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actus, -us n m 1. action, activity EK308/5; OX141/8; SM238/21; by extension possibly academic exercise or disputation publicly delivered [REED Cambridge EG acte] C4/7; 2. by extension act, a subdivision of a play OX310/31m, etc; WL43/42; 3. legal proceedings, action, (sometimes used of the record of such proceedings) EK533/40, etc; H183/40, etc; SH61/32, etc; SM116/34, etc

acupictura, -e n f embroidery LI583/23 [from OLD acus 'needle' and pictura 'painting']

ad prep with acc 1. to, toward: A. literally, of space CH716/18, etc; EK26/11, etc; EL14/6, etc; IC377/10, etc; LI14/30, etc; OX5/32, etc; SX24/4; hence (of letters or the like) to, (addressed) to CH55/27, etc; EL238/24, etc; B. figuratively CH36/13; EK308/19, etc; IC47/7, etc; LI4/8, etc; C. of events or occasions EL14/11, etc; D. of states or conditions (eg, ad laciuiam) EK938/19, etc; OX4/7, etc; SX3/10; E. of goals LI4/2, etc; ad hoc SX3/12; 2. (expressing position in space) at, in front of, before: A. literally CH46/28; EK822/10, etc; EL14/18, etc; IC424/38; LI6/22, etc; OX40/20, etc; B. (expressing contact) at, against OX8/25, etc; or on, upon EL23/23; C. figuratively, of events or occasions CH35/40, etc; EK24/14, etc; IC43/24, etc; LI6/3, etc; OX29/20, etc; 3. (expressing a point in time) at: A. literally CH841/6, etc; EK27/23, etc; EL26/10, etc; IC32/31, etc; LI6/21, etc; OX16/17, etc; SX182/10, etc; B. in idioms ad diuersas uices EK320/11, etc; SX185/8--9; W399/24, etc; (or ad varias uices SX186/10) at various times; ad duas uices on two occasions, twice EK346/13; LI36/38; OX19/321; SX187/26; ad tres uices on three occasions SH128/32-3; ad uices at times, on occasion EK905/21, etc; LI333/39, etc; 4. (of a period of time) throughout EL22/30, etc; LI608/11; 5. (of circumstances) at, eg, ad misas et expensas CH78/24; ad eius humilem peticionem EL208/22; ~ specialem requisitionem IC35/24, etc; ad requisicionem LI608/29, etc; 6. (expressing manner) after, in accordance or harmony with CH616/16, etc; EK25/17, etc; EL22/9, etc; IC43/27, etc; LI132/26, etc; OX6/38, etc; ad mandatum EL18/8, etc; OX7/37, etc; SX18/9, etc; ad effectum SX20/16; hence ad arma ire to go in arms, to be armed LI606/18, etc; 7. (expressing relationship or connection) to CH56/6, etc; EL3/7, etc; 8. (expressing quantity) at (an amount) IC10/21, etc; 9. (with numbers and sums of money) round about (an amount), up to (a total) CH46/26, etc; EK34/31, etc; EL97/26, etc; IC11/35; LI316/22, etc; OX8/29, etc; 10. (expressing purpose) to, for CH48/21, etc; EK24/35, etc; EL14/20, etc; LI104/52, etc; OX6/37, etc; with acc of gd or gdve CH716/15, etc; EK25/5, etc; EL17/18, etc; IC11/5, etc; LI3/11, etc; OX6/23, etc; SX171/3, etc; by extension with E participle ad mayynge OX8/5; ad opus + gen for the benefit (of) CH714/29, etc; EK763/36; EL18/21, etc; L94/10, etc; LI25/37, etc; SH159/24; a opus (cp a, ab sense 8) EK764/13; ad usum + gen to the use (of) CH153/28, etc; EL18/28, etc; IC49/12; OX94/16, etc; SX171/21; ad opus et usum for the benefit and use (of) CH726/22 (in form ad <..>us et usum due to damaged text), etc; 11. used pleonastically with infinitive, rendering E 'to': ad fecisse LI313/13; 12. (expressing goal of action) to, for CH36/24, etc; EK308/20, etc; EL16/10, etc; LI78/32; OX6/14, etc; ad hoc to this end CH45/1; EL21/19--20; IC93/22--3; LI607/30, etc; OX9/27, etc; 13. (expressing admission to a status, condition, or office) to, for CH78/12, etc; EL21/37; IC29/3, etc; LI127/6, etc; OX30/12, etc; 14. (with expressed or implied questions) in reply to, to CH27/38, etc; EL146/14, etc; OX47/26; 15. substituting for dative EK734/21, etc; IC36/9; LI25/13, etc; OX19/322, etc; SX18/4, etc; followed by a vernacular expression EK650/18, etc; IC6/40, etc; LI156/7, etc; 16. in various idioms: ad effectum effectively SX20/11; ad hoc EK308/12 or ad hec EK939/20, etc (ad haec EK938/19); LI5/15, etc, besides; ad manus + gen at the hands of (expressing responsibility) CH153/27, etc; (expressing agency) LI27/15; OX88/37; ad minus at least C133/9; ad presens at present, now CH47/2, etc; H98/11 (also written as adpresens H99/9); ad statim at once EK947/30; ad ter on three occasions, three times SX184/35; ad tunc at that time, then CH731/26, etc; EK311/9; IC11/39, etc; L113/17; SH264/22, etc; SM251/39, etc; SX13/40, etc (also written as adtunc C388/36; CH691/38, etc; EK339/31; EL230/7, etc; H70/30, etc; IC93/13; L113/19, etc; LI35/3; SH265/39, etc; SM189/13, etc; WL238/4); deliberare ad proprias manus LI345/5-6 or soluere ad manus to deliver or to pay into one's hands, pay directly to EK16/38, etc; IC66/24; LI121/34, etc; SH139/32, etc; SM250/7; see also arma, conseruandus, constabularius, curia, dimitto, ludo, iusticiarius, septimana, seruiens, usque

