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capicium see capucium

capiendo exitus v phr literally 'taking the profits,' part of a statute defining primer seisin, the Crown's right to receive a year's revenues from the heir of a tenant who held lands by a knight's fee IC496/33

capio, -ere, cepi, -tum v tr 1. to take, receive EK319/18, etc; LI27/18, etc; OX10/26, etc; SH354/10, etc; hence; 2. to take hold of, seize, capture CH616/9, etc; EL26/17; LI603/15, etc; OX310/7; SH14/13; 3. hence to arrest EL231/12; OX8/13; 4. to get, grasp OX10/27; 5. to take, remove L149/30; 6. in idiom with L148/26 or without L94/12; LI72/38 'recognicio' to take or require (a bond); 7. to hold (an event) SH200/33; 8. by extension of sense 7 to hold a court session of some kind CH615/39, etc; EL97/9, etc; OX5/20; SH263/30; 9. to cost (eg, expressing price, used of a thing) EK101/23; 10. in various idioms: possessionem capere OX259/5, etc, or possessionem seisinamque ... capere CH154/7-8, etc, to take legal possession (of property); uires capere to take fresh strength, revive OX163/1

capitalis, -e adj 1. capital: capitale supplicium capital punishment OX139/1--2; 2. capital, principal, chief OX12/18, etc; ~ iusticiarius chief justice IC37/12, etc; ~ promus chief steward IC222/21, etc

capitaneus, -i n m captain, leader C841/12; LI607/32, etc; OX8/18; capitanius C841/23

capitularis, -e adj 1. of or belonging to a cathedral chapter, capitular EL21/25, etc; LI132/15; OX30/18m, etc; see also domus; 2. nt as sbst chapter, a chapter meeting LI120/28, etc

capitulariter adv in the manner characteristic of or appropriate to a cathedral chapter EL21/19; LI132/13, etc

capitulum, -i n nt chapter: 1. an organized and partially self-governing body of monks or secular clerics serving a cathedral or collegiate church CR503/20, etc; EK62/2, etc; EL17/11, etc; LI103/14, etc; OX92/24, etc; SM236/30, etc, also used of a chapter meeting called for administrative or disciplinary purposes OX3/19; W348/15, W396/14?; 2. hence an organized and partially self-governing body of fellows of an academic college or a meeting thereof C563/20, etc; OX29/11, etc; 3. a meeting of local clergy and parishioners called by an archdeacon for administrative or disciplinary purposes LI5/3, LI7/10, LI342/10; 4. one of the subdivisions making up a collection of canons or statutes C132/15, etc; hence a regulation W396/14?; 5. any subdivision of a longer work, eg of a book C486/30m; CH807/29, etc; EL21/25, EL271/22m; OX27/23, etc; SM195/15m, etc; W442/9m; or of an accusation CH767/25

capo, -onis n m capon CR490/1, etc; EK34/20, etc; caupo EK341/23, etc

cappa, -e n f cap: cappa de plate a cap armoured or reinforced with plate 717/34 [OEDO plate n. 9.b.]

cap(p)ella, -e n f 1. chapel LI341/8, etc; OX12/16, etc; W348/36; ~ domine regine literally the lady queen's chapel, the Chapel Royal IC87/37; capellus regine IC89/12; capella regis the Chapel Royal EL231/28m; 2. specifically the place of worship in a chapelry, a subdivision of a parish CH767/28, etc; CR527/8, etc; owing to the area covered by many Lancashire parishes, places which in most parts of England would be parishes in their own right were chapelries L92/31

captio, -onis n f the act of taking or capturing (someone) LI603/5

captiuus, -i n m captive, prisoner, here in play titles: Captiuus The Captive, a play by Plautus (d. c 184 BC) normally called Captiui [OCD Plautus] OX194/1; Captiuus Regalis The Royal Slave, a play by William Cartwright OX894/25

captus, -us n m literally taking, grasping, hence figuratively understanding WL60/7

