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as(s)porto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to take away, remove EL26/17; 2. to carry away, take away, steal CH616/9; L149/30; SH264/25; WL217/5; 3. to carry, bring EL33/34, etc; L24/3

assumo, -ere, -psi, -ptum A. v tr to incur (a debt or fine) IC39/10, etc; B. v intr 1. in idiom with 'super' + acc or 'pro' + abl to undertake (to do something) on behalf of (someone), here used in a bond L19/33, etc; LI325/29; 2. in refl idiom to take upon oneself (to do something), undertake CH685/10, etc; IC35/8, etc; SM140/5, etc

assumpcio, -onis n f 1. assumption, especially the liturgical festival commemorating the assumption, or taking up, of the Virgin Mary into heaven, celebrated on 15 August EK54/10, etc; OX5/14; 2. in Lincoln, describing a representation of some kind celebrating the Virgin Mary LI118/21, etc; assumpsio LI120/31m; see also assencio

Astiages, -is n m Astiages, title character in the play Astiages OX245/32

asyamentum see aysiamentum

at conj 1. (expressing contrast) but, however WL80/20; 2. (expressing added emphasis) and, and in fact WL129/20

Atalanta, -ae n f Atalanta, legendary Greek huntress beloved by Meleager, here likely named as a character in Gager's Meleager OX178/16

Athenae, -arum n f 1. literally the city of Athens C846/12; 2. by extension (with reference to Athens as the home of Plato's Academy and its successors), a college of Cambridge University C295/17

athleta, -ae n m athlete; in CL, it could refer specifically to a wrestler or boxer and may do so here C399/14

Atlas, -antis n m Atlas, in classical mythology a Titan who supported the world upon his shoulders, here presented as the brother of the king of beans (see rex sense 5) OX799/16

atque, ac conj 1. and IC6/31, etc; 2. also IC72/10

atrium, -ii n nt in a Roman house the first main room or entrance hall, traditionally open to the sky, by extension ecclesie atrium either the court or yard of a church, churchyard or the church porch DR247/7, etc; EL4/2, etc; SM423/8; W347/12

attachio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to attach, to subject (someone) to attachment, or seizure, of their person or goods CH691/34, etc; EK974/24; H112/25 (of arrest in the event of failure to return a wrongfully detained book or its value); atacho LI123/37m

attamen conj yet, nevertheless OX10/29, etc [see OLD at1]

attempto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr try, attempt H99/37

attemptus, -us n m attempt, trial (here in hostile sense) SM32/5

attendencia, -e n f attendance at (something) or upon (someone) SH176/38, etc

attendo, -dere, -di, -tum v intr 1. to take trouble, exert oneself IC53/28; 2. to attend, wait (upon) IC11/5; OX426/20, etc

attingo, -tingere, -tigi, -tactum v tr (of sums of money) to amount to, come to (a total) EL231/11; IC11/35; LI580/13, etc

attornatus, -i n m 1. legal representative, attorney, proxy C614/22; CH50/6, etc; EK967/26; EL26/9, etc OX196/2, etc; atturnatus C403/37; CH154/6, etc; 2. in idiom attornatus regis the attorney-general CR424/34

attorno, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to depute, appoint CH154/4, etc; atturno CH156/33

attumnalis, -e adj literally pertaining to autumn or harvest-time, ie, the period from late July or August to October, here by extension pertaining to summer SM8/20, etc (see p SM869, endnote to SRO: D/P/ba.mi. 4/1/4 mb [1])

auca, -e n f goose EK34/19

aucinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a goose; see caro

auctenticus, -a, -um adj having authority, authentic, real, here used of a seal H58/2; SH6/12

aucthoritas, -atis for auctoritas [OLD]

aucthorizo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to authorize (someone) to (do something) CH691/40

aucupium, -ii n nt fowling; hawking (here context makes the latter most likely) C132/37