adagium, -ii n nt proverb, adage, here in title Adagium Chilias (error for Adagiorum Chiliadia), a collection of proverbs by Erasmus SM195/30-1m

adaugeo, -gere, xi, -ctum v tr to increase, here in idiom ad duplum adauctum having been doubled C563/20-1

additionalis, -e adj additional, further; see positio

addo, -ere, -idi, -itum v tr to add (numbers), perform addition IC651/11, etc

addubbatus, -a, -um pfp pass studded EL15/8

adherens, -ntis sbst comm follower, adherent BR4/38

adhuc adv 1. still, up to this time EL129/4; 2. (in headings) still, ie, continuing from a previous entry EL229/35

adiaphorum, -i sbst nt (morally) indifferent or neutral action SM311/17

adinuencio, -onis n f invention, imagining LI103/17

adinuentus, -a, -um pfp pass devised, invented, conceived CR503/39; EL17/6

adinuicem prep phr 1. mutually, together LI607/1, etc; WL79/14; 2. one from another WL10/1 [see OLD inuicem]

adiudico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to impose (a sentence or penalty), award (judgment) EL231/11; 2. to sentence (an accused person to a penalty) OX7/36; SM397/13

adiungo, -gere, -xi, -ctum v tr literally to join to, here in idiom animos uestros adiungere to set your minds (to something) OX56/28; used in error for iniungo [OLD] H154/24

adiutis, -is n f aid, assistance CH768/11

adiuuamen, -inis n nt remedy, assistance LI25/10

admercio see amercio

administrator, -oris n m administrator, one in charge of the estate of a deceased person or a minor C614/25; CH152/201, etc; OX196/4, etc; admynistrator CH645/4

administrallo either 1. dat of the rare administrallus, -i n m minstrel [cp REED Devon LG administrallus] or 2. ad ministrallo error for ad ministrallum [cp ad sense 15 and ministrallus] EK760/30

admiralis, -is n m admiral, here specifically lord high admiral, supreme commander of a national fleet EK625/23, etc; SX48/35; admirallus EK759/14; see also curia