capucium, -ii n nt hood EK714/35; capicium OX15/27

caput, -itis n nt 1. literally the head (of a human being, animal, etc) C308/33; CH715/20; 2. by extension head, source C139/20; 3. hence the head, or leader, or a group CH35/38: capita collegiorum heads of colleges, the presiding officers of the various colleges, who formed an executive body under the vice-chancellor C410/33; hence in terra supremum caput Anglicane Ecclesie supreme head on earth of the Church of England, title assumed by Henry VIII after the break with Rome CH78/34-5; 4. beginning of a text, heading IC23/23; 5. hence any section or passage in a text; secundum caput the second lesson or passage appointed to be read at morning or evening prayer W378/1-2; 6. by extension a name used as a heading in a list DR283/4; 7. in legal idiom tenere ... in capite to hold in chief, ie, to hold land or rights immediately from a lord, and not through intermediaries CH49/36, etc; in capite (of tenancy) in chief, that is, held directly from a lord and not through intermediaries IC388/27, etc

carbo, -onis n m charcoal or coal C151/10; EK34/26, etc; IC4/10, etc; LI197/8; OX28/1, etc (without more context, it is often unclear which is being referred to: in EK744/15 and OX28/1, the reference is likely to mineral coal); carbona IC135/36, etc; carbonus IC143/32, etc; LI219/1

carcer, -eris n f 1. prison, gaol OX7/37 (in coll pl), etc; a prison within the royal castle BR4/15, etc; 2. by extension rendered Castell as part of a pun in a macaronic text on OX363/34; see also custos

carcoisum, -i n nt (animal) carcass EK34/18

carda, -e n f playing card L77/19

cardinalis, -is n m cardinal, one of a group of senior bishops forming a council that elected and advised the pope C842/23; EK323/22, etc; LI344/7, etc; OX306/35; SX184/34; cardonalis EK324/37

cardo, -inis n m hinge; see par

careo, -ere, -ui, -itum v intr with dat to lack (something), be missing (something) EK86/31; here in idiom expressing weight quarterio uncie carens less a quarter ounce EK85/8-9, etc

caretta, -e n f cart 103/35

cariacio, -onis n f carriage, act of carrying goods or the like EK107/27

cariagium, -ii n nt 1. carriage, act of carrying goods CH228/15; EK320/5, etc; LI27/17, etc (in coll pl LI341/32); SH159/19; SM7/7; carragia (nt pl (coll)) W348/13; 2. hence a vehicle for carrying something, conveyance, here in reference to a pageant wagon CH61/13, etc; caragium CH54/3, etc; carigium CH856/7; carragium CH53/37, etc; carriagium CH53/25, etc; carriagiy (gen sg) CH858/8

carietis, -is n m cart-load IC56/37

caritas, -atis n f love, lovingkindness, by extension charity CR491/9; charitas LI208/15; see also potus

carmen, -inis n nt 1. song, poem (especially one intended to be sung) EL4/3; OX54/6?, OX305/10, etc; WL9/1, etc; here one in honour of a supposed martyr BR5/1, etc; 2. poem, verse OX54/6?, OX213/11

Carmilita, -e n m Carmelite; see frater

carnalis, -e adj 1. fleshly, carnal LI103/19; 2. hence earthly (as opposed to spiritual) LI6/30

carnaliter adv carnally, not spiritually EL258/26

carnifex, -icis n m butcher EK93/4, etc; member of Butchers' company SH128/1

carnispriuium, -ii n nt literally removal of meat (from the diet), hence the beginning of Lent, often Shrove Tuesday, the day preceding Lent or sometimes either of the two Sundays preceding Shrovetide, Sexagesima Sunday (second before Ash Wednesday) or Septuagesima Sunday (third before Ash Wednesday) OX1123/42; carnipreuium EL20/12; Dominica in Carnipriuio the Sunday in Shrovetide, Quinquagesima Sunday, the Sunday before Ash Wednesday LI27/29, etc [see DML Carniprivium]