aucurrerunt var of accurrerunt [OLD accurro]

audiencia, -e n f 1. hearing, attention SM174/1; 2. hence hearing (of a charge or case), judicial consideration CH797/31

audio, -ire, -iui, -itum v tr 1. literally to hear, listen CH767/35, etc; LI3/6, etc; SH159/6, etc (used of music); 2. by extension as legal term to hear a case LI257/7; SH56/38; part of commission of assizes judges: ad diuersas felonias ... audiendas et terminandas to hold assizes, also called courts of oyer (audire) and terminer (terminare), to try various felonies and other serious offences SH263/36 [Black's Oyer and terminer]; 3. in idiom male audire to hear bad things of (someone or something) CH182/30; 4. in phr audimus vocem (literally we hear a voice), title of a piece of liturgical music, probably an error for one of the motets 'Audite vocem de caelo' or 'Audite vocem Domini' LI332/34

auditor, -oris n m 1. student C132/20; 2. auditor of accounts C143/7, etc; IC11/26; LI28/32

auena, -e n f oats, probably for fodder; see ualettus

auentura see aduentura

auferro, -rre, abstuli, ablatum v tr 1. take away (something from someone), deprive of the possession or use of C207/1; 2. receive (eg, as a response) C296/13

augmentacio, -onis n f 1. literally the act of increasing or enlarging LI24/28, etc; used of altering clothing, possibly letting out C54/34, etc; 2. referring to the support of cathedral clergy CH46/22m, etc; see also curia

augmento, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to increase CH46/29; LI24/35

augmentum, -i n nt increase, enlargement CH47/18

auguracio, -onis n f accession, formal beginning of a monarch's reign C627/20

augustalis, -e adj pertaining to Augustus Caesar, imperial, hence royal OX305/34, etc

Augustinensis, -e adj of or pertaining to St Augustine of Canterbury (d c 605), the first archbishop of Canterbury, hence palatium Augustinense St Augustine's Palace, name given to the royal palace in Canterbury EK204/3; clerici Augustinenses clerics associated with St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury, founded by the archbishop EK974/17; likewise presbiteri Augustinenses priests associated with the same abbey EK974/31

Augustinus, -i n m 1. Augustine, the name of several saints, eg, St Augustine of Hippo (354-430) patristic theologian and exegete CH808/9; LI5/23; OX177/37m; SM194/19m [OCD]; 2. sanctus Augustinus used by extension as name of an abbey founded by, and later rededicated to, St Augustine of Canterbury (d. c605) EK975/37, etc; see also dies

Augustius var of Augustus [OLD Augustus3 2a]

auis, -is n f literally bird OX6/24, etc; hence bird of prey, a hawk, especially one trained for hunting OX64/36, etc; auis reclamatoria hawk trained to be recalled either by voice or a lure OX6/26 [see OEDO reclaim n.1 and v.]

aula, -e n f 1. hall, dining area and centre of corporate activity in a community IC4/10, etc; eg, a college C37/1, etc, OX6/33?, OX6/34?, OX10/41, etc; or manor SM177/27, etc, or chapter residence SM255/32; or in a monastery or household EK907/17, etc; or in a royal or noble household OX345/4, etc (referring to the fictive hall of the Christmas Prince); WL11/29, etc; alta ~ the high hall, name for the principal hall in Merton College OX29/10, etc (~ alta OX63/37--8; also magna ~ OX57/39, etc, and ~ magna OX51/8 the great hall), possibly so called in distinction to ~ communis common hall OX65/11, etc; or for a guild LI158/10 (~ communis common hall LI27/29, etc); 2. in idioms ab ~ condita from the founding of the hall, a mock dating formula in imitation of the Roman reckoning 'ab urbe condita,' from the founding of the city IC479/8; ~ Regis the king's hall, royal hall IC809/28; 3. hall, a place of residence and instruction for students, originally distinct from a college in having no 'collegium' or corporate body of fellows, but usually endowed; some halls were either incorporated into colleges or became colleges; ~ Clarensis, Clare Hall C409/4; ~Katerine, Catharine Hall C150/20; ~ Pembrokia, Pembroke Hall C308/24, etc; ~ Sancte Trinitatis, Trinity Hall C326/28, etc (the proper name of a hall sometimes occurs alone with names to indicate affiliation with a particular hall, eg C308/23); in Oxford, though technically distinct from a college in having no 'collegium' or corporate body of fellows, sometimes used synonymously with 'collegium' OX6/24, etc; 4. town hall, centre of town government: ~ communis LI79/24; gilda ~ guild-hall (in the same sense) C68/2; CR494/11; see also guilhalda; 5. hence a meeting of the town council LI323/22, etc, or the town council itself LI320/13