admissio, -onis n f 1. permission L113/16; 2. admission, act of admitting (a person) to a status or office OX54/12m; to the legal status of tenant L83/28, etc; to membership in a group IC37/7m, etc

admitto, -ittere, -isi, -issum v tr 1. to admit (a person into a place), allow LI3/22, LI4/11; 2. to admit (a person) to a legal status or condition, used of burgess-ship L40/10; LI321/5, etc; OX192/4, etc; SM242/27 and tenancy L82/31, L82/33; 3. to admit (a person) to membership in a body CH78/13, etc; IC35/21, etc; 4. to admit (a person) to an office or responsibility C253/35; EK946/6; EL211/17, etc; LI319/35, etc; OX54/5, etc; used of a wait's office L52/6; 5. specifically to admit (a cleric) to a cure of souls in a given church, here as an assistant W348/23; 6. to admit (evidence, a statement, or the like) before a court EK947/31, etc; SM185/20, etc; hence to admit (a party) before a court (to present a case or argument) CH772/16; admittere in testes to admit (persons) as witnesses C388/33; 7. to permit, allow SM32/6

admoneo, -ere, -ui, -itum v tr to warn C296/21; OX86/3; hence to issue a formal legal warning to offenders C296/7; H146/7, etc; OX48/34; SH51/22, etc; SX40/28; W388/4

admonicio, -onis n f formal warning given by a judge to a defendant at dismissal enjoining better behaviour in future EK871/37; H154/40, etc; SH12/18, etc; SX40/34; W392/3; WL221/14

admunio, -ire, -ii, -itum v tr to provide (someone) with means of defence, to arm (someone) CH717/37, etc

adnullo, -are, aui, -atum v tr to bring to no effect, annul (eg, a law or rule) W394/9

adpresens see ad

adquiro, -rere, -siui, -situm v tr literally to get, acquire (something), here by extension to hire (a person) EK829/18

adscio, -ire, -iui, -itum v tr to hire OX487/39 [cp OLD ascio2]

adtunc see ad

aduantagium, -ii n nt advantage, gain EL138/15, etc; aduauntagium EL125/30

aduentura, -e n f joust, venture of arms OX529/32; auentura C399/8

aduentus, -us n m 1. literally coming, arrival SH136/20, etc; WL57/23, etc; 2. by extension Advent, the liturgical season serving as a preparation for the celebration of the Incarnation at Christmas W400/21 or the first Sunday of Advent W468/19, etc; aduentus Domini WL216/24; in primo Aduentu at the beginning of Advent, ie, on the first Sunday SH194/21

aduersus prep with acc against: Aduersus Gentes 'Against the Gentiles,' title of a work by Arnobius CH812/4; used of a law-suit or charge C332/21

aduisate adv deliberately, advisedly SH265/8

aduocacio, -onis n f right of presenting (a cleric) to a cure of souls, advowson LI127/5m

aduocaria, -e n f avowry, advocacy, the state of being a patron or advocate to a person or a benefice 45/9, etc

aecclesia see ecclesia

aedendo over-correction of edendo [OLD edo2]

aedes see edes

Aedichristianus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to Christ Church OX305/33

aedidit over-correction of edidit [OLD edo2]

aedificium, -ii n nt literally building, here a temporary structure erected within an existing building C236/21

aedilis, -is n m in CL a Roman Republican officer in charge of various public works and services such as the games, by extension member of the university chosen to oversee plays C238/6

aeditus, -a, -um over-correction of editus [OLD edo2]

aedituus see edituus

Aegidius, -ii n m the name Giles: Sanctus Aegidius St Giles (in the Fields), a parish outside London's city wall and en route from the prison at Newgate and the gallows at Tyburn; condemned prisoners customarily were offered a last drink nearby, here the name of a marquessate held by a Christmas prince IC424/20