caro, carnis n f 1. flesh, meat LI27/25, etc; SM177/42, etc; caro bouina LI28/9, etc; SM182/28 or ~ bouis SM177/31, etc, beef; ~ ... aucina goose LI28/9-10, etc; ~ ... cignetina LI32/40-33/1, etc, or ~ ... cegnetina LI31/34-5 swan; ~ crudis uncooked meat SM178/3, etc; ~ ... gruina crane LI31/34-5, etc; ~ insalubris unwholesome meat SM376/35; ~ ... multonina mutton LI28/9, etc; ~ ... pulcinaria chicken LI28/9-10, etc; ~ ... uitulina LI28/9-10, etc or ~ vitulorum CR490/6 veal; ~ ... uolatilis fowl LI31/34, etc; 2. in pl by extension meat (as an article of diet) WL216/23; 3. the body (as opposed to the soul) EL141/20

carola, -e n f a dance in a ring, or possibly a ring for such a dance SH14/3 [DML carola, carolare]

carpentarius, -ii n m carpenter, member of the Carpenters' company CH74/18; IC34/13; LI27/15; SH128/6

carpentarius, -ii n m carpenter, hence here a member of the Chester Carpenters' guild CH47/30, etc

car(r)io, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to carry, transport EK734/7, etc; LI31/5, etc; SH159/21; SM8/13

carta, -e n f 1. literally sheet (of paper or parchment) SH53/19 (in form charta); 2. hence legal document written on such a sheet, a charter CH153/16, etc; LI25/38; OX259/10; charta CH38/1, etc

carto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to transport by cart EK61/21

caruca, -e n f cart EK61/21

caructa, -e n f carucate, plough-land, a measure of area originally based on the amount of land that could be cultivated in a year using a single plough, usually reckoned as about 120 acres WL216/2

casa, -e n f case, box (for storage or safekeeping) SM633/7 (in abl form casys)

Cassius, -ii n m Cassius, a Roman gentile name or one of the holders of that name, especially C. Cassius Longinus, one of the assassins of Julius Caesar, here named as a character in the play Caesar Interfectus OX180/16, etc

casso, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to abolish, annul, cancel EL23/17

castellum, -i n nt castle CH298/35; WL197/41m

castimonia, -ie n f chastity OX140/4

castrum, -i n nt (castra, -orum in CL) originally in CL a military camp, hence a fortified town WL220/2, etc, or its castle WL219/27; castle BR3/24, etc; DR170/21; EK33/26, etc; SH146/5, etc; W350/12; town or castle CH842/5, etc; LI103/31, etc; Castra Episcopi Bishops Castle, name of a parish SH115/16-17m; Nouum Castrum super Tynam Newcastle upon Tyne, name of a town LI317/12-13

casula, -e n f chasuble, outermost of the vestments worn when celebrating the Eucharist EK974/32 [ODCC]

casus, -us n m 1. event, occurrence EK827/23; OX136/11, OX270/6 (where the resemblance to E 'case' is used in a punning speech); 2. situation, circumstances C571/33; EK537/12; SH265/17; 3. chance OX347/20 (as part of multilingual puns on the E surnames Case and Tucker (see Τυχερος)

catallum, -i n nt chattel, moveable property CH616/11, etc; EK779/35, etc; EL97/18, etc; L19/36, etc; LI24/29, etc; OX8/35, etc; W387/8; WL111/25, etc; catellum CH714/28; EL97/26; cattallum CH172/17, etc; SH264/23; cattellum CH30/13, etc; chattallum C571/30, etc; CH27/2

cathedra, -e n f literally a chair, often that of a teacher but here victor's chair in a poetic competition WL22/13; by extension a throne EK204/11 (although in medieval usage it frequently refers to a bishop's throne or cathedra, his official seat within his cathedral, that cannot be the case here, since this throne, though also ancient and made of marble like St Augustine's Chair, the archbishop's cathedra, is located in the hall of his palace and not in the cathedral)

cathedralis, -e adj of or pertaining to the see of a bishop or his church; cathederalis; see ecclesia

cathena var of catena [OLD]

catholicus, -a, -um adj literally universal, by extension Catholic, of or pertaining to the then universal church in the Latin West CR503/35

caucio, -onis n f literally a precaution or a written stipulation, here by extension advance warning, notice CH843/18 [DML, OLD cautio]

cauda, -e n f literally tail (of an animal) or the penis, here in cauda seems to function both as wordplay on E 'entail' and (especially in the first occurrence) as a sexual innuendo IC388/33, IC388/36