auledus, -i n m literally one who sings accompanied by piping [OLD auloedus], here singer, musician (a synonym of musicus) OX498/23

aulicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to court: m sg as sbst courtier OX180/38, etc; nt sg as sbst the royal court OX309/7

aungelus see angelus

auratus, -a, -um adj golden, wearing gilt spurs (as a symbol of knighthood) IC424/23

auretenus prep phr see OLD auris and tenus2

aureum, -i n nt a gold coin, literally the aureus, a Roman coin equal to twenty-five silver denarii, by extension an angel, an English coin worth at this period about 10s EK203/15

auricula, -e n f literally ear, here by extension a decorative piece shaped like an ear, probably one of the two pieces on a wait's scutcheon to which the ends of the chain were attached EK86/32 [cp OEDO ear n.1 8.b.]

aurifrigium, -ii n nt orphrey, fabric with gold embroidery EL15/8

auris, -is n f ear OX3/26, etc; in OX364/4 the phr aurium tenus, literally up to one's ears, is rendered by E 'ouer shooes' as part of a punning speech [see OEDO over-shoes adv.]

aurum, -i n nt gold, a precious metal, here likely as coined in money LI36/22; hence ~ Venetum Venice gold, a kind of gold thread originally made in Venice LI585/29, etc

Austria, -e n f Austria, at this period an archduchy of the Holy Roman Empire EK779/23, etc

autenticus, -a, um adj authentic, genuine WL220/4

authentice adv authentically, authoritatively SM175/8

author var of auctor [OLD]

authoritas var of auctoritas [OLD]

autor var of auctor [OLD]

autoritas, -atis var of auctoritas [OLD]

autumpnus, -i n m literally autumn, hence harvest, harvest-time; see inductio

aysiamentum, -i n nt accomodation, easement CH53/37, etc; aisiamentum LI103/34; asyamentum CH54/14; aysamentum CH57/7, etc [OEDO easement 2.b.]


b molle n phr a note of the scale, B-flat, literally B lowered by a semitone WL8/16, etc

bacchalaureus, -i n m bachelor: 1. one holding the lowest academic degree in a given faculty; unmodified, it probably refers to a bachelor of arts C344/17 (in form bacchulaureus); OX31/2 (in form baccalarius), etc; 2. bacchalaurei minores minor bachelors, probably all bachelors in faculties inferior to theology C352/20; 3. in artibus (or artium) ~ bachelor of arts, BA, one holding the lowest degree obtainable and the formal prerequisite for all higher degrees C308/24, etc; bacularius artis OX428/17, OX428/23; 4. in legibus ~ bachelor of laws, LLB, one holding a bachelor's degree in both laws, ie, civil and canon law (after the teaching of canon law was forbidden at the universities by Henry VIII, the degree was in civil law only and retained the pl by custom) C326/25, etc; H151/13-14, etc; legum baccallaurius OX76/27; 5. in sacra theologia (or sacre theologie) ~ or ~ in theologia bachelor of theology (STB) or divinity (B.Div.), one holding a bachelor's degree in theology, the highest of the faculties; probably, though not certainly, one in, or studying for, holy orders C147/25, etc; sacre theologie baccalaureus SM160/4-5, etc; bacalaurius in theologia EK63/13 or sacre theologie bacchelarius EK305/5-6; sacre theologie bachalarius CH305/21; 6. iunior bacularius junior bachelor, apparently the junior of two bachelors chosen as officers at Merton College OX51/14, etc; senior bacularius senior bachelor, apparently the senior of two bachelors chosen as officers at Merton College OX51/14, etc; baccalaureus OX73/10, etc; baccalarius OX31/2, etc; bacchilarius OX58/38; bachalarius OX62/29, etc; bachillarius OX44/13