Aeneanasensis, -e adj of or pertaining to Brazen Nose, the eponymous emblem of Brasenose College; see collegium

aeneus, -a, -um adj made of brass, brazen; see nasus

aequester, -tris, -tre adj literally mounted on horseback, equestrian; in CL a reference to the equestrian class, a lesser aristocracy below the rank of senator, hence in AL knightly: aequestris ordo equestrian order, ie, the knightly class OX217/37 [over-correction of OLD equester]

aer, aeris n m air, hence breath, here in idiom aerem impellere to blow (eg, through a musical instrument) WL3/15

aerarium, -ii n nt in CL public treasury of Republican Rome, by extension the treasury containing a college's funds C147/28; erarium C205/33

Aesopicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Aesop, an ancient fabulist; here, with 'opus' understood, referring to his writings as a body DR172/6

aetas see etas

affabre adv in a craftsmanlike manner, artfully OX894/29 [cp OLD affaber]

affatus, -us n m conversation WL7/16

affectuose adv sincerely, earnestly EK974/29

affibilitatem var of affabilitatem [>OLD affabilitas]

affirmatiue adv in an affirmative manner; yes (of replies) C316/14, etc

affinitas, -atis n f affinity, connection, hence resemblance, similarity WL10/29

affixio, -onis n f act of attaching or affxing something to a surface, here referring to the act of affixing a copy of the official citation ordering an accused person to appear in a church court to the doors of his or her home or parish church when all other means of delivery failed EK713/33, etc; SX20/14; afficcio EK13/10

affraia, -e n f 1. literally affray, a fight between two or more persons in a public place, by extension an assault CH197/30, etc; L31/25, L31/29; SH310/34m, etc; 2. hence affraia pacis a breach of the peace CH715/19; SH281/4, etc [Black's Affray]

Agamemnon, -onis n m Agamemnon, leader of the Greek forces in the Trojan War, here named as a type of military leadership IC425/13

ager, agri n m field; see Dorsettensis

Agesilaus, -i n m Agesilaus (444-360 BC), king and general of Sparta [OCD]; see oracio

aggrauacio, -onis n f worsening, aggravation (eg, of a punishment) SM391/22m, etc

aggreo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to agree, come to an agreement IC45/18, etc

agitacio, -onis n f literally disturbance, (violent) motion, hence baiting (ie, of bears) SH173/6, etc

agito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to put on, perform, produce acgitandis C147/28

agnellus, -i n m lamb (likely without the strong diminutive force of CL) EK753/10 [cp OLD agnellus, DML agnellus]

agnominatio, -onis n f the rhetorical figure of alliteration IC455/22

agnus, -i n m literally a lamb, by extension referring to Christ (as Lamb of God; cp Jn 1.24) EL239/30

agreamentum, -i n nt agreement CH56/16; agrementum CH56/22

Aiax, -acis n m Ajax, a Greek hero of the Trojan War, here named as a character in the play Ajax Flagellifer OX307/34, etc

aisiamentum, -i see aysiamentum

alacritas, -atis n f speed, haste SH14/16

alarius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to gambling, especially with dice [confusion of OLD ala and alea?]); see taberna

alauda, -e n f lark, probably a skylark EK34/23

Alba Fortunata, Albe Fortunate n f Alba Fortunata, imaginary kingdom of St John's Christmas Prince, so named because of a punning connection between the surname of the Prince (Tucker), the Greek word τύχη (luck), and the Latin 'fortunatus' (lucky) OX360/38

Albanus, -a, -um adj Alban, here used in the name of an Oxford hall OX73/19

Albanus, -i n m Alban, name of an English saint, hence Sanctus Albanus St Albans, a town named for him LI116/15

albus, -a, -um adj 1. white EK100/30, etc; IC549/11; 2. f as sbst alb, a long white vestment EK25/2; EL15/8, etc [ODCC]; see also halec, panis, uinum

alcumista, -ae n m alchemist, one who studies the supposed properties of elements with a view to their transformation, here used in reference to the play The Alchemist OX387/23

alderman(n)us, -i n m alderman: 1. a civic officer CH177/38 (Chester); EK77/15, etc (Canterbury); L41/16 (Liverpool); LI319/26, etc; OX493/9; W412/8, etc (Worcester); aldirmannus EK537/22 (Faversham); aldrimannus OX492/7; 2. a guild officer CH55/30, etc; LI25/26, etc

alea, -e n f a game of chance played with dice on a board or the dice themselves CH812/14; CR465/6; EK939/12; LI7/18; SM238/2, etc; W348/5; de Ludis Aleae 'Of Dicegames,' title of a work by Lambert Daneau CH812/16-17m; alia LI7/18c; WL216/27

aleator, -oris n m one who plays 'alea,' dice-player 342/4

aleatorius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to gambling, especially with dice; see domus, ludus

