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Anglice adv in the English language BR134/1, etc; C578/19, etc; CH116/2, etc; DR282/29, etc; EK100/25, etc; H97/28, etc; L24/2, etc; LI42/13, etc; OX149/6, etc; SH205/30, etc; SM251/14, etc; SX29/2; W394/12; WL9/14, etc

Anglicus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to England, English OX135/35, etc; W396/9; 2. of or pertaining to the English language WL238/5; 3. nt sg as sbst the English language OX7/20; SM251/12

Angligena, -ae n m Englishman OX314/11; specifically a Saxon SX212/18

Anglus, -i n m Englishman CH36/9; OX313/30; specifically a Saxon SX212/10, etc; hence in pl the English, the English people WL57/15, etc

anima, -e n f 1. soul, here of a dead person SM240/28, etc; 2. as legal term in animam + gen on behalf of (eg, a client) SM140/3; see also cura, regimen

animal, -alis n nt (nonhuman) animal, beast W347/8; specifically domesticated animals put to graze or kept in a pasture CH717/4, etc; DR247/18; EL3/6; W347/12; also domesticated or draft animal WL21/21, etc

animosius adv violently EK308/10

annexit; annexus, -a, -um var of adnexuit; adnexus, -a, -um [OLD adnecto]

annominatio, -onis n f literally pun, here by extension play on words WL9/2

an(n)ualis, -e adj annual CH153/31, etc; EL128/6, etc; IC95/34, etc

an(n)uatim adv yearly, on an annual basis BR6/38; C207/5, etc; CH55/37, etc; EK644/28; EL26/8, etc; IC97/5; L82/27, L82/28; LI24/30, etc; WL215/37; annuatem L82/18

annuitas, -atis n f annual payment: it is unclear whether it is for services rendered or as an honorarium C227/15; LI132/24

annullo, -are, -aui, -atus v tr to annul (an order or decree) EL23/17

annunciacio, -onis n f announcement, annunciation, especially the annunciation by an angel to the Virgin Mary of the impending birth of Christ (Lk 1.26-38), commemorated liturgically on 25 March C344/34, etc; EK81/35, etc; OX162/34; SX185/27, etc; W412/29, etc; gen Annunciacionis (with 'festum' understood) feast of the Annunciation EK16/18m, etc; see also festum, terminus

annuo var of adnuo [OLD]

an(n)us, -i n m 1. year CR493/23, etc; CH36/3, etc; DR252/11, etc; EK731/10, etc; EL21/12, etc; IC5/24, etc; LI5/4, etc; OX3/15, etc; SH10/7, etc; SX183/1; WL79/3, etc; hence in a play title, Annus Recurrens OX308/25; 2. in various idioms: annorum inscius literally unaware of years, hence, showing youthful inexperience DR172/5; ~ domini year of the Lord, AD BR6/24, etc; C147/36, etc; CH47/20, etc; CR528/5, etc; DR248/9, etc; EK975/6, etc; EL16/28, etc; IC20/30, etc; LI342/26, etc; OX126/7, etc; SX14/7, etc; WL215/15, etc; anno ætatis vicesimo tertio inchoato literally when the twenty-third year of (my) age had begun, ie (because of the inclusive counting methods used by CL writers), when I was twenty-two years old OX209/11; ~ gracie year of grace, equivalent to AD BR3/22; OX108/43; ~ incarnacionis dominice year of the Lord's incarnation, equivalent to AD EL19/2-3; ~ regni (with ordinal number) literally the Nth year of a reign, expressing the regnal year, CH44/39, etc; EK323/30, etc; EL25/16, etc; IC6/40, etc; LI609/24, etc; OX5/15, etc; SX170/28, etc; WL158/3, etc (with 'regni' understood CH118/31, etc; EK330/28, etc; IC6/19, etc; WL257/2-3m); ~ salutis year of salvation, equivalent to AD EL281/2, etc; duodecimo aetatis anno inchoato literally when the twelfth year of (my) age had begun, that is (because of the inclusive counting methods used by CL writers), when I was eleven years old DR170/31; see also de, per