Caumbriggia, -ie n f Cambridge, name of an earldom EK314/29

caupo see capo

causa, -e n f 1. cause, reason C147/26, etc; CH47/12, etc; EK87/12, etc; H140/29, etc; LI608/15, etc; OX29/12, etc; SH265/33, etc; SX11/33, etc; hence excuse LI25/1, etc; OX86/5 (in form caussa); hence causal agency, (philosophical) cause EL252/171, etc; 2. law case, legal proceedings C296/10, etc (used metaphorically C296/37); CH797/31; EL242/25, etc; H171/29, etc; LI341/30, etc; OX42/7, etc; SH60/37, etc; SX3/12; W360/23, etc; in ecclesiastical courts EK947/23, etc; in secular courts: causa ... sumaria summary cause, a case to be considered summarily, ie, with a streamlined procedure CH843/26-7; causae saeculares EK938/20, etc; sanguinis causa a case involving bloodshed W347/16; by extension sigillum nostrum ad causas apparently the name of a seal used by the bishop of Worcester chiefly for judicial business W350/11-12; see also hora; 3. hence by extension cause, (one's) side OX180/13, etc; causam agere to plead one's cause OX140/20, etc; 4. cause, sake C229/31; LI107/33; OX529/13; in various idioms: in abl with gen of sbst, gd, or gdve to express purpose for the sake of OX6/33, etc; SH14/3, SH14/16; in abl with gen of sbst because of C4/2, etc; EK939/12; SH154/23; ex causis or ex certis causis for cause EK609/26, etc; LI313/16, etc; SH326/22

causatus, -a, -um pfp pass caused EL252/17; hence nt pl as sbst things caused, ie, the created order, the universe OX799/10

causius var of cautius [see OLD caute]

cautela, -e n f warning, cautioning OX40/34

Cedda, -e n m Chad, name of a saint, here referring to the Shrewsbury church dedicated to St Chad SH199/35-6

cedula see schedula

cegnetinus see cignetinus

celebracio, -onis n f celebration (of the eucharist or another divine service) EK975/29; OX3/8m

celebro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to celebrate the eucharist or another divine service BR5/34; C662/18; EK24/5, etc; LI7/1, etc; OX3/17, etc; SM236/23; W348/36, W451/28; WL12/27; 2. to observe an event or occasion, to keep as a day of special observance C316/4; EK203/36; LI607/3, etc; OX4/34, etc; WL79/5, etc; 3. to hold (a council or other meeting) LI342/9; OX32/21, etc; SX3/21c; 4. to celebrate, extol OX305/5, etc

cella, -e n f room, cubicle, hence lodging EK930/5

cel(l)erarius, -ii n m cellarer, a monastic officer EK909/27, etc; LI345/6

cellarius see sellarius

cellula, -e n f cell, a daughter house dependent on a monastery LI747/30

celsitudo, -inis n f height, hence as address to a monarch (here a Christmas prince), tua celsitudo Your Highness IC424/31

celum, -i n nt 1. the sky, by extension heaven EL241/17; 2. heaven, a stage machine used to represent the heavens C174/26, etc (in form coelum [var of OLD caelum2]); see also Domine celi & terre

cena, -e n f 1. supper, the latest of the three main meals of the day, usually less elaborate than dinner C8/27, etc; CR489/23, etc; EK320/18, etc; EL14/5, etc; IC87/36; LI129/20, etc; OX10/41, etc; SH127/23; SX48/15; caena OX6/14, etc; coena C185/21, etc; IC4/11, etc; OX251/6, etc; 2. in idiom caena Domini the Lord's Supper, ie, Maundy Thursday, the festival, held the Thursday before Easter Sunday, commemorating the institution of the Eucharist OX100/5

cenapium, -ii n nt mustard (as a seasoning) SM177/31, etc

ceno, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to have supper EL17/18, etc; SH128/22