Alexander, -dri n m 1. Alexander the Great (356--323 BC), here likely named as a character in a play OX178/15; 2. Alexander Seuerus Severus Alexander (208/9--35), Roman emperor 222--35, here named as a character in the play Marcus Geminus OX137/24

Alexandra, -ae n f Alexandra Salome, queen of Judea 76--69 BC, who successfully ended a revolt of the Pharisees against her late husband Alexander Jannaeus OX179/3 [see OCD Jews]

alexcio, -onis n f enticement EK975/24 [OLD allectatio]

alia see alea

alias adv 1. elsewhere CH681/38; DR275/12; EL140/21, etc; H99/10, etc; L25/5; SH58/26m, etc; SM424/10, etc; SX38/32, etc; W348/24, etc; 2. else W350/10; 3. on another occasion LI609/23; 4. otherwise CH18/25; CR527/12; EL129/26; LI320/8, etc; SH264/18; 5. with alternate names, alias CH160/9, etc; DR275/28; EL129/34, etc; H146/1, etc; L23/37, etc; LI257/13, etc; SH299/41, etc; SM172/26, etc; SX29/2, etc; W381/22, etc

alienere var of alienare [OLD alieno]

alimentacio, -onis n f literally nourishing, hence sustaining, support LI208/22

aliqualis, -e adj of whatever kind, any LI25/24

aliqualiter adv in any way CH767/41; LI25/40; SH74/3, etc; WL238/23

allegacio, -onis n f allegation, a plea or claim, eg, one made by, or on behalf of, one party to a suit against the other C326/22, etc; CH843/12, etc; EK729/9, etc; EL216/15, etc; SM686/28, etc; SX38/11

allego, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to allege, to state or claim (something) formally in court as true or sufficient C332/25, etc; CH843/15, etc; EK728/39, etc; EL129/14, etc; H140/38, etc; LI266/17, etc; OX73/27, etc; SM210/36, etc; SX18/29, etc; WL235/32

Allemannus, -a, -um adj German W379/21

alleum, -ei n nt garlic clove or head EK34/25

Alleluia interj alleluia, liturgical interjection of praise derived from a Hebrew phrase EK26/11, etc [ODCC]

alligatus, -a, -um pfp pass allied, joined OX8/16

allocacio, -onis n f 1. allowance, acceptance EL23/12; hence allowance of an expenditure as valid and subject to reimbursement C67/36; OX217/36m; 2. allowance, provision EK34/29; IC23/1m, etc; LI118/43, etc; 3. permission, leave L113/16; allacacio IC188/17m (sense 2)

alloco, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to allow, provide IC7/24, etc; LI112/12, etc; OX253/5, etc; 2. to allow (eg, an account or payment) as valid, approve (also used of legal briefs) C56/25, etc; EK60/8, etc; EL33/20, etc; IC159/1; LI164/8; SH138/33m, etc

alloquor, -qui, -cutus v tr 1. to converse (with), speak (to), address OX3/9; 2. to state formally OX9/25

altar, -aris n nt (Christian) altar, referring to a specific altar in a church or chapel EK27/8, etc; EL16/17; LI105/14, etc; WL54/15, or to the altar as the focal point of liturgical ministry EK912/1; EL3/9

altarista, -e n m acolyte, a boy attending the clergy in the chancel during services SM240/30, etc; alterista SM247/16, etc

alternus, -a, -um adj literally alternate, here by extension other, another (possibly an antiquarian misreading of alterius) CH60/14