antecessor, -oris n m ancestor CH65/16

antedictus, -a, -um pfp pass said or stated before C301/14, etc; CH56/28, etc; CR504/37; EK946/6; EL21/36; OX146/24, etc; SM106/17; WL236/36

ante hac var of antehac [OLD]

antenominatus, -a, -um pfp pass named before or above SM357/37, etc

anterior, -oris compar adj nearer, closer WL12/17, etc

antiphona, -ae n f antiphon, verse or sentence (usually scriptural) sung before and after parts of the divine office; antiphons are often sung responsively by cantor and choir or a divided choir EK24/29, etc [ODCC]

antiphonarium, -ii n nt antiphonary, liturgical book containing all the parts of the divine office and mass intended to be sung antiphonally, here referring specifically to the antiphonary mistakenly attributed to Pope Gregory I EK24/5 [ODCC ANTIPHONAL]

antiquus, -a, -um adj 1. ancient, old LI316/9; 2. m pl as sbst men of olden days LI607/33; nt sg as sbst the past, past times: ex antiquo of old, from long ago IC52/14; LI137/13; see also a, ab

Antonius, -ii n m a Roman gentile name or one of the holders of that name, especially Mark Antony, the triumvir, here named as a character in the play Caesar Interfectus OX178/14, etc

Antuerpia, -ae n f Antwerp C845/5

anualis see an(n)ual(l)is

apediamentum, -i n nt hindrance, impediment H200/26; apodiamentum H200/30 [possibly a var of OLD impedimentum but more probably an independent formation on the same root]

apercio, -onis n f 1. state of being open SM174/22; 2. act of opening, in idiom aperciones pixidum the opening of the boxes, the formal beginning of the accounting quarter in Rye (see Sussex Introduction, p SXlxviii) SX49/6

apertura, -e n f literally opening, here in idiom apertura magni altaris the opening of the high altar, apparently a regular accounting practice at Lincoln Cathedral involving receipts of funds LI121/2

apologeticus, -a, -um adj apologetic, appropriate to the defence of some position: here as sbst m, The Apologeticus, title of a treatise by Tertullian SM192/7m

apostolicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to an apostle, apostolic, used with reference to St Peter and his successors as pope, papal EL21/26; LI7/25, etc; WL215/13, etc; see also rescriptum, sedes

apostolus see ap(p)ostolus

apostasia, -e n f 1. apostacy, renunciation of faith LI5/12; 2. hence renunciation of a religious vocation by a monk or nun LI317/11

apostata, -e sbst f runaway nun, one who has renounced her vocation by leaving her convent without permission LI317/18, etc

apotecarius, -ii n m apothecary, member of the Apothecaries' company SH128/10 [OEDO apothecary]

apparatus, -us n m gear, outfit, clothing; here in idioms duplex apparatus literally double clothing, hence two outfits or sets of clothing BR55/20, etc and singularis apparatus literally single clothing, hence one outfit or set of clothing BR157/15; apparratus BR74/23

apparellus, -i n m apparel or gear IC36/4

apparitor, -oris n m summoner, officer of the ecclesiastical courts with special responsibility for delivering citations to appear in court to accused persons CH664/33; EK947/27, etc; H167/31, etc; LI27/3, etc; SH120/17, etc; W390/11, etc

appensio, -onis n f act of affixing (eg, a seal) WL218/6

appensus, -a, -um pfp pass appended, attached (used of seals and the like) EL26/40; LI342/25

applausus, -us n m applause, expression of approval C283/2; OX307/25, etc

applicatus, -a, -um pfp pass to lay on (eg, metal or metallic thread on cloth) EL15/23