baco, -onis n m bacon SM177/32, etc

baculus, -i n m staff, rod EL18/25; bacculum IC87/37; here especially one serving as symbolic of a boy bishop's office EL18/27, EL24/3; ~ pastoralis literally a pastoral staff, ie, a bishop's staff, here one serving as symbolic of a boy bishop's office LI104/29; ~ stultorum fools' staff, a staff used in choir during the mock liturgy of the feast of fools EL15/5

baga, -e n f bag, here for storing the silver collars of the Shrewsbury waits SH168/15, etc; for storing accounting records LI580/10, etc

Bagoas, -e n m Bagoas, a Persian eunuch, a favourite of Alexander the Great, here apparently named as a character in a play OX178/15

Bailiolensis, -e adj of or pertaining to John de Baliol (d. 1269); see collegium

baillium, -ii n nt bail, bond money SH280/34m, etc

baiula, -e n f stoup, a basin or other vessel to contain holy water WL4/6 [see OEDO stoup 3.]

balliua, -e n f bailiwick, district under the jurisdiction of sheriffs EL97/17, etc

balliuatium, -ii n nt office or position of being a bailiff, bailiwick EK1342/45

balliuus, -i n m bailiff: 1. a civic officer BR6/38; EK60/9, etc; L35/32; LI110/13, etc; SH127/17, etc (in Shrewsbury the two bailiffs were the chief officers of the town); W412/7, etc; WL42/24; uillanus ~ town bailiff OX42/8, etc; ballius EK60/16; 2. a royal officer subordinate to the sheriff who presided over the hundred court LI608/16; SH14/7; SM182/25; hence ~ itinerans bailiff-errant, an officer appointed by the sheriff to travel a county to serve writs and carry out other judicial business CH691/33, etc; bailliuus SH14/11 [OEDO bailiff 4.]; 3. a household officer L114/7, L114/15, L114/23; 4. a manorial officer DR296/8; see also hundredarius

bancus, -i n m 1. bench, especially that upon which judges and magistrates sat in an official capacity IC43/16; communis bangus domini regis the court of king's bench IC37/12; 2. by extension the governing body of an Inn of Court IC40/37; hence magistri de banco masters of the bench, benchers, senior members of an Inn from whom its governors were chosen IC49/10, etc; 3. by transference one who sat upon the bench, bencher IC217/9

banna, -e n f banns, public announcement or proclamation, eg, of a play EK739/12, etc; hence clamacio bannorum act of crying the banns, bann crying EK740/7; clamantes de bannis EK623/34 or clamatores bannarum EK752/19, etc, persons making such announcements, bann criers; banys (abl pl) EK739/14; bannum (nt) EK740/7, etc

bannarius, -ii n m person who makes a public announcement of a play, bann crier EK749/10, etc

bannator, -oris n m person who makes a public announcement of a play, bann crier EK751/4, etc