Cenomannensis, -is n f Le Mans, name of a diocese and monastery in Maine, France WL218/2

censura, -e n f censure, rebuke, punishment DR247/13; H99/2, etc; LI4/32, etc; OX534/34; SM175/3; SX3/10

cepta see septa

cepula, -e n f small cup OX20/19

ceretaca, cereteca, cerot(h)eca see chirotheca

ceratus, -a, -um pfp pass locked EK62/22 [see OLD sero3]

ceremonia, -ae n f ceremony, ritual: 1. a customary or traditional practice OX62/30, etc; 2. traditional student practices to be abolished C203/10, etc; see also serimonium

cereteca, cerotheca, cerotica see chirotheca

cereus, -i n m processional candle EK823/19c, etc; H98/1, etc; LI104/6, etc; cerus LI104/8

ceroferarius, -ii n m literally candle-bearer, hence acolyte EL17/20; ceropherarius EL17/23

certamen, -inis n nt 1. struggle, conflict C295/19, etc; singulare certamen single combat OX139/34--5; 2. fight or bout staged as entertainment OX529/21m; gladiatorum certamen fencing bout OX512/13; 3. baiting or other animal fight staged as human entertainment C267/13

certe adv assuredly EL258/22

certificacio, -onis n f certificate, a document introduced in court to verify a statement or compliance with an order (often written on the backs of citations or schedules of penance) or the act of producing such a document LI24/23, etc; SM149/39

certificarium, -ii n nt certificate, a document introduced in court to verify a statement or compliance with an order (often written on the backs of citations or schedules of penance) or the act of producing such a document CH14/15, etc; H171/11, etc; LI266/38, etc; SH327/5, etc; SM230/33, etc; SX13/41, etc; W356/14m, etc

certificatorius, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to a certificate, certificatory; see billa, littera; 2. nt sg used as sbst certificate, a document introduced in court to verify a statement or compliance with an order (often written on the backs of citations or schedules of penance) or the act of producing such a document CH742/8; EK904/8, etc

certifico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to inform H57/31; SH6/10; SM175/4, etc; W350/11; 2. as legal term to certify formally, eg, the truth of a statement, compliance with an order, or the performance of an obligation C388/7, etc; CH15/39, etc; CR504/18, etc; DR248/7, etc; EK947/27, etc; EL209/39, etc; H97/17, etc; L21/5, etc; LI27/2, etc; SH327/2, etc; SM233/6, etc; SX13/37, etc; W381/28, etc; WL220/27, etc; certifacatum (pfp pass) CH681/36

certitudinaliter adv assuredly, with certainty EK974/10

certorium, -ii n nt information, specifically that provided to a church court by summoners about delivery of citations and the like SM116/38, etc

certus, -a, -um adj certain: 1. particular EL16/17, EL140/20; 2. undoubted, assured CH154/10, etc; EL26/9, etc [DML 2, OLD 5]

ceruisia, -e n f 1. ale (not always clearly distinguished from beer) C6/4, etc; CR489/24; EK646/14 (in form ceruisium), etc; L113/18; OX13/14, etc; SH128/18, etc; SM177/30, etc; (not distinguished from beer) LI105/39, etc; (distinguished from beer) LI28/9, etc; ceruicia EK537/9; LI106/35, etc; ceruisium OX20/19; ceruitia LI220/9, etc; seruicia C7/11; CR494/10, etc; EK614/27, etc; LI37/19, etc; OX25/29, etc; SH159/17, etc; SM8/7, etc; seruicium SX14/25; seruisia EL14/8; LI29/17, etc; OX22/6, etc; SH344/5, etc; seruisia EK648/4, etc; 2. beer (as distinct from ale) EK100/25; ceruisia lupulata hopped ale, that is, probably beer brewed with hops SM189/14; 3. (church) ale, a parish fundraising event at which ale was sold DR252/10, etc (called a 'king ale'); ceruisia ecclesia OX16/9 or ~ ecclesie OX16/17, etc; seruisia ecclesie SM252/3 [cp MED āle, bēr]

ceruix, -icis n f neck, in idiom ceruicem erigere to be stiff-necked, hence stubborn in resistance or proud W348/26

cerura, -e n f lock EK62/22

cerus see cereus

Cestershiria, -ae n f Cheshire, name of a county CH42/22; Cestershiria CH38/3

Cestrensis, -is n f Chester, name of a diocese CH797/32, etc

Cestria, -e n f 1. Chester, name of a city, a diocese, and an earldom CH36/19, etc; SH168/22, etc (city); SH98/35, etc (earldom); 2. Cheshire, name of a county CH37/40, etc