Appollonius, -ii n m Apollonius Molon, a Greek rhetor, one of the teachers of Cicero WL247/16 [OCD Apollonius (9) Molon]

appono, -onere, -osui, -ositum v tr 1. literally to place, put OX894/21; (of fire) to set LI607/7; hence in idioms manus apponere to put one's hands (to something), either to sign (something) CH763/22 or to apply oneself (to a task or the like) OX799/9; and sigillum apponere to affix a seal, to seal CH48/13, etc; EL98/11, etc; SH14/18; SM175/9; SX171/23, etc; 2. by extension of expense or cost, to incur EL230/27, etc; LI108/30

ap(p)ostolus, -i n m apostle, one of the first followers of Jesus, often found in the names of saints' days or churches BR3/28, etc; C5/29, etc; CH616/14; CR503/24; EK308/38, etc; LI105/39, etc; OX11/40, etc; SH14/3, etc; SM192/5-6m, etc; also often used in reference to St Paul EK912/12; EL18/36, etc; H98/21, etc; SH5/30; see also dies, epistola, festum, uigilia

appreciator, -oris n m appraiser, here one who values the goods of a recently deceased person prior to the probate of his will C203/19, etc

apprecio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to appraise, here to value the goods of a recently deceased person prior to the probate of his will C203/19; CH172/16, etc; EL97/21, etc

apprenticia, -e1 n f (female) apprentice, one bound to a craftsman or other master for a term of years in order to learn certain skills BR152/31

apprenticia, -e2 n f the period or term of being an apprentice, apprenticeship LI324/18

apprenticiatus, -us n m the period or term of being an apprentice, apprenticeship BR219/1

apprenticius, -i n m (male) apprentice, one bound to a craftsman or other master for a term of years in order to learn certain skills BR55/17, etc; CH462/17, etc; LI323/5, etc; OX332/29, etc; by extension apprenticius curie literally apprentice of the court, hence a junior barrister BR6/28-9

appunctuacio, -onis n f appointing, arranging LI219/30, etc

Aprilys var of Aprilis gen sg [OLD Aprilis2]

apronarius, -ii n m literally naperer, officer in charge of household linen, but here likely an antiquarian misreading of a guild name CH54/3

aproprio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to appropriate (land or holdings) LI103/31; 2. specifically of a monastery, to appropriate (a church), to annex or attach it as a benefice owing tithes, et al CR527/9, etc (as pfp pass)

approximo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to come near, approach EK25/32

apud prep with acc 1. at (locative) C69/25, etc; CH36/19, etc; EK309/7, etc; IC34/4, etc; OX8/16, etc; SH13/36, etc; 2. among (position) C93/33, etc; CH843/31, etc; OX305/4; 3. on, upon, at (of work or other activity) C150/4; EK625/17, etc; 4. at (someone's) home, with (a person) IC808/42; OX38/6; 5. before, in the presence of IC424/26; OX137/24, etc; 6. in the eyes of, for (someone's) part C296/15, etc; OX307/6; 7. (of time) at, on (an occasion), during (an event) C66/13, etc; CH763/18; EK315/14m, etc; IC38/9, etc; OX18/6, etc; SH208/31; aput OX21/11

aquabagilus, -i n m parish clerk SM119/40 [ODCC]

arbitrator, -oris n m umpire LI109/17

arbor, -oris n f literally tree OX5/4; hence timber, wood (for construction) OX94/29, OX94/35

Arcadia, -iae n f Arcadia, literally a region in the Peloponnese, by extension an imagined and idealized setting used in pastoral verse and other writing: referring to the title and setting of the play Arcadia Reformed OX309/9, etc; hence Arcadia Utopica Utopian Arcadia, ie, the imagined pastoral setting of the play OX310/8; Isiaca Arcadia Arcadia on the Isis, ie, Oxford OX310/8--9