Banquo, -onis n m Banquo, putative ancestor of the Stuart line, here named in a pageant for James I/VI's arrival in Oxford OX315/3, etc; Bancho OX305/6, etc

baptismus, -i n m baptism, sacrament of Christian initiation WL79/18, etc [ODCC]

baptista, -e n m baptist, one who baptizes; always in reference to St John the Baptist C62/4, etc; CH36/21, etc; EK 53/5, etc; LI24/23, etc; OX5/22, etc; SH133/11, etc; SM905/5; W462/15, etc; see also crastinum, dies, festum, terminus, uigilia

baptizatus, -a, -um pfp pass having been baptised WL79/19

barba, -e n f beard, here probably false beard as a stage property C151/25, etc; SH159/24; SM243/19

Barbaria, -e n f Barbary, literally the country where barbarians live; it could refer to the Levant or the coast of North Africa SH99/24 [OEDO Barbary]

barbitonsor, -oris n m barber, one who practises minor surgery and dentistry as well as hairdressing, (in Shrewsbury) member of Barbers' company C7/14, etc; SH128/9

barbator, -oris n m barber, one who practises minor surgery and dentistry as well as hairdressing WL288/7

barcarius, -ii n m tanner, member of the Tanners' company SH128/2 [OEDO barker n.]

Bardeneia, -e n f Bardney, name of a parish and an abbey LI341/13, etc

bardus, -i n m bard, a performer who composed and performed songs in praise of patrons and their families WL8/32, etc

barellus, -i n m barrel, cask EK100/34, etc; barellus ferer barrel ferrer, a container used to transport liquids on horseback EK61/7 [OEDO barrel-ferrer]

barganizo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to bargain WL237/28

baro, -onis n m baron: 1. lowest rank in the hereditary peerage LI603/14, etc; OX218/6, etc; SH172/26, etc; W401/35; 2. a freeman of one of the Cinque Ports EK731/8 [OEDO baron 3.]; boro EK765/4; 3. title applied to the judges of the court of Exchequer EL127/38, etc

barra, -e n f 1 literally bar, barrier, specifically the bar separating the seats of more senior members of an Inn from those of the more junior: in idiom uocari ad exteriorem barram to be called to the outer, or utter, bar, to be made an utter barrister (a rank between those of clerks and of masters) IC47/7; 2. by extension bar, a legal objection sufficient to preclude, or bar, any further action on the part of a plaintiff EL230/21 [OEDO bar n.1 18.]

barrectator, -oris n m barrator, one who maliciously encourages discord and lawsuits among his neighbours CH795/39, etc

barronettus, -i n m baronet, holder of the lowest hereditary titled order, ranking below a baron CH26/32

Bartonensis, -is n f Barton, name of a church and chapelry LI341/8, etc

baselardum, -i n nt dagger OX9/14

Basilia, -ae n f Basel, a city in Switzerland OX106/27

basilica, -e n f literally basilica, a church designed according to a late Roman Imperial style of public building, by extension church, church building CH35/39, etc; WL53/20; hence basilica regalis King's College chapel C238/12

bassus, -i n m bass, the lowest adult male voice part in a song or other polyphonic composition IC294/16; LI333/3

bastardus, -a, -um adj bastard, born out of wedlock IC11/2

bastardus, -i n m bastard, a variety of sweet Spanish wine IC4/4

battellum, -i n nt battel, account for the provisions for members of a college OX424/35, etc; hence the provisions themselves OX70/23

Bathonia, -e n f the town of Bath SM7/23, etc

Bathoniensis, -e adj the town or diocese of Bath SM173/34, etc

Bauaria, -ae n f Bavaria, a German duchy OX261/14

beatus, -a, -um adj 1. blessed, happy C295/20; SH100/5; 2. as the title of a saint, especially the Virgin Mary, blessed BR4/40, etc; C4/38, etc; CH767/23, etc; CR464/12, etc; EK24/2, etc; IC8/18, etc; LI5/23, etc; OX3/14, etc; SH13/34, etc; WL79/5, etc; see also arcus, Maria, uespere

