Zwinga, Schwinge, Nfl. d. Elbe, Preuβen (Hannover).
Zwini, s. Swidnitium.
Zwivaltaha, s. Zwifeltum.
Zwiveldense coenobium, s. Zwifeltum.
Zwivildense coenobium, s. Zwifeltum.
Zwivulda, s. Zwifeltum.
Zwolla, -ae, s. Swollis.
Zylium, Chillon, Schl., Schweiz (Waadt).
Zyringae, s. Zorlanae.
a, ab prep with abl 1. by, by means of CH36/21m, etc; EK23/33, etc; EL16/9, etc; LI341/28, etc; WL78/24, etc; 2. in a particular direction, on WL219/25; a dextris on the right EK204/15, etc; a sinistris on the left EK204/18, etc; 3. from, out of (expressing separation or release) CH46/321, etc; EK26/8, etc; EL3/9, etc; IC43/26, etc; LI762/13, etc; WL247/15, etc; 4. from (a source or point of origin) CH717/23, etc; EK734/7, etc; EL22/16, etc; IC652/15, etc; WL3/6, etc; 5. from (with verbs of asking or the like) CH616/21; EL230/2; 6. from (a point in time) CH65/18, etc; EK731/15, etc; EL16/30, etc; IC479/8; LI316/14, etc; ab antiquo of old EK324/19, etc; EL139/3--4; IC13/28; LI316/9; WL218/4; in correlation with 'in' a tempore in tempus from time to time CH119/30-1, etc; 7. (expressing a length of time) for CH77/32; WL215/352, etc; 8. with respect to, as regards LI328/3; 9. in mixed E and L texts a occasionally functions as a vernacular preposition meaning 'to' before E phrases, eg, a le May poole to the maypole CH298/24; a lez waytes to the waits EK103/32; a lez Iustys IC16/10, etc; hence by extension a mimis to performers EK742/32 (whereCLwould use dative); a proclamare to proclaim EK758/16 or a fauendo to nurture EK749/16 (whereCLwould use ad + gd or gdve); a usum opusque (instead ofCL ad usum opusque) at the need and requirement (of) EK764/13; 10. in various idioms ab olim of old, formerly EK307/36; a diu WL215/35 or adiu est WL216/15 for a long time; a retro in arrears, used of payments of money (usually written as one word) CH153/31-2, etc; EK956/15, etc; EL26/14, etc; W413/8, etc
abbacia, -e n f abbey, religious house under the authority of an abbot or abbess LI342/11; abbathia SH159/19, etc
abbas, -atis n m 1. abbot, head of a monastery CH716/17, etc; EK24/14, etc; H189/9, etc; LI341/13, etc; SH126/32m, etc; SM173/35; W397/34, etc; WL215/19, etc; 2. title of the leader of a May game at Shrewsbury SH176/38, etc, or the name of the game itself SH203/12; see p SH658 (endnote to SRO: 3365/430, f [6v])
abbatissa, -e n f abbess, head of a house of nuns OX3/7, etc
abbettamentum, -i n nt instigation, abetment LI609/33
Abendonia see Abundonia
aberratus, -a, -um adj divergent (from a norm or standard), out of kilter OX427/29 [cpOLD aberro]
abettans, -ntis prp abetting, aiding CH616/12
abinde conj 1. from that place, thence CH716/20, etc; 2. from that time, thereafter CH718/32; WL4/1
abiuro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to abjure, renounce OX8/23
ablego, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally to banish, hence to expel (ie, from university) OX530/12
abolicio, -onis n f (formal) pardon (ie, from a criminal offence) EL208/23
abreuio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to shorten LI5/11
absento, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to be absent OX3/11, SX20/19
absoletus, -a, -um for obsoletus [OLD]
absolucio, -onis n f absolution, the formal assurance of forgiveness from sin or remission of a penalty, such as excommunication, incurred for committing a sin in ecclesiastical law EK608/15, etc; H99/35, etc; L75/18, etc; LI58/26; SH59/28; SM77/36, etc; SX38/32; W369/17m; WL235/31
absoluo, -ere, -ui, -utum v tr 1. to absolve, forgive a sin or the penalty or sentence for sin C408/25, C841/21; CH681/38, etc; EK608/16, etc; EL208/24, etc; H171/20, etc; L75/21, etc; LI313/16, etc; SH327/6, etc; SM239/14, etc; SX41/24, etc; W356/3m, etc; WL235/32, etc; 2. to complete, finish, bring to perfection (eg, a work of art) C283/5