Altissimus, -i sbst m the Most High, used as a divine title BR6/27; CH46/39; EL243/24; OX11/7, etc; W349/27

altram, altri, altrum syncopated forms of alteram, alteri, alterum [OLD alter, altera, alterum]

altus, -a, -um adj high, lofty; see aula, chorus, missa, uicus

alueum, -i n nt literally a concave surface or object, in CL a kind of gaming board used for throwing dice, hence a backgammon table or, by extension, the game of backgammon OX56/23 (cp OX56/31, where it is rendered by E 'tables')

alumnus, -i n m 1. literally foster son, ward OX309/20, hence student C237/8, etc; OX136/10, etc; by extension protégé EK62/3 (in form alumpnus); 2. graduate C842/22

alura, -e n f covered walkway or passage EL25/33, etc [cp OEDO alure n.]

amandi gen gd (nom sg lacking) see ars

Amantius Letus n m fictive name for a mock sheriff, 'Loving Leet-Court' IC463/16

amasia, -ie n f (female) lover, mistress OX4/6

amator, -oris n m lover; see hospicium

ambassator, -oris n m ambassador EK360/33; ambasiator EK340/35

Ambrosius, -ii n m St Ambrose (c 339-97), bishop of Milan and theologian CH808/29m, etc [ODCC]

ambulo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr literally to walk, here by extension to follow or pursue (eg, a way of life) EL239/2, etc

amendacio, -onis n f amendment of life, improvement in conduct H172/10

amerciamentum, -i n nt amercement, a fine assessed at the discretion of the court CH78/21; IC23/39, etc; L31/30 [Black's, DML admerciare, admerciamentum]

amercio, -ere, -i, -itum v tr to amerce, assess for a fine CH78/16; DR169/7 IC7/11, etc; admercio IC32/43; amerceo IC29/5

amicabilis, -e adj amicable, friendly LI341/21

amicus, -i n m friend; see curia

amisia, -ie n f amice, an item of ecclesiastical dress, probably originally a hood, or hooded cape, with a fur lining EK714/34 [ODCC ALMUCE, OEDO amice2]

am(m)odo adv from now on, hereafter CH221/19; CR504/38; LI320/7; OX4/34

am(m)oueo, -ouere, -oui, -otum v tr to cause (someone) to be legally removed from possession of a landholding EL26/25, etc; W413/25

amor, -oris n m love, here spiritual love, charity EL15/24

amphibologicus, -a, -um adj having a double meaning, ambiguous EL280/37, etc

amplijs var of amplis [OLD amplus]

Anabaptista, -e n m Anabaptist, properly a member of one of several radically pietist Protestant movements in the sixteenth century that rejected infant baptism OX387/24, etc [ODCC]

anathema, -atis n nt literally something accursed, by extension formal declaration of excommunication or other canonical censure EL4/1; H57/21; SH6/1; W396/13

ἀνατύποσις, -εως n f mould, model OX343/7 [LSJ]

ancer var of anser [OLD anser1]

ancyle, -is n nt literally a waisted shield [OLD ancile], here a shield used as a decorative heraldic device OX306/6

Andreas, -ee n m the name Andrew: in idiom Andree (with 'festum sancti' understood) feast of St Andrew, 30 November EK16/2m, etc

angelicus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to an angel, angelic EK980/1, etc

angelus, -i n m angel, a heavenly messenger CH36/14; (with reference to John 20.12) EK25/23; in the Lincolnshire passages, it is often not clear whether in these passages an image or a person representing an angel is meant LI108/9, etc; angilus LI128/19; aungelus 153/2 [ODCC]

Anglia, -e n f England C65/26, etc; CH616/7, etc; DR296/5; EK974/6, etc; EL27/2, etc; H94/6; IC61/1, etc; L36/2, etc; LI608/36, etc; OX3/7, etc; SH177/36, etc; SM189/11, etc; SX183/24, etc; W396/3, etc; WL57/17, etc

Anglicanus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to England C510/17; CH43/33, etc; EL19/3; OX893/28; W445/13; WL158/4; 2. of or pertaining to the English language C237/32; CH768/35; SH265/9; SM251/13, etc; WL238/18

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