Bedfordia, -e n f Bedford: 1. name of a dukedom EK321/16, etc; OX38/40, etc; Bedefordia W411/31; 2. name of a county IC201/34

bedellus, -i n m 1. bedell, one of several university officers entrusted with primarily judicial and police responsibilities C11/3, etc; 2. bedell, a civic officer in Sandwich bidellus EK826/26; 3. beadle, a guild officer LI219/13, etc; bedallus LI219/4

Belgia, -e n f Belgium, one of the Low Countries DR170/30

Belial n m Belial, a Hebrew word of uncertain meaning, generally treated in Christian Latin as a name for a devil or for Satan, hence turbe Belial crowds of Belial, followers of the devil EK307/38 [ODCC]

bellum, -i n nt war, battle OX309/26, etc; SX213/1; Bellum Iudaicum The Jewish War, title of a work by Flavius Josephus (37--c100 CE) covering the history of Judaea from the capture of Jerusalem by Antiochus Epiphanes in 170 BCE to its destruction by Titus in 70 CE OX179/6--7m; also as a place-name Bellum Battle, a town in Sussex SX184/32

bellus, -a, -um adj good-looking, charming, pretty IC458/33, etc; as name element Bellus Mariscus Beaumaris, a town in Anglesey WL158/1; de Bello-Monte, Latinisation of F Beaumont OX349/4

belta, -e n f a belt, here used as a name element, perhaps with reference to a belt as symbolic of knighthood IC462/8 [cp OEDO belted]

Belzebul n m (indecl) Beelzebub, a name applied to Satan in the NT, hence a devil CH616/20 [ODCC]

benediciti, -orum sbst comm pl blessed ones, the blest CH339/33

benedico, -icere, -ixi, -ictum v tr to bless EL18/10, etc; WL80/15, etc

benedictio, -onis n f blessing BR5/9; CR527/11; DR247/10; EK974/7; H98/11, etc; LI3/6, etc; OX3/8; SM173/38

Benedictus, -i n m St Benedict of Nursia, founder of western monasticism; see collegium, ordo

benefactor, -oris n m benefactor, here a patron of a religious house W411/34; of a religious guild LI316/13, etc

beneficialius compar adv more beneficially CH56/38

beneficiatus, -i sbst m one holding a benefice, a beneficed person LI7/17c

beneficium, -ii n nt 1. benefit, freely bestowed gift OX342/39, etc; with attr gen absolucionis beneficium EK608/15, etc; EL208/22; H99/35, etc; LI58/26; SH59/28; SM77/36, etc or beneficium absolucionis WL235/31; beneficium sanitatis H200/24; benificium SX38/32; 2. benefice, an ecclesiastical appointment, often one to a parish and involving a cure of souls EL22/10; LI208/22; OX45/27; W383/32

beneplacitum, -i n nt good pleasure, in idiom ad beneplacitum + gen or poss adj at (one's) pleasure, subject to (one's) approval C399/27 (used of the term of imprisonment ordered by a judge); IC709/26; LI132/26; OX530/12 (written as two words); durante beneplacito during (one's) good pleasure LI580/9, etc

berelus, -i n m bear (possibly a nonce-word, coined by a single clerk) SM143/35, SM143/36

berewardus, -i n m bearward, keeper of a bear, either trained or simply captive, for exhibition or baiting EK615/17

beria, -e n f beer, in idiom duplex beria double or strong beer C210/32

beris, -is n f beer (here always to be distinguished from ale) EK646/14, etc; bera EK753/3, etc; birra EK659/16; LI32/25, etc; birrus LI28/9, etc

Bernardia, -ae n f Bernard's Inn, an Inn of Chancery attached to Gray's Inn, here an archduchy belonging to Gray's Christmas prince IC424/20

bestia, -e n f wild animal, here apparently a bear SH173/7; see also custos

biberium, -i n nt bever, apparently a light meal with wine served as a supper in the evening or after special events C102/8; OX29/10, etc; bibesium OX60/14; see also potatio

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