Abundonia, -e n f Abingdon, site of an important Benedictine house OX3/19; Abendonia OX33/37
abusio, -onis n f misuse, abuse, used of a custom or practice CR504/3
abusus, -us n m misuse, abuse, used of a custom or practice H57/15; SH5/36
abuttans, -ntis prp abutting on, sharing a common boundary (used in describing a plot of land) L77/19
ac see atque
academia, -e n fthe university, whether considered as a physical site C229/17, etc; an institution C229/12, etc; or a community of persons C236/7, etc; (not differentiated) OX135/34, etc
academicus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to the university C295/29, etc; OX497/12, etc; 2. m pl as sbst members of the university of whatever status C283/2, etc; OX218/17m, etc; f sg as sbst the university OX217/20
accedens, -ntis sbst nt a drawing near, approach: see per
accedo, -dere, -ssi, -ssum v intr with 'ad' + acc 1. to come to, attend, visit BR5/35-6; SX24/4; 2. prp H99/9m
accepto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. literally to receive or accept (something) OX42/9, etc; 2. hence to receive or accept (something) as true or sufficient EK880/5; H150/18, etc; LI58/29; SH325/20, etc; 3. by extension to receive (someone) into a given status or relationship OX491/15
accersitus, -a, -um adj literally brought in from elsewhere, foreign, hence sought-after, recherché WL257/10
accido, -ere, -i v intr to fall within a certain period of time (defined by abl phr or 'infra' + acc) EL35/12; H111/2, etc
accipio, -ipere, -epi, -eptum v tr 1. to receive or accept (something) IC510/5; 2. accipere super se literally to take upon one's self, hence to undertake (a task or responsibility) IC7/9--10
accomodacio, -onis n f (act of) lending LI350/32, etc
aceciam var of atque etiam [OLD atque 4b]
acer, acris, acre adj sharp, harsh; see uinum
Achilles, -is n m Achilles, a Greek hero of the Trojan War: named as a character in the play Ajax Flagellifer OX308/3; named as a representative of military prowess IC425/14
acquerenda var of acquirenda [OLD acquiro]
acquietantia, -ae n f acquittance, a written receipt or discharge from debt OX519/38, etc; acquietansia IC34/25; acquitantia OX522/23
acquieto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to acquit (someone from a charge) OX9/25; 2. hence pfp pass quit, freed from specified obligations, in this case, from the conditions of a bond L36/4
acra, -e n f acre, measurement of land which varied in size by region, standardized in the late 13th century as 4840 square yards LI103/33; SM179/14, etc [OEDO]
actio, -onis n f 1. activity, action; work (as opposed to leisure) C316/22; 2. performance (of a play or dialogue) C94/22, etc; hence scenica actio, stage production, theatrical performance C308/25, etc; 3. legal action, lawsuit CH78/19; EL230/26, etc; LI341/20, etc; here apparently in a church court L75/20; see also preclusio
actito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to put on (a play or the like), perform OX136/22
actor, -oris n m 1. literally a doer, one who acts, hence participant; when used of a participant in a play, it is unclear whether its meaning is restricted to actors in the modern sense C94/17, etc; LI5/19, LI203/22m; used of participants in a school play DR171/43; hence actor scaenicus stage player EK226/15; fabule actor play actor LI238/5-6; hence actor OX37/36 (where 'actor' translates E 'player'), etc; 2. complainant in a lawsuit, plaintiff EK947/27
actum, -i n nt 1. action, doing OX542/21, etc; 2. by extension legal proceedings, action (sometimes used of the record of such proceedings) DR222/41 (in form act<.>); EK947/28, etc; OX258/39, etc; SX179/20m; acta (f) EK20/12; 3. administrative or legislative decision, act OX481/34