Arcas, -ados adj of or pertaining to Arcadia, Arcadian OX314/7; m sg as sbst an inhabitant of (the imaginary) Arcadia OX309/30; hence Isiaci Arcades Arcadians of the Isis, ie, Oxford men OX309/9

archana var of arcana [OLD arcanum]

archangelus, -i n m archangel, one of the highest order of angels CH135/11, etc; EK81/34, etc; EL127/39, etc; H412/34; OX16/39; see also festum

archidiaconalis, -e adj of or pertaining to an archdeacon or archdeaconry, archidiaconal EK974/20; LI341/7, etc

archidiaconatus, -us n m archdeaconry, district under the authority of an archdeacon DR248/3; EK534/31, etc; LI3/7, etc

archidiaconus, -i n m archdeacon, cleric appointed by a bishop to assist him principally in administering justice and in supervising parochial clergy BR5/8, etc; C363/20, etc; CR464/4; EK974/19; EL17/10, etc; LI3/5, etc; W377/37; WL247/11, etc; archidyaconus SM423/18

archidiocesis, -is n f archdiocese, administrative district under the authority of an archbishop EK714/17

archidux, -cis n comm literally chief duke, hence archduke, from the mid-fourteenth century a title of the ruler of Austria EK779/23, etc; one of the titles of a Christmas prince IC424/19

archiepiscopalis, -e adj of or pertaining to an archbishop, archiepiscopal EK947/3, etc

archiepiscopus, -i n m archbishop, the chief bishop of an ecclesiastical province EK974/6, etc; WL247/9, etc

archigrammataus, -i n m lord chancellor [from ἀρχιγραμματέυς, a chief secretary or scribe] C95/8

archipraesul, -ulis n m archbishop OX894/4, etc

Architas, -ae n m Archytas of Tarentum, a Pythagorean mathematician who flourished in the first half of the fourth century BC and was believed to have built a mechanical dove OX307/21

architectonex, -icis n m architect, builder OX306/1

Arcitus, -i n m Arcite, a character in the play Palamon and Arcite OX138/24, etc; Arcis OX136/21

arctans, -ntis prp binding, obligating CH772/28 [OLD arto]

arcus, -us n m literally bow (for archery), hence 1. an arch: parochia Beate Marie de Arcubus parish of St Mary Arches, another name for St Mary le Bow EL230/6; 2. a bow for playing a musical instrument LI205/37

arena, -e n f sand, gravel C156/23

Areopagiticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to the Areopagus, meeting place of the council of the Areopagus, Athens' highest court; see oratio

aresto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to arrest (an accused person) LI609/28

aretro see a, ab

arga see erga

Argonautica, -ae sbst f the Argonautica, title of an epic poem by Apollonius Rhodius about Jason and the heroes who sailed on the Argo IC549/33

argumentor, -ari, -atus sum v intr with dat of the person + object clause to maintain or allege (something) against (someone) L26/30

aries, -etis n m 1. literally a ram, hence Aries, the first sign of the zodiac, symbolically the beginning of the solar year OX308/34; 2. by extension a sort of post, or quintain, used as a jousting target for military exercises and competitions (so-called because of its shape or appearance?) LI5/17, etc; in idiom arietes leuare to put up such quintains, hence to hold such exercises or contests LI8/7; W348/6; see also lignum, rota

Aristophanes, -is n m Attic dramatist, a writer of Old (ie, politically satiric) Comedy (c 448-c 380 BC) C111/21, etc

armiger, -eri n m literally one who bears arms: 1. squire, one training to become a knight LI607/2, etc; 2. in AL used as a title, esquire CH721/34, etc; EK83/19, etc; EL128/3; IC151/27, etc; L82/23, etc; LI121/19; OX196/1, etc; SH173/23, etc; SM309/15; W387/1; WL237/8, etc

armilausa, -e n f a sleeveless cloak OX8/34

armonia, -e n f 1. harmony, the combination of musical notes to produce melody WL10/17; 2. music, here singing accompanied by an instrument WL14/15