Cestrisiria, -e n f Cheshire, name of a county CH45/1, etc

cetus, -us n m 1. literally meeting, hence congregation at a religious service SM173/5, etc; 2. by extension group, band (of people), hence trade guild, company CH153/22 [OLD coetus]

chalo, -onis n m blanket CH616/10

chancellarius see cancellarius

charitas see caritas

charta see carta

chartula, -ae n f literally a small sheet (of paper or parchment), hence a short piece of writing, a little work (here used by an author with a deliberate assumption of modesty) OX313/19

charus for carus [OLD carus1]

chatallum see catallum

chemisia, -e n f shirt OX15/27

Chestertonensis, -is n m the village of Chesterton C296/4

chilias, -adis n f one thousand; see adagium

chiualerus, -i n m knight CH615/40, etc; chiualer (nom) CH721/28

chirotheca, -e n f glove OX279/24, etc; ceretaca LI124/8, etc; cereteca LI122/7, etc; OX14/26; cerot(h)eca LI110/5, etc; OX26/15, etc; cerotica OX28/11; ciretheca LI113/18; ciroteca C44/16; cirot(h)eca LI104/21, etc; cirotica LI114/5, etc; cheritheca OX281/15; cyroteca EK308/1; LI764/14; cyrotheca OX63/17; serot(h)eca LI111/26, etc; sirot(h)eca LI111/42, etc; sirotica LI115/21

chithera see cithara

choraea see chorea

choragus, -i n m (from Gk χορηγός) in CL literally one who contracted to supply a dramatic company with all necessary equipment, hence (play) producer, one responsible for putting on a play C95/1; OX343/31; used figuratively producer, orchestrator OX106/35

choralis, -e adj of or pertaining to a choir, choral; see uicarius

choraules, -is n m (from Gk χοραύλης and CL choraules) literally one who plays reed pipes, a piper, probably used generically for any player of a wind instrument C185/20

chorda see corda

chorea, -e n f dance, originally a round dance; apparently used to describe a country dance held out of doors EK938/19, etc; EL14/6, etc; LI347/20; SM237/22; SX3/11; WL54/3; in W396/7 it describes a dance which took place around a church and was accompanied by singing; choraea OX209/16, etc; corea CR463/10; DR247/15, etc; EL4/2; LI342/2; OX5/29, etc; SM423/14, etc; correa OX5/2; W348/4

chorista, -e n m member of a choir, chorister C81/19; EL22/39, etc; LI155/6, etc; SM240/30, etc; chorusta EL14/17m; SM247/24; corista EL128/12, etc; SM247/15

chorus, -i1 n m 1. literally chorus, those who performed the choral passages in classical drama OX308/13 [OLD chorus 3]; 2. by extension in later Latin a choir, those who performed sacred music in a church or chapel CH36/22 (in dat/abl form coris); EK26/11, etc; EL22/9?, etc; OX3/11?; used figuratively in a play on sense 1 and sense 2 DR171/39; 3. by extension of sense 2 choir, part of a church building used by the choir CH47/11; EK946/15, etc; EL22/9?, etc; LI118/6, etc; OX3/11?; SM242/18, etc; altus chorus literally the high choir, probably a name for the Angel Choir of Lincoln Cathedral LI125/5; missa chori choir mass, a mass sung or celebrated by or in the choir OX3/14

chorus, -i2 n m crwth, a plucked, and later a bowed, lyre [see Bethan Miles, Robert Evans: 'crwth', Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy

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