College, Oxford OX498/31, etc; ~ Bailiolensis Balliol College, Oxford, founded by John de Baliol DR170/32-3; ~ Benedicti Benet College (another name for Corpus Christi College, Cambridge) C145/6; ~ Caii Caius College, Cambridge C360/9 (shorter name for Gonville and Caius College); ~ Christi Christ's College, Cambridge C146/4 or Christ Church, Oxford OX135/31; ~ Corporis Christi Corpus Christi College, Cambridge C309/4-5, etc; Corpus Christi College, Oxford OX147/2; ~ Diue Marie Magdalene OX46/1 or ~ Magdalense OX200/40, etc, or ~ Mariae Magdalenae OX178/16--17m, Magdalen College, Oxford; ~ Diui Ioannis OX178/14--15m or Ioannense ~ OX314/40 St John's College, Oxford; ~ Emanuelis Emmanuel College, Cambridge C407/33; ~ Gonvilli et Caii Gonville and Cauis College, Cambridge C286/5-6m, etc; ~ Iohannis C145/6 (or ~ Diui Iohannis C283/1) St John's College, Cambridge; ~ Lyncolnense Lincoln College, Oxford OX498/28--9, etc; ~ Mertonense Merton College, Oxford OX525/36; ~ Nouum New College, Oxford OX525/37, etc; collegium Regale C29/20-1, etc (or ~ Regis C157/15) King's College, Cambridge; collegium Reginale Queens' College, Cambridge C203/19, etc; collegium Trinitatis C157/15, etc (or ~ sancte et indiuidue Trinitatis C295/15-16, etc) Trinity College, Cambridge; ~ Wadhamus Wadham College, Oxford OX525/36. The proper name or adj of a college's name sometimes appears alone with personal names to indicate affiliation with that college, eg, Iohannis Thrower Benedicti, John Thrower of Benet (College) C491/33

collobium, -ii n nt fruit presented as a course or a gift SH161/34 [DML collybum]

collocuntur var of colloquuntur [OLD colloquor]

colloquium, -ii n nt conversation OX894/5; forinsecum colloquium either conversation about external topics or conversation with outsiders OX3/12

colludium, -ii n nt literally a joint pastime, hence a bout or match between two (or more) participants, here likely a joust CH36/3m [cp DML colludium b]

colludo, -ere, -si, -sum v tr to play at (a game, sport, or other pastime) together WL216/27

Colonia, -e n f Cologne, a city in Germany associated in the Middle Ages with the Three Magi because their relics were believed to be in the cathedral there SH173/38

columba, -ae n f 1. literally dove OX307/17, etc; 2. here likely an object (perhaps a banner) representing a dove, symbolizing the Holy Spirit LI105/22

columbarium, -ii n nt dovecote C93/22, etc

columbinus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to a dove, dovelike OX307/20

coma, -e n f hair, by extension a wig: coma muliebris a woman's wig (either as representing a woman's hair or possibly as made from women's hair) likely used as a costume OX105/26

comaedia, comoedia see comedia

Combaldus, -i n m fictive L nomen formed from a mix of E and L elements: Cornelius Combaldus 'Cornelius Completely-Bald' IC389/1

combaro, -onis n m fellow baron, here referring not to a peer but to a freeman of one of the Cinque Ports EK731/14, etc [cp OEDO baron 3.]

Comberlandia, -ae n f Cumberland, name of a county IC125/6

Comberlandius, -a, -um adj of or belonging to Cumberland, an English earldom and county: m sg as sbst the earl of Cumberland OX313/13

comburgensis, -is n m literally fellow burgess, in Stamford, one of the magistrates associated with the alderman in civic government LI320/5

comedia, -ae n f comedy, a play, usually in verse, often of a humorous or satiric nature, sometimes modelled on ancient comedy but also drawing upon scriptural and other sources, or its performance C84/28, etc (play); C122/2, etc (performance); EL100/21; OX38/4, etc; comaedia OX79/31, etc; commedia EL15/26, etc; IC103/35; LI203/22m, etc; commodea OX54/7; commodium LI192/25; commodum LI185/18; comoedia C95/13, etc; OX85/7, etc

comedialis, -e adj of or pertaining to a comedy or its performance, comic C151/22

comedo, -edere, -edi, essum v tr or intr 1. to eat WL216/24; 2. hence to dine CH47/9; EK31/3, etc; WL79/15

comes, -itis n m 1. companion, comrade C237/3; IC425/14; LI603/8?; WL79/4; 2. earl, a peer ranking above a viscount but below a marquess C23/23, etc; CH38/3, etc; CR492/39, etc; DR170/35; EK35/5, etc; IC90/36, etc; L41/16; LI603/5, etc; OX146/43, etc; SH127/5, etc; SX183/25, etc; W396/35, etc; WL289/8; 3. in idioms ~ marescallus earl marshal, an officer of state with jurisdiction over the court of chivalry, here an officer of a Christmas prince IC462/9; ~ palatinus earl palatine, one exercising quasi-royal authority within his earldom, here a courtier of a Christmas prince IC424/21; 4. (continental) count EK329/5, etc; SH133/31, SH135/5, SH135/36; comes palatinus count palatine, a count of the Holy Roman Empire exercising quasi-royal jurisdiction within his territory C510/9; OX438/39 [OEDO count n.2 2.]

comicus, -a , -um adj 1. of or pertaining to a comedy or its performance, comic C130/18; OX177/30, etc; hence fabula (or res) comica a comedy or its performance C95/1-2, etc; 2. hence m as sbst (comic) actor, player EK876/39; 3. witty, humorous (of writers) C586/40

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