armum, -i n nt 1. weapon OX140/9, etc; LI606/18, etc; SH264/172; WL223/1; as a symbol of conflict WL260/1; in various idioms: resignare arma to lay down one's arms, hence to stop doing some task OX799/17; vi et armis by force and arms, a legal fiction used in stating a charge or allegation of theft or trespass, irrespective of any actual use of force CH716/35-6, etc; EK967/30; EL230/5; IC495/8; L149/27; SH264/171, etc; WL158/7, etc; 2. in pl arms, used as emblematic of knightly skills and way of life LI607/27, etc; in idioms: excercitacio armorum exercise of arms, knightly drill and practice, especially in a tournament or the like LI608/10; factum armorum feat of arms, especially in a tournament or the like LI608/42; OX529/24, etc; facta ad arma IC10/41--11/1; 3. in pl (heraldic) arms SH99/6; arma ciuitatis a city's arms EK60/17, etc; arma quinque portuum arms of the Cinque Ports EK310/14-15; see also ad, haraldus, homo, seruiens

Arnobius, -ii n m Arnobius (d. c 330), a Christian apologetic writer CH808/10, etc [ODCC]

aromaticus, -a, -um adj spicy, pleasantly fragrant; as sbst it may refer to a sort of tree, hence possibly of or pertaining to such a tree or its wood C43/31

arraio, -are, -aui, -atus v tr to array, prepare, adorn EK61/2; pfp pass equipped, arrayed CH740/1; OX8/16; SH264/11, etc

arreagium, -ii n nt arrears, used of payments of money or in kind EK316/17; EL26/18, etc; W413/13; arreragium IC11/34, etc

arrectus, -a, -um adj attentive, alert WL60/7

ars, -tis n f 1. skill, craft C567/32; IC651/12, etc; LI603/11; OX307/21, etc; WL8/20, etc; especially that associated with a particular trade or guild BR55/18, etc; CH78/13, CH781/19; OX414/12, etc; hence ars heraldicus heraldry OX306/6; ars ... pelliparia skinners' craft WL54/9; ars sutoria tailoring WL54/9; fabrica ars blacksmithing WL12/36; by extension a craft guild CH48/19, etc; 108/5, etc; 2. hence an art, a branch of learning WL12/35; facultas arcium faculty of arts, the lowest level of study, which students had to complete before continuing in one of the higher faculties (law, medicine, or theology); its curriculum was based on the seven liberal arts OX52/18--19; septem ... artes liberales the seven liberal arts, made up of the trivium (grammar, rhetoric, and dialectic (or logic)) and the quadrivium (arithmetic, music, geometry, and astronomy), that formed the university arts curriculum OX306/30; 3. hence in title De Arte Amandi On the Art of Loving, a work by Ovid usually referred to as Ars Amatoria IC459/5-6, etc; see also bacchalaureus, magister

articulariter adv made up of, or in the form of, articles C364/9

articulatim adv article by article or in the form of articles C332/26

articulo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to set out charges in the form of an article or articles CH730/32, etc; H70/21, etc; to specify in articles SH58/28

articulum, -i n nt (found as n m in C, EK, IC, LI) 1. article, a charge or list of charges laid against a person in court C363/25, etc; CH767/25, etc; DR137/34; EK607/35, etc; EL54/1; H97/15, etc; L109/30m, etc; LI347/22, etc; SH120/18, etc; SM251/11, etc; SX167/22, etc; W392/2, etc; WL236/27, etc; 2. article, part of a series of charges or allegations upon which witnesses are interrogated BR164/33; C326/21, etc; CH27/38, etc; DR123/1, etc; EK947/43, etc; EL171/16, etc; OX47/26; SM64/19, etc; WL196/37, etc

articulus, -i n m literally a finger-joint (as used for counting), hence a group of ten, the tens place (in a number) IC655/1

artifex, -icis n m artisan, craftsman, member of a craft guild LI318/42m; SH127/31; by extension the Creator WL80/5

arto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to constrain, compel EL23/5

Arundellia, -e n f Arundel, name of an earldom SX17/30; Arundellum EK762/22

ascendo, -dere, -di, -sum v tr and intr 1. literally to go up, hence to mount (a horse) EL18/9, etc; 2. to come (into), occur to (of thoughts or ideas) EL238/25

ascensio, -onis n f 1. a going up, ascension, hence the liturgical festival commemorating the ascension of the risen Christ to heaven (Acts 1.6-11), celebrated on the Thursday forty days after Easter C13/34; EK42/15, etc; SH194/24; ascencio EK311/28, etc; assencio EK33/11; see also festum; 2. in Lincoln, describing a representation of some kind celebrating the Virgin Mary (as it was also called assumpcio and most often coronacio, it seems likely that it somehow represented her being taken up to heaven and her crowning as queen of heaven, but it should be noted that Christ's Ascension and the Virgin's Assumption and Coronation were associated in some fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Marian devotions) LI119/29, LI120/4; assencio LI118/4, LI119/16; assensio LI127/9

aspiro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to reach for, attain to (used metaphorically) C282/35; OX55/10, etc

asportacio, -onis n f transportation, carriage (of goods) EK361/27

assacio, -onis n f roasting EK747/7

assaltum, -i n nt attack, assault CH694/18

assemblea, -e n f meeting, assembly LI25/30; assemblia LI107/32

assemblo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to gather together, assemble CH740/5; SM145/28; pfp pass used with reflexive in middle construction SH264/12

assencio, assensio see ascencio

assensus, -us n m agreement, assent, formal consent (eg, of a governing body such as a town council or group of officials) C253/35; CH47/33, etc; EK308/11, etc; EL21/19, etc; IC48/36, etc; LI608/33, etc; OX38/33, etc; SM251/39; W412/12, etc

asser, -is n m plank, board OX155/31, etc [DML; but see OLD asser]

assercio, -onis n f claim, assertion SM92/8

assessio, -onis n f assessment, rating (eg, for taxation) OX286/20

assessus, -a, -um pfp pass assessed (used of sums of money or goods) CH716/20, etc

assideo, -idere, -edi, -essum v intr 1. literally to sit near, sit by, hence to be in company with, to join with LI7/18; 2. by extension to preside over a trial (used of fellow members of a judicial panel), to sit on a panel of judges at a trial or hearing C316/1; WL217/18

assigno, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to allot or assign (something to someone) CH47/12, etc; EK331/1; EL18/28; IC11/38; L94/8, etc; LI609/3; SH265/37; SX178/13 (pfp pass often used of a judge or in the formal title of a JP CH668/4, etc; IC462/15 (a mock judgeship); L94/8; LI325/26; OX8/15); 2. with dat of the person to order (someone to do something) EK744/14, etc; L72/15; SM69/14; SX167/22, etc; 3. to designate, assign (someone or something) for some purpose EK824/5, etc; EL128/7, etc; LI108/9, etc; SM177/28; 4. pfp pass as sbst assign, a person to whom another has assigned, or made over, rights in property or in receivable sums of money CH153/27, etc; EK644/21, etc; EL26/6, etc; L82/36; OX196/2, etc; W412/29, etc

assisa, -e n f 1. assizes, court sessions held regularly before a panel of judges sent under commission from the central courts in Westminster to each county of England to hear serious charges under common law DR288/38, etc; assizis (3rd decl) DR211/7 [Black's]; hence iusticiarii ad assisas assize justices EK33/8-9; 2. assize, regulation governing the quality, size, or cost of certain goods EL25/32; hence redditus assise rent of assize, a fixed rent EK693/24; see also candela

assistentia, -e n f act of assisting in delibertion at a trial (used of one of a group of judges) C378/30

assisto, -ere, astiti v intr 1. literally to stand by or near, here to assist in deliberation at a trial (used of fellow members of a judicial panel) C359/31, etc; 2. prp used as sbst A. sbst comm literally one who stands by or near, here by extension one present at a meeting OX45/29; B. subst m swornman, sidesman, a lesser parish officer inferior to a churchwarden SH328/19, etc; SM185